|President of the United Republic of Tanzania |
Rais wa Jamhuri ya
Muungano wa Tanzania (Swahili)
The Presidential Standard
|The Executive branch of the Tanzanian Government|
|Style|| His Excellency (Formal)|
Mheshimiwa Rais (Swahili)
|Seat||Dar es Salaam|
|Term length||Five years |
|Constituting instrument||1977 Constitution|
|Inaugural holder||Julius Kambarage Nyerere|
|Formation||29 October 1964|
|Deputy||Vice President of Tanzania|
|Salary||TSh 84 million (US$ 42,000) annually|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The president of the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili : Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is the head of state and head of government of Tanzania. The president leads the executive branch of the Government of Tanzania and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
|John Magufuli||Chama Cha Mapinduzi||8,882,935||58.46|
|Edward Lowassa||Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo||6,072,848||39.97|
|Anna Elisha Mghwira||Alliance for Change and Transparency||98,763||0.65|
|Lutalosa Yembe||Alliance for Democratic Change||66,049||0.43|
|Hashim Rungwe Spunda||Chama cha Ukombozi wa Umma||49,256||0.32|
|Machmillan Elifatio Lyimo||Tanzania Labour Party||8,198||0.05|
|Janken Malik Kasambala||National Reconstruction Alliance||8,028||0.05|
|Fahmi Nassoro Dovutwa||United People's Democratic Party||7,785||0.05|
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
The politics of Tanzania takes place in a framework of a unitary presidential democratic republic, whereby the President of Tanzania is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The party system is dominated by the Chama Cha Mapinduzi. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania. It is composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja and Pemba Island. The capital is Zanzibar City, located on the island of Unguja. Its historic centre is Stone Town, which is a World Heritage Site.
Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete is a Tanzanian politician who was the fourth president of Tanzania, in office from 2005 to 2015. Prior to his election as president, he was the Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 2005 under his predecessor, Benjamin Mkapa. He has also served as the chairperson of the African Union in 2008–2009 and the chairman of the Southern African Development Community Troika on Peace, Defence and Security in 2012–2013.
The president Republic of Zanzibar and Pemda is the head of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, which is a semi-autonomous government within Tanzania. The current president is Ali Mohamed Shein. The President is also the chairman of the Revolutionary Council, whose members are appointed by the president, and some of which must be selected from the House of Representatives.
The prime minister of the United Republic of Tanzania is the leader of government business in the National Assembly. The position is subordinated to the president, the head of government.
Arusha Region is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions. Its capital and largest city is the city of Arusha. The region is bordered by Kajiado County and Narok County in Kenya to the north, the Kilimanjaro Region to the east, the Manyara and Singida regions to the south, and the Mara and Simiyu regions to the west. Major towns include Monduli, Namanga, Longido, and Loliondo to the north, Mto wa Mbu and Karatu to the west, and Usa River to the east. The region is comparable in size to the combined land and water areas of the United States state of Maryland.
Salim Ahmed Salim is a Tanzanian politician and diplomat who has worked in the international diplomatic arena since the early 1960s.
The Vice-President of Tanzania holds the second-highest political position in Tanzania.
The Constitution of Tanzania, formally Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania and also known as Permanent Constitution or Fourth Constitution of Tanzania, was ratified in 1977. Before the current establishment, Tanzania has had three constitutions: the Independence Constitution (1961), the Republican Constitution (1962), and the Interim Constitution of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (1964).
India–Tanzania relations refers to the current and historical relations between India and Tanzania. India has a high commission in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania has an embassy in New Delhi, which is also accredited to Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Diplomatic relations are described as close, friendly and cooperative. 15,000 Indians visited Tanzania in 2007. In May 2011, Ex Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh calls for strengthen cooperation with Tanzania. Trade between India and Tanzania amounted to 31 billion dollars in 2009–2010 and India is Tanzania's second-largest investor.
Samia Hassan Suluhu is a Tanzanian CCM politician. She became Tanzania's first-ever female Vice-President after she was announced Vice-President of Tanzania in the 2015 General Elections, alongside John Magufuli the President.. Before being a vice-president she served as the Member of Parliament for Makunduchi constituency from 2010 to 2015 and has been Minister of State in the Vice-President's Office for Union Affairs since 2010.
John Pombe Magufuli, is a Tanzanian politician and the President of Tanzania, in office since 2015. He is also the chairman of the Southern African Development Community.
The Tanzanian general election of 2015 was the 5th quinquennial election to be held since the restoration of the multi-party system in 1992. Voters elected the president, members of Parliament, and local government councillors. By convention, the election was held on the last Sunday of October and was supervised by the National Electoral Commission (NEC). Political campaigns commenced on 22 August and ceased a day before the polling day.
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Tanzania in March 2020.