|Prime Minister of the|
Kingdom of Eswatini
|Appointer|| Mswati III,|
as King of Eswatini
|Inaugural holder||Makhosini Dlamini|
|Formation||16 May 1967|
|Salary||E926,370 per annum|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
This is a list of Prime Ministers of Eswatini (Swazi : Ndvunankhulu) since the formation of the post of Prime Minister of Eswatini in 1967, to the present day.
A total of nine people have served as Prime Minister of Eswatini (not counting six Acting Prime Ministers). Additionally, one person, Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.
The current Prime Minister of Eswatini is Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini, since 29 October 2018.
|Elected||Term of office||Political party|| Monarch(s) |
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1|| Makhosini Dlamini |
| 1967 |
|16 May 1967||31 March 1976||8 years, 320 days|| Imbokodvo National Movement |
|2|| Maphevu Dlamini |
|1978||31 March 1976||25 October 1979|
(died in office.)
|3 years, 208 days||Independent|
|–|| Ben Nsibandze |
|—||25 October 1979||23 November 1979||29 days||Independent|
|3|| Mabandla Dlamini |
|—||23 November 1979||25 March 1983||3 years, 122 days||Independent|
|4|| Bhekimpi Dlamini |
|1983||25 March 1983||6 October 1986||3 years, 195 days||Independent|
|5|| Sotsha Dlamini |
|1987||6 October 1986||12 July 1989||2 years, 279 days||Independent|
|6|| Obed Dlamini |
|—||12 July 1989||25 October 1993||4 years, 105 days||Independent|
|–|| Andreas Fakudze |
|—||25 October 1993||4 November 1993||10 days||Independent|
|7|| Jameson Mbilini Dlamini |
|1993||4 November 1993||8 May 1996||2 years, 186 days||Independent|
|–|| Sishayi Nxumalo |
|—||8 May 1996||26 July 1996||79 days||Independent|
|8|| Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini |
|1998||26 July 1996||29 September 2003||7 years, 65 days||Independent|
|–|| Paul Shabangu |
|—||29 September 2003||26 November 2003||58 days||Independent|
|9|| Themba Dlamini |
|2003||26 November 2003||18 September 2008||4 years, 297 days||Independent|
|–||Bheki Dlamini||—||18 September 2008||23 October 2008||35 days||Independent|
|(8)|| Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini |
| 2008 |
|23 October 2008||5 September 2018||9 years, 317 days||Independent|
|–||Vincent Mhlanga||—||5 September 2018||29 October 2018||54 days||Independent|
|10|| Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini |
|2018||29 October 2018||Incumbent||1 year, 215 days||Independent|
Eswatini is an absolute monarchy with constitutional provisions and Swazi law and Custom. The head of state is the king or Ngwenyama, currently King Mswati III, who ascended to the throne in 1986 after the death of his father King Sobhuza II in 1982 and a period of regency. According to the constitution of Eswatini, the king and Ingwenyama is a symbol of unity and the eternity of the Swazi nation. By tradition, the king reigns along with his mother or a ritual substitute, the Ndlovukati. The former was viewed as the administrative head of state and the latter as a spiritual and national head of state, with real power counterbalancing that of the king, but during the long reign of Sobhuza II the role of the Ndlovukati became more symbolic. The king appoints the prime minister from the legislature and also appoints a minority of legislators to both chambers of Libandla (parliament), with help from an advisory council. The king is allowed by the constitution to appoint some members to parliament for special interests. These special interests are citizens who might have been left out by the electorate during the course of elections or did not enter as candidates. This is done to balance views in parliament. Special interests could be people of gender, race, disability, business community, civic society, scholars, chiefs and so on. The Senate consists of 30 members, of which some are appointed by the king on recommendation of the advisory council and others elected by the lower house. The House of Assembly has 65 seats, 55 of which are occupied by elected representatives from the 55 constituencies around the country, 10 appointed by the king on recommendation of the advisory council and the attorney general is the ex-officio member. Elections are held every five years.
Mswati III is the king of Eswatini and head of the Swazi Royal Family. He was born in Manzini in the Protectorate of Swaziland to King Sobhuza II and one of his younger wives, Ntfombi Tfwala. He was crowned as Mswati III, Ingwenyama and King of Swaziland, on 25 April 1986 at the age of 18, thus becoming the youngest ruling monarch in the world at that time. Together with his mother, Ntfombi Tfwala, now Queen Mother (Ndlovukati), he rules the country as an absolute monarch. Mswati III is known for his practice of polygamy and currently has 15 wives. His policies and lavish lifestyle have led to local protests and international criticism.
Absalom Themba Dlamini was the Prime Minister of Swaziland from November 2003 to September 2008. He is the managing director of Tibiyo TakaNgwane.
Queen Ntfombi the Queen Mother, Ndlovukati of Eswatini is the current Ndlovukati and joint head of state of Eswatini, serving since 1986. She was also regent of Eswatini from 1983 to 1986. She is the mother of King Mswati III.
The Eswatini Stock Market is a small but thriving stock exchange. The stock exchange was established in July 1990 by Sibusiso Dlamini, a former World Bank executive who became Eswatini's Prime Minister, to enable ordinary Swatis to become stakeholders in their economy. All listings are included in the sole index, the ESE All Share Index, which is unweighted. There are a handful of listed public companies, as well as some listed government stock options, listed debentures, government guaranteed stock and non trading mutual funds.
Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini was a Swazi politician who served as Prime Minister of Eswatini, from 1996 to 2003 and again from October 2008 to September 2018.
Andreas Fakudze served as acting Prime Minister of Swaziland from 25 October 1993 to 4 November 1993.
Benjamin Mshamndane Nsibandze served as acting Prime Minister of Swaziland from 25 October 1979 to 23 November 1979. He is currently the chairperson of the National Disaster Management Agency.
Prince Makhosini Jaheso Dlamini was Prime Minister of Eswatini from 16 May 1967 to 31 March 1976.
Inkhosikati LaShongwe was Queen Regent of Eswatini between 21 September 1982 and 9 August 1983. She was a wife of king Sobhuza II of Eswatini, and with him had one child, Prince Khuzulwandle Dlamini.
The House of Dlamini is the royal house of the Kingdom of Eswatini. Mswati III, as king and Ngwenyama of Eswatini, is the current head of the house of Dlamini. Swazi kings up to the present day are referred to as Ingwenyama and they rule together with the Queen Mother who is called Indlovukati. The Swazi kings, like other Nguni nations, practice polygamy and thus have many wives and children.
Articles related to Eswatini include:
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Eswatini are limited. LGBT people face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. According to Rock of Hope, a Swati LGBT advocacy group, "there is no legislation recognising LGBTIs or protecting the right to a non-heterosexual orientation and gender identity and as a result [LGBT people] cannot be open about their orientation or gender identity for fear of rejection and discrimination". Homosexuality is illegal in Eswatini, though this law is in practice unenforced.
Princess Sikhanyiso Dlamini is a Swazi princess and politician. She is the eldest daughter of King Mswati III of Eswatini, and is the country's current Minister of Information and Communication Technology.
Bheki Dlamini served as acting Prime Minister of Swaziland from 18 September 2008 to 23 October 2008.
This is a list of foreign ministers of Eswatini.
Vincent Mhlanga is a Swazi politician who served as acting Prime Minister of Eswatini from September to October 2018. With a PhD in Finance, Mhlanga was a managing director at FINCORP, SIDC, and served on numerous boards. Most recently, Mhlanga was a managing director at the King's Office.
Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini is a Swazi politician, business executive and the tenth Prime Minister of Eswatini. Prior to his appointment, he served as the CEO of Swazi MTN.
The history of the Jews of Eswatini, formerly Swaziland.