List of prime ministers of Eswatini

Last updated
Prime Minister of the
Kingdom of Eswatini
Coat of arms of Swaziland.svg
Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini (cropped).jpg
Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini

since 29 October 2018
Style His Excellency
Appointer Mswati III,
as King of Eswatini
Inaugural holder Makhosini Dlamini
Formation16 May 1967
Deputy Paul Dlamini
Salary E926,370 per annum [1]
Website Website
Coat of arms of Eswatini.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Eswatini (Swazi : Ndvunankhulu) since the formation of the post of Prime Minister of Eswatini in 1967, to the present day.


A total of nine people have served as Prime Minister of Eswatini (not counting six Acting Prime Ministers). Additionally, one person, Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.

The current Prime Minister of Eswatini is Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini, since 29 October 2018.


Political parties
Other factions

List of officeholders

ElectedTerm of officePolitical party Monarch(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 No image.png Makhosini Dlamini
16 May 196731 March 19768 years, 320 days Imbokodvo National Movement
(until 1973.)
The National Archives UK - CO 1069-228-5 (cropped).jpg
Sobhuza II
2 No image.png Maphevu Dlamini
1978 31 March 197625 October 1979
(died in office.)
3 years, 208 days Independent
No image.png Ben Nsibandze
25 October 197923 November 197929 days Independent
3 No image.png Mabandla Dlamini
23 November 197925 March 19833 years, 122 days Independent
4 No image.png Bhekimpi Dlamini
1983 25 March 19836 October 19863 years, 195 days Independent
King of Swaziland.jpg
Mswati III
5 No image.png Sotsha Dlamini
1987 6 October 198612 July 19892 years, 279 days Independent
6 No image.png Obed Dlamini
12 July 198925 October 19934 years, 105 days Independent
No image.png Andreas Fakudze
25 October 19934 November 199310 days Independent
7 No image.png Jameson Mbilini Dlamini
1993 4 November 19938 May 19962 years, 186 days Independent
No image.png Sishayi Nxumalo
8 May 199626 July 199679 days Independent
8 Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini 2011.jpg Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
1998 26 July 199629 September 20037 years, 65 days Independent
No image.png Paul Shabangu
(c. 1943–)
29 September 200326 November 200358 days Independent
9 No image.png Themba Dlamini
2003 26 November 200318 September 20084 years, 297 days Independent
No image.png Bheki Dlamini 18 September 200823 October 200835 days Independent
(8) Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini 2011.jpg Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
23 October 20085 September 20189 years, 317 days Independent
No image.png Vincent Mhlanga 5 September 201829 October 201854 days Independent
10 Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini (cropped).jpg Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini
2018 29 October 2018Incumbent1 year, 215 days Independent

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of Eswatini Political system of Eswatini

Eswatini is an absolute monarchy with constitutional provisions and Swazi law and Custom. The head of state is the king or Ngwenyama, currently King Mswati III, who ascended to the throne in 1986 after the death of his father King Sobhuza II in 1982 and a period of regency. According to the constitution of Eswatini, the king and Ingwenyama is a symbol of unity and the eternity of the Swazi nation. By tradition, the king reigns along with his mother or a ritual substitute, the Ndlovukati. The former was viewed as the administrative head of state and the latter as a spiritual and national head of state, with real power counterbalancing that of the king, but during the long reign of Sobhuza II the role of the Ndlovukati became more symbolic. The king appoints the prime minister from the legislature and also appoints a minority of legislators to both chambers of Libandla (parliament), with help from an advisory council. The king is allowed by the constitution to appoint some members to parliament for special interests. These special interests are citizens who might have been left out by the electorate during the course of elections or did not enter as candidates. This is done to balance views in parliament. Special interests could be people of gender, race, disability, business community, civic society, scholars, chiefs and so on. The Senate consists of 30 members, of which some are appointed by the king on recommendation of the advisory council and others elected by the lower house. The House of Assembly has 65 seats, 55 of which are occupied by elected representatives from the 55 constituencies around the country, 10 appointed by the king on recommendation of the advisory council and the attorney general is the ex-officio member. Elections are held every five years.

Mswati III King of Eswatini

Mswati III is the king of Eswatini and head of the Swazi Royal Family. He was born in Manzini in the Protectorate of Swaziland to King Sobhuza II and one of his younger wives, Ntfombi Tfwala. He was crowned as Mswati III, Ingwenyama and King of Swaziland, on 25 April 1986 at the age of 18, thus becoming the youngest ruling monarch in the world at that time. Together with his mother, Ntfombi Tfwala, now Queen Mother (Ndlovukati), he rules the country as an absolute monarch. Mswati III is known for his practice of polygamy and currently has 15 wives. His policies and lavish lifestyle have led to local protests and international criticism.

Absalom Themba Dlamini was the Prime Minister of Swaziland from November 2003 to September 2008. He is the managing director of Tibiyo TakaNgwane.

Ntfombi of Eswatini Ndlovukati of Eswatini

Queen Ntfombi the Queen Mother, Ndlovukati of Eswatini is the current Ndlovukati and joint head of state of Eswatini, serving since 1986. She was also regent of Eswatini from 1983 to 1986. She is the mother of King Mswati III.

Eswatini Stock Market Stock exchange located in Mbabane, Swaziland

The Eswatini Stock Market is a small but thriving stock exchange. The stock exchange was established in July 1990 by Sibusiso Dlamini, a former World Bank executive who became Eswatini's Prime Minister, to enable ordinary Swatis to become stakeholders in their economy. All listings are included in the sole index, the ESE All Share Index, which is unweighted. There are a handful of listed public companies, as well as some listed government stock options, listed debentures, government guaranteed stock and non trading mutual funds.

Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini Swazi politician

Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini was a Swazi politician who served as Prime Minister of Eswatini, from 1996 to 2003 and again from October 2008 to September 2018.

Andreas Fakudze served as acting Prime Minister of Swaziland from 25 October 1993 to 4 November 1993.

Benjamin Mshamndane Nsibandze served as acting Prime Minister of Swaziland from 25 October 1979 to 23 November 1979. He is currently the chairperson of the National Disaster Management Agency.

Prince Makhosini Jaheso Dlamini was Prime Minister of Eswatini from 16 May 1967 to 31 March 1976.

Inkhosikati LaShongwe was Queen Regent of Eswatini between 21 September 1982 and 9 August 1983. She was a wife of king Sobhuza II of Eswatini, and with him had one child, Prince Khuzulwandle Dlamini.

House of Dlamini

The House of Dlamini is the royal house of the Kingdom of Eswatini. Mswati III, as king and Ngwenyama of Eswatini, is the current head of the house of Dlamini. Swazi kings up to the present day are referred to as Ingwenyama and they rule together with the Queen Mother who is called Indlovukati. The Swazi kings, like other Nguni nations, practice polygamy and thus have many wives and children.

Articles related to Eswatini include:

LGBT rights in Eswatini

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in Eswatini are limited. LGBT people face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. According to Rock of Hope, a Swati LGBT advocacy group, "there is no legislation recognising LGBTIs or protecting the right to a non-heterosexual orientation and gender identity and as a result [LGBT people] cannot be open about their orientation or gender identity for fear of rejection and discrimination". Homosexuality is illegal in Eswatini, though this law is in practice unenforced.

Sikhanyiso Dlamini Minister of Information, Communication and Technology

Princess Sikhanyiso Dlamini is a Swazi princess and politician. She is the eldest daughter of King Mswati III of Eswatini, and is the country's current Minister of Information and Communication Technology.

Bheki Dlamini served as acting Prime Minister of Swaziland from 18 September 2008 to 23 October 2008.

Minister of Foreign Affairs (Eswatini) Minister of Foreign Affairs of Swaziland

This is a list of foreign ministers of Eswatini.

Vincent Mhlanga is a Swazi politician who served as acting Prime Minister of Eswatini from September to October 2018. With a PhD in Finance, Mhlanga was a managing director at FINCORP, SIDC, and served on numerous boards. Most recently, Mhlanga was a managing director at the King's Office.

Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini Prime Minister of Eswatini

Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini is a Swazi politician, business executive and the tenth Prime Minister of Eswatini. Prior to his appointment, he served as the CEO of Swazi MTN.

History of the Jews in Eswatini

The history of the Jews of Eswatini, formerly Swaziland.