|Prime Minister of Mongolia|
Official Emblem of Mongolia
|Appointer||President of Mongolia|
|Term length||4 years or less per election term|
(No limits are imposed on total times or length of Prime Minister tenures of the same person.)
|Inaugural holder|| Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren (1912)|
Puntsagiin Jasrai (1992)
21 July 1992
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Prime Minister of Mongolia (Mongolian : Монгол Улсын Ерөнхий Сайд, Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhii Said) is the head of government, and heads the Mongolian cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Mongolia, and can be removed by the State Great Hural with a vote of no confidence.
The Mongolian language is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family. The number of speakers across all its dialects may be 5.2 million, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the Mongolian residents of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In Mongolia, the Khalkha dialect, written in Cyrillic, is predominant, while in Inner Mongolia, the language is dialectally more diverse and is written in the traditional Mongolian script. In the discussion of grammar to follow, the variety of Mongolian treated is Standard Khalkha Mongolian, but much of what is to be said is also valid for vernacular (spoken) Khalkha and for other Mongolian dialects, especially Chakhar.
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called Cabinet ministers or secretaries. The function of a Cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and response to sudden events, whereas the legislative and judicial branches work in a measured pace, in sessions according to lengthy procedures.
The Prime Minister appoints the governors of the 21 aimags of Mongolia, as well as the governor of the capital, Ulaanbaatar.
Mongolia is divided into 21 Provinces or aimags and one provincial municipality. Each aimag is subdivided into several districts. The modern provinces have been established since 1921. The capital, Ulaanbaatar, is governed as an independent provincial municipality separate from Töv Province, inside which it is situated.
Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as Ulan Bator, is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is not part of any aimag (province), and its population as of 2014 was over 1.3 million, almost half of the country's total population. Located in north central Mongolia, the municipality lies at an elevation of about 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system.
The office of Prime Minister was established in 1912, shortly after (Outer) Mongolia first declared independence from the Manchu Qing Dynasty. This was not recognized by many nations. By the time of Mongolia's second (and more generally recognized) declaration of independence (from the Chinese republic) in 1921, the office was controlled by a Communist group known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. 1924 the party established the Mongolian People's Republic, and the Prime Minister's post was superseded by one known by the title "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars". This was changed to "Chairman of the Council of Ministers" in 1946. The title of Prime Minister was only revived in 1990, when the People's Revolutionary Party gradually released its hold on power. Regardless of the changes of name, however, the modern Mongolian government recognizes the office as having existed continuously since 1912, and counts all holders of the office as Prime Ministers.
The Mongolian People's Party is the oldest political party in Mongolia.
The Mongolian People's Republic was a unitary sovereign socialist state which existed between 1924 and 1992, coterminous with the present-day country of Mongolia in East Asia. It was ruled by the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party and maintained close links with the Soviet Union throughout its history. Geographically, it was bordered by China to its south and the Soviet Union to its north. Until 1944, it also bordered the Tuvan People's Republic, another Soviet satellite state recognized only by Mongolia and the Soviet Union.
There is some confusion as to the first holder of the office. A lama named Tseren (or Tserenchimed) held office as "Prime Minister" during a provisional government, and is sometimes cited as the first holder of the modern office. However, the current[ needs update ] Mongolian government considers Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, the first formal office-holder, to be the first. There is also some confusion over the status of Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav - some consider him to have only been acting Prime Minister, while some consider him to have been a full Prime Minister. The Mongolian government[ needs update ] takes the latter view.
Lama is a title for a teacher of the Dharma in Tibetan Buddhism. The name is similar to the Sanskrit term guru and in use it is similar, but not identical to the western monastic rank of abbot.
Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, full title Sain Noyon Khan Namnansüren, was a powerful hereditary prince and prominent early 20th-century Mongolian independence leader. He served as the first prime minister of Autonomous Mongolia in the government of the Bogd Khan from 1912 until 1915, when the office of prime minister was abolished. He was then appointed minister of the army.
Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav, was prime minister of Mongolia from 1930 to 1932.
People's Revolutionary Party & People's Party Democratic Party
The Democratic Party is a centre-right political party in Mongolia.
|№||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Electoral mandates||Party|
|Took Office||Left Office||Days|
|1||Puntsagiin Jasrai||21 July 1992||19 July 1996||1459||1992 — 56.90%||People's Revolutionary Party|
|2||Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan||19 July 1996||23 April 1998||643||1996 — 47.00%||Democratic Party|
|3|| Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj |
|23 April 1998||9 December 1998||230||State Great|
|4||Janlavyn Narantsatsralt||9 December 1998||22 July 1999||225||State Great|
|During this interval, Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa was the Acting Prime Minister.|
|5||Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal||30 July 1999||26 July 2000||362||State Great|
|6||Nambaryn Enkhbayar||26 July 2000||20 August 2004||1486||2000 — 51.60%||People's Revolutionary Party|
|(3)|| Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj |
|20 August 2004||13 January 2006||511|| 2004 — 44.27%|
(Hung State Great Khural)
|7||Miyeegombyn Enkhbold||25 January 2006||22 November 2007||678||State Great|
(Hung State Great Khural)
|People's Revolutionary Party|
|8|| Sanjaagiin Bayar |
|22 November 2007||29 June 2008||707||State Great|
(Hung State Great Khural)
|People's Revolutionary Party|
| Sanjaagiin Bayar |
|29 June 2008||29 October 2009||2008 — 52.67%|
|9||Sükhbaataryn Batbold||29 October 2009||10 August 2012||1016||State Great|
| People's Revolutionary Party (2009-10)|
People's Party (2010-12)
|10||Norovyn Altankhuyag||10 August 2012||5 November 2014||817|| 2012 — 35.32%|
(Hung State Great Khural)
|During this interval, Dendeviin Terbishdagva was the Acting Prime Minister.|
|11||Chimediin Saikhanbileg||21 November 2014||7 July 2016||594||State Great|
|12||Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat||7 July 2016||4 October 2017||1087||2016 — 45.69%||People's Party|
|13||Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh||4 October 2017||633||State Great|
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Dumaagiin Sodnom||1984.12.12–1990.03.21||14 July 1933|
|Sharavyn Gungaadorj||1990.03.21–1990.09.11||2 May 1935|
|Dashiin Byambasüren||1990.09.11–1992.07.21||2 June 1942|
|Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan||1996–1998||1955 (age 63–64)|
|30 March 1963|
|Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal||1999–2000||2 February 1961|
|Nambaryn Enkhbayar||2000–2004||1 June 1958|
|Miyeegombyn Enkhbold||2006–2007||19 July 1964|
|Sanjaagiin Bayar||2007–2009||4 March 1956|
|Sükhbaataryn Batbold||2009–2012||24 June 1963|
|Norovyn Altankhuyag||2012–2014||20 January 1958|
|Chimediin Saikhanbileg||2014–2016||17 February 1969|
|Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat||2016–2017||17 June 1973|
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