|Prime Minister of Norway |
( Norwegian Nynorsk)
|Style||Her Excellency (informal)|
|Seat|| Office of the Prime Minister at:|
Akershus Fortress (temporary) Oslo, Norway
|Term length||No term limits.|
General elections are held every four years. The prime minister is by convention the leader of the party with majority support in parliament.
|Inaugural holder||Frederik Stang (generally regarded as the first incumbent)|
|Website||Government official homepage|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Prime Minister of Norway (Norwegian : statsminister, literally the "minister of state") is the head of government of Norway and the most powerful person in Norwegian politics. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the monarch, to the Storting (Parliament of Norway), to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is nearly impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting, the prime minister is primarily answerable to the Storting. They are almost always the leader of the majority party in the Storting, or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition.
Norwegian is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is the official language. Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties, and some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. These Scandinavian languages, together with Faroese and Icelandic as well as some extinct languages, constitute the North Germanic languages. Faroese and Icelandic are hardly mutually intelligible with Norwegian in their spoken form because continental Scandinavian has diverged from them. While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. Norwegian is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era.
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.
Norway has a constitution, which was adopted on 17 May 1814. 2019, the Prime Minister of Norway is Erna Solberg, of the Conservative Party.The position of prime minister is the result of legislation. Modern prime ministers have few statutory powers, but provided they can command the support of their parliamentary party, they can control both the legislature and the executive (the cabinet) and hence wield considerable de facto powers. As of
The Constitution of Norway was first adopted on 16 May and subsequently signed and dated on 17 May 1814 by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll. It was at the time considered to be one of the most liberal or radically democratic constitutions in the world, and it is today the second oldest single-document national constitution in Europe after the Constitution of Poland and second oldest in the world still in continuous force after the United States Constitution, as the Polish 3 May Constitution survived for less than 2 years. 17 May is the National Day of Norway.
Erna Solberg is a Norwegian politician serving as Prime Minister of Norway since 2013 and Leader of the Conservative Party since May 2004.
The Conservative Party is a liberal-conservative political party in Norway. It is the major party of the Norwegian centre-right, and the leading party in the governing Solberg cabinet. The current party leader is the Prime Minister of Norway Erna Solberg.
Unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Norwegian prime ministers do not have the option of advising the king to dissolve the Storting and call a snap election. The constitution requires that the Storting serve out its full four-year term. If the prime minister loses the confidence of the Storting, they must resign.
A snap election is an election called earlier than expected.
|Nr.||Prime minister||Party||Days||Years, months, days|
|1.||Einar Gerhardsen||Labour Party||6226||17 years and 17 days|
|2.||Johan Nygaardsvold||Labour Party||3750||10 years, 3 months and 5 days|
|3.||Gro Harlem Brundtland||Labour Party||3691||10 years, 1 month and 9 days|
|4.||Jens Stoltenberg||Labour Party||3518||9 years, 7 months and 17 days|
|5.||Gunnar Knudsen||Liberal Party||3383||9 years, 3 months and 4 days|
|6.||Johan Ludwig Mowinckel||Liberal Party||2517||6 years, 10 months and 21 days|
|7.||Kjell Magne Bondevik||Christian Democratic Party||2341||6 years, 4 months and 29 days|
|8.||Johannes Steen||Liberal Party||2311||6 years, 3 months and 30 days|
|9.||Erna Solberg||Conservative Party||2043||5 years, 7 months and 5 days|
|10.||Per Borten||Centre Party||1982||5 years, 5 months and 5 days|
|11.||Odvar Nordli||Labour Party||1847||5 years and 20 days|
As of 2018 five former prime ministers are alive:
Kåre Isaachsen Willoch is a former Norwegian politician from the Conservative Party. He served as Minister of Trade and Shipping in 1963 and 1965–1970, as President of the Nordic Council in 1973, and as Prime Minister of Norway from 1981 to 1986. Willoch was Chairman of the Conservative Party 1970–1974.
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The politics of Norway take place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy. Executive power is exercised by the Council of State, the cabinet, led by the Prime Minister of Norway. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the legislature, the Storting, elected within a multi-party system. The judiciary is independent of the executive branch and the legislature.
The Storting is the supreme legislature of Norway, established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway. It is located in Oslo. The unicameral parliament has 169 members, and is elected every four years based on party-list proportional representation in nineteen plurinominal constituencies. A member of the Storting is known in Norwegian as a stortingsrepresentant, literally "Storting representative".
The Prime Minister is the head of government in Sweden. Before the creation of the office of a Prime Minister in 1876, Sweden did not have a head of government separate from its head of state, namely the King, in whom the executive authority was vested. Louis Gerhard De Geer, the architect behind the new bicameral Riksdag of 1866 that replaced the centuries-old Riksdag of the Estates, became the first officeholder in 1876.
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