Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi
عبد الرحمن محمد عبد الله
|4th Speaker of the Somaliland House of Representatives|
November 2005 –2 August 2017
|Preceded by||Ahmed Mohamed Adan|
|Succeeded by||Bashe Mohamed Farah|
|Chairman of Waddani|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Born||24 April 1955|
Hargeisa, British Somaliland (now Somaliland)
|Political party|| Justice and Welfare Party (until 2010)|
Waddani (since 2012)
|Alma mater|| SOS Sheikh Secondary School |
American University (MBA)
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi (Somali : Cabdiraxmaan Maxamed Cabdillaahi Cirro, Arabic : عبد الرحمن محمد عبد الله) (born 24 April 1955), also known as Irro, is a Somaliland politician, who served as speaker of Somaliland House of Representatives (lower chamber) of the first-elected parliament. He was elected to the position in November 2005 and served until August 2017. Abdullahi also previously co-founded the Justice and Welfare (UCID) party. He is likewise the founder and chairman of the Waddani party.
Professionally, Abdullahi worked at the Settlement Development Agency (Dan-wadaagaha) in different parts of Somalia. From 1981, he took on a position in the foreign service of the Somali Democratic Republic. Abdullahi also served in the Somali Embassy as the first consular in Moscow, which covered the entire Soviet Union.In 1991, he was re-appointed as Somalia's acting Ambassador to the Soviet Union. In this capacity, Abdullahi assisted the many Somali expatriates who had left Somalia following outbreak of the civil war. He later relocated to Finland in 1996 to join his family, who had moved there a few years prior, and subsequently received Finnish citizenship.
In 2002, Abdullahi jointly formed the For Justice and Development (UCID) political party with Faysal Ali Warabe, a political association aimed at assisting in the reconstruction process in Somaliland. He was subsequently elected in the 2005 Somaliland parliamentary election to represent the UCID party in Sahil.
The UCID political party was the first opposition party formally formed in Somaliland after the ruling UDUB party, while other politicians generally focused their opposition against the region's incumbent Egal administration (AHN). UCID also supported the referendum which put the foundation for the multi-party system, a process which many politicians have opposed and saw favouring Egal (AHN).
Somaliland held elections to an 82-member House of Representatives on 29 September 2005.It was the first multi-party parliamentary election conducted in Somaliland since 1991, when the civil war began.
The 2017 Somaliland presidential election was the third direct presidential election since 2003, held nominally on 13 November 2017. The result was a victory for ruling Kulmiye party candidate Muse Bihi Abdi, who received 55% of the vote. Muse Bihi Abdi defeated Abdirahman Mohammed Abdullahi.
The president of Somaliland is the head of state and head of government of Somaliland. There is no prime minister. The president is also commander-in-chief of the Somaliland Armed Forces. The president represents the Government of Somaliland. The first president of Somaliland was Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur. The current office-holder is the 5th president Muse Bihi Abdi, since 13 December 2017. The President can serve a maximum of two five-year terms. The Republic of Somaliland regards itself as the successor state to the former British Somaliland Protectorate, which was an independent country for a few days in 1960 as the State of Somaliland.
The Isaaq is a Somali clan. It is one of the major Somali clans in the Horn of Africa, with a large and densely populated traditional territory.
The Justice and Welfare Party, sometimes translated as the Justice and Welfare Association, is the oldest political party in Somaliland. The party tends to be supported by people from the Garhajis clan and some sub-clans of the Dir.
The Kulmiye Peace, Unity and Development Party, also known as simply Kulmiye, is the current ruling political party in Somaliland. The party was founded by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud in May 2002, ahead of the first municipal elections later that year. The party is mainly supported by people from the Habr Je'lo, Habr Awal clan and the Darod clans.
The politics of Somaliland take place within a hybrid system of governance, which, under the Somaliland constitution, combines traditional and western institutions. The constitution separates government into an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch, each of which functions independently from the others.
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of the Somaliland, with the House of Elders being the upper house.
The Habr Awal, also contemporarily known as the Subeer Awal, and alternately romanized as the Zubeyr Awal is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family, and is further divided into eight sub-clans of whom the two largest and most prominent are the Sa'ad Musa and Issa Musa sub-clans. Its members form a part of the Habr Magaadle confederation. The Habr Awal traditionally consists of nomadic pastoralists, coastal people, merchants and farmers. They are historically viewed as an affluent clan relative to other Somali clans. The Habr Awal are politically and economically influential in present-day Somaliland, and reside in strategic coastal and fertile lands.
The University of Hargeisa is a public university located in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland. The institution was founded in 2000. It is the leading and largest higher education institution in the country and provides a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses in different fields.
The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide to Somaliland:
Presidential elections were held in Somaliland on 13 November 2017, the third direct presidential election since 2003. General elections had been scheduled to be held in Somaliland on 27 March 2017 to elect both the President and House of Representatives, but were initially postponed by six months due to the drought condition in the region. The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held separately on 13 November. Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye) did not run for a second term.
Abdirahman Abdallahi Ismail Saylici is a Somaliland politician who has been Vice President of Somaliland, after winning the election of 2010 together with Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud Silanyo. He continued as Vice President in the cabinet of Muse Bihi Abdi. Both are members of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party.
Musa Bihi Abdi is a Somaliland politician and former military officer who has been President of Somaliland since December 2017. During the 1970s, he served as a pilot in the Somali Air Force under the Siad Barre administration. In 2010, Bihi was appointed the Chairman of the ruling Kulmiye in the self-declared Republic of Somaliland. In November 2015, Bihi was selected as the party's Presidential Candidate at the 5th annual central committee convention.
The Somaliland National Party, sometimes referred to as the Waddani National Party and better known by its shortened Somali form Waddani, is a political party in Somaliland. The party was founded by Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi (Irro) in 2012, ahead of the second municipal elections later that year.
Parliamentary elections were held in Somaliland on 31 May 2021, alongside local district elections. The election was the region's first parliamentary election since 2005, and politicians pointed to the election as evidence of political stability. Three parties – the populist Somaliland National Party (Waddani), the centre-left Justice and Welfare Party (UCID), and the ruling party, the liberal Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party – put forward 246 candidates who competed for 82 seats in the House of Representatives. More than one million people, out of about four million residents total, registered to vote. On 6 June, the National Electoral Commission (NEC) announced that Waddani had received a plurality of seats with 31; Kulmiye received 30, and UCID received 21. As no party had received an outright majority, Waddani and UCID announced they would form a political alliance.
Events of 2018 in Somaliland.
Events of 2017 in Somaliland.
Events in the year 2021 in Somaliland.