|Deputy Prime Minister(s) of |
the Republic of Singapore
|Appointer|| Halimah Yacob |
(as President of Singapore )
|Term length||5 years, renewable.|
Depended on the Prime Minister
|Inaugural holder||Toh Chin Chye|
|Formation||3 June 1959|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the deputy head of the government of the Republic of Singapore. The role of Deputy Prime Minister is the second highest post and senior Cabinet Minister in Singapore. The holder will sometimes assume the role of Acting Prime Minister when the PM is temporarily absent from Singapore. Since the mid-1980s, Singapore has usually had two Deputy Prime Ministers at a time. Only Ong Teng Cheong and Tony Tan (who later became Singaporean presidents) served under more than one Prime Minister during their time as Deputy Prime Minister.
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a “public matter”, not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are not inherited, but are attained through democracy, oligarchy or autocracy. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a hereditary monarch.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%. The country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founder Lee Kuan Yew.
The office of Deputy Prime Minister dates back to 1959 and was appointed at first by the Governor of Singapore then the Yang di-Pertuan Negara (vice-regal head of state), when Singapore achieved self-governance as the State of Singapore within the British Empire. The title of Deputy Prime Minister remained unchanged after the merger with the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and North Borneo, while Singapore was a state in the Federation of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965, and after independence in 1965.
Yang di-Pertuan Negara, translated from Malay as "(he) who is Lord", is a title for the Head of State, and has been used as an official title at various times in Singapore and Brunei.
The self-governance of Singapore was carried out in several stages. Since Singapore's founding in 1819, Singapore had been under the colonial rule of the United Kingdom. The first local elections on a limited scale for several positions in the government of Singapore started in 1948 following an amendment to the Constitution of Singapore.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913, the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24% of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread. At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.
Toh Chin Chye was the first deputy prime minister of Singapore from 1959 to 1968 and retired on 2 August 1968. In a recent cabinet reshuffle announced 23 April 2019, Minister of Finance Heng Swee Keat will assume his role as the Deputy Prime Minister, while the two incumbents Teo Chee Hean and Tharman Shanmugaratnam relinquishes their posts (while retaining their respective Co-ordinating Ministerial portfolios) effective from 1 May.
Toh Chin Chye was a Singaporean politician. He was a prominent member of the country's first generation of political leaders after Singapore became independent in 1965, serving as Deputy Prime Minister (1965–1968), Minister for Science and Technology (1968–1975) and Minister for Health (1975–1981). He served as the Chairman of the People's Action Party (PAP) from 1954 to 1981, and as the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Singapore from 1968 to 1975. After he left the Cabinet in 1981, he continued to serve as a Member of Parliament (MP) on the backbenches until he retired from politics in 1988.
The Ministry of Finance is a ministry of the Government of Singapore responsible for designing regulatory policies and maintaining international standards and best practices in areas such as company law, accounting standards and corporate governance principles, to establish Singapore as an international business and financial centre. It is headed by the Minister for Finance.
Heng Swee Keat is a Singaporean politician. A member of the country's governing People's Action Party (PAP), he is currently Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance. He was previously the Minister for Education from May 2011 to September 2015. He has been a member of parliament (MP) representing the Tampines Group Representation Constituency since the 2011 general election.. He is currently the first assistant secretary-general of the People's Action Party and is poised to be the next Prime Minister of Singapore, succeeding Lee Hsien Loong On 1 May 2019, Heng would take on the role as the 12th Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore. He is also the first solo Deputy PM in 34 years. From 1985 to 2019, Singapore had two sitting deputy prime ministers working at the same time.
|Term of office||Political Party|
| Toh Chin Chye |
டோ சின் ச்யே
(10 December 1921- 3 February 2012)
MP for Rochor SMC
|5 June 1959||2 August 1968||9 years, 58 days|
|No Deputy Prime Minister from 2 August 1968 to 1 March 1973|
| Goh Keng Swee |
கோ கேங் சுவீ
(6 October 1918- 14 May 2010)
MP for Kreta Ayer SMC
|1 March 1973||3 December 1984||11 years, 277 days|
| S. Rajaratnam |
(25 February 1915- 22 February 2006)
MP for Kampong Glam SMC
|1 June 1980||2 January 1985||4 years, 215 days|
| Goh Chok Tong |
கோ சொக் தொங்
(20 May 1941-)
MP for Marine Parade SMC until 1988
MP for Marine Parade GRC from 1988
|2 January 1985||28 November 1990||5 years, 330 days|
| Ong Teng Cheong |
ஓங் டெங் சியோங்
(22 January 1936- 8 February 2002)
MP for Kim Keat SMC
|2 January 1985||1 September 1993||8 years, 242 days|
| Lee Hsien Loong |
லீ சியன் லூங்
(10 February 1952-)
MP for Teck Ghee SMC until 1991
MP for Ang Mo Kio GRC from 1991
|28 November 1990||12 August 2004||13 years, 258 days|
| Tony Tan Keng Yam |
டோனி டேன் கெங் யம்
(7 February 1940-)
MP for Sembawang GRC
|1 August 1995||1 September 2005||10 years, 31 days|
| S. Jayakumar |
(12 August 1939-)
MP for East Coast GRC
|12 August 2004||1 April 2009||4 years, 232 days|
| Wong Kan Seng |
வோங் கான் செங்
(8 September 1946-)
MP for Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC
|1 September 2005||21 May 2011||5 years, 262 days|
| Teo Chee Hean |
தியோ சீ ஹியன்
(27 December 1954-)
MP for Pasir Ris-Punggol GRC
|1 April 2009||30 April 2019||10 years, 30 days|
| Tharman Shanmugaratnam |
(25 February 1957-)
MP for Jurong GRC
|21 May 2011||30 April 2019||7 years, 345 days|
| Heng Swee Keat |
ஹெங் சுவீ கியட்
(1 November 1961-)
MP for Tampines GRC
|1 May 2019||Incumbent||22 days|
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore, and the country's most powerful political figure. The President of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. In practice, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the majority party in the legislature.
The Prime Minister's Office is a ministerial level executive agency within the Government of Singapore that handles the ministries and other political matters that are of great importance to the nation, such as corruption and elections. It is headed by the Prime Minister and their top political staff. The PMO is located in the Istana, which is also the official residence and office for the President of Singapore.
The Cabinet of Singapore forms the Government of Singapore together with the President of Singapore. It is led by the Prime Minister of Singapore who is the head of government. The Prime Minister is a Member of Parliament (MP) appointed by the President who selects a person that in his or her view is likely to command the confidence of a majority of the Parliament of Singapore. The other members of the Cabinet are Ministers who are Members of Parliament appointed by the President on the Prime Minister's advice. Cabinet members are prohibited from holding any office of profit and from actively engaging in any commercial enterprise.
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