|President of the|
Republic of the Niger
Président de la
République du Niger
|Style||Mr. President |
|Status||Head of State|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote |
(two rounds if necessary)
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Niger|
|Precursor||High Commissioner of Niger|
|Inaugural holder||Hamani Diori|
|Formation||10 November 1960|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
This is a list of heads of state of Niger since the country gained independence from France in 1960 to the present day.
A total of ten people have served as head of state of Niger.
The current head of state of Niger is the President of the Republic Mohamed Bazoum, since 2 April 2021.
|Elected||Term of office||Political party||Prime minister(s)|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1|| Hamani Diori |
| 1960 |
|10 November 1960||15 April 1974|
|13 years, 156 days||PPN–RDA||Position not established|
|2|| Seyni Kountché |
|—||17 April 1974||10 November 1987|
(died in office.)
|13 years, 207 days||Military|| Oumarou |
|3|| Ali Saibou |
|1989||14 November 1987||16 April 1993||5 years, 153 days|| Military / |
|4|| Mahamane Ousmane |
|1993||16 April 1993||27 January 1996|
|2 years, 286 days||CSD–Rahama||Cheiffou|
|5|| Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara |
|1996||27 January 1996||9 April 1999|
|3 years, 72 days|| Military / |
UNIRD / RDP–Jama'a
| Adji |
|6|| Daouda Malam Wanké |
|—||11 April 1999||22 December 1999||255 days||Military||Mayaki|
|7|| Mamadou Tandja |
| 1999 |
|22 December 1999||18 February 2010|
|10 years, 58 days||MNSD–Nassara||Mayaki|
|8|| Salou Djibo |
|—||18 February 2010||7 April 2011||1 year, 48 days||Military||Danda|
|9|| Mahamadou Issoufou |
| 2011 |
|7 April 2011||2 April 2021||9 years, 360 days||PNDS–Tarayya||Rafini|
|10|| Mohamed Bazoum |
|2020–21||2 April 2021||Incumbent||2 days||PNDS–Tarayya||Mahamadou|
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Mohamed Bazoum||Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism||1,879,629||39.30||2,490,049||55.67|
|Mahamane Ousmane||Democratic and Republican Renewal||812,412||16.99||1,983,072||44.33|
|Seyni Oumarou||National Movement for the Society of Development||428,083||8.95|
|Albadé Abouba||Patriotic Movement for the Republic||338,511||7.08|
|Ibrahim Yacouba||Nigerien Patriotic Movement||257,302||5.38|
|Salou Djibo||Peace, Justice, Progress – Generation Doubara||142,747||2.98|
|Oumarou Malam Alma||Rally for Peace and Progress||118,259||2.47|
|Hassane Baraze Moussa||Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress||114,965||2.40|
|Omar Hamidou Tchana||Alliance of Movements for the Emergence of Niger||76,368||1.60|
|Amadou Ousmane||Democratic Alternation for Fairness in Niger||63,396||1.33|
|Souleymane Garba||Niger Party of Change – Mu Lura||61,158||1.28|
|Idi Ango Ousmane||Alliance for Democracy and the Republic – Mahita||56,100||1.17|
|Nayoussa Nassirou||Convention for Democracy and Social Progress||41,697||0.87|
|Ibrahim Gado||Republican Council for Progress and Democracy||39,319||0.82|
|Mounkaila Issa||Nigerien Rally for Democracy and Peace||38,604||0.81|
|Hamidou Mamadou Abdou||African National Gathering Party||35,934||0.75|
|Intinicar Alhassane||Nigerien Party for Peace and Development||30,995||0.65|
|Abdoulkadri Alpha||Gayya Zabbe||28,910||0.60|
|Kane Habibou||Synergy of Democrats for the Republic||27,162||0.57|
|Oumarou Abdourahamane||Union for Patriotic Pan-Africanists||20,488||0.43|
|Moustapha Moustapha||Party for a Political Revolution in Niger||20,365||0.43|
|Mahaman Hamissou Moumouni||Party for Justice and Development – Hakika||18,585||0.39|
|Sagbo Adolphe||Socialist Party||17,060||0.36|
|Idrissa Issoufou||Citizen's Movement for Development||16,995||0.36|
|Amadou Cissé||Union for Democracy and the Republic||16,835||0.35|
|Mamadou Doulla||Redemption for the Sake of the Fatherland||16,768||0.35|
|Abdallah Souleymane||Niger Forward (Nigerena)||14,282||0.30|
|Ismael Ide||Action Front for a New Niger||12,062||0.25|
|Source: Constitutional Court - First round Constitutional Court - Second round|
This is the history of the Niger. See also the history of Africa and the history of West Africa.
Lieutenant Colonel (ret.) Mamadou Tandja was a Nigerien politician who was President of Niger from 1999 to 2010. He was President of the National Movement for the Development Society (MNSD) from 1991 to 1999 and unsuccessfully ran as the MNSD's presidential candidate in 1993 and 1996 before being elected to his first term in 1999. While serving as President of Niger, he was also Chairman of the Economic Community of West African States from 2005 to 2007.
Mahamadou Issoufou is a Nigerien politician who served as the President of Niger from 7 April 2011 to 2 April 2021. Issoufou was the prime minister of Niger from 1993 to 1994, president of the National Assembly from 1995 to 1996, and he was a candidate in each presidential election from 1993 to 2016. He led the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS-Tarayya), a social democratic party, from its foundation in 1990 until his election as president in 2011. During the Presidency of Mamadou Tandja (1999–2010), Issoufou was the main opposition leader.
The Nigerien Progressive Party – African Democratic Rally is a political party in Niger. It was the leading political party of the pre-independence era, becoming the sole legal party of the First Republic (1960–1974). It was led by Niger's first President, Hamani Diori. After the end of military rule, the party reappeared as a minor parliamentary party led by Diori's son, Abdoulaye Hamani Diori.
The Rally for Democracy and Progress is a political party in Niger, led by Hamid Algabid. It was established as the ruling party during the presidency of Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara.
The Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism is a political party in Niger. It is a broadly left-leaning party, part of the Socialist International, and since 2011 it has been in power following the election of its long-time leader, Mahamadou Issoufou, as President. Mohamed Bazoum is President of the PNDS, and its Secretary-General is Foumakoye Gado.
Hamid Algabid is a Nigerien politician and the President of the Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP-Jama'a) party. A lawyer, banker, and technocrat, Algabid was an important figure in the regime of Seyni Kountché, serving as Prime Minister of Niger from 1983 to 1988. He was Secretary-General of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) from 1989 to 1996, and since 1997 he has been President of the RDP-Jama'a. He was also President of the High Council of Territorial Collectivities (HCCT) until 2010.
Mohamed Bazoum is a Nigerien politician who is the current president of the Republic of Niger. He has been in office since 2 April 2021.
Moumouni Adamou Djermakoye was a Nigerien politician and the President of the Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress. He was an important minister during the regime of Seyni Kountché and subsequently served as Niger's Ambassador to the United States from 1988 to 1991; later, after founding the ANDP, he served as President of the National Assembly of Niger from 1993 to 1994. He was the ANDP's candidate in four presidential elections, beginning in 1993; he was also a deputy in the National Assembly from 1999 to 2009 and the President of the High Court of Justice from 2005 to 2009.
The Republic of Niger has had seven constitutions, two substantial constitutional revisions, and two periods of rule by decree since its independence from French colonial rule in 1960. The current "Seventh Republic" operates under the Constitution of 2010.
A coup d'état occurred in Niger on 18 February 2010. Soldiers attacked the presidential palace in Niamey under weapons fire at midday and captured President Mamadou Tandja, who was chairing a government meeting at the time. Later in the day, the rebels announced on television the formation of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy (CSRD), headed by chef d'escadron Salou Djibo.
Lieutenant General Salou Djibo is a Nigerien Army officer. After President Mamadou Tandja's attempts to remain in power after the end of his term, Djibo led the military coup of 18 February 2010 that ousted Tandja, after which he became the head of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy. The Supreme Council returned power to a new civil government after the 2011 elections.
The 1999 Nigerien coup d'état occurred on 9 April 1999 and resulted in the death of President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara and the installation of Daouda Malam Wanké as President on 11 April. Maïnassara was shot under unclear circumstances in an ambush at either Diori Hamani International Airport, potentially while attempting to flee the country, or at a military base, likely by members of the Presidential Guard.
Brigi Rafini is a Nigerien politician who servined as the Prime Minister of Niger from 2011 to 2021. A native of Iférouane in Agadez Region and an ethnic Tuareg, Rafini was Minister of Agriculture in the late 1980s and Fourth Vice-President of the National Assembly of Niger from 2004 to 2009. He was appointed as Prime Minister after Mahamadou Issoufou took office as President on 7 April 2011. He is also notably the first Tuareg in office.
General elections were held in Niger on 27 December 2020 to elect the President and National Assembly. As no presidential candidate received a majority of the vote, a second round was held on 21 February 2021. Mohamed Bazoum was declared the winner in the second round with 55.67% of the vote.
This article lists events from the year 2021 in Niger.