Prime Minister of Zambia

Last updated
Prime Minister of the
Republic of Zambia

Coat of Arms of Zambia.svg

Coat of Arms of Zambia
Appointer President of Zambia
Formation 25 August 1973
First holder Mainza Chona
Final holder Malimba Masheke
Abolished 31 August 1991

The Prime Minister of Zambia was the head of government of Zambia. From 1973 to 1975, Mainza Chona was the first person to hold the position following independence from the United Kingdom (Kenneth Kaunda was the only Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia in 1964, before it became independent as Zambia).

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Zambia republic in southern Africa

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa. It neighbours the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country.

Mainza Mathias Chona was a Zambian politician and diplomat who served as Vice President of Zambia from 1970 to 1973 and Prime Minister on two occasions: from 25 August 1973 to 27 May 1975 and from 20 July 1977 to 15 June 1978.

Contents

The position of the Prime Minister of Zambia was abolished in 1991, in the last months of Kaunda's presidential term. Since then, the President of Zambia serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, and there is a separate de facto leader, often with the title of prime minister. In contrast, a semi-presidential system has both heads of state and government as the leaders de facto of the nation.

Prime Ministers of Zambia (1964–1991)

Key

Political parties
No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political Party
Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia
1 Kenneth David Kaunda detail DF-SC-84-01864.jpg Kenneth Kaunda
(1924–)
22 January 1964 24 October 1964 UNIP
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Zambia
Post abolished (24 October 1964 – 25 August 1973)
1 No image.png Mainza Chona
(1930–2001)
25 August 1973 27 May 1975 UNIP
2 No image.png Elijah Mudenda
(1927–2008)
27 May 1975 20 July 1977 UNIP
(1) No image.png Mainza Chona
(1930–2001)
20 July 1977 15 June 1978 UNIP
3 No image.png Daniel Lisulo
(1930–2000)
15 June 1978 18 February 1981 UNIP
4 No image.png Nalumino Mundia
(1927–1988)
18 February 1981 24 April 1985 UNIP
5 No image.png Kebby Musokotwane
(1946–1996)
24 April 1985 15 March 1989 UNIP
6 No image.png Malimba Masheke
(1941–)
15 March 1989 31 August 1991 UNIP
Post abolished (31 August 1991 – present)

Footnotes

    See also

    Governor of Northern Rhodesia Wikimedia list article

    The Governor of Northern Rhodesia was the representative of the British monarch in the self-governing colony of Northern Rhodesia from 1924 to 1964. The Governor was appointed by The Crown and acted as the local head of state, receiving instructions from the British Government.

    President of Zambia Wikimedia list article

    The President of Zambia is the head of state and the head of government of Zambia. The office was first held by Kenneth Kaunda following independence in 1964. Since 1991, when Kaunda left the Presidency, the office has been held by five others: Frederick Chiluba, Levy Mwanawasa, Rupiah Banda, Michael Sata, and current President Edgar Lungu. In addition, Acting President Guy Scott served in an interim capacity after the death of President Michael Sata.

    These are lists of incumbents, including heads of states or of subnational entities.

    Related Research Articles

    Kenneth Kaunda First President of Zambia

    Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda, also known as KK, is a Zambian former politician who served as the first President of Zambia from 1964 to 1991.

    This article deals with the history of the country now called Zambia from prehistoric times to the present.

    Foreign relations of Zambia

    After independence in 1964 the foreign relations of Zambia were mostly focused on supporting liberation movements in other countries in Southern Africa, such as the African National Congress and SWAPO. During the Cold War Zambia was a member of the Non-Aligned Movement.

    Prime Minister of Rhodesia

    The Prime Minister of Rhodesia was the head of government in Rhodesia. Rhodesia, which became a self-governing colony of Britain in 1923, unilaterally declared independence on 11 November 1965, and was thereafter an unrecognized state in practice until 1979. In December 1979, the country came under temporary British control, and in April 1980 the country gained recognized independence as Zimbabwe.

    United National Independence Party Zambian political party

    The United National Independence Party (UNIP) is a political party in Zambia. It governed the country from 1964 to 1991 under the socialist presidency of Kenneth Kaunda, and which was the sole legal party between 1973 and 1990.

    Elections in Zambia

    Elections in Zambia take place within the framework of a multi-party democracy and a presidential system. The President and National Assembly are simultaneously elected for five-year terms.

    Zambian African National Congress (1958–59) political party

    The Zambian African National Congress was a political party in Northern Rhodesia dedicated to promoting the rights of black people.

    Zambian African National Congress political party

    The Zambian African National Congress was a political party in Zambia.

    Alice Lenshina was a Zambian woman and self-appointed "prophetess" who is noted for her part in the "Lumpa Uprising", which claimed 700 lives.

    Harry Mwaanga Nkumbula was a Zambian nationalist leader involved in the movement for the independence of Northern Rhodesia, as Zambia was known until the end of British rule in 1964. He was born in the village of Maala in the Namwala district of Zambia's southern province. He was the youngest of three children and the only son.

    Simon Mwansa Kapwepwe was the first vice-president of Zambia from 1967 to 1970.

    Russia–Zambia relations Diplomatic relations between Russia and the Republic of Zambia

    Russia–Zambia relations is the bilateral relationship between Russia and Zambia.

    Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland former country in Africa

    The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was a federal semi-Dominion that consisted of three southern African territories—the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland—between 1953 and 1963.

    Emmanuel Kasonde was a Zambian economist and politician who served as the Finance permanent secretary or Minister of Finance under three successive Zambian presidential administrations, including Kenneth Kaunda, Frederick Chiluba and Levy Mwanawasa.

    1964 Northern Rhodesian general election

    General elections were held in Northern Rhodesia on 20 and 21 January 1964. There were two voter rolls for the Legislative Council, a main roll that elected 65 seats, and a reserved roll that elected 10. Africans elected the main roll, whilst Europeans elected the reserve roll. Other ethnicities were allowed to choose which roll to be part of. The United National Independence Party won the elections, taking 55 of the common roll seats. Its leader, Kenneth Kaunda became Prime Minister, leading the country to independence in October that year, at which point he became President. Voter turnout was 94.8% for the main roll and 74.1% for the reserved roll.

    Daniel Munkombwe was a Zambian politician. He worked as a political organizer and administrator for the ANC in Northern Rhodesia before and after independence. He was elected to Parliament in 1973 and served for 19 years. In 2001, he was appointed Minister for the Southern Province by Levy Mwanawasa and continued in that and other government posts until 2015, having been subsequently appointed by Rupiah Banda and Michael Sata.