Prime Minister of Latvia

Last updated
Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia
Karins, Krisjanis-9702.jpg
Incumbent
Krišjānis Kariņš

since 23 January 2019
Member of
Appointer President of Latvia
Term length General elections to the Saeima are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holder Kārlis Ulmanis
Formation19 November 1918

The Prime Minister of Latvia (Latvian : Ministru prezidents) is the most powerful member of the Government of Latvia, and presides over the Latvian Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of Latvia, but must be able to obtain the support of a majority of the Saeima (parliament).

Contents

The tables below display all Latvian Prime Ministers from both the first period of Latvian independence (1918–1940) and since the country regained its independence (1990–present). From 1990 to 6 July 1993, the office was known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, but is generally considered to have been the same role.

A direct translation of the official Latvian term is Minister-President. Although the equivalent is used in some European languages, it is not used conventionally in English.

Republic of Latvia (1918–1940)

Political Party:   LZS    Independent    MP    DC   PA   LJSP

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyCabinet Saeima
Took OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1
(1 of 4)
[1]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
Prime Minister
of the Provisional Government
1st Prime Minister
18 November 191813 July 1919944 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – LNP – DC – DS PC
14 July 19198 December 1919 II LZS – LŽNP
DC joined later
PC
( ···· )
9 December 191911 June 1920 III LZS – LŽNP
DS joined later
PC
( ···· )
12 June 192018 June 1921IV LZS – DS – LDP
DS exited later
CA(1920)
2
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
2nd Prime Minister
19 June 192126 January 1923587 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – MP – LTP
LTP exited later
CA
( ···· )
3 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Jānis Pauļuks
(1865–1937)
3rd Prime Minister
27 January 192327 June 1923152 Independent I LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP1(1922)
2
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics
(1887–1925)
28 June 192326 January 1924213 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
II LZSLSPDS – DC – LJS – MP1( ···· )
4 Zamuels.jpg Voldemārs Zāmuēls
(1872–1948)
4th Prime Minister
27 January 192418 December 1924327 Independent IBNC – DC – LJS1( ···· )
5
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
5th Prime Minister
19 December 192423 December 1925370 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC
MP and LJS joined later
1( ···· )
1
(2 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
24 December 19256 May 1926134 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
V LZS – LJSP – LJS – LZP
NA joined later
2(1925)
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Arturs Alberings
(1877–1934)
6th Prime Minister
7 May 192618 December 1926226 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
I LZS – DC – LJSP – LJS – LZP2( ···· )
7
(1 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
7th Prime Minister
19 December 192623 January 1928401 Mensheviks Party
(MP)
I LSDSP – MP – LPP – DC – LJS
DC exited cabinet
2( ···· )
8 Peteris Jurasevskis.jpg Pēteris Juraševskis
(1872–1945)
8th Prime Minister
24 January 192830 November 1928312 Democratic Centre
(DC)
I LZS – DC – LZP – VRP / DbRP2( ···· )
5
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Hugo Celmiņš
(1877–1941)
1 December 192826 March 1931846 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
II LZS – DC – LJSP – LDZA – LA – KNP – VRP / DbRP
DC, KNP, VRP / DbRP exited cabinet
3(1928)
1
(3 of 4)
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
27 March 19315 December 1931254 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
VI LZS – LJSP – LDZA – NA – MKRA – LKZP – LPP3( ···· )
7
(2 of 2)
Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Marģers Skujenieks
(1886–1941)
6 December 193123 March 1933474Progressive Association of New Farmers
(PA)
IIPA – DC – LZS – LZPA
LJSP joined later
4(1931)
9 Adolfs Blodnieks.jpg Ādolfs Bļodnieks
(1889–1962)
9th Prime Minister
24 March 193316 March 1934358 Party of New Farmers and Smallholders
(LJSP)
ILJSP – LZS – DC – LZPA – PA – LKKP – KDP
DC, PA exited cabinet
4( ···· )
1
(4 of 4)
[2]
Karlis Ulmanis.jpg Kārlis Ulmanis
(1877–1942)
17 March 193415 May 19342287 Latvian Farmers' Union
(LZS)
VII LZS – KA – LKKP – LPP – KDP4( ···· )
15 May 193419 June 1940 Independent VIIINo partyDis.
[3] Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Augusts Kirhenšteins
(1872–1963)
20 June 194025 August 194066 Independent INo partyDis.
Notes

1 During the 1918–1920 Independence War, Latvia was contested by two other governments: the government of Soviet Latvia, led by Pēteris Stučka, and the government of Andrievs Niedra, backed by Baltic Germans. Some sources may list Stučka and Niedra as prime ministers for periods when their governments controlled most of Latvia.

2 On 15 May 1934, prime minister Ulmanis dissolved parliament and banned all political parties (including his own Farmer's Union), establishing authoritarian rule.

3 Puppet leader appointed by Soviet authorities. Not recognized as such by the Latvian government.

Coat of Arms of Latvia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Foreign relations

Republic of Latvia (1990–present)

From 4 May 1990 after adopting the Declaration of the Restoration of Independence of the Republic.

Political Party:   LTF    LC    Independent    TB/LNNK    TP    JL    LZP    LPP/LC    V

No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical PartyCabinet Saeima
Took OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1
(1 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
10th Prime Minister
7 May 19903 August 19931136 Popular Front of Latvia
(LTF)
I LTF
LC joined later
SC(1990)
2 Valdis Birkavs 2011-08-20.jpg Valdis Birkavs
(born 1942)
11th Prime Minister
3 August 199315 September 1994408 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCLZSLZP 5(1993)
3 Māris Gailis 2011-08-20.jpg Māris Gailis
(born 1951)
12th Prime Minister
15 September 199421 December 1995462 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPALZSLZP
TB joined later and exited cabinet
5( ···· )
4
(1 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
13th Prime Minister
21 December 199513 February 1997595 Independent I DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZPLVP 6(1995)
13 February 19977 August 1997II DP‘S’TBLCLNNKLZSLZP
KDS joined later
6( ···· )
5 Guntars Krasts 2011-08-20.jpg Guntars Krasts
(born 1957)
14th Prime Minister
7 August 199726 November 1998476 For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK
(TB/LNNK)
I TB/LNNKLCLZSLZPDPS – KTP
DPS and KTP exited cabinet
6( ···· )
6 Flag of the Prime Minister of Latvia.svg Vilis Krištopans
(born 1954)
15th Prime Minister
26 November 199816 July 1999232 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTB/LNNKJP
LSDSP joined later
7(1998)
4
(2 of 2)
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg Andris Šķēle
(born 1958)
16 July 19995 May 2000294 People's Party
(TP)
III TPLCTB/LNNK 7( ···· )
7 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Andris Bērziņš (LPP-LC).jpg Andris Bērziņš
(1951–)
16th Prime Minister
5 May 20007 November 2002916 Latvian Way
(LC)
I LCTPTB/LNNKJP 7( ···· )
8 Einars Repse.jpeg Einars Repše
(born 1961)
17th Prime Minister
7 November 20029 March 2004488 New Era Party
(JL)
I JLTB/LNNKLZSLPPLZP
LPP exited cabinet
8(2002)
9 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Indulis Emsis.jpg Indulis Emsis
(born 1952)
18th Prime Minister
9 March 20042 December 2004268 Latvian Green Party
(LZP)
I TPLPPLZSLZP 8( ···· )
10 Flickr - Saeima - 9.Saeimas deputāts Aigars Kalvītis.jpg Aigars Kalvītis
(born 1966)
19th Prime Minister
2 December 20047 November 20061113 People's Party
(TP)
I TPJLLZSLPPLZP
JL exited cabinet
8( ···· )
7 November 200620 December 2007 II TPLZSLPPTB/LNNKLZPLC 9(2006)
1
(2 of 2)
Ivars Godmanis saeima.jpg Ivars Godmanis
(born 1951)
20 December 200712 March 2009448 Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way
(LPP/LC)
II LPP/LCTPLZSTB/LNNKLZP 9( ···· )
11 Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg Valdis Dombrovskis
(born 1971)
20th Prime Minister
12 March 20093 November 20101777 New Era Party
(JL)
JL later replaced by V
I JLTPTB/LNNKLZSLZPPS 9( ···· )
3 November 201025 October 2011 II JLPSSCPLZSLZP – LP
JL, PS, SCP, LP later replaced by V
10(2010)
25 October 201122 January 2014 Party "UNITY"
(V)
III VZRPNA 11(2011)
12 Laimdota Straujuma 2014.jpg Laimdota Straujuma
(born 1951)
21st Prime Minister
22 January 20145 November 2014750 Party "UNITY"
(V)
I VRPNA - LZSLZP 11( ···· )
5 November 201411 February 2016 II VNA - LZSLZPLuV - LP 12( 2014)
13 Flickr - Saeima - 10.Saeimas deputāts Māris Kučinskis.jpg Māris Kučinskis
(born 1961)
22nd Prime Minister
11 February 201623 January 20191077 Liepāja Party
(LP)
I VNA - LZSLZPLuV - LP 12 ( ···· ) 12( 2014)
14 Karins, Krisjanis-9702.jpg Krišjānis Kariņš
(born 1964)
23rd Prime Minister
23 January 2019incumbent0 New Unity
(JV)
Kariņš cabinet JVJKP - KPV LVA/P!NA 13 ( ···· )

Statistics

#Prime MinisterDate of birthAge at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of deathLongevity
1 Kārlis Ulmanis September 4, 187741 years, 75 days9 years, 334 days62 years, 287 daysSeptember 20, 194265 years, 16 days
2 Zigfrīds Meierovics February 6, 188734 years, 133 days2 years, 70 days36 years, 354 daysAugust 22, 192538 years, 197 days
3 Jānis Pauļuks November 12, 186557 years, 76 days0 years, 152 days57 years, 228 daysJune 21, 193771 years, 221 days
4 Voldemārs Zāmuēls May 22, 187251 years, 250 days0 years, 327 days52 years, 210 daysSeptember 25, 194475 years, 239 days
5 Hugo Celmiņš October 30, 187747 years, 50 days3 years, 121 days53 years, 147 daysJuly 30, 194163 years, 273 days
6 Arturs Alberings January 8, 187650 years, 119 days0 years, 226 days50 years, 345 daysApril 26, 193458 years, 108 days
7 Marģers Skujenieks June 22, 188640 years, 180 days2 years, 145 days46 years, 274 daysJuly 12, 194155 years, 20 days
8 Pēteris Juraševskis March 23, 187255 years, 307 days0 years, 312 days56 years, 252 daysJanuary 10, 194572 years, 293 days
9 Ādolfs Bļodnieks July 24, 188943 years, 243 days0 years, 358 days44 years, 235 daysMarch 21, 196272 years, 240 day
10 Augusts Kirhenšteins September 18, 187267 years, 276 days0 years, 66 days67 years, 342 daysNovember 11, 196391 years, 46 days
11 Ivars Godmanis November 27, 195138 years, 161 days4 years, 124 days57 years, 105 daysLiving67 years, 57 days (Living)
12 Valdis Birkavs July 28, 194251 years, 6 days1 year, 43 days52 years, 49 daysLiving76 years, 179 days (Living)
13 Māris Gailis July 9, 195143 years, 37 days1 year, 97 days44 years, 165 daysLiving67 years, 198 days (Living)
14 Andris Šķēle January 16, 195837 years, 339 days2 years, 159 days42 years, 110 daysLiving61 years, 7 days (Living)
15 Guntars Krasts October 16, 195739 years, 295 days1 year, 111 days41 years, 51 daysLiving61 years, 99 days (Living)
16 Vilis Krištopans June 13, 195444 years, 166 days0 years, 232 days45 years, 33 daysLiving64 years, 224 days (Living)
17 Andris Bērziņš August 4, 195148 years, 275 days2 years, 186 days51 years, 95 daysLiving67 years, 172 days (Living)
18 Einars Repše December 9, 196140 years, 333 days1 year, 123 days42 years, 91 daysLiving57 years, 45 days (Living)
19 Indulis Emsis January 2, 195252 years, 67 days0 years, 268 days52 years, 335 daysLiving67 years, 21 days (Living)
20 Aigars Kalvītis June 27, 196638 years, 158 days3 years, 18 days42 years, 91 daysLiving52 years, 210 days (Living)
21 Valdis Dombrovskis August 5, 197137 years, 219 days4 years, 316 days42 years, 170 daysLiving47 years, 171 days (Living)
22 Laimdota Straujuma February 24, 195162 years, 332 days2 years, 20 days64 years, 352 daysLiving67 years, 333 days (Living)
23 Māris Kučinskis November 28, 196154 years, 75 days2 years, 346 daysLiving57 years, 56 days (Living)

See also