|President of the Kyrgyz Republic |
Кыргыз Республикасынын Президенти (Kyrgyz)
Президент Кыргызской Республики (Russian)
|Style|| Mr. President (informally)|
Comrade Commander-in-Chief (military)
His Excellency (international correspondence)
|Residence|| White House |
Ala Archa State Residence
|Term length||6 years, non-renewable|
|Inaugural holder||Askar Akayev|
|Formation||27 October 1990|
|Salary||1 281 609 som annually|
|Website||President of Kyrgyz Republic|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The president of Kyrgyzstan is the head of state and the highest official of the Kyrgyz Republic. The president, according to the constitution, "is the symbol of the unity of people and state power, and is the guarantor of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, and of an individual and citizen." The president is directly elected for no more than one six-year term by the Kyrgyz electorate. The office of president was established in 1990 replacing the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet that existed, in different forms, from 1927 whilst the country was known as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.
The first popularly elected officeholder was Askar Akayev, who served from October 1990 until March 24, 2005. In July 2005, Kurmanbek Bakiyev was elected. He was re-elected in 2009, but large riots in April 2010 forced him to resign and flee the country. Roza Otunbayeva was selected in April 2010 to head the interim government. She was officially inaugurated on July 3, 2010, as president for a limited term, until elections could be organised. Her successor, Almazbek Atambayev, was elected in the 2011 Kyrgyzstani presidential election and subsequently succeeded Otunbayeva on 1st December that year.
On October 16, 2017, Sooronbay Jeenbekov, the former prime minister of Kyrgyzstan, was elected president of the country. He took office on 24 November 2017.
Upon taking office, the president raises his/her right arm and puts it on the Kyrgyz Constitution while reciting the following oath:
Мен, (аты-жөнү), Кыргыз Республикасынын Президентинин кызматына киришип жатып, өз элимдин алдында жана Ала-Тоо ыйык Ата, мен ант Кыргыз Республикасынын Башмыйзамынын сыйлоого жана коргоого жана анын мыйзамдарын, Кыргыз Республикасынын мамлекеттик, урмат-сый эгемендигин жана көз карандысыздыгын коргоого жана урмат-сый менен Кыргыз Республикасынын бардык жарандарынын эркиндиги менен укуктарын камсыз кылуу жана талыкпай жогорку милдеттерин жүзөгө ашыруу үчүн Кыргыз Республикасынын президенти, бүткүл эл ишенип мага жүктөгөн! Кудай бизди коргой берсин!
Я (полное имя), вступая в должность Президента Кыргызской Республики, перед своим народом и священным отечеством Ала-Тоо, клянусь уважать и защищать Конституцию Кыргызской Республики и ее законы, защищать суверенитет и независимость Кыргызского государства, уважать и обеспечивать права и свободы всех граждан Кыргызской Республики с честью и неустанно выполнять высокие обязанности Президент Кыргызской Республики, доверил мне доверие всего народа! Да защитит нас Бог!
I, (full name) in assuming the office of President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my people and the sacred fatherland of Ala-Too, I swear to respect and protect the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic and its laws, to protect the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz state, respect and ensure the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic with honor and tirelessly carry out the high duties of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, entrusted to me by the confidence of the whole people! May God protect us!
The office of president is open to all citizens of Kyrgyzstan who are no younger than 35 years of age, and no older than 65 years of age. A candidate must have a command of the state language, and have resided in the republic for no less than 15 years before the nomination of his or her candidacy for the position. The president cannot be a deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament), occupy other positions, or carry out entrepreneurial activities, and must suspend activity in political parties and organizations for their period in office.
On taking office the president must take the following oath, stipulated by Article 45 of the constitution, within 30 days of election before the assembled members of the legislative chamber:
"I, ..., assuming the office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my People and the Sacred homeland Ala-Too do swear:
to sacredly observe and defend the Constitution and laws of the Kyrgyz Republic; to defend the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz State;
to respect and guarantee the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic; with honor and tirelessly to perform the great responsibility of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic entrusted to me by the confidence of all the People!".
The president is elected by the citizens of Kyrgyzstan by a majority of votes cast. These elections are held on the basis of universal suffrage, and by secret ballot. To become a candidate a person must obtain the signatures of fifty thousand registered voters.
For an election to be considered valid the turnout must not be lower than fifty percent. Similarly, if a candidate wins the backing of fifty percent of the voters who participated they are the winner. Should no candidate win an outright majority in the first round, the two candidates with the highest number of votes face each other in a second ballot.
The Inauguration ceremony of the president of Kyrgyzstan is a ceremony that takes place to mark the start of a new term for the president of Kyrgyzstan.
List of inaugural ceremonies
|Date||President||Location Place||Document Sworn On||Notes|
|December 10, 1991||Askar Akayev||White House, Bishkek||Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR||It was the first presidential inauguration in the history of Kyrgyzstan.|
|October 29, 1995||Askar Akayev||White House, Bishkek||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|December 24, 2000||Askar Akayev||Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|August 14, 2005||Kurmanbek Bakiyev||Ala-Too Square||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan||It took place on Ala-Too Square for the first time. The president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, the prime minister of Tajikistan, Oqil Oqilov, the Chairman of the National Assembly of Belarus, Gennady Novitsky, the minister of Defense of Turkey, Vecdi Gönül, and the minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Borys Tarasyuk attended the inauguration.|
|August 2, 2009||Kurmanbek Bakiyev||Government House, Bishkek||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|July 3, 2010||Roza Otunbayeva||Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|December 1, 2011||Almazbek Atambayev||Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan||He was inaugurated on December 1, 2011. The ceremony was attended by the president of Turkey, Abdullah Gul, and president of Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili. The ceremony budget cost less than half of what was spent for inauguration ceremony of Kurmanbek Bakiev in 2009.|
|November 24, 2017||Sooronbay Jeenbekov||Ala Archa State Residence||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan||Ala Archa State Residence.It was the first inauguration ceremony to take place at the|
The head of state holds significant power as provided for in the constitution. This states that they have the authority to:
The president may be dismissed from office by Parliament only on the basis of a charge made by the Legislative Assembly of state treason or another grievous crime supported by a ruling of the Constitutional Court. Such a decision requires the support of two-thirds of the Jogorku Kenesh who are immediately dismissed should the president be found innocent.
If the president becomes unable to carry out their duties for reasons such as death, illness or impeachment, the prime minister shall carry out their duties until the election of a new head of state. This must take place within three months of the termination of their Presidency.
Before 2017, Kyrgyzstan knew no peaceful transition of power from the president to president. Both Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiev were forced to leave their chairs by a civil unrest. Almazbek Atambayev was succeeded by Sooronbay Jeenbekov in 2017.
The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.
|Picture||Took office||Left office||Political party|
| Askar Akayev |
|27 October 1990||29 October 1995||Independent|
|29 October 1995||29 October 2000|
|29 October 2000||24 March 2005|
|2|| Ishenbai Kadyrbekov |
|24 March 2005||25 March 2005||Independent|
| Kurmanbek Bakiyev |
|25 March 2005||14 August 2005||People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan|
|14 August 2005||15 October 2007|
|3||15 October 2007||23 July 2009||Ak Jol|
|23 July 2009||7 April 2010|
|4|| Roza Otunbayeva |
|7 April 2010|
|3 July 2010||Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan|
|4||3 July 2010||1 December 2011|
| Almazbek Atambayev |
|1 December 2011||24 November 2017||Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan|
| Sooronbay Jeenbekov |
|24 November 2017||Incumbent|
(Term ends on 24 November 2023)
|Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan|
The history of the Kyrgyz people and the land now called Kyrgyzstan goes back more than 3,000 years. Although geographically isolated by its mountainous location, it had an important role as part of the historical Silk Road trade route. In between periods of self-government it was ruled by Göktürks, the Uyghur Empire, and the Khitan people, before being conquered by the Mongols in the 13th century; subsequently it regained independence but was invaded by Kalmyks, Manchus and Uzbeks. In 1876 it became part of the Russian Empire, remaining in the USSR as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic after the Russian Revolution. Following Mikhael Gorbachev's democratic reforms in the USSR, in 1990 pro-independence candidate Askar Akayev was elected president of the SSR. On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow, and a democratic government was subsequently established.
The Politics of Kyrgyzstan, officially known as the Kyrgyz Republic takes place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan is head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Kyrgyzstan a "hybrid regime" in 2019.
Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic and also known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek.
The Tulip Revolution or First Kyrgyz Revolution led to President of Kyrgyzstan, Askar Akayev's fall from power. The revolution began after parliamentary elections on February 27 and March 13, 2005. The revolutionaries alleged corruption and authoritarianism by Akayev, his family and supporters. Akayev fled to Kazakhstan and then to Russia. On April 4, 2005, at the Kyrgyz embassy in Moscow, Akayev signed his resignation statement in the presence of a Kyrgyz parliamentary delegation. The resignation was ratified by the Kyrgyz interim parliament on April 11, 2005.
Roza Isakovna Otunbayeva is a Kyrgyz diplomat and politician who served as the President of Kyrgyzstan from 7 April 2010 until 1 December 2011. She was sworn in on July 3, 2010, after acting as interim leader following the 2010 April revolution which led to the ousting of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. She previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and as head of the parliamentary caucus for the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan.
Kurmanbek Saliyevich Bakiyev is a politician who served as the second President of Kyrgyzstan, from 2005 to 2010. Large opposition protests in April 2010 led to the takeover of government offices, forcing Bakiyev to flee the country.
Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev is a Kyrgyz politician who served as the President of Kyrgyzstan from 1 December 2011 to 24 November 2017. He was Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 17 December 2010 to 1 December 2011, and from 29 March 2007 to 28 November 2007. He served as Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK) from 30 July 1999 to 23 September 2011. Currently he is imprisoned, facing charges of corruption and manslaughter.
The Government of Kyrgyzstan is an executive body which exercises its authority and power through the Cabinet of Ministers led by Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan as head of government. The status and provisions of the government are determined by Section V of the Constitution of Kyrgyzstan. The cabinet consists of the deputy prime ministers, ministers and the chairmen of state committees.
Kyrgyzstan–Uzbekistan relations refers to the bilateral diplomatic relations between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Kyrgyz Republic. Uzbekistan dominates southern Kyrgyzstan both economically and politically, based on the large Uzbek population in that region of Kyrgyzstan and on economic and geographic conditions. Much of Kyrgyzstan depends entirely on Uzbekistan for natural gas; on several occasions, Uzbekistan president Islam Karimov has achieved political ends by shutting pipelines or by adjusting terms of delivery. In a number of television appearances broadcast in the Osh and Jalal-Abad provinces of Kyrgyzstan, Karimov has addressed Akayev with considerable condescension; Akayev, in turn, has been highly deferential to his much stronger neighbor. Although Uzbekistan has not shown overt expansionist tendencies, the Kyrgyz government is acutely aware of the implications of Karimov's assertions that he is responsible for the well-being of all Uzbeks, regardless of their nation of residence. The Kyrgyz deposed President said in an interview "It is like we are heroin addicts but instead of heroin its energy we are addicted to-but not addicted as such, we just need it like everybody else does, so in fact heroin makes a bad comparison but I will stick with it- anyway its like Uzbekistan is our dealer, this is where the comparison is good, because heroin dealers are nasty and so is Uzbekistan, they play games, they get us to sell our bodies for the heroin, our bodies being bread, land and labor. Like a procurer, they do not give a fair deal, and thus they exploit others. The situation is clear when one considers it in these terms."
Bakyt Beshimov is a leader of parliamentary fraction and deputy chairman of Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan. Bakyt Beshimov is a prominent opposition leader, famous for his liberal views, and speaking out against Kurmanbek Bakiyev's and Askar Akayev's regimes.
Presidential elections were held in Kyrgyzstan on 23 July 2009. The date was set after the constitutional court ruled that the extension of the presidential term from four to five years did not apply until the next presidential election, calling for elections by 25 October 2009; in response, a parliament committee proposed the July election date, which was then passed by the incumbent president Kurmanbek Bakiyev's Ak Jol-dominated parliament. Bakiyev had previously announced his intention to run for reelection. Bakiyev was re-nominated on 1 May 2009.
Early presidential elections were held in Kyrgyzstan on 30 October 2011 to replace Interim President Roza Otunbayeva. Former Prime Minister Almazbek Atambayev of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan won in the first round.
The current constitution of Kyrgyzstan was passed by referendum on June 27, 2010, replacing the previous constitution. It introduced a strong parliament to the country, reducing the power of the historically strong president. The constitution is similar in many ways to the previous one.
The following lists events that happened during 2010 in Kyrgyzstan.
The State Committee for Defense Affairs, also informally known as the Ministry of Defense of the Kyrgyz Republic is the main executive body responsible for the Armed Forces of Kyrgyzstan, having the authority to is responsible for the readiness of the military command and control bodies in its ranks. In accordance with legislation connected to the armed forces. The current Minister of Defense is Colonel Erlis Terdikbayev.
Myktybek Yusupovich Abdyldayev is a Kyrgyz politician, and current member of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan as deputy for the Bir Bol party.
The title Hero of the Kyrgyz Republic is a state award of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The Inauguration of Sooronbay Jeenbekov as the President of Kyrgyzstan took place on November 24, 2017, in the Enesay reception house of the Ala Archa State Residence in Bishkek. The inauguration was declared the first peaceful transnation of power in Kyrgyzstan in its 26-year history by foreign analyst.
Erlan Abdyldayev (Kyrgyz: Эрла́н Беке́шович Абдылда́ев is a Kyrgyz diplomat who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan from 2012 to 2018.