Prime Minister of Singapore

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Prime Minister of
the Republic of Singapore
Crest of the Prime Minister of Singapore.png
Prime Minister's Crest
Lee Hsien-Loong - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012 cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Lee Hsien Loong, MP

since 12 August 2004
Style The Honourable
Residence Sri Temasek
Appointer President of the Republic of Singapore
Term length 5 years or earlier, renewable.
The Parliament of Singapore must be dissolved every 5 years or earlier by the Prime Minister. The leader of the majority party in the parliament will become the Prime Minister.
Inaugural holder Lee Kuan Yew
Formation3 June 1959
Salary S$2.2 million per annum
Website www.pmo.gov.sg
Coat of arms of Singapore.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Singapore
Constitution
Flag of Singapore.svg Singaporeportal

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore (Singapura); Chinese :新加坡共和国总理, pinyin: Xīnjiāpō gònghéguó zǒnglǐ; Tamil : சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசின் பிரதமர், Ciṅkappūr kuṭiyaraciṉ piratamar) is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore, and the most powerful person in Singapore. The President of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. In practice, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the majority party in the legislature.

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Tamil language language

Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language of two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore and official language of the Indian state Tamil Nadu. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Indian Union Territory of Puducherry. It is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

A head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. The term "head of government" is often differentiated from the term "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Contents

Under the Constitution of Singapore, executive power is vested in the President. However, the Constitution also vests "general direction and control of the government" in the Cabinet. The President is almost always bound to act on the advice of the Cabinet or any minister acting under Cabinet authority. Thus, in practice, most of the actual work of governing is done by the Prime Minister and Cabinet. The office of Prime Minister dates back to 1959 and was appointed at first by the Governor of Singapore then the Yang di-Pertuan Negara (vice-regal head of state), when Singapore achieved self-governance as the State of Singapore within the British Empire. The title of Prime Minister remained unchanged after the merger with the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and North Borneo, while Singapore was a state in the Federation of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965, and after independence in 1965.

Constitution of Singapore Supreme law of Singapore

The Constitution of the Republic of Singapore is the supreme law of Singapore. A written constitution, the text which took effect on 9 August 1965 is derived from the Constitution of the State of Singapore 1963, provisions of the Federal Constitution of Malaysia made applicable to Singapore by the Republic of Singapore Independence Act 1965, and the Republic of Singapore Independence Act itself. The text of the Constitution is one of the legally binding sources of constitutional law in Singapore, the others being judicial interpretations of the Constitution, and certain other statutes. Non-binding sources are influences on constitutional law such as soft law, constitutional conventions, and public international law.

Yang di-Pertuan Negara, translated from Malay as "(he) who is Lord", is a title for the Head of State, and has been used as an official title at various times in Singapore and Brunei.

Self-governance of Singapore

The self-governance of Singapore was carried out in several stages. Since Singapore's founding in 1819, Singapore had been under the colonial rule of the United Kingdom. The first local elections on a limited scale for several positions in the government of Singapore started in 1948 following an amendment to the Constitution of Singapore.

The late Lee Kuan Yew was the first prime minister of Singapore from 1959 to 1990. Lee was succeeded by Goh Chok Tong and was conferred the title of Senior Minister in the Prime Minister's Office. Goh retired on 12 August 2004 and was succeeded by Lee Kuan Yew's son Lee Hsien Loong. Goh was appointed Senior Minister, and the elder Lee Minister Mentor. Lee and Goh resigned from the Cabinet in 2011 but remained as members of Parliament.

Lee Kuan Yew First Prime Minister of Singapore

Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ, commonly referred to by his initials LKY, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades. Lee is recognised as the nation's founding father, with the country described as transitioning from the "third world to first world in a single generation" under his leadership.

Goh Chok Tong Singaporean politician

Goh Chok Tong is a Singaporean politician. A member of the People's Action Party (PAP), he became Singapore's second Prime Minister on 28 November 1990, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew, and served in the role until 12 August 2004, when he stepped down and was succeeded by Lee Hsien Loong. He subsequently served as Senior Minister until May 2011, and as Chairman of the Monetary Authority Of Singapore (MAS). He continues to serve as a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the Marine Parade Group Representation Constituency and holds the honorary title of "Emeritus Senior Minister". Recently, in November 2018, he released his autobiography, Tall Order: The Goh Chok Tong Story which will be the first volume of a two-part biography.

Senior Minister is a political office in the Cabinet of Singapore. The holder of this office is typically a former Prime Minister or former Deputy Prime Minister.

List of Prime Ministers of Singapore (1959–present) [1]

PortraitName
(birth and death)
Constituency
Term of officePartyTime in office
1 Lee Kuan Yew cropped.jpg Lee Kuan Yew
李光耀
லீ குவான் இயூ
(1923–2015)
MP for Tanjong Pagar GRC, 1955-2015
5 June 195928 November 1990 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party 31 years, 178 days
1959, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988
The first Prime Minister of Singapore and the youngest to be elected in the office, at the age of 35. He is the longest-serving Prime Minister of Singapore. His tenure led to the expansion of Singapore's economy from a British Crown Colony into a first world country. He introduced the National Service (NS) scheme, with the help of his Defence Minister Goh Keng Swee. He introduced the Stop-At-Two child policy in 1960s, for fearing of over expansion of Singapore population. In the 1980s, he introduced the Graduate Mother Scheme to counter the effects of the previous policy, which received a huge backlash. The policy was withdrawn shortly thereafter. He led the PAP into 8 consecutive election victories. During his tenure, Singapore grew to become the most prosperous nation in South-east Asia. [2]
2 GohChokTong-WashingtonDC-20010614.jpg Goh Chok Tong
吴作栋
கோ சொக் தொங்
(b. 1941)
MP for Marine Parade GRC, 1988-
28 November 199012 August 2004 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party 13 years, 258 days
1991, 1997, 2001
The second Prime Minister of Singapore. He introduced several major policies and policy institutions, such as Medisave, Non-constituency Members of Parliament, Government Parliamentary Committees, Group Representation Constituencies, Nominated Members of Parliament, the Vehicle Quota Scheme, the direct election of the President and Singapore 21. During his tenure Singapore experienced several crises, such as the 1997 Asian financial crisis, threats of terrorism including the 2001 Singapore embassies attack plot by Jemaah Islamiyah, the 2001–2003 economic recession, and the 2003 SARS outbreak. He also introduced the Baby Bonus scheme in a bid to increase birth rates. Prior his appointment as PM, he served as Senior Minister of State for Finance, Minister for Trade and Industry, Minister for Health, Minister for Defence and first Deputy Prime Minister. [3]
3 Lee Hsien Loong - 20101112.jpg Lee Hsien Loong
李显龙
லீ சியன் லூங்
(b. 1952)
MP for Ang Mo Kio GRC, 1991-
12 August 2004Incumbent PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party 14 years, 192 days
2006, 2011, 2015
The third Prime Minister of Singapore. He introduced the five-day working week for civil servants, with the hope of increasing the birth rate. One of his major accomplishments was to propose the building of 2 Integrated Resorts (IR) in Singapore. It created a huge avenue for Singapore's economy. Singapore hosted the inaugural summer Youth Olympic Games in 2010. He promoted the abolition of school ranking. In 2013, he presided over the worst haze crisis and worst Dengue epidemic in Singapore. Prior to his appointment as PM, he served as Deputy Prime Minister (1991–2004), Minister of Finance, Minister of Trade and Industry.

Timeline

Lee Hsien LoongGoh Chok TongLee Kuan YewPrime Minister of Singapore

Living former Prime Minister

NameTerm of officeDate of birth
Goh Chok Tong
1990–2004
20 May 1941 (age 77)

List of Deputy Prime Ministers

The role of Deputy Prime Minister is the second-highest post and senior Cabinet Minister in Singapore. The holder will sometimes assume the role of Acting Prime Minister when the PM is temporarily absent. Since the mid-1980s, Singapore has usually had two Deputy Prime Ministers at a time. Only Ong Teng Cheong and Tony Tan served under more than one Prime Minister during their time as Deputy Prime Minister.

Ong Teng Cheong Singaporean politician

Ong Teng Cheong, was a Singaporean politician and architect who was the fifth President of Singapore & Commander-in-Chief of Singapore Armed Forces from 1993 to 1999. Prior to taking office as President. Formerly a member of the country's governing People's Action Party (PAP), he was the Cabinet Minister, Senior Minister of State for Communications & Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore and was Singapore's first directly elected president, serving a six-year term from 1 September 1993 to 31 August 1999.

Tony Tan 7th President of the Republic of Singapore

Tony Tan Keng Yam is a Singaporean politician who was the seventh President of Singapore & Commander-in-Chief of Singapore Armed Forces, holding office from 2011 to 2017 after winning the Singaporean presidential election, 2011. Formerly a member of the country's governing People's Action Party (PAP), he was the Minister for Finance, Minister for Defence, Minister for Education, Coordinating Minister for Security and Defence and Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) representing Sembawang GRC between 1988 and 2006 and Sembawang SMC between 1979 and 1988. He is the only living former president of Singapore.

In the cabinet of Goh Chok Tong in the 1990s to 2004, current Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and former President Tony Tan were the deputy prime ministers, with the latter only joining after Ong Teng Cheong officially left to fulfill his term as the President of Singapore.

Lee Hsien Loong Prime Minister of Singapore

Lee Hsien Loong is a Singaporean politician serving as the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore since 2004. He took over the leadership of the People's Action Party (PAP) when former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong stepped down from the position to become the new Senior Minister. Lee then led his party to victory in the 2006, 2011 and 2015 general elections. He began his current term on 15 January 2016 following the opening of Singapore's 13th Parliament. Lee is the eldest son of Singapore's first Prime Minister, Lee Kuan Yew.

President of Singapore head of state of the Republic of Singapore

The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state. Singapore has a parliamentary system of government. Executive authority is exercised by the Cabinet led by the Prime Minister of Singapore. The current president is Halimah Yacob, who was elected unopposed at the 2017 presidential election. She is the first female President of Singapore and first Malay head of state in 47 years since the death of Yusof Bin Ishak, Singapore's first president.

Currently, the deputy prime ministers in office are Mr Teo Chee Hean and Mr Tharman Shanmugaratnam, with the latter joining after the resignation of Wong Kan Seng.

Teo Chee Hean Singaporean politician

Teo Chee Hean is a Singaporean politician. A member of the governing People's Action Party (PAP), he is currently the country's Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for National Security. He oversees the National Population and Talent Division and the National Climate Change Secretariat, and is Chairman of the National Research Foundation. He has previously served as the Minister for Home Affairs (2011–15) Minister for Defence (2003–11), Minister for Education (1997–2003) and Minister for the Environment (1996–97). He has been a Member of Parliament (MP) since 1992.

Tharman Shanmugaratnam Singaporean politician

Tharman Shanmugaratnam is a Tamil Singaporean politician and economist. He is currently Deputy Prime Minister and Coordinating Minister for Economic and Social Policies. He is also Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), Singapore's central bank and financial regulator. In April 2017, Tharman was appointed to chair a G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance, which was set up to review the system of multilateral financial institutions. He also succeeded Jean-Claude Trichet as Chairman of the Group of Thirty, an independent global council of leading economic and financial policy-makers from January 1, 2017. Tharman had previously been appointed by his international peers as Chairman of the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC), the key policy forum of the IMF, for an extended period of four years from 2011; he was its first Asian chair.

Wong Kan Seng Singaporean politician

Wong Kan Seng is a Singaporean business executive and a former politician. He currently serves as the chairman of Ascendas-Singbridge and non-executive director of United Overseas Bank.

See also

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References

  1. Singapore, National Library Board,. "Past and present leaders of Singapore | Infopedia". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  2. "Lee Kuan Yew | prime minister of Singapore". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  3. "Impressions of the Goh Chok Tong Years in Singapore". NUS Press. Retrieved 2018-09-22.