Prime Minister of Zambia

Last updated
Prime Minister of the
Republic of Zambia

Coat of Arms of Zambia.svg

Coat of Arms of Zambia
Appointer President of Zambia
Formation 25 August 1973
First holder Mainza Chona
Final holder Malimba Masheke
Abolished 31 August 1991

The Prime Minister of Zambia was the head of government of Zambia. From 1973 to 1975, Mainza Chona was the first person to hold the position following independence from the United Kingdom (Kenneth Kaunda was the only Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia in 1964, before it became independent as Zambia).

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Zambia republic in southern Africa

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa. It neighbours the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country.

Mainza Mathias Chona was a Zambian politician and diplomat who served as Vice President of Zambia from 1970 to 1973 and Prime Minister on two occasions: from 25 August 1973 to 27 May 1975 and from 20 July 1977 to 15 June 1978.


The position of the Prime Minister of Zambia was abolished in 1991, in the last months of Kaunda's presidential term. Since then, the President of Zambia serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, and there is a separate de facto leader, often with the title of prime minister. In contrast, a semi-presidential system has both heads of state and government as the leaders de facto of the nation.

Prime Ministers of Zambia (1964–1991)


Political parties
No. Picture Name
Took office Left office Political Party
Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia
1 Kenneth David Kaunda detail DF-SC-84-01864.jpg Kenneth Kaunda
22 January 1964 24 October 1964 UNIP
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Zambia
Post abolished (24 October 1964 – 25 August 1973)
1 No image.png Mainza Chona
25 August 1973 27 May 1975 UNIP
2 No image.png Elijah Mudenda
27 May 1975 20 July 1977 UNIP
(1) No image.png Mainza Chona
20 July 1977 15 June 1978 UNIP
3 No image.png Daniel Lisulo
15 June 1978 18 February 1981 UNIP
4 No image.png Nalumino Mundia
18 February 1981 24 April 1985 UNIP
5 No image.png Kebby Musokotwane
24 April 1985 15 March 1989 UNIP
6 No image.png Malimba Masheke
15 March 1989 31 August 1991 UNIP
Post abolished (31 August 1991 – present)


    See also

    Governor of Northern Rhodesia Wikimedia list article

    The Governor of Northern Rhodesia was the representative of the British monarch in the self-governing colony of Northern Rhodesia from 1924 to 1964. The Governor was appointed by The Crown and acted as the local head of state, receiving instructions from the British Government.

    President of Zambia Wikimedia list article

    The President of Zambia is the head of state and the head of government of Zambia. The office was first held by Kenneth Kaunda following independence in 1964. Since 1991, when Kaunda left the Presidency, the office has been held by five others: Frederick Chiluba, Levy Mwanawasa, Rupiah Banda, Michael Sata, and current President Edgar Lungu. In addition, Acting President Guy Scott served in an interim capacity after the death of President Michael Sata.

    These are lists of incumbents, including heads of states or of subnational entities.

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