Prime Minister of Montenegro

Last updated
President of the government of Montenegro
Coat of arms of Montenegro (seal).svg
PM Dusko Markovic.jpg
Incumbent
Duško Marković

since 28 November 2016
Appointer Parliament of Montenegro
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Božo Petrović-Njegoš
Formation20 March 1879
Salary15,522 USD annually [1]
Website www.gov.me

The prime minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Predsednik Vlade Crne Gore) (President of the government of Montenegro), is the head of the Government of Montenegro. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the Parliament the Government's Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister will cause the dissolution of his Government.

Contents

The current prime minister, Duško Marković, member of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, was elected by the Parliament on 28 November 2016.

History of the office

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council. On August 28, 1910 Montenegro was proclaimed a kingdom. During both the principality and the kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the prince (later king) Nikola I.

After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916 during World War I, the Government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist.

After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918 to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. However, the deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The Government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until February 4, 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministers

Monarchy

   True People's Party    People's Party   Non-party

Head of GovernmentName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical party Monarch
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
Nicholas I, King of Montenegro, 1841-1921, head and shoulders portrait, facing left LCCN2005680731.jpg
(1860–1921)
1 Bozo Petrovic-Njegos portrait.tif Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
20 March 187919 December 190526 years,

272 days

Independent
2 Lazar Mijuskovic 1916.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
19 December 190524 November 1906340 days True People's Party
3 Unknown-person.gif Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
24 November 19061 February 190769 days People's Party
4 Andrija Radovic.jpg Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
1 February 190717 April 190775 days People's Party
5 Dr Lazar Tomanovic .jpg Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
17 April 190728 August 19103 years,

132 days

Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5) Dr Lazar Tomanovic .jpg Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
28 August 191019 June 19121 year,

295 days

Independent
6 Mitar Martinovich Min of Montenegro.jpg Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
19 June 19128 May 1913323 days True People's Party
7 Brigadir Janko Vukotic.jpg Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
8 May 191316 July 19152 years,

68 days

Independent
8 Milo Matanovic.jpg General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
16 July 19152 January 1916170 days Independent
(2) Lazar Mijuskovic 1916.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
2 January 191625 January 191623 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile.
(2) Lazar Mijuskovic 1916.jpg Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
25 January 191612 May 1916108 days True People's Party
(4) Andrija Radovic.jpg Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
12 May 191617 January 1917245 days People's Party
(8) Milo Matanovic.jpg General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
17 January 191711 June 1917150 days Independent
9 Evgenije Popovic.jpg Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
11 June 191717 February 19191 year,

249 days

Independent
10 Anto Gvozdenovic (cropped).jpg General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
17 February 19191 March 19212 years,

12 days

Independent
11 Jovan S. Plamenac.jpg Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
1 March 192113 January 1922318 days True People's Party Michael
Mihailo Petrovich Negosh.jpg
(1921–1922)
12 Unknown-person.gif General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
13 January 192213 February 192231 days True People's Party
(10) Anto Gvozdenovic (cropped).jpg General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
13 February 192213 July 1922150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Socialist Republic

   Communist Party / League of Communists

Head of GovernmentName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical party
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Minister for Montenegro
N/A Milovan Dilas.jpg Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
7 March 194517 April 194541 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
N/A Blazo Jovanovic.jpg General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
17 April 19454 February 19537 years,

291 days

Communist Party (renamed)



League of Communists

President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
Blazo Jovanovic.jpg General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
4 February 195316 December 1953315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
Filip Bajkovic.jpg Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
16 December 195312 July 19628 years,

208 days

League of Communists
3
(15)
Dordije Pajkovic.jpg Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 July 196225 June 1963348 days League of Communists
4
(16)
Veselin Duranovic.jpg Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
25 June 19638 December 19663 years,

165 days

League of Communists
5
(17)
Unknown-person.gif Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
8 December 19665 May 1967148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
Vidoje Zarkovic.jpg Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
5 May 19677 October 19692 years,

154 days

League of Communists
7
(19)
Unknown-person.gif Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
7 October 19696 May 19744 years,

211 days

League of Communists
8
(20)
Marko Orlandic.jpg Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
6 May 197428 April 19783 years,

356 days

League of Communists
9
(21)
Unknown-person.gif Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
28 April 19787 May 19824 years,

9 days

League of Communists
10
(22)
Unknown-person.gif Radivoje Brajović
(1935–)
7 May 19826 June 19864 years,

30 days

League of Communists
11
(23)
Unknown-person.gif Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
6 June 198629 March 19892 years,

296 days

League of Communists
12
(24)
Stevan Kragujevic,Radoje Kontic, jugoslovenski i crnogorski politicar.JPG Radoje Kontić
(1937–)
29 March 198915 February 19911 year,

321 days

League of Communists

Republic

   Democratic Party of Socialists

Head of GovernmentName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical party President
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Republic of Montenegro Momir Bulatović
Momir Bulatovic (cropped).jpg
(1990–1998)
Prime Minister
1
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
1990
1992
1996
15 February 19915 February 19986 years,

355 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
2
(26)
FilipVujanovic.jpg Filip Vujanović
(1954–)
1998
2001
5 February 19988 January 20034 years,

337 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Dukanovic.jpg
(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2002 8 January 200321 May 20063 years,

134 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
FilipVujanovic.jpg
(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
Prime Minister
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
 21 May 200610 November 2006173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
Unknown-person.gif Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 10 November 200629 February 20081 year,

110 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2009 29 February 200829 December 20102 years,

304 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
Luksic portrait.jpg Igor Lukšić
(1976–)
 29 December 20104 December 20121 year,

339 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
Milo Dukanovic.jpg Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2012 4 December 201228 November 20163 years,

358 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
PM Dusko Markovic.jpg Duško Marković
(1959–)
2016 28 November 2016Incumbent3 years, 201 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
Milo Dukanovic.jpg
(2018–present)

Living former prime ministers

Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Montenegro
Constitution
NameTermDate of birth
Radivoje Brajović 1982198611 January 1935
Radoje Kontić 1989199131 May 1937
Milo Đukanović 19911998,
20032006,
20082010,
20122016
15 February 1962
Filip Vujanović 199820031 September 1954
Igor Lukšić 2010201214 June 1976

The most recent death of a former prime minister of Montenegro is that of Željko Šturanović (2006–2008) on 30 June 2014.

Related Research Articles

The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, into the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (1081–1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro (Zeta) came under the rule of the Balšić noble family, then the Crnojević noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora. Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrović-Njegoš ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

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Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro political party

The Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro is a catch-all and populist political party in Montenegro, which has been in power since the introduction of multi-party system in 1990.

Milo Đukanović President of Montenegro

Milo Đukanović is a Montenegrin politician who has served as the president of Montenegro since 20 May 2018. He served as prime minister of Montenegro in three governments from 1991 to 1998, as the president of Montenegro from 1998 to 2002, and as prime minister again from 2003 to 2006, from 2008 to 2010, and from 2012 to 2016. Đukanović is also the long-term president of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, originally the Montenegrin branch of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, which has governed Montenegro since the introduction of multi-party politics.

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Kingdom of Montenegro 1910-1918 kingdom in Southeastern Europe

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Petrović-Njegoš dynasty dynasty

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Principality of Montenegro 1852-1910 principality in Southeastern Europe

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Politics of Montenegro takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Montenegro is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Montenegro. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Montenegro a "hybrid regime" in 2019.

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Andrija Radović was a Montenegrin and Yugoslav politician and statesmen, former Prime Minister and leader of the People's and then Democratic Party, fighter for parliamentary democracy and chief proponent of Montenegro's unification with Serbia.

Jovan Plamenac Prime Minister of Montenegro

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The Yugoslav Democratic Party, State Party of Serbian, Croatian and Slovene Democrats and Democratic Party, also known as the Democratic Union was the name of a series of liberal political parties that existed in succession in the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

Peoples Party (Montenegro, 1906)

The People's Party, known as klubaši or narodnjaci, was a political party formed in 1906, active in the Principality of Montenegro and later Kingdom of Montenegro, led by Šako Petrović, which represented the opposition to Prince/King Nikola of Montenegro. The parties political credo was the unification of Montenegro and Serbia, and dethroning of the Petrović-Njegoš dynasty.

References

  1. "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". 19 August 2018.

See also