List of heads of state of Niger

Last updated

President of the
Republic of the Niger
Président de la
République du Niger
Coat of arms of Niger.svg
Mohamed Bazoum (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Mohamed Bazoum

since 2 April 2021
Style Mr. President
His Excellency
Status Head of State
Seat Niamey
AppointerDirect popular vote
(two rounds if necessary)
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Constituting instrument Constitution of Niger
Precursor High Commissioner of Niger
Inaugural holder Hamani Diori
Formation10 November 1960

This is a list of heads of state of Niger since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.

Contents

A total of ten people have served as head of state of Niger.

The current head of state of Niger is the President of the Republic Mohamed Bazoum, since 2 April 2021. [1]

Titles

Key

Political parties
Other factions

List of officeholders

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical party Prime minister(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Hamani Diori 1968b.jpg Hamani Diori
(1916–1989)
1960
1965
1970
10 November 196015 April 1974
( deposed.)
13 years, 156 days PPN–RDA Position not established
2 Seyni Kountche 1983 cropped.jpg Seyni Kountché
(1931–1987)
17 April 197410 November 1987
(died in office.)
13 years, 207 days Military Oumarou
Algabid
3 Ali Saibou.jpg Ali Saibou
(1940–2011)
1989 14 November 198716 April 19935 years, 153 days Military /
MNSD–Nassara
Algabid
Oumarou
Mahamidou
Cheiffou
4 Mahamane Ousmane (cropped).jpg Mahamane Ousmane
(born 1950)
1993 16 April 199327 January 1996
( deposed.)
2 years, 286 days CSD–Rahama Cheiffou
Issoufou
Abdoulaye
Cissé
Amadou
5 No image.png Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara
(1949–1999)
1996 27 January 19969 April 1999
( assassinated.)
3 years, 72 days Military /
UNIRD / RDP–Jama'a
Adji
Cissé
Mayaki
6 No image.png Daouda Malam Wanké
(1946–2004)
11 April 199922 December 1999255 days Military Mayaki
7 Tandja in Nigeria June 2007.jpg Mamadou Tandja
(1938–2020)
1999
2004
22 December 199918 February 2010
( deposed.)
10 years, 58 days MNSD–Nassara Mayaki
Amadou
Oumarou
Abouba
Gamatié
8 General de corps d'armee Salou Djibo.jpg Salou Djibo
(born 1965)
18 February 20107 April 20111 year, 48 days Military Danda
9 Mahamadou Issoufou 2014.jpg Mahamadou Issoufou
(born 1952)
2011
2016
7 April 20112 April 20219 years, 360 days PNDS–Tarayya Rafini
10 Mohamed Bazoum (cropped).jpg Mohamed Bazoum
(born 1960)
2020–21 2 April 2021Incumbent2 days PNDS–Tarayya Mahamadou

Latest election

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Mohamed Bazoum Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism 1,879,62939.302,490,04955.67
Mahamane Ousmane Democratic and Republican Renewal 812,41216.991,983,07244.33
Seyni Oumarou National Movement for the Society of Development 428,0838.95
Albadé Abouba Patriotic Movement for the Republic 338,5117.08
Ibrahim Yacouba Nigerien Patriotic Movement 257,3025.38
Salou Djibo Peace, Justice, Progress – Generation Doubara 142,7472.98
Oumarou Malam AlmaRally for Peace and Progress118,2592.47
Hassane Baraze Moussa Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress 114,9652.40
Omar Hamidou Tchana Alliance of Movements for the Emergence of Niger 76,3681.60
Amadou OusmaneDemocratic Alternation for Fairness in Niger63,3961.33
Souleymane GarbaNiger Party of Change – Mu Lura61,1581.28
Idi Ango OusmaneAlliance for Democracy and the Republic – Mahita56,1001.17
Nayoussa NassirouConvention for Democracy and Social Progress41,6970.87
Ibrahim GadoRepublican Council for Progress and Democracy39,3190.82
Mounkaila IssaNigerien Rally for Democracy and Peace38,6040.81
Hamidou Mamadou AbdouAfrican National Gathering Party35,9340.75
Intinicar AlhassaneNigerien Party for Peace and Development30,9950.65
Abdoulkadri AlphaGayya Zabbe28,9100.60
Kane HabibouSynergy of Democrats for the Republic27,1620.57
Oumarou AbdourahamaneUnion for Patriotic Pan-Africanists20,4880.43
Moustapha MoustaphaParty for a Political Revolution in Niger20,3650.43
Amadou SaidouIndependent20,1560.42
Mahaman Hamissou MoumouniParty for Justice and Development – Hakika18,5850.39
Djibrilla Mainassara Sawaba 17,2330.36
Sagbo AdolpheSocialist Party17,0600.36
Idrissa IssoufouCitizen's Movement for Development16,9950.36
Amadou Cissé Union for Democracy and the Republic 16,8350.35
Mamadou DoullaRedemption for the Sake of the Fatherland16,7680.35
Abdallah SouleymaneNiger Forward (Nigerena)14,2820.30
Ismael IdeAction Front for a New Niger12,0620.25
Total4,782,380100.004,473,121100.00
Valid votes4,782,38092.164,473,12195.48
Invalid/blank votes406,7527.84211,6584.52
Total votes5,189,132100.004,684,779100.00
Registered voters/turnout7,446,55669.687,446,55662.91
Source: Constitutional Court - First round Constitutional Court - Second round

See also

Related Research Articles

History of Niger Chronicle of the Nigerian past

This is the history of the Niger. See also the history of Africa and the history of West Africa.

Mamadou Tandja Nigerien politician

Lieutenant Colonel (ret.) Mamadou Tandja was a Nigerien politician who was President of Niger from 1999 to 2010. He was President of the National Movement for the Development Society (MNSD) from 1991 to 1999 and unsuccessfully ran as the MNSD's presidential candidate in 1993 and 1996 before being elected to his first term in 1999. While serving as President of Niger, he was also Chairman of the Economic Community of West African States from 2005 to 2007.

Mahamadou Issoufou Former President of Niger (2011-2021)

Mahamadou Issoufou is a Nigerien politician who served as the President of Niger from 7 April 2011 to 2 April 2021. Issoufou was the prime minister of Niger from 1993 to 1994, president of the National Assembly from 1995 to 1996, and he was a candidate in each presidential election from 1993 to 2016. He led the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS-Tarayya), a social democratic party, from its foundation in 1990 until his election as president in 2011. During the Presidency of Mamadou Tandja (1999–2010), Issoufou was the main opposition leader.

Nigerien Progressive Party – African Democratic Rally Political party in Niger

The Nigerien Progressive Party – African Democratic Rally is a political party in Niger. It was the leading political party of the pre-independence era, becoming the sole legal party of the First Republic (1960–1974). It was led by Niger's first President, Hamani Diori. After the end of military rule, the party reappeared as a minor parliamentary party led by Diori's son, Abdoulaye Hamani Diori.

Rally for Democracy and Progress (Niger) Political party in Niger

The Rally for Democracy and Progress is a political party in Niger, led by Hamid Algabid. It was established as the ruling party during the presidency of Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara.

Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism Political party in Niger

The Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism is a political party in Niger. It is a broadly left-leaning party, part of the Socialist International, and since 2011 it has been in power following the election of its long-time leader, Mahamadou Issoufou, as President. Mohamed Bazoum is President of the PNDS, and its Secretary-General is Foumakoye Gado.

Hamid Algabid is a Nigerien politician and the President of the Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP-Jama'a) party. A lawyer, banker, and technocrat, Algabid was an important figure in the regime of Seyni Kountché, serving as Prime Minister of Niger from 1983 to 1988. He was Secretary-General of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) from 1989 to 1996, and since 1997 he has been President of the RDP-Jama'a. He was also President of the High Council of Territorial Collectivities (HCCT) until 2010.

Mohamed Bazoum President of Niger (2021-present)

Mohamed Bazoum is a Nigerien politician who is the current president of the Republic of Niger. He has been in office since 2 April 2021.

Moumouni Adamou Djermakoye was a Nigerien politician and the President of the Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress. He was an important minister during the regime of Seyni Kountché and subsequently served as Niger's Ambassador to the United States from 1988 to 1991; later, after founding the ANDP, he served as President of the National Assembly of Niger from 1993 to 1994. He was the ANDP's candidate in four presidential elections, beginning in 1993; he was also a deputy in the National Assembly from 1999 to 2009 and the President of the High Court of Justice from 2005 to 2009.

Constitution of Niger

The Republic of Niger has had seven constitutions, two substantial constitutional revisions, and two periods of rule by decree since its independence from French colonial rule in 1960. The current "Seventh Republic" operates under the Constitution of 2010.

A coup d'état occurred in Niger on 18 February 2010. Soldiers attacked the presidential palace in Niamey under weapons fire at midday and captured President Mamadou Tandja, who was chairing a government meeting at the time. Later in the day, the rebels announced on television the formation of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy (CSRD), headed by chef d'escadron Salou Djibo.

Salou Djibo Nigerien Army officer

Lieutenant General Salou Djibo is a Nigerien Army officer. After President Mamadou Tandja's attempts to remain in power after the end of his term, Djibo led the military coup of 18 February 2010 that ousted Tandja, after which he became the head of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy. The Supreme Council returned power to a new civil government after the 2011 elections.

The 1999 Nigerien coup d'état occurred on 9 April 1999 and resulted in the death of President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara and the installation of Daouda Malam Wanké as President on 11 April. Maïnassara was shot under unclear circumstances in an ambush at either Diori Hamani International Airport, potentially while attempting to flee the country, or at a military base, likely by members of the Presidential Guard.

Brigi Rafini Prime Minister of Niger (2011-present)

Brigi Rafini is a Nigerien politician who servined as the Prime Minister of Niger from 2011 to 2021. A native of Iférouane in Agadez Region and an ethnic Tuareg, Rafini was Minister of Agriculture in the late 1980s and Fourth Vice-President of the National Assembly of Niger from 2004 to 2009. He was appointed as Prime Minister after Mahamadou Issoufou took office as President on 7 April 2011. He is also notably the first Tuareg in office.

2020–21 Nigerien general election General elections held in Niger

General elections were held in Niger on 27 December 2020 to elect the President and National Assembly. As no presidential candidate received a majority of the vote, a second round was held on 21 February 2021. Mohamed Bazoum was declared the winner in the second round with 55.67% of the vote.

This article lists events from the year 2021 in Niger.

References

  1. "Niger's Mohamed Bazoum sworn in as president after failed coup". BBC News. 2 April 2021. Retrieved 2 April 2021.