Sadyr Japarov

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Sadyr Japarov
Садыр Жапаров
Acting President of Kyrgyzstan
Assumed office
16 October 2020 (2020-10-16)
Preceded by Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
Assumed office
10 October 2020 (2020-10-10)
Disputed term: 6 – 14 October
President Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Preceded by Kubatbek Boronov
Personal details
Born (1968-12-06) 6 December 1968 (age 51)
Keng-Suu, Tüp District, Issyk-Kul Region, Kirghiz SSR
Political party Mekenchil
Other political

Sadyr Nurgozhoevich Japarov [sɑdɯr nurʁodʒojevit͡ʃ d͡ʒɑpɑrov] (Kyrgyz : Садыр Нургожоевич Жапаров, Sadır Nurgojoyeviç Japarov; born 6 December 1968) is a Kyrgyz politician currently serving as president and prime minister of Kyrgyzstan in the interim government following the resignation of Sooronbay Jeenbekov amidst electoral protests. [1] [2]


Early life and education

Japarov was born in Keng-Suu, a village in the Tüp District of the Issyk-Kul Region. After finishing his middle school education in 1986, he joined to the Kyrgyz National Academy of Physical Culture and Sport. In 1987, Japarov was drafted into the Soviet Army, where he served for two years in Novosibirsk as a commander in a telecommunications division. From 1989 to 1991, Japarov continued his education in the academy. In 2006, Japarov graduated from the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University with a degree in law.[ citation needed ]

Early political career

Japarov began his political career after the 2005 Tulip Revolution. In March 2005, he was elected as member of the Supreme Council from the Tyup electoral district where he headed the Kelechek parliamentary faction. He was a supporter of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. In 2006, Japarov was a member of the State Awards Commission. In 2007, he was Deputy Chairman of the Amnesty Commission. [3]

In the 2007 parliamentary elections, he participated in the lists of the pro-presidential party Ak Jol, which won the majority of seats in parliament, but went on to work as an adviser to the president. From 2008 to 2010, Japarov worked as an authorized representative of the National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption. [3]

In 2010, President Bakiyev was overthrown in the Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010. As a result of interethnic clashes that took place soon in Osh and Jalal-Abad, Japarov and his associates took an active part, which according to their own statements, they tried to prevent clashes. However they were accused by opponents in supporting the Kyrgyz nationalists. [3]

In the October 2010 elections, he was reelected as a member of Supreme Council on the party list of Ata-Zhurt which led by Kamchybek Tashiev, which won the majority of seats. From there, he became the chairman of the Committee on Judicial and Legal issues. [3]

Since 2012, Japarov has advocated the nationalization of the Kumtor gold mine located in his native Issyk-Kul Region, and accused the management company, Centerra Gold, of environmental violations and corruption. In this regard, he gained popularity among his fellow countrymen. [3]

Exile and imprisonment

During one of the rallies for the nationalization of Kumtor in the fall of 2012, the protesters attempted to take over the White House in Bishkek. Tashiev and Japarov were both charged under Article 295 of the Criminal Code of the Kyrgyz Republic "Forcible seizure of power or forcible retention of power." In March 2013, the Pervomaisky District Court of Bishkek found them guilty and sentenced them to one year and six months in prison. But in June 2013, the Bishkek City Court acquitted the politicians and released them in the courtroom. [4]

On 27 June 2013, during the protests against Kumtor in Karakol, the protesters tried to kidnap the akim of the region Emilbek Kaptagaev and take him hostage. The Kyrgyz authorities accused Japarov and Kubanychbek Kadyrov of organizing the plan. The protest leaders were detained, but Japarov, who denied his involvement, fled Kyrgyzstan where he lived for some time in Cyprus. [5] [3]

In 2017, Japarov attempted to return to Kyrgyzstan. On 25 March 2017, he was detained at the Kyrgyz-Kazakh border. In the case of allegedly attempting to kidnap Emilbek Kaptagaev hostage, he was sentenced to 11 years and 6 months in prison. [3]

Presidency and prime ministership

On 5 October 2020, protests and demonstrations against the results of the parliamentary elections began throughout Kyrgyzstan. [6]

After the release of Japarov from a seized government building on 6 October, he was taken to Ala-Too Square in Bishkek where he sought appointment to become prime minister. [7] Members of parliament staying at the Dostuk Hotel approved his appointment that night, however with the opposition's nomination, Tilek Toktogaziev, declaring himself to instead be the legitimate head of government. [8] Toktogaziev asserted the election to be illegal, claiming that members were pressured by Japarov's supporters who had gathered near the hotel. [9] Opponents of Japarov also highlighted the absence of a quorum (minimum attendance threshold) and a violation of parliamentary procedure. [5]

On 13 October, then-President Sooronbay Jeenbekov rejected Japarov's appointment as prime minister due to proxy voting occurring. [10] [11] [12] Jeenbekov requested for the parliament to reconvene and vote again for the nomination; this happened the following day, with Japarov again winning parliamentary nomination. [13] Japarov successfully was approved as prime minister by Jeenbekov, however was initially unsuccessful in persuading the president to step down until a new general election could be held. [14] [15] [12]

The following day, on 15 October, Jeenbekov resigned from the presidency, leading Japarov to declare himself as acting president. [16] [17] Despite the Kyrgyzstan Constitution stating that the speaker of the Supreme Council should succeed the role, Kanatbek Isaev refused to assume office, resulting in Japarov becoming the acting president. [18] [19] He was confirmed as president of Kyrgyzstan by parliament on 16 October 2020. [20] Under the Kyrgyzstan constitution, presidential elections are to be held within three months of the termination of the preceding president; the electoral commission has not set the date as of 18 October 2020. [21]

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History of Kyrgyzstan Historical development of Kyrgyzstan

The history of the Kyrgyz people and the land now called Kyrgyzstan goes back more than 3,000 years. Although geographically isolated by its mountainous location, it had an important role as part of the historical Silk Road trade route. In between periods of self-government it was ruled by Göktürks, the Uyghur Empire, and the Khitan people, before being conquered by the Mongols in the 13th century; subsequently it regained independence but was invaded by Kalmyks, Manchus and Uzbeks. In 1876 it became part of the Russian Empire, remaining in the USSR as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic after the Russian Revolution. Following Mikhael Gorbachev's democratic reforms in the USSR, in 1990 pro-independence candidate Askar Akayev was elected president of the SSR. On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow, and a democratic government was subsequently established.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Kubatbek Boronov
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan