Prime Minister of Montenegro

Last updated

Prime Minister of Montenegro
Предсједник Владе Црне Горе
Coat of arms of Montenegro (seal).svg
Dritan Abazovic (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Dritan Abazović

since April 28, 2022
Appointer Parliament of Montenegro
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Božo Petrović-Njegoš
FormationMarch 20, 1879
Salary US$15,522 annually [1]
Website www.gov.me

The prime minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin : Премијер/Премијерка Црне Горе, romanized: Premijer/Premijerka Crne Gore), officially the president of the Government of Montenegro (Montenegrin : Предсједник/Предсједница Владе Црне Горе, romanized: Predsjednik/Predsjednica Vlade Crne Gore), is the head of the government of Montenegro. The role of the prime minister is to direct the work of the government, and to submit to the Parliament the government's program, which includes a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister would cause the dissolution of his government.

Contents

The current prime minister, Dritan Abazović, a leader of civic political party United Reform Action, was approved by the Parliament of Montenegro on April 28, 2022, after the formation of the 43rd government of Montenegro in Cetinje. [2]

History

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council (Предсједник Министарског савјета).

On August 28, 1910, Montenegro was proclaimed a kingdom. During both the principality and the kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the sovereign Nikola I. After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916, during World War I, the government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist. After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918, to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. The deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until February 4, 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministers of Montenegro

Preceding posts

Monarchy

   True People's Party    People's Party   Non-party

Head of GovernmentName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical party Monarch
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
Kingnicholas.jpg
(1860–1921)
1 Bozo Petrovic-Njegos portrait.tif Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
March 20, 1879December 19, 190526 years, 274 days Independent
2 Lazar Mijuskovic.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
December 19, 1905November 24, 1906340 days True People's Party
3 Radulovic Marko.jpg Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
November 24, 1906February 1, 190769 days People's Party
4 Andrija Radovic.jpg Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
February 1, 1907April 17, 190775 days People's Party
5 Dr Lazar Tomanovic .jpg Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
April 17, 1907August 28, 19103 years, 133 days Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5) Dr Lazar Tomanovic .jpg Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
August 28, 1910June 19, 19121 year, 296 days Independent
6 Mitar Martinovich Min of Montenegro.jpg Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
June 19, 1912May 8, 1913323 days True People's Party
7 Brigadir Janko Vukotic.jpg Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
May 8, 1913July 16, 19152 years, 69 days Independent
8 Milo Matanovic.jpg General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
July 16, 1915January 2, 1916170 days Independent
(2) Lazar Mijuskovic 1916.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
January 2, 1916January 25, 191623 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile
(2) Lazar Mijuskovic 1916.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
January 25, 1916May 12, 1916108 days True People's Party
(4) Andrija Radovic.jpg Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
May 12, 1916January 17, 1917250 days People's Party
(8) Milo Matanovic.jpg General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
January 17, 1917June 11, 1917145 days Independent
9 Evgenije Popovic.jpg Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
June 11, 1917February 17, 19191 year, 251 days Independent
10 Anto Gvozdenovic (portrait, no hat).jpg General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
February 17, 1919March 1, 19212 years, 12 days Independent
11 Jovan S. Plamenac.jpg Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
March 1, 1921January 13, 1922318 days True People's Party Mihailo
Mihailo Petrovich Negosh.jpg
(1921–1922)
12 Milutin Vucinic.jpg General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
January 13, 1922February 13, 192231 days True People's Party
(10) Anto Gvozdenovic (portrait, no hat).jpg General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
February 13, 1922July 13, 1922150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Heads of administrations before 1945

Socialist republic

   Communist Party/League of Communists

Head of GovernmentName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical party
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Minister for Montenegro
Milovan Dilas.jpg Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
March 7, 1945April 17, 194541 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
1
(13)
Blazo Jovanovic.jpg General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
April 17, 1945February 4, 19537 years, 293 days Communist Party
(party renamed)
League of Communists
(party renamed)
President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
Blazo Jovanovic.jpg General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
February 4, 1953December 16, 1953315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
Filip Bajkovic.jpg Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
December 16, 1953July 12, 19628 years, 208 days League of Communists
3
(15)
Dordije Pajkovic.jpg Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
July 12, 1962June 25, 1963348 days League of Communists
4
(16)
Veselin Duranovic.jpg Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
June 25, 1963December 8, 19663 years, 166 days League of Communists
5
(17)
Mijusko Sibalic.jpg Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
December 8, 1966May 5, 1967148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
Vidoje Zarkovic.jpg Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
May 5, 1967October 7, 19692 years, 155 days League of Communists
7
(19)
Unknown-person.gif Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
October 7, 1969May 6, 19744 years, 211 days League of Communists
8
(20)
Marko Orlandic.jpg Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
May 6, 1974April 28, 19783 years, 357 days League of Communists
9
(21)
Momcilo Cemovic.jpg Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
April 28, 1978May 7, 19824 years, 9 days League of Communists
10
(22)
Radivoje Brajovic.jpg Radivoje Brajović
(born 1935)
May 7, 1982June 6, 19864 years, 30 days League of Communists
11
(23)
Unknown-person.gif Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
June 6, 1986March 29, 19892 years, 296 days League of Communists
12
(24)
Stevan Kragujevic,Radoje Kontic, jugoslovenski i crnogorski politicar.JPG Radoje Kontić
(born 1937)
March 29, 1989February 15, 19911 year, 323 days League of Communists

Parliamentary republic

   Democratic Party of Socialists    United Reform Action    Independent

Head of GovernmentName
(Birth–Death)
ElectionTerm of officePolitical party President
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Republic of Montenegro
1
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
1990
1992
1996
February 15, 1991February 5, 19986 years, 355 days Democratic Party of Socialists Momir Bulatović
Momir Bulatovic (cropped).jpg
(1990–1998)
2
(26)
Filip Vujanovic June 2015 (cropped).jpg Filip Vujanović
(born 1954)
1998
2001
February 5, 1998January 8, 20034 years, 337 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Dukanovic at the Enthronement of Naruhito (1).jpg
(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2002 January 8, 2003May 21, 20063 years, 133 days Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
Filip Vujanovic June 2015 (cropped).jpg
(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
 May 21, 2006November 10, 2006173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
Zhel'ko Shturanovich (cropped).jpg Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 November 10, 2006February 29, 20081 year, 111 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2009 February 29, 2008December 29, 20102 years, 304 days Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
Luksic portrait.jpg Igor Lukšić
(born 1976)
 December 29, 2010December 4, 20121 year, 341 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2012 December 4, 2012November 28, 20163 years, 360 days Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
Dusko Markovic.jpg Duško Marković
(born 1959)
2016 November 28, 2016December 4, 20204 years, 6 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Dukanovic at the Enthronement of Naruhito (1).jpg
(2018–present)
6
(30)
Zdravko Krivokapic, June 2021.jpg Zdravko Krivokapić
(born 1957)
2020 December 4, 2020April 28, 20221 year, 145 days Independent
Ne damo Crnu Goru
7
(31)
Dritan Abazovic (cropped).jpg Dritan Abazović
(born 1985)
 April 28, 2022Incumbent216 days United Reform Action

Living former prime ministers

There are currently 7 living former prime ministers of Montenegro:

NameTermDate of birth
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986January 11, 1935 (age 87)
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991May 31, 1937 (age 85)
Milo Đukanović 1991–1998
2003–2006
2008–2010
2012–2016
February 15, 1962 (age 60)
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003September 1, 1954 (age 68)
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012June 14, 1976 (age 46)
Duško Marković 2016–2020July 6, 1959 (age 63)
Zdravko Krivokapić 2020–2022September 2, 1957 (age 65)

The most recent deaths of a former prime minister of Montenegro are those of Željko Šturanović (2006–2008) in 2014, and Marko Orlandić (1974–1978) in 2019.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Montenegro</span> Country in southeastern Europe

Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is located a part of the Balkans and is bordered by Serbia to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north, Kosovo to the east, Albania to the southeast, Croatia to the northwest, and the Adriatic Sea to the west with a coastline of 293.5 km. Podgorica, the capital and largest city, covers 10.4% of Montenegro's territory of 13,812 square kilometres (5,333 sq mi), and is home to roughly 30% of its total population of 621,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flag of Montenegro</span> National flag

The flag of Montenegro has a red field with gold border and the coat of arms of Montenegro in its center. It was officially adopted on 13 July 2004, when the then Republic of Montenegro was a constituent of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and its precise specification was standardized on 16 September 2004. The flag was retained after Montenegrin independence in 2006, and mandated by Article 4 of the Constitution of Montenegro adopted in 2007.

The Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro is a populist political party in Montenegro. A former long-time ruling party sitting at the opposition for the first time as of 2020, it was formed on 22 June 1991 as the successor of the League of Communists of Montenegro, which had governed Montenegro within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia since World War II, and has remained a major force in the country ever since. The party is a member of the Socialist International and the Progressive Alliance, and an associate of the Party of European Socialists. During the 1990s, DPS was the major centre-left, social-democratic party in favour of Serbian-Montenegrin unionism. However, since 1997, the party has embraced Montenegrin independence and has been improving ties with the West, slowly turning into a catch-all party embracing Atlanticism, Montenegrin nationalism, neoliberalism, and pro-Europeanism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Serbia and Montenegro</span> Head of state of Serbia and Montenegro (1992–2006)

The President of Serbia and Montenegro was the head of state of Serbia and Montenegro. From its establishment in 1992 until 2003, when the country was reconstituted as a confederacy via constitutional reform, the head of state was known as the President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. With the constitutional reforms of 2003 and the merging of the offices of head of government and head of state, the full title of the president was President of Serbia and Montenegro and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2006 the office was abolished as the state union was dissolved, with Serbia and Montenegro becoming independent countries and was followed by Kosovo in 2008 although it received limited international recognition.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Social Democratic Party of Montenegro</span> Political party in Montenegro

Social Democratic Party of Montenegro, or just the Social Democratic Party, abbr. SDP is a nationalist and social democratic political party in Montenegro. It is the only party in Montenegro to have full membership in the Socialist International. From 1998 until the 2016 coalition split, it was a minor coalition partner of the Democratic Party of Socialists, that lead Montenegro from the introduction of the multi-party system until the 2020 Montenegrin parliamentary election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Principality of Montenegro</span> State in the western Balkan Peninsula from 1852 to 1910

The Principality of Montenegro was a principality in Southeastern Europe that existed from 13 March 1852 to 28 August 1910. It was then proclaimed a kingdom by Nikola I, who then became King of Montenegro.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Montenegro</span> Head of state of Montenegro

The president of Montenegro is the head of state of Montenegro. The current president is Milo Đukanović, who was elected in the first round of the 2018 presidential election with 53.90% of the vote. The official residence of the president is the Blue Palace in Cetinje.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Montenegro</span> Political system of Montenegro

The Politics of Montenegro takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Montenegro is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Montenegro. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Montenegro a "flawed democracy" in 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Government of Montenegro</span>

The Government of Montenegro is the executive branch of state authority in Montenegro. It is headed by the prime minister. It consists of the prime minister, the deputy prime ministers as well as the ministers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Radio and Television of Montenegro</span> Montenegrin public radio and TV broadcaster

Radio and Television of Montenegro is the public service broadcaster of Montenegro. A state-owned company with its headquarters in Podgorica, it is made up of the Radio of Montenegro and the Television of Montenegro. In July 2001, RTCG became a joint member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). It became a full member of the EBU upon the declaration of Montenegrin independence in 2006.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parliament of Montenegro</span> Legislature of Montenegro

The Parliament of Montenegro is the unicameral legislature of Montenegro. The Parliament currently has 81 members, with each member elected to a four-year term. Following the 2006 independence referendum, the Parliament declared and ratified the independence of Montenegro on 3 June 2006. Members of the house are elected using proportional representation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Yugoslavia</span> Head of government of the Yugoslav state

The prime minister of Yugoslavia was the head of government of the Yugoslav state, from the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918 until the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Armed Forces of Montenegro</span>

The Armed Forces of Montenegro are the military forces of Montenegro. The Armed Forces consists of an army, navy and air force.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Montenegrin Anti-Fascist Assembly of National Liberation</span> Political organ of the resistance in Montenegro during World War II

The State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Montenegro and Boka was formed as the highest governing institution of the anti-fascist resistance movement in Montenegro, in the former Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

The Ministry of Finance in the Government of Montenegro is the ministry in the Government of Montenegro which is in charge of the nation's finances. The ministry was established in 1879 as a ministry of the Principality of Montenegro. It was abolished in late 1922, but restored 23 years later, in 1945. Current Minister is Aleksandar Damjanović, since 2022.

People's Concord of Montenegro or Popular Unity of Montenegro was a minor centrist political party in Montenegro. Its founder and president was Montenegrin activist Novak Kilibarda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of the Parliament of Montenegro</span> Presiding officer of the Parliament of Montenegro

The President of the Parliament of Montenegro is the presiding officer of the Parliament of Montenegro. The president's term lasts four years, and is elected by members of each new assembly.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">University of Montenegro Faculty of Law</span>

The University of Montenegro Faculty of Law, also known as the Podgorica Law School, is one of the educational institutions of the University of Montenegro. The Faculty is Montenegro's leading law school.

The Social Democrats of Montenegro, also known as the Social Democrats, is a centre-left political party in Montenegro formed in 2015 by a split faction of the SDP.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 Montenegrin episcopal enthronement protests</span>

A series of violent protests against the enthronement of Joanikije Mićović of the Serbian Orthodox Church as the Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral took place at the historic Cetinje Monastery in September 2021.

References

  1. Tota, Elton (26 December 2017). "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". Independent Balkan News Agency. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  2. "Izabrana 43. Vlada Crne Gore". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 28 April 2022.