Premier of North Korea

Last updated
Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Incumbent
Kim Jae-ryong

since 11 April 2019
Inaugural holder Kim Il-sung
Formation9 September 1948
Coat of Arms of North Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
North Korea
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The Premier of the Cabinet [1] (Korean : 총리; Hanja : 總理; MR : Chongni) is nominally the non-executive head of government of North Korea. The office is also alternatively known as Prime Minister of North Korea. [2] The current premier is Kim Jae-ryong. [3]

Korean language Language spoken in Korea

The Korean language is an East Asian language spoken by about 77 million people. It is a member of the Koreanic language family and is the official and national language of both Koreas: North Korea and South Korea, with different standardized official forms used in each country. It is also one of the two official languages in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of Jilin province, China. It is also spoken in parts of Sakhalin, Ukraine, and Central Asia.

Hanja Korean language characters of Chinese origin

Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically, it refers to the Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation. Hanja-mal or Hanja-eo refers to words that can be written with Hanja, and hanmun refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "Hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because Hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and kyūjitai characters, though the stroke orders for some characters are slightly different. For example, the characters and are written as 敎 and 硏. Only a small number of Hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding Hanja characters.

McCune–Reischauer Korean language romanization system

McCune–Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer was the official romanization system in South Korea until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer is still used as the official system in North Korea.

Contents

History

Originally, under the 1948 Constitution of the DPRK, the Premier was the highest state post in North Korea. Kim Il-sung himself inaugurated the post, keeping it for 24 years until 1972, while the ceremonial role of the head of State rested in the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly.

Constitution of North Korea Constitution

The Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the constitution of North Korea. It states that the country is socialist and lays out the framework of the national government and the functions of the ruling state party, the Workers' Party of Korea in relation to the Cabinet and Supreme People's Assembly. The constitution is divided into 166 articles, split between three sections.

Kim Il-sung President of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea

Kim Il-sung was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994. He held the posts of Premier from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to 1994. He was also the leader of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) from 1949 to 1994. Coming to power after the end of Japanese rule in 1945, he authorized the invasion of South Korea in 1950, triggering an intervention in defense of South Korea by the United Nations led by the United States. Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953. He was the third longest-serving non-royal head of state/government in the 20th century, in office for more than 45 years.

Supreme Peoples Assembly North Korean legislature

The Supreme People's Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), commonly known as North Korea. It consists of one deputy from each of the DPRK's 687 constituencies, elected to five-year terms.

The 1972 Constitution created the post of President of the DPRK, which replaced the premiership as the top state post. The executive presidency was created with Kim in mind, and he transferred to that post soon after the Constitution was promulgated. The Premier was now the head of the Administration Council, but most of the powers of the former cabinet were passed to the Central People's Committee, the highest ruling council chaired by the president himself. The first premier after Kim Il-sung was his long-time ally Kim Il. The post was then officially known as Premier of the Administration Council (정무원 총리, jungmuwon chongni).

Kim Il (politician) North Korean politician

Kim Il was a North Korean politician. He was Premier from 28 December 1972 to 19 April 1976.

After Kim Il-sung died, the post of president remained vacant (officially Kim Il-sung was proclaimed Eternal President) as Kim Jong-il planned a new State reorganization. A constitution revision in 1998 abolished both the Central People's Committee and the Administration Council, re-creating the Cabinet.

Kim Jong-il General Secretary of the Workers Party of Korea

Kim Jong-il was the second leader of North Korea. He ruled from the death of his father Kim Il-sung, the first leader of North Korea, in 1994 until his own death in 2011. He was an unelected dictator and was often accused of human rights violations.

Functions

The Premier represents and oversees the cabinet, which is charged with executing the policies decided by the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea. The office has no policy-making authority of its own.

Cabinet of North Korea

The Cabinet of North Korea (Naegak) is, according to the Constitution of North Korea, the administrative and executive body and a general state-management organ in the Government of North Korea. The Cabinet's principal newspaper is Minju Choson.

Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea leadership body of the Workers Party of Korea

The Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea is the highest party body between WPK national meetings. According to WPK rules, the Central Committee is elected by the party congress and the party conference can be conferred the right to renew its membership composition. In practice, the Central Committee has the ability to dismiss and appoint new members without consulting with the wider party at its own plenary sessions.

The Premier is nominally part of a triumvirate overseeing North Korea's executive branch, alongside the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (i.e. the head of State) and the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission (i.e., the commander-in-chief). In practice, however, the SAC chairman, which is constitutionally defined as "the highest post in the state," exercises absolute control over the government and the country.

Chairman of the State Affairs Commission Head of State of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea

The Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, according to the country's constitution. The chairman directs the State Affairs Commission, which is the supreme leadership institution in North Korea, and heads the country's armed forces as the supreme commander of the Korean People's Army. The chairman is also the head of the party as the Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea.

On paper, the SAC chairman, SPA Presidium president and Premier have powers equivalent to one-third of those of a president's powers in most presidential systems. The SPA presidium chairman conducts foreign relations, the premier handles domestic matters and heads the government, and the SAC chairman (known as the chairman of the National Defence Commission before 2016) commands the armed forces. However, the Premier ranks as the lowest of the three: significantly, Kim Jong-il was NDC Chairman without interruption from 1993 until 2011, and Kim Yong-nam has been President of the SPA Presidium since 1998, while the premiers have often changed.

List of Premiers of North Korea

The following is a list of premiers of North Korea since its founding in 1948.

Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

조선민주주의인민공화국 내각 수상

No.PremierPolitical partyTerm of officeElectionHead of State
1 Kim Il Sung Portrait-2.jpg Kim Il-sung
김일성
(1912–1994)
Workers' Party of North Korea 9 September 194820 September 1957 1st SPA Kim Tu-bong.jpg
Kim Tu-bong
(1948-1957)
Workers' Party of North Korea
Workers' Party of Korea Workers' Party of Korea
20 September 195723 October 1962 2nd SPA Choe Yong-gon.jpg
Choe Yong-gon
(1957-1972)
Korean Social Democratic Party
Workers' Party of Korea
23 October 196216 December 1967 3rd SPA
16 December 196728 December 1972 4th SPA
Premier of the Administration Council of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

조선민주주의인민공화국 정무원 총리

No.PremierPolitical partyTerm of officeElectionHead of State
2 KimIl1974.jpg Kim Il
김일
(1910–1984)
Workers' Party of Korea 28 December 197230 April 1976 5th SPA Kim Il Sung Portrait-2.jpg
Kim Il-sung
(1972-1994)
Workers' Party of Korea
3 Emblem of North Korea.svg Pak Song-chol
박성철
(1913–2008)
Workers' Party of Korea 30 April 197615 December 1977
4 Li Jong-ok.jpg Ri Jong-ok
리종옥
(1916–1999)
Workers' Party of Korea 15 December 19776 April 1982 6th SPA
6 April 198225 January 1984 7th SPA
5 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kang Song-san
강성산
(1931–2007)
Workers' Party of Korea 25 January 198429 December 1986
6 Emblem of North Korea.svg Ri Kun-mo
리근모
(1926–2001)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 December 198612 December 1988 8th SPA
7 Emblem of North Korea.svg Yon Hyong-muk
연형묵
(1931–2005)
Workers' Party of Korea 12 December 198824 May 1990
24 May 199011 December 1992 9th SPA
(5) Emblem of North Korea.svg Kang Song-san
강성산
(1931–2007)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 December 199221 February 1997
Vacant
(1994-1998)
- Emblem of North Korea.svg Hong Song-nam
홍성남
(1929–2009)

Acting Premier of
the Administration Council

Workers' Party of Korea 21 February 19975 September 1998
Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

조선민주주의인민공화국 내각 총리

No.PremierPolitical partyTerm of officeElectionHead of State
8 Emblem of North Korea.svg Hong Song-nam
홍성남
(1929–2009)
Workers' Party of Korea 5 September 19983 September 2003 10th SPA Kim Yong-nam in Moscow.jpg
Kim Yong-nam
(1998-2019)
Workers' Party of Korea
9 Emblem of North Korea.svg Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 3 September 200311 April 2007 11th SPA
10 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Yong-il
김영일
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 20079 April 2009
9 April 20094 June 2010 12th SPA Kim Jong-il on August 24, 2011 (mini).jpg
Kim Jong-il
(2009-2011)
Workers' Party of Korea
11 Emblem of North Korea.svg Choe Yong-rim
최영림
(born 1930)
Workers' Party of Korea 4 June 20101 April 2013
(9)

Emblem of North Korea.svg

Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 1 April 20139 April 2014 Kim Jong-un IKS 2018.jpg
Kim Jong-un
(since 2012)
Workers' Party of Korea
9 April 201411 April 2019 13th SPA
12 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Jae-ryong
김재룡
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019Incumbent 14th SPA

Vice Premier of North Korea

The Premier is represented by a number of vice premiers, [3] who act as a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier.

They are: Im Chol-ung, Jon Kwang-ho, Kim Tok-hun, Ko In-ho, Ri Ju-o, Ri Mu-yong, Ri Ryong-nam, Ro Tu-chol, and Tong Jong-ho. [3]

Previous officer holders include:

See also

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References

  1. "Constitution - The Cabinet". Naenara . Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  2. United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities , p. PA1552, at Google Books
  3. 1 2 3 "Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments: Korea, North - NDE". Central Intelligence Agency. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  4. "N Korea vice-premier 'executed'". 12 August 2015 via www.bbc.com.
  5. (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "North Korea executes vice premier, says Seoul - DW - 31.08.2016". DW.COM.