Prime Minister of Mongolia

Last updated
Prime Minister of Mongolia
Coat of Arms of Mongolia.svg
Official Emblem of Mongolia
Secretary Pompeo meets with Mongolian Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa (44084216754) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh

since 4 October 2017
Appointer President of Mongolia
Term length 4 years or less per election term
(No limits are imposed on total times or length of Prime Minister tenures of the same person.)
Inaugural holder Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren (1912)
Puntsagiin Jasrai (1992)
FormationNovember 1912
21 July 1992
Coat of Arms of Mongolia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mongolia

The Prime Minister of Mongolia (Mongolian : Монгол Улсын Ерөнхий Сайд, Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhii Said) is the head of government, and heads the Mongolian cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Mongolia, and can be removed by the State Great Hural with a vote of no confidence.

Mongolian language language spoken in Mongolia

The Mongolian language is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family. The number of speakers across all its dialects may be 5.2 million, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the Mongolian residents of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In Mongolia, the Khalkha dialect, written in Cyrillic, is predominant, while in Inner Mongolia, the language is dialectally more diverse and is written in the traditional Mongolian script. In the discussion of grammar to follow, the variety of Mongolian treated is Standard Khalkha Mongolian, but much of what is to be said is also valid for vernacular (spoken) Khalkha and for other Mongolian dialects, especially Chakhar.

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Cabinet (government) Group of high ranking officials, usually representing the executive branch of government

A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called Cabinet ministers or secretaries. The function of a Cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and response to sudden events, whereas the legislative and judicial branches work in a measured pace, in sessions according to lengthy procedures.

Contents

Powers

The Prime Minister appoints the governors of the 21 aimags of Mongolia, as well as the governor of the capital, Ulaanbaatar. [1]

Provinces of Mongolia first level administrative division of Mongolia

Mongolia is divided into 21 Provinces or aimags and one provincial municipality. Each aimag is subdivided into several districts. The modern provinces have been established since 1921. The capital, Ulaanbaatar, is governed as an independent provincial municipality separate from Töv Province, inside which it is situated.

Ulaanbaatar Municipality in Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as Ulan Bator, is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is not part of any aimag (province), and its population as of 2014 was over 1.3 million, almost half of the country's total population. Located in north central Mongolia, the municipality lies at an elevation of about 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system.

History

The office of Prime Minister was established in 1912, shortly after (Outer) Mongolia first declared independence from the Manchu Qing Dynasty. This was not recognized by many nations. By the time of Mongolia's second (and more generally recognized) declaration of independence (from the Chinese republic) in 1921, the office was controlled by a Communist group known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. 1924 the party established the Mongolian People's Republic, and the Prime Minister's post was superseded by one known by the title "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars". This was changed to "Chairman of the Council of Ministers" in 1946. The title of Prime Minister was only revived in 1990, when the People's Revolutionary Party gradually released its hold on power. Regardless of the changes of name, however, the modern Mongolian government recognizes the office as having existed continuously since 1912, and counts all holders of the office as Prime Ministers.

Mongolian Peoples Party political party

The Mongolian People's Party is the oldest political party in Mongolia.

Mongolian Peoples Republic 1924–1992 republic in Northeastern Asia

The Mongolian People's Republic was a unitary sovereign socialist state which existed between 1924 and 1992, coterminous with the present-day country of Mongolia in East Asia. It was ruled by the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party and maintained close links with the Soviet Union throughout its history. Geographically, it was bordered by China to its south and the Soviet Union to its north. Until 1944, it also bordered the Tuvan People's Republic, another Soviet satellite state recognized only by Mongolia and the Soviet Union.

There is some confusion as to the first holder of the office. A lama named Tseren (or Tserenchimed) held office as "Prime Minister" during a provisional government, and is sometimes cited as the first holder of the modern office. However, the current[ needs update ] Mongolian government considers Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, the first formal office-holder, to be the first. There is also some confusion over the status of Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav - some consider him to have only been acting Prime Minister, while some consider him to have been a full Prime Minister. The Mongolian government[ needs update ] takes the latter view.

Lama title for a teacher of the Dharma in Tibetan Buddhism

Lama is a title for a teacher of the Dharma in Tibetan Buddhism. The name is similar to the Sanskrit term guru and in use it is similar, but not identical to the western monastic rank of abbot.

Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren former prime minister of Mongolia

Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, full title Sain Noyon Khan Namnansüren, was a powerful hereditary prince and prominent early 20th-century Mongolian independence leader. He served as the first prime minister of Autonomous Mongolia in the government of the Bogd Khan from 1912 until 1915, when the office of prime minister was abolished. He was then appointed minister of the army.

Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav, was prime minister of Mongolia from 1930 to 1932.

List of Prime Ministers (since 1992)

Ukhnaagiin KhürelsükhJargaltulgyn ErdenebatChimediin SaikhanbilegNorovyn AltankhuyagSükhbaataryn BatboldSanjaagiin BayarMiyeegombyn EnkhboldTsakhiagiin ElbegdorjNambaryn EnkhbayarRinchinnyamyn AmarjargalNyam-Osoryn TuyaaJanlavyn NarantsatsraltTsakhiagiin ElbegdorjMendsaikhany EnkhsaikhanPuntsagiin JasraiPrime Minister of Mongolia

     People's Revolutionary Party & People's Party      Democratic Party

Democratic Party (Mongolia) political party in Mongolia

The Democratic Party is a centre-right political party in Mongolia.

PortraitNameTerm of officeElectoral mandatesParty
Took OfficeLeft OfficeDays
1
No image.svg
Puntsagiin Jasrai 21 July 199219 July 19961459 1992 — 56.90% People's Revolutionary Party
2 No image.svg Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan 19 July 199623 April 1998643 1996 — 47.00% Democratic Party
3 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdor.jpg Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(1st term)
23 April 19989 December 1998230State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
4 No image.svg Janlavyn Narantsatsralt 9 December 199822 July 1999225State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
During this interval, Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa was the Acting Prime Minister.
5 R.Amarzhargal azhlyn oroondoo.jpg Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal 30 July 199926 July 2000362State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
6 Nambaryn Enkhbayar 2005.jpg Nambaryn Enkhbayar 26 July 200020 August 20041486 2000 — 51.60% People's Revolutionary Party
(3) Tsakhiagiin Elbegdor.jpg Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(2nd term)
20 August 200413 January 2006511 2004 — 44.27%
(Hung State Great Khural)
Democratic Party
7 Miyeegombyn Enkhbold July 2016.jpg Miyeegombyn Enkhbold 25 January 200622 November 2007678State Great
Khural Resolution

(Hung State Great Khural)
People's Revolutionary Party
8 Sanjaa Bayar August 2009-6.jpg Sanjaagiin Bayar
(1st term)
22 November 200729 June 2008707State Great
Khural Resolution

(Hung State Great Khural)
People's Revolutionary Party
Sanjaagiin Bayar
(2nd term)
29 June 200829 October 2009 2008 — 52.67%
9 Sukhbaataryn Batbold (cropped).jpg Sükhbaataryn Batbold 29 October 200910 August 20121016State Great
Khural Resolution
People's Revolutionary Party (2009-10)
People's Party (2010-12)
10 No image.svg Norovyn Altankhuyag 10 August 20125 November 2014817 2012 — 35.32%
(Hung State Great Khural)
Democratic Party
During this interval, Dendeviin Terbishdagva was the Acting Prime Minister.
11 Chimediin Saikhanbileg 2015.jpg Chimediin Saikhanbileg 21 November 20147 July 2016594State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
12 Mongolia PM Jargatulgyn Erdenebat 2017.jpg Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat 7 July 20164 October 20171087 2016 — 45.69% People's Party
13 No image.svg Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh 4 October 2017633State Great
Khural Resolution
People's Party

Living former Prime Ministers

NameTerm of officeDate of birth
Dumaagiin Sodnom 1984.12.12–1990.03.2114 July 1933 (age 85)
Sharavyn Gungaadorj 1990.03.21–1990.09.112 May 1935 (age 84)
Dashiin Byambasüren 1990.09.11–1992.07.212 June 1942 (age 77)
Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan 1996–19981955 (age 6364)
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj 1998–1999
2004–2006
30 March 1963 (age 56)
Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal 1999–20002 February 1961 (age 58)
Nambaryn Enkhbayar 2000–20041 June 1958 (age 61)
Miyeegombyn Enkhbold 2006–200719 July 1964 (age 54)
Sanjaagiin Bayar 2007–20094 March 1956 (age 63)
Sükhbaataryn Batbold 2009–201224 June 1963 (age 56)
Norovyn Altankhuyag 2012–201420 January 1958 (age 61)
Chimediin Saikhanbileg 2014–201617 February 1969 (age 50)
Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat 2016–201717 June 1973 (age 46)

See also

President of Mongolia position

The President of Mongolia is the executive head of state of Mongolia.

Related Research Articles

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Nambaryn Enkhbayar Mongolian politician, Leader of Mongolian Peoples Revolutionary Party

Nambaryn Enkhbayar is a Mongolian politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Mongolia from 2000 to 2004, as Speaker of the Parliament from 2004 to 2005, and as President of Mongolia from 2005 to 2009. He is the first person to have held all of the top three positions in the Mongolian government. He was the chairman of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party from 1997 to 2005.

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Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan was the prime minister of Mongolia from July 7, 1996 to April 23, 1998, the first in 80 years not belonging to the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party.

State Great Khural

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Miyeegombyn Enkhbold Mongolian politician

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Balingiin Tserendorj former prime minister of Mongolia

Balingiin Tserendorj titles Khicheengui Said (Хичээнгүй Сайд, Diligent/Earnest Minister); Khicheengui Gün, was a prominent Mongolian political figure of the early 20th century who served as the first Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Mongolia from 1924 until his death in 1928. Between 1913 and 1924 he held several high-ranking positions within a succession of Mongolian governments including; the Bogd Khaanate (1911-1924), the Chinese occupation (1919-1921), and the puppet regime under Roman Ungern von Sternberg (1921).

Puntsagiin Jasrai was a Mongolian politician. He was the Prime Minister of Mongolia from 21 July 1992 until 19 July 1996.

Sanjaagiin Bayar Mongolian diplomat

Sanjaagiin Bayar is a Mongolian politician who was General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party from 22 November 2007 to 8 April 2009, and Prime Minister of Mongolia from 22 November 2007 to 29 October 2009. He announced on 26 October 2009, that he was going to resign his position as Prime Minister due to health reasons. He was replaced by Sükhbaataryn Batbold on 29 October 2009.

Sonomyn Luvsan was a prominent Mongolian politician and diplomat who was acting Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural of the Mongolian People's Republic or MPR from June 29, 1972 to June 11, 1974.

2013 Mongolian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Mongolia on 26 June 2013. The Democratic Party nominee, incumbent President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj was re-elected, defeating both Mongolian People's Party nominee of parliament member Badmaanyambuugiin Bat-Erdene and Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party nominee Natsagiin Udval, who was Minister of Health at the time of the election. Elbegdorj was inaugurated on 10 July 2013 for his second term in office.

References

  1. Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN   99929-0-627-8, p. 47