Prime Minister of Slovenia

Last updated
President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia
Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije
Flag of the Prime Minister of Slovenia.svg
Janez Jansa at Helsinki 2018.jpg
Janez Janša

since 13 March 2020
Government of Slovenia
Office of the Prime Minister
Style Mr. Prime Minister or President of the Government
Slovene: Gospod predsednik vlade (formal)
Mr. President
Slovene: Gospod predsednik (informal)
His Excellency
Slovene: Njegova ekscelenca (in international correspondence and abroad only)
Type Head of Government
Member of Government of Slovenia
European Council (EU)
Euro summit (EU)
National Security Council
North Atlantic Council (NATO)
Reports to National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia
Residence None
Seat Gregorčičeva 25
1000 Ljubljana
also: Predsedniška palača
Nominator President of the Republic
or MPs (second and third round of election only)
Appointer National Assembly
(with absolute majority)
Term length No term limit
Serves at the pleasure of the National Assembly. After a parliamentary election, resignation, removal from office or impeachment, the officeholder remains in office and leads a caretaker government until a new government is elected.
Constituting instrument Constitution of Slovenia
PrecursorPresident of the Executive Council of the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
Formation16 May 1990 (de facto, following the first democratic election)
23 December 1991 (de jure, following adoption of the current Constitution of Slovenia)
First holder Lojze Peterle as President of the Government
Unofficial names Premier
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
(not an official office, held by one or more members of the government)
Salary 76,586 annually [1]

The prime minister of Slovenia, officially the president of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene : Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), is the head of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia. There have been nine officeholders since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.

The prime minister of Slovenia is nominated by the president of the Republic after consultation with the parties represented in the National Assembly. He is then formally elected by a simple majority of the National Assembly. If no candidate receives a majority, a new vote must be held within 14 days. If no candidate receives a majority after this round, the President must dissolve the legislature and call new parliamentary elections unless the National Assembly agrees to hold a third round. If no candidate is elected after a third round, then the legislature is automatically dissolved pending new elections. In practice, since the appointee must command a majority of the National Assembly in order to govern, he or she is usually the leader of the majority party in the National Assembly or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The National Assembly can only withdraw its support from a prime minister by way of a constructive vote of no confidence–that is, a motion of no confidence is of no effect unless a prospective successor has the support of a majority. The prime minister is also the president of the National Security Council.


The prime minister is elected by the National Assembly of Slovenia.

First round

Following the parliamentary election new National Assembly meets at the constitutive session (usually around 2-3 weeks after election; the president of the Republic convenes the session after receiving the official report on election from the State Election Commission), after which new parliamentary groups are officially formed. After all groups are formed (usually within few days), the president of the Republic meets with leaders of the groups for consultations. During the consultations, the president of the Republic tries to identify a candidate that could secure an absolute majority in the National Assembly (46 votes). After the consultations, the president of the Republic can officially propose a candidate to the president of the National Assembly, this has to be done within 30 days after the constitutive session. Assembly takes vote on the candidate within 7 days, but not earlier than 48 hours after proposal. Candidate has to present his vision of his government before the National Assembly before the vote. When a prime Minister is elected, the formation of a new government begins.

Second round

If there is no prime minister elected, the second round will take place. After new consultations, the president of the Republic can propose a new candidate or the same candidate again within 14 days of the first round vote. In the second round parliamentary groups and groups of 10 MPs can propose a candidate as well. Vote takes place no earlier than 48 hours from the proposal but not later than 7 days from it. If there are more candidates proposed, the National Assembly will first vote on the candidate proposed by the president of the Republic, only if that candidate is not elected, The assembly will take votes on other candidates in the order of submission of the proposals. A prime minister is elected with absolute majority (46 votes). When a prime minister is elected, formation of a new government begins.

If National Assembly once again fails to elect a Prime Minister, then President of the Republic will dissolve the National Assembly and call a snap election, unless the National Assembly decides, within 48 hours from the vote, to hold the third round of election.

Third round

In the third round, the prime minister is elected by a relative majority (majority of present MPs). Votes take place within 7 days from the decision but not earlier than 48 hours. In the third round, the National Assembly first votes on all the candidates from the first and second round, and if none of the candidates receives a majority of votes, then it will vote on new proposals, first on the proposal by the president of the Republic, then on the other in the order of submission. If a prime minister is elected formation of a new government begins, if not, the president dissolves the National Assembly and snap election takes place.

Oath of office

The prime minister officially takes office after all of his ministers take oath of office before the National Assembly, following the election of government with a relative majority in the National Assembly. The prime minister takes the oath of office after his election.

The prime minister and other ministers take the same oath of office according to the Article 104 of the Constitution: “I swear that I shall uphold the constitutional order, that I shall act according to my conscience and that I shall do all in my power for the good of Slovenia.

List of prime ministers of Slovenia

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Term of officePolitical party King of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Took officeLeft officeDays
1 Josip pogacnik.jpg Jožef Pogačnik
31 October 191820 January 191981 Slovene People's Party
Peter I
Peter I Karadjordjevic of Serbia.jpg

Socialist Republic of Slovenia

Parties;    KPS / ZKS    SDP

Term of officePolitical party
Prime Ministers
1 Boris Kidric (1).jpg Boris Kidrič
5 May 1945June 1946 Communist Party of Slovenia
2 Miha Marinko (2).jpg Miha Marinko
June 19461953 Communist Party of Slovenia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Slovenia
Presidents of the Executive Council
Miha Marinko (2).jpg Miha Marinko
195315 December 1953 League of Communists of Slovenia
3 Boris Kraigher 1958 (2).jpg Boris Kraigher
15 December 195325 June 1962 League of Communists of Slovenia
4 Viktor Avbelj 1961.jpg Viktor Avbelj
25 June 19621965 League of Communists of Slovenia
5 Janko Smole 1965 Crop.jpg Janko Smole
19651967 League of Communists of Slovenia
6 Stane Kavcic (1).jpg Stane Kavčič
196727 November 1972 League of Communists of Slovenia
7 Andrej Marinc (1).jpg Andrej Marinc
(born 1930)
27 November 1972April 1978 League of Communists of Slovenia
8 Anton Vratusa.jpg Anton Vratuša
April 1978July 1980 League of Communists of Slovenia
9 Janez Zemljaric (1).jpg Janez Zemljarič
(born 1928)
July 198023 May 1984 League of Communists of Slovenia
10 Unknown-person.gif Dušan Šinigoj
(born 1933)
23 May 198416 May 1990 League of Communists of Slovenia
Party of Democratic Renewal

Republic of Slovenia

Christian democrats (2);    SKD    SLS    NSi       Liberals (5);    LDS    PS    ZaAB    SMC    LMŠ
National conservatives (1);    SDS       Social democrats (1);    ZLSD / SD
Term of officePolitical partyCoalition National Assembly
Took officeLeft officeDays
1 Lojze Peterle 2006-12-14.jpg Lojze Peterle
(born 1948)
16 May 199014 May 1992729 SKD
2 Janez Drnovsek crop.jpg Janez Drnovšek
14 May 199225 January 19932,946 LDS I LDSDSSDSSSSZSZLSD 1(1992)
25 January 199327 February 1997II LDSSKDSDS (1993–1994)ZLSD (1993–1996)
27 February 19977 June 2000III LDSSLSDeSUS 2(1996)
3 Andrej Bajuk.jpg Andrej Bajuk
7 June 20004 August 2000176 SLS SLSSKDSDS
4 August 200030 November 2000 NSi
(2) Janez Drnovsek crop.jpg Janez Drnovšek
30 November 200019 December 2002749 LDS IV LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD 3(2000)
4 Anton Rop.jpg Anton Rop
(born 1960)
19 December 20023 December 2004715 LDS LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD
5 Janez Jansa 2017.jpg Janez Janša
(born 1958)
3 December 200421 November 20081,449 SDS I SDSNSiSLSDeSUS 4(2004)
6 Borut Pahor 2010.jpg Borut Pahor
(born 1963)
21 November 200810 February 20121,176 SD SDDeSUS (2008–2011)LDSZares (2008–2011) 5(2008)
(5) Janez Jansa 2017.jpg Janez Janša
(born 1958)
10 February 201220 March 2013404 SDS II SDSNSiSLSDeSUSDL 6( 2011 )
7 Alenka Bratusek-za splet (cropped).jpg Alenka Bratušek
(born 1970)
20 March 201331 May 2014547 PS PSDeSUSDLSDZaAB
31 May 201418 September 2014 ZaAB
8 Miro Cerar 2018.jpg Miro Cerar
(born 1963)
18 September 201413 September 20181,456 SMC SMCSDDeSUS 7(2014)
9 Marjan Sarec in Logatec 2017.jpg Marjan Šarec
(born 1977)
13 September 201813 March 2020547 LMŠ LMŠSDSMCSABDeSUS 8(2018)
(5) Janez Jansa 2017.jpg Janez Janša
(born 1958)
13 March 2020Incumbent366 SDS III SDSSMCDeSUS (2020–2021)NSi


Marjan ŠarecMiro CerarAlenka BratušekBorut PahorJanez JanšaAnton RopAndrej BajukJanez DrnovšekLojze PeterleDušan ŠinigojJanez ZemljaričAnton VratušaAndrej MarincStane KavčičJanko SmoleViktor AvbeljBoris KraigherMiha MarinkoBoris KidričPrime Minister of Slovenia

Living former prime ministers

There are 6 former living prime ministers. Incumbent Prime Minister Janez Janša held the office between 2004-2008 and 2012-2013 as well. There were only two other prime ministers, Janez Drnovšek and Andrej Bajuk. Drnovšek died in 2008 and Bajuk in 2011.

Upon retirement former prime ministers do not receive any special honours or privileges. They are however entitled to a funeral with military honors.


No.Prime MinisterDate of birthAge at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of deathLongevity
1 Alojz Peterle 5 July 1948Living72 years, 252 days (living)
2 Janez Drnovšek 17 May 195023 February 200857 years, 282 days
3 Andrej Bajuk October 18, 194316 August 201167 years, 302 days
4 Anton Rop 27 December 1960Living60 years, 77 days (living)
5 Janez Janša 17 September 1958ongoingIncumbentLiving62 years, 178 days (living)
6 Borut Pahor 2 November 1963Living57 years, 132 days (living)
7 Alenka Bratušek 31 March 1970Living50 years, 348 days (living)
8 Miroslav Cerar Jr. 25 August 1963Living57 years, 201 days (living)
9 Marjan Šarec 2 December 1977Living43 years, 102 days (living)

Deputy prime minister

Deputy prime minister is an unofficial title given to certain ministers in the government (usually leaders of coalition parties other than that from which prime minister comes). Deputy prime minister does not have any additional duties to those that come with the office of minister. There are usually multiple deputy prime ministers in each government.

List of deputy prime ministers

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  1. " Pay Check". IG.

See also