|President of the Republic of Abkhazia|
|Term length||5 years|
|Formation||26 November 1994|
|First holder||Vladislav Ardzinba|
|Deputy||Vice President of Abkhazia|
The position of president of Abkhazia was created in 1994. Before the office of president was created the head of state position was known as the chairman of Parliament between 1992 and the creation of the 1994 constitution. Before the position of Chairman of Parliament, the highest office in Abkhazia was the chairman of the Supreme Soviet. The post would last from the declaration of sovereignty from the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic on 25 August 1990 until the outright declaration of independence on 23 July 1992.
During Alexander Ankvab's presidency, Parliament decided to scrap from the Presidential oath the phrase:
Жәлар рылахь соуааит иҧшьоу абри ахақәкы сацәхьаҵны саныҟала
— If I deviate from this path, then let me be punished by my people
During a meeting on 16 July 2014, following the Abkhazian Revolution, Parliament decided to restore this phrase. According to Vice Speaker Emma Gamisonia, the decision to remove the phrase had been taken because it was perceived as a curse, following the premature death of Abkhazia's first two presidents, Vladislav Ardzinba and Sergei Bagapsh. MP Daur Arshba claimed that the decision had been taken illegally, without the necessary quorum.
On 18 August, the People's Assembly of Abkhazia additionally adopted a bill authored by Said Kharazia, and first proposed by him during the meeting on 16 July, adding the invocation
Иа Анцәа Ду, суҳәоит Сыԥсадгьыли сыуаажәлари рымаҵ аураҿы амчи алшареи суҭарц!
— Almighty God, give me strength to serve country and people!
|Position||Term of office||Political party|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1|| Valerian Kobakhia |
|Chairman of the Supreme Soviet||25 August 1990||24 December 1990||121 days||Communist Party of Abkhazia|
|2|| Vladislav Ardzinba |
|24 December 1990||23 July 1992||1 year, 212 days||Communist Party of Abkhazia|
|(2)||Chairman of Parliament||23 July 1992||26 November 1994||2 years, 126 days||Independent|
|Term of office||Political party||Election||Vice president(s)|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1|| Vladislav Ardzinba |
|26 November 1994||12 February 2005||10 years, 78 days||Independent|| 1994 |
| Valery Arshba |
(1995 – 2005)
|2|| Sergei Bagapsh |
|12 February 2005||29 May 2011 †||6 years, 106 days||United Abkhazia|| 2005 |
| Raul Khajimba |
(2005 – 2009)
(2009 – 2011)
|–|| Alexander Ankvab |
|29 May 2011||26 September 2011||120 days||Aitaira||–||–|
|3|| Alexander Ankvab |
|26 September 2011||1 June 2014|
|2 years, 248 days||Aitaira||2011|| Mikhail Logua |
(2011 – 2013)
|–|| Valeri Bganba |
|1 June 2014||25 September 2014||116 days||Independent||–||–|
|4|| Raul Khajimba |
|25 September 2014||12 January 2020|
|5 years, 109 days||FNUA|| 2014 |
| Vitali Gabnia |
(2014 – 2018)
(2019 – 2020)
|–|| Valeri Bganba |
|13 January 2020||23 April 2020||101 days||Independent||–||–|
|5|| Aslan Bzhania |
|23 April 2020||Incumbent||2 years, 124 days||Independent||2020|| Badr Gunba |
|Aslan Bzhania||Badr Gunba||53,741||58.92|
|Adgur Ardzinba||Arda Enverovich Ashub||33,686||36.93|
|Leonid Dzapshba||Viktor Shamilovich Khashba||2,114||2.32|
|None of the above||1,666||1.83|
|Source: Abkhaz World|
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