|President of the United Republic of Tanzania |
Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
The Presidential Standard
|The Executive branch of the Tanzanian Government|
|Style|| Her Excellency (formal)|
Mheshimiwa Rais (Swahili)
|Term length||Five years,|
|Constituting instrument||1977 Constitution|
|Formation||29 October 1964|
|First holder||Julius Kambarage Nyerere|
|Deputy||Vice President of Tanzania|
|Salary||TSh 84 million (US$42,000) annually|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The president of the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili : Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is the head of state and head of government of Tanzania. The president leads the executive branch of the Government of Tanzania and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president serves a term of five years. Since 1992, they are limited to two terms, whether successive or separated.
Samia Suluhu Hassan, sworn in on 19 March 2021, is the first female president of the United Republic of Tanzania following the death of John Magufuli on 17 March 2021.
The president of Tanzania is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and is "accountable to a legislature composed of elected members and representative of the people."
After its independence in 1961 as Tanganyika, the country was first led by Sir Richard Turnbull as governor-general until Julius Nyerere became the first and only president under the 1962 constitution. The 1964 constitution after the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar has had 6 presidents with each serving multiple terms except Samia Suluhu. Julius Nyerere served 5 terms total from 1962-1985, having served 4 terms under the 1964 constitution. All presidents of Tanzania have been from the Tanganyika African National Union party which later merged to become the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party.
|John Magufuli||Samia Suluhu||Chama cha Mapinduzi||12,516,252||84.40|
|Tundu Lissu||Salum Mwalimu Juma||Chadema||1,933,271||13.04|
|Bernard Kamillius Membe||Omar Fakih Hamad||Alliance for Change and Transparency||81,129||0.55|
|Leopord Lucas Mahona||Khamis Ali Hassan||National Reconstruction Alliance||80,787||0.54|
|Ibrahim Haruna Lipumba||Hamida Huweishil Abdalla||Civic United Front||72,885||0.49|
|John Paul Shibuda||Hassan Kornely Kijogoo||Tanzania Democratic Alliance||33,086||0.22|
|Hashim Spunda Rungwe||Mohammed Massoud Rashid||Chama cha Ukombozi wa Umma||32,878||0.22|
|Yeremia Kulwa Maganja||Khamis Haji Ambar||NCCR–Mageuzi||19,969||0.13|
|Muttamwega Bhatt Mgaywa||Satia Mussa Bebwa||Sauti ya Umma||14,922||0.10|
|Cecilia Augustino Mwanga||Tabu Mussa Juma||Attentive Democracy Party||14,556||0.10|
|Philipo John Fumbo||Zaina Juma Khamis||Democratic Party||8,283||0.06|
|Queen Cuthbert Sendiga||Khamis Juma Shoka||Alliance for Democratic Change||7,627||0.05|
|Twalib Ibrahim Kadege||Ramadhan Ali Abdallah||United People's Democratic Party||6,194||0.04|
|Seif Maalim Seif||Rashid Ligania Rai||Alliance for African Farmers Party||4,635||0.03|
|Khalfan Mohammed Mazrui||Mashavu Alawi Haji||Union for Multiparty Democracy||3,721||0.03|
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
The African Great Lakes nation of Tanzania dates formally from 1964, when it was formed out of the union of the much larger mainland territory of Tanganyika and the coastal archipelago of Zanzibar. The former was a colony and part of German East Africa from the 1880s to 1919’s when, under the League of Nations, it became a British mandate. It served as a British military outpost during World War II, providing financial help, munitions, and soldiers. In 1947, Tanganyika became a United Nations Trust Territory under British administration, a status it kept until its independence in 1961. The island of Zanzibar thrived as a trading hub, successively controlled by the Portuguese, the Sultanate of Oman, and then as a British protectorate by the end of the nineteenth century.
The politics of Tanzania takes place in a framework of a unitary presidential democratic republic, whereby the President of Tanzania is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The party system is dominated by the Chama Cha Mapinduzi. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Tanganyika was a sovereign state, comprising the mainland part of present-day Tanzania, that existed from 1961 until 1964. It first gained independence from the United Kingdom on 9 December 1961 as a state headed by Queen Elizabeth II before becoming a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations a year later. After signing the Articles of Union on 22 April 1964 and passing an Act of Union on 25 April, Tanganyika officially joined with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar on Union Day, 26 April 1964. The new state changed its name to the United Republic of Tanzania within a year.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist. He governed Tanganyika as Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962 and then as President from 1963 to 1964, after which he led its successor state, Tanzania, as President from 1964 to 1985. A founding member of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) party—which in 1977 became the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party—he chaired it until 1990. Ideologically an African nationalist and African socialist, he promoted a political philosophy known as Ujamaa.
The Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) was the principal political party in the struggle for sovereignty in the East African state of Tanganyika. The party was formed from the Tanganyika African Association by Julius Nyerere in July 1954 when he was teaching at St. Francis' College. From 1964 the party was called Tanzania African National Union. In January 1977 the TANU merged with the ruling party in Zanzibar, the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) to form the current Revolutionary State Party or Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM). The policy of TANU was to build and maintain a socialist state aiming towards economic self-sufficiency and to eradicate corruption and exploitation, with the major means of production and exchange under the control of the peasants and workers.
The president of the Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba is the head of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, which is a semi-autonomous government within Tanzania. The current president is Hussein Mwinyi. The President is also the chairman of the Revolutionary Council, whose members are appointed by the president, and some of which must be selected from the House of Representatives.
The prime minister of the United Republic of Tanzania is the leader of government business in the National Assembly. The position is subordinated to the president, the head of government.
Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar. Articles related to Tanzania include:
The Vice-President of Tanzania holds the second-highest political position in Tanzania. He or she runs on a single ticket with the President of Tanzania, and stands first in the line of succession.
The Constitution of Tanzania, formally Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania and also known as Permanent Constitution or Fourth Constitution of Tanzania, was ratified in 1977. Before the current establishment, Tanzania has had three constitutions: the Independence Constitution (1961), the Republican Constitution (1962), and the Interim Constitution of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (1964).
The Articles of Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar of 1964 is the main foundation of the Constitutions of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977 and the Zanzibar Revolutionary Government of 1984. The Articles of the Union were signed on April 22, 1964, by the Founders of the Union, Julius Nyerere and Abeid Amani Karume and agreed in 11 matters which later increased to over 22 and are the source of tension and dispute between Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar.see Uamsho movement The original Articles of Union which contain both Signatures from Nyerere and Karume are yet to be found.
The Chama Cha Mapinduzi is the dominant ruling party in Tanzania and the second longest-ruling party in Africa, only after the True Whig Party of Liberia. It was formed in 1977, following the merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), which were the sole operating parties in mainland Tanzania and the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar respectively.
This Tanzanian person has the barrelled surname Suluhu Hassan, but is known by the surname Suluhu.
Austin Shaba was one of the leaders of Tanganyika, later Tanzania, from the time the country won independence from Britain on 9 December 1961.
Freedom of religion in Tanzania refers to the extent to which people in Tanzania are freely able to practice their religious beliefs, taking into account both government policies and societal attitudes toward religious groups.
Rosemary Nyerere was a Tanzanian politician, academic and daughter of the late Mwalimu Julius Nyerere the nation's founder and first president of United Republic of Tanzania.