President of Abkhazia

Last updated
President of the Republic of Abkhazia
Flag of the President of Abkhazia.svg
Aslan Bzhania (2020-06-24).jpg
Aslan Bzhania
since 23 April 2020
Residence Sukhumi
Term length 5 years
Renewable once
Formation26 November 1994
First holder Vladislav Ardzinba
Deputy Vice President of Abkhazia

The president of Abkhazia is the head of state in Abkhazia, a breakaway state recognized as part of Georgia, under Russian military occupation. The position was created in 1994. Before the office of president was created the head of state position was known as the chairman of Parliament between 1992 and the creation of the 1994 constitution. Before the position of Chairman of Parliament, the highest office in Abkhazia was the chairman of the Supreme Soviet. The post would last from the declaration of sovereignty from the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic on 25 August 1990 until the outright declaration of independence on 23 July 1992.


Oath of office

During Alexander Ankvab's presidency, Parliament decided to scrap from the Presidential oath the phrase:

Жәлар рылахь соуааит иҧшьоу абри ахақәкы сацәхьаҵны саныҟала
If I deviate from this path, then let me be punished by my people

During a meeting on 16 July 2014, following the Abkhazian Revolution, Parliament decided to restore this phrase. According to Vice Speaker Emma Gamisonia, the decision to remove the phrase had been taken because it was perceived as a curse, following the premature death of Abkhazia's first two presidents, Vladislav Ardzinba and Sergei Bagapsh. MP Daur Arshba claimed that the decision had been taken illegally, without the necessary quorum. [1]

On 18 August, the People's Assembly of Abkhazia additionally adopted a bill authored by Said Kharazia, and first proposed by him during the meeting on 16 July, adding the invocation [1] [2]

Иа Анцәа Ду, суҳәоит Сыԥсадгьыли сыуаажәлари рымаҵ аураҿы амчи алшареи суҭарц!
Almighty God, give me strength to serve country and people!

Non-presidential heads of state

PositionTerm of officePolitical party
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 No image.png Valerian Kobakhia
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet25 August 199024 December 1990121 days Communist Party of Abkhazia
2 Vladislav Ardzinba 1996 Abkhazia stamp portrait only.jpg Vladislav Ardzinba
24 December 199023 July 19921 year, 212 days Communist Party of Abkhazia
(2)Chairman of Parliament23 July 199226 November 19942 years, 126 days Independent

List of presidents of Abkhazia

Term of officePolitical partyElection Vice president(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Vladislav Ardzinba 1996 Abkhazia stamp portrait only.jpg
Vladislav Ardzinba
26 November 199412 February 200510 years, 78 days Independent 1994
Valery Arshba
(1995 – 2005)
Sergei Bagapsh (Interfax).jpg
Sergei Bagapsh
12 February 200529 May 2011 6 years, 106 days United Abkhazia 2005
Raul Khajimba
(2005 – 2009)
Alexander Ankvab
(2009 – 2011)
Alexander Ankvab - 06.10.2011 (cropped).jpg
Alexander Ankvab
(born 1952)
29 May 201126 September 2011120 days Aitaira
Alexander Ankvab - 06.10.2011 (cropped).jpg
Alexander Ankvab
(born 1952)
26 September 20111 June 2014
2 years, 248 days Aitaira 2011 Mikhail Logua
(2011 – 2013)
Valerii Bganba (cropped).jpg
Valeri Bganba
(born 1953)
1 June 201425 September 2014116 days Independent
Raul Khajimba 2015.jpg
Raul Khajimba
(born 1958)
25 September 201412 January 2020
5 years, 109 days FNUA 2014
Vitali Gabnia
(2014 – 2018)
Aslan Bartsits
(2019 – 2020)
Valerii Bganba (cropped).jpg
Valeri Bganba
(born 1953)
13 January 202023 April 2020101 days Independent
Aslan Bzhania (2020-06-24).jpg
Aslan Bzhania
(born 1963)
23 April 2020Incumbent3 years, 263 days Independent 2020 Badr Gunba
(since 2020)


Aslan BzhaniaValeri BganbaRaul KhajimbaAlexander AnkvabSergei BagapshVladislav ArdzinbaValerian KobakhiaPresident of Abkhazia

Latest election

CandidateRunning mateVotes%
Aslan Bzhania Badr Gunba 53,74158.92
Adgur Ardzinba Arda Enverovich Ashub33,68636.93
Leonid Dzapshba Viktor Shamilovich Khashba2,1142.32
None of the above1,6661.83
Valid votes91,20795.90
Invalid/blank votes3,9024.10
Total votes95,109100.00
Registered voters/turnout132,91671.56
Source: Abkhaz World

See also

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  1. 1 2 "Восстановлен текст присяги президента в первоначальной редакции". Apsnypress. 16 July 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  2. "Депутаты парламента большинством голосов внесли изменение в текст присяги президента РА". Apsnypress. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2014.