|Prime Minister of Tuvalu|
Coat of Arms of Tuvalu
|Term length||At the Governor-General's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||Toaripi Lauti|
|Formation||1 October 1978|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Prime Minister of Tuvalu is the head of government of Tuvalu. According to Tuvalu's constitution, the prime minister must always be a member of the Parliament, and is elected by parliament in a secret ballot. Because there are no political parties in Tuvalu, any member of parliament can be nominated for the role. Following parliament vote the Governor-General of Tuvalu is responsible for swearing the prime minister in.
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island country located in the Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania, about midway between Hawaii and Australia. It lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands, southeast of Nauru, south of Kiribati, west of Tokelau, northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna, and north of Fiji. It comprises three reef islands and six true atolls spread out between the latitude of 5° to 10° south and longitude of 176° to 180°, west of the International Date Line. Tuvalu has a population of 10,640. The total land area of the islands of Tuvalu is 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi).
The Parliament of Tuvalu, or Palamene o Tuvalu is the unicameral national legislature of Tuvalu.
The office of prime minister was established when Tuvalu gained independence in 1978, although the post is sometimes considered to be a continuation of the earlier office of chief minister, which was created in 1975. If the prime minister dies, as has happened on one occasion, the deputy prime minister becomes acting prime minister until a new one is elected by parliament. The prime minister can lose his office by resigning, being defeated in a no confidence vote by parliament, or losing his seat in a parliamentary election.
Several former prime ministers have been appointed the Governor-General of Tuvalu.
The Governor-General of Tuvalu is the representative of the Tuvaluan monarch and performs the duties of the Queen in her absence.
|Took Office||Left Office|
|1||Sir Toaripi Lauti |
|2 October 1975||1 October 1978||Independent|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|1||Sir Toaripi Lauti |
|1 October 1978||8 September 1981||Independent|
|2|| Tomasi Puapua |
|8 September 1981||16 October 1989||Independent|
|3|| Bikenibeu Paeniu |
|16 October 1989||10 December 1993||Independent|
|4||Sir Kamuta Latasi |
|10 December 1993||24 December 1996||Independent|
|(3)|| Bikenibeu Paeniu |
|24 December 1996||27 April 1999||Independent|
|5|| Ionatana Ionatana |
|27 April 1999||8 December 2000||Independent|
|N/A 1||Lagitupu Tuilimu||8 December 2000||24 February 2001||Independent|
|6|| Faimalaga Luka |
|24 February 2001||14 December 2001||Independent|
|7|| Koloa Talake |
|14 December 2001||24 August 2002||Independent|
|8|| Saufatu Sopoanga |
|24 August 2002||27 August 2004||Independent|
|9|| Maatia Toafa |
|27 August 2004||14 August 2006||Independent|
|10|| Apisai Ielemia |
|14 August 2006||29 September 2010||Independent|
|(9)|| Maatia Toafa |
|29 September 2010||24 December 2010||Independent|
|11|| Willy Telavi |
|24 December 2010||1 August 2013||Independent|
|12|| Enele Sopoaga |
|1 August 2013||Incumbent||Independent|
The politics of Tuvalu takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Monarch is the head of state, represented by the Governor-General, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government.
Saufatu Sopoanga, OBE is a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu. Sopoanga was the eighth Prime Minister of Tuvalu and a foreign minister of Tuvalu. He is the elder brother of Enele Sopoaga, who was appointed as Prime Minister of Tuvalu in 2013.
Sir Tomasi Puapua is a political figure who represented Vaitupu in the Parliament of Tuvalu. He attended the Fiji School of Medicine and the Otago University Medical School. He married Riana Puapua.
Maatia Toafa OBE is a Tuvaluan politician, representing Nanumea who served two non-consecutive terms as Prime Minister of Tuvalu. He first served as Prime Minister from 2004 to 2006, from the resignation of his predecessor, Saufatu Sopoanga, until the defeat of his Cabinet in the 2006 general election. He was re-elected to parliament in the 2010 general election; and regained the premiership on 29 September 2010; however he lost the support of the parliament following a motion of confidence on 21 December of the same year. On 5 August 2013 Toafa became the Minister of Finance and Economic Development in the government of Prime Minister Enele Sopoaga. He was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister following the Tuvaluan general election, 2015.
Tuvalu elects a legislature on a national level. The Parliament of Tuvalu has 15 members, elected for a four-year term in 7 double- and 1 single-seat constituencies. Tuvalu is a de facto non-partisan democracy since it does not have political parties.
Sir Tomu Malaefone Sione was a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu. He worked as a journalist from 1962–68. He was the head of the southern Niutao clan. He was married to Segali.
Sir Kamuta Latasi is a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu from Funafuti atoll. He was elected to the Parliament of Tuvalu in 1992. Latasi served as the 4th Prime Minister of Tuvalu from 1993 until 1996. He has served as the Speaker of parliament from 2006 to September 2010 and again from December 2010 to March 2014.
Apisai Ielemia was a Tuvaluan politician. He served as the tenth Prime Minister of Tuvalu from 2006 to 2010, and was returned as a member of parliament in the Tuvaluan general election, 2010. He was re-elected to parliament in the Tuvaluan general election, 2015. On 5 October 2016 Chief Justice Sweeney of the High Court of Tuvalu declared that Ielemia’s parliamentary seat was vacant as he was not qualified to be a member of parliament, as the consequence of the short time the opposition MP served time in jail following his conviction on 6 May 2016 in the Magistrate’s Court of charges of abuse of office during the final year of his term as Prime Minister. The abuse of office charges related to payments deposited into a National Bank of Tuvalu personal account. The 5 October 2016 decision of the Chief Justice was controversial as it appeared to contradict the June 2016 decision of Justice Norman Franzi of the High Court of Tuvalu that had quashed Ielemia’s conviction and acquitted him of the abuse of office charges. The appeal to the High Court held that the conviction was “manifestly unsafe,” with the court quashing the 12-month jail term.
Willy Telavi is a Tuvaluan politician who was Prime Minister of Tuvalu from 2010 to 2013.
Sir Iakoba Taeia Italeli, GCMG, is a Tuvaluan politician who is the current Governor-General of Tuvalu, having served in this role since on 16 April 2010. He is also a former Attorney General of Tuvalu who served from 2002 to 2006. He was the Chancellor of the University of the South Pacific from July 2014 to June 2015.
Kausea Natano is a Tuvaluan politician. He currently serves as MP for Funafuti, having also served as the country's Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Communications in former Prime Minister Willy Telavi's Cabinet.
A parliamentary election was held in Tuvalu on 16 September 2010.
Enele Sosene Sopoaga PC is a Tuvaluan diplomat and politician who has been Prime Minister of Tuvalu since 2013.
The Cabinet of Tuvalu is the executive branch of the government of Tuvalu.
Taom Tanukale is a Tuvaluan politician.
General elections were held in Tuvalu on 26 March 1998. As there were no political parties, all candidates for the 12 seats ran as independents, with seven of the incumbents retaining their seats. Following the election, Bikenibeu Paeniu was re-elected Prime Minister.
The Tuvaluan constitutional crisis was a political dispute in Tuvalu between the government, led by Prime Minister Willy Telavi, and the opposition, led by Enele Sopoaga, that was precipitated by the death of the Minister of Finance, Lotoala Metia MP on 21 December 2012, which eliminated the government's majority. The dispute was eventually resolved in August 2013 by a motion of no confidence in Prime Minister Willy Telavi, following which Enele Sopoaga was elected Prime Minister.