Lee Hsien Loong

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Lee Hsien Loong

Lee Hsien-Loong - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012 cropped.jpg
Lee Hsien Loong in 2012
3rd Prime Minister of Singapore
Assumed office
12 August 2004
President S. R. Nathan (2004–2011)
Tony Tan (2011–2017)
Halimah Yacob (2017–present)
Deputy Tony Tan (2004–2005)
S. Jayakumar (2004–2009)
Wong Kan Seng (2005–2011)
Teo Chee Hean (2009–2019)
Tharman Shanmugaratnam (2011–2019)
Heng Swee Keat
Preceded by Goh Chok Tong
3rd Secretary-General of the People's Action Party
Assumed office
3 December 2004
Preceded by Goh Chok Tong
Minister for Finance
In office
10 November 2001 1 December 2007
Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong
Deputy Tony Tan
Preceded by Richard Hu
Succeeded by Tharman Shanmugaratnam
Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
In office
28 November 1990 12 August 2004
Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong
Preceded by Goh Chok Tong
Succeeded by S. Jayakumar
Member of the Singapore Parliament
for Ang Mo Kio GRC
Assumed office
31 August 1991
Preceded byConstituency established
Majority62,826 (38.7%)
Member of the Singapore Parliament
for Teck Ghee SMC
In office
22 December 1984 31 August 1991
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born (1952-02-10) 10 February 1952 (age 67)
Colony of Singapore
Citizenship Singaporean
Nationality Singaporean
Political party People's Action Party
Wong Ming Yang
(m. 1978;died 1982)

Ho Ching (m. 1985)
  • Li Xiuqi (daughter)
  • Li Yipeng (son)
  • Li Hongyi (son)
  • Li Haoyi (son)
Mother Kwa Geok Choo (mother)
Father Lee Kuan Yew (father)
Relatives Lee Hsien Yang (brother)
Lee Wei Ling (sister)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge
Harvard University
United States Army Command and General Staff College
Signature Lee Hsien Loong signature.png
Website Lee Hsien Loong on Facebook
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
Branch/serviceFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Army
Years of service1971–1984
Rank 08-RSA-OF06.svg Brigadier-General
Lee Hsien Loong
Lee Hsien Loong (Chinese characters).svg
Lee's name in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 李显龙
Traditional Chinese 李顯龍

Lee Hsien Loong (Chinese :李显龙; Tamil: லீ சியன் லூங்; born 10 February 1952) is a Singaporean politician. He is the current and third Prime Minister of Singapore since 2004. He took over the leadership of the People's Action Party (PAP) when former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong stepped down from the position to become the new Senior Minister. Lee then led his party to victory in the 2006, 2011 and 2015 general elections. He began his current term on 15 January 2016 following the opening of Singapore's 13th Parliament. Lee is the eldest son of Singapore's first Prime Minister, Lee Kuan Yew.

Simplified Chinese characters Standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia and Singapore.

Tamil language language

Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language of three countries: India, Sri Lanka and Singapore. It is also the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry. It is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Prime Minister of Singapore head of the government of the Republic of Singapore

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore, and the country's most powerful political figure. The President of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his or her opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs. In practice, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the majority party in the legislature.


Lee graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge University, as Senior Wrangler in 1974 (gaining a Diploma in Computer Science with distinction as well) and later earned a Master of Public Administration at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. From 1971 to 1984, he served in the Singapore Armed Forces where he rose to the rank of brigadier general. He won his first election for Member of Parliament in 1984, contesting as a member of the People's Action Party. Under Singapore's second prime minister, Goh Chok Tong, Lee served as the Minister for Trade and Industry, Minister for Finance and Deputy Prime Minister.

Trinity College, Cambridge Constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.

Senior Wrangler (University of Cambridge) top mathematics undergraduate at Cambridge University

The Senior Wrangler is the top mathematics undergraduate at Cambridge University in England, a position which has been described as "the greatest intellectual achievement attainable in Britain."

Diploma in Computer Science, originally known as the "Diploma in Numerical Analysis and Automatic Computing", was a conversion course in Computer Science offered by the University of Cambridge, England. It was equivalent to a master's degree in present-day nomenclature but the title diploma was retained for historic reasons, "diploma" being the archaic term for a master's degree.


The eldest child of Singapore's first Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and his wife Kwa Geok Choo, Lee Hsien Loong was born in Singapore on 10 February 1952. His paternal grandmother, Chua Jim Neo, was a Hokkien Hakka Nyonya, and his mother has ancestry from Tong'an District and Shantou in China. [2] [3] According to Lee Kuan Yew's biography, the younger Lee had learnt the Jawi script from the age of five, and has always been interested in the affairs of Singapore, often following his father to the rally grounds since 1963.

Lee Kuan Yew First Prime Minister of Singapore

Lee Kuan Yew, commonly referred to by his initials LKY and sometimes referred to in his earlier years as Harry Lee, was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades. Lee is recognised as the nation's founding father, with the country described as transitioning from the "third world country to first world country in a single generation" under his leadership.

Kwa Geok Choo Singaporean lawyer

Kwa Geok Choo was a Singaporean lawyer and the wife of Lee Kuan Yew, the first Prime Minister of Singapore, and the mother of Lee Hsien Loong, the third and current Prime Minister. She was the co-founder and partner of law firm Lee & Lee.

Hoklo people ethnic group

The Hoklo people or Hokkien people are Han Chinese people whose traditional ancestral homes are in southern Fujian, China and speakers of Hokkien which is the prestige dialect of the Southern Min varieties. They are also known by various endonyms, or other related terms such as Banlam (Minnan) people or Hokkien people. "Hokkien" is sometimes erroneously used to refer to all Fujianese people.


Lee studied at Nanyang Primary School and received his secondary education at Catholic High School, before going on to National Junior College (where he learned the clarinet under the tutelage of Adjunct Associate Professor Ho Hwee Long). In 1971, he was awarded a President's Scholarship and Singapore Armed Forces Overseas Scholarship by the Public Service Commission to study mathematics at Trinity College, University of Cambridge. He was Senior Wrangler in 1973, [4] [5] and graduated in 1974 with first-class honours on a Bachelor of Arts in Mathematics and a Diploma in Computer Science (equivalent to an MSc in Computer Science) with distinction. In 1980, he completed a Master of Public Administration at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

National Junior College Junior College in Singapore

National Junior College (NJC) is the first junior college to be established in Singapore. Founded on 20 January 1969, National Junior College offers a two-year course for pre-university students and a six-year Integrated Programme, both leading up to the Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level qualification.

Clarinet type of woodwind instrument

The clarinet is a family of woodwind instruments. It has a single-reed mouthpiece, a straight, cylindrical tube with an almost cylindrical bore, and a flared bell. A person who plays a clarinet is called a clarinetist.

A President's Scholar is a recipient of the academic scholarship annually awarded by the Singaporean government to pursue undergraduate education at a university. The scholarship is considered to be the most prestigious public undergraduate scholarship in Singapore awarded to students of Singaporean nationality.

Military career

Lee joined the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) in 1971, and served as an officer from 1974 to 1984. In 1978, he attended the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, and held various staff and command posts, including the Director of the Joint Operations and Plans Directorate (Director, JOPD), and Chief of Staff of the General Staff (COS, GS). Lee rose quickly through the ranks in the Singapore Army, becoming the youngest brigadier-general in Singaporean history after his promotion in July 1983. Notably, he was put in command of the rescue operations following the Sentosa Cable Car Disaster. Lee served as commanding officer (CO) of 23rd Singapore Artillery (23SA) in the Singapore Army before he left the SAF in 1984 to pursue civilian politics. [6] [7]

Singapore Armed Forces military arm of the Total Defence of the Republic of Singapore

The Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) is the military component of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Singapore as part of the city-state's Total Defence strategy.

United States Army Command and General Staff College United States army graduate school

The United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, is a graduate school for United States Army and sister service officers, interagency representatives, and international military officers. The college was established in 1881 by William Tecumseh Sherman as the School of Application for Infantry and Cavalry,, a training school for infantry and cavalry officers. In 1907 it changed its title to the School of the Line. The curriculum expanded throughout World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War and continues to adapt to include lessons learned from current conflicts.

Fort Leavenworth United States Army installation located in Leavenworth County, Kansas

Fort Leavenworth is a United States Army installation located in Leavenworth County, Kansas, in the city of Leavenworth since it was annexed on April 12, 1977, in the northeast part of the state. Built in 1827, it is the oldest active United States Army post west of Washington, D.C., and the oldest permanent settlement in Kansas. Fort Leavenworth has been historically known as the "Intellectual Center of the Army."

Early political career

In the 1980s, Lee was regarded as the core member of the next batch of new leaders in the People's Action Party (PAP) leadership transition that was taking place in the mid-1980s, as Lee Kuan Yew had declared that he would step down as prime minister in 1984. Following the 1984 general election, all of the old Central Executive Committee members resigned on 1 January 1985, except for Lee Kuan Yew himself. [8]

Peoples Action Party Ruling political party in Singapore

The People's Action Party is a major centre-right political party in Singapore.

Leadership transition within the People's Action Party, the longtime ruling party of Singapore, spans both past and present, but notably occurred in the mid-1980s where the first generation of PAP leaders in the CEC and the Cabinet of Singapore ceded power to a second generation of leaders.

1984 Singaporean general election

General elections were held in Singapore on 22 December 1984. The result was a victory for the People's Action Party, which won 77 of the 79 seats, marking the first time since 1963 that at least one opposition candidate was elected to parliament, although the first presence of opposition was in 1981. Excluding the 30 uncontested constituencies, the voter turnout was 95.6%, with 63.2% of the total electorate casting their votes.

Lee was first elected Member of Parliament (MP) for the Teck Ghee Single Member Constituency in 1984, at the age of thirty-two. Following his first election, he was appointed as a Minister of State in the Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Ministry of Defence by his father Lee Kuan Yew who was the prime minister at that time.

In 1985, Lee chaired the government's economic committee, which recommended changes to established government policies to reduce business costs, foster longer-term growth and revive the Singapore economy, which was experiencing a recession at the time. The committee's recommendations included reductions in corporate and personal taxes and the introduction of a consumption tax.

In 1986, Lee was appointed the acting minister for Trade and Industry. In 1987, he became a full member of the Cabinet as the minister for trade and Industry and second minister for defence.

Lee was the chairman of the PAP Youth Committee, the predecessor to the Young PAP, when it was established in 1986. Lee said that the youth wing would be a channel to communicate dissent, in which otherwise they might be "tempted" to vote for the opposition political parties and bring the PAP government down. [9]

Deputy Prime Minister

On 28 November 1990, Goh Chok Tong took over from Lee Kuan Yew as Singapore's Prime Minister, and Lee Hsien Loong was made one of two Deputy Prime Ministers (along with Ong Teng Cheong). He also continued to serve as the Minister for Trade and Industry until 1992.

In 1992, Lee was diagnosed with lymphoma and underwent a three-month period of chemotherapy. When his treatment began, he relinquished his position as the Minister for Trade and Industry, though he continued to be a Deputy Prime Minister. His chemotherapy was successful, and his cancer has since gone into remission.

Lee was appointed Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) in 1998, and in 2001 he was made the Minister for Finance.

To ease the growing budget deficit due to falling tax revenues from cuts in corporate and personal income taxes and other factors such as the Iraq War and SARS outbreak, Lee proposed on 29 August 2003 to raise the GST from three percent to five percent, a change which took place in January 2004.

Lee initiated several amendments to render requirements for Singapore citizenship less restrictive; notably for foreign-born children of Singaporean women. [10] The changes were made after repeated pleas from MPs and the Remaking Singapore Committee.

Prime Minister


On 12 August 2004, Lee succeeded Goh Chok Tong as Prime Minister and relinquished his chairmanship of the Monetary Authority of Singapore to Goh Chok Tong. Lee was sworn in by Chief Justice Yong Pung How at the Istana.

Socio-economic policies

In his maiden National Day Rally on 22 August 2004, Lee initiated the policy of the "Five-day work week", a plan that would remove a half-working day on Saturday.[ citation needed ] The plan took effect on 1 January 2005.

Lee proposed a two-month paid maternity leave for mothers of newborn children and financial incentives to mothers who give birth to a fourth child.[ citation needed ] These policies were in response to Singapore's declining birth rate.

In November 2004, Lee sparked a national debate when he proposed to build two Integrated Resorts (IRs), or hotel-casinos. In April 2005, despite some public opposition, Lee announced the decision to approve the proposal. [11] The two IRs were built in Marina Bay and Sentosa. To limit the negative social impact of casino gambling, Lee suggested safeguards such as prohibiting minors from the casinos and charging an entrance fee for Singaporeans of S$100 (or S$2000 for a yearly pass).

Three months prior to the general election held on 6 May 2006, Lee announced a S$2.6 billion Progress Package. [12] [13] to distribute budget surpluses in the form of cash, top-ups to the CPF, rental and utilities rebates, and educational funds. The cash bonuses were distributed in early May 2006. Critics, especially members of the opposition, labelled the Progress Package as a "vote-buying exercise".

Effective 1 June 2011, Lee was named chairman of the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation (GIC) which manages more than S$100 billion of assets. He succeeded his father, Lee Kuan Yew, who remained as senior advisor to the fund until his death. [14]

Speaking at his party convention on 19 November 2017, Lee suggested to raise taxes to fund future government expenses. [15] News report carried by state media such as The Straits Times and Today all suggested that taxes raised will be in the form of GST. [16] [17]

Political reforms

In May 2010, Lee instituted electoral reforms to the current electoral system by reducing the number of group representation constituencies (GRC), increased the number of Non-constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) to a maximum of nine (inclusive of the number of elected opposition members of Parliament), and the number of Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs) permanent also to nine. Also part of the reforms was the legalization of internet campaigning and mandating a "cooling-off" day where campaigning is prohibited except for party political broadcasts.

11th Cabinet

In that election, the PAP won 82 of the 84 seats, including 37 walkovers. The Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency (GRC) was contested for the first time in 15 years. The Workers' Party (WP) claimed that they wanted to give Ang Mo Kio residents a chance to exercise their vote. Lee and his six-member GRC team won 60.42% of the votes against WP's inexperienced team.

12th Cabinet

In the general election of 7 May 2011, the PAP saw a 6.46% swing downwards to 60.14%, its lowest since independence. [18] While the PAP swept into power winning 81 out of 87 seats, it lost Aljunied Group Representation Constituency to the Workers' Party (WP), a historic win by an opposition party. Foreign Minister George Yeo and Minister in the Prime Minister's Office Lim Hwee Hua of the GRC were defeated. [19]

Following the election, Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew and Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong resigned as part of a rejuvenation process in the government. [20] Lee and Goh were appointed as senior advisers to the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation (GIC) and the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) respectively. [21] [22]

Lee was sworn-in into a second term on 21 May 2011. His new cabinet included three newly appointed ministers: S. Iswaran as Minister in the Prime Minister's Office, and Second Minister for Home Affairs and for Trade and Industry; Heng Swee Keat as Minister for Education; and Chan Chun Sing as Acting Minister for Community Development, Youth and Sports and Minister of State for the Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts. [23] [24] Heng became the first newly elected MP to be directly appointed as a full minister since 1984. [25] [26]

13th Cabinet

In the 2015 Singaporean general election, held on 11 September, the PAP won 83 out of 89 seats in Parliament. Lee has since been re-elected seven times; most recently as an MP for the Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency in 2015.

When the new 13th Cabinet line-up was formed on 1 October 2015 it was announced that it would have 3 coordinating ministers who are Deputy Prime Ministers Teo Chee Hean (National Security) and Tharman Shanmugaratnam (Economics and Social Policies), together with newly elected Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan (Infrastructure) and 2 ministries MOE and MTI with 2 ministers each. MOE was henceforth led by 2 newcomer ministers Mr Ong Ye Kung and Mr Ng Chee Meng who are respectively in charge of Higher Learning/Skills and Schools. The MTI was separated for ministers S Iswaran (Industry) and Lim Hng Kiang (Trade) who both co-anchor West Coast GRC.

The Community Culture and Youth Ministry portfolio was given to Grace Fu, who became the first woman in Singapore to serve in a full ministerial position. She currently is the first female Leader of the House in Parliament.

On the 20th of July, 2018, it was announced that his health data was hacked along with that of 1.5 million residents. The hack was targetted, with the intent of accessing his health data in particular. [27]

On 23 April 2019, Prime Minister Office announced the promotion of Heng Swee Keat to become the 12th Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore effective from 1 May 2019. As part of the party's leadership succession, it is widely interpreted as a prelude to Heng replacing Lee as Singapore's fourth Prime Minister, sometime after the next general elections. [28]

Foreign relations

Lee and U.S. President Donald Trump, 8 July 2017 President Donald J. Trump and Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong at G20, July 8, 2017.jpg
Lee and U.S. President Donald Trump, 8 July 2017


During his meeting with vice-premier Wu Yi in September 2005, Lee proposed the establishment of a China-ASEAN Free Trade Zone, which would achieve the goal of realizing US$50 billion in trade volume before 2010.[ citation needed ]

United States

Lee with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, August 2016 Vice President Biden and Secretary Kerry Toast to His Excellency Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore at a State Luncheon in His Honor (28111111683).jpg
Lee with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, August 2016

On 12 July 2005, Lee signed the Strategic Framework Agreement with then President George W. Bush in his inaugural visit to the United States as Singapore's Prime Minister to foster a closer cooperation in defence and security, and to address common threats such as terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.[ citation needed ]

In 2016, Lee made his first official visit to the White House upon invitation of then President Barack Obama to commemorate 50 years of diplomatic ties with the United States. [29] [30]

Lee was one of the early drafters and a strong advocate of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and had on many occasions urged the U.S. Congress to ratify the trade deal as soon as possible. He added that not doing so would "affect U.S. standing and credibility" in the world. [31] The plan ultimately fell through after Donald Trump assumed the presidency in 2017 and pulled the country out of the pact. [32]

In June 2018, Lee congratulated President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in separate letters sent to them on the successful outcome of the 2018 North Korea–United States summit in Singapore and wished both countries success in implementing the agreement signed. [33]


On 10 July 2004, Lee visited Taiwan to the displeasure of China. On 28 August 2004 in his first National Day Rally speech, Lee criticized the Taiwanese leadership and populace over their pro-independence stance. He reiterated his support for the One-China policy and clarified that his visit was to gather enough intelligence before taking over as Prime Minister. In September 2004, Foreign Minister George Yeo cautioned the United Nations General Assembly that actions by Taiwan's independence groups could lead to war with China. An enraged Taiwanese Foreign Minister, Mark Chen, called Singapore a "nose-shit" country for interfering. [34] [35] Chen later made a formal apology. [36]


Allegation of nepotism

As the eldest son of Singapore's first Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, Lee's career has been shadowed by allegations of nepotism. [37] [38] [39] [40] He was widely tipped to be Lee Kuan Yew's successor as Prime Minister with several critics viewing Goh Chok Tong as a seat-warmer. Responding to the issue of nepotism Lee challenged his critics to prove it or put the matter to rest. [37] [38]

Legal action had been taken in the Singapore courts for defamation against the Financial Times (2007) [40] and the New York Times Company. [41] In a 2008 report, the International Bar Association Human Rights Institute cast doubts over the independence of the judiciary in cases involving PAP litigants or interests. However, WP immigrants have noted high levels of stability in recognition. [42]

New York Times libel suit

In 2010, Lee, together with his predecessors Lee Kuan Yew and Goh Chok Tong, threatened legal action against The New York Times Company which owns the International Herald Tribune regarding an op-ed piece titled "All in the Family" of 15 February 2010 by Philip Bowring, a freelance columnist and former editor of the Far Eastern Economic Review . The International Herald Tribune apologised in March that readers of the article may "infer that the younger Lee did not achieve his position through merit". The New York Times Company and Bowring agreed to pay S$60,000 to Lee, S$50,000 to Lee Kuan Yew and S$50,000 to Goh (total amounted to about US$114,000 at the time), in addition to legal costs. The case stemmed from a 1994 settlement between the three Singaporean leaders and the paper about an article also by Bowring that referred to 'dynastic politics' in East Asian countries, including Singapore. In that settlement, Bowring agreed not to say or imply that the younger Lee had attained his position through nepotism by his father, Lee Kuan Yew. In response, media rights watchdog Reporters Without Borders wrote an open letter to urge Lee and other top officials of the Singapore government to stop taking 'libel actions' against journalists. [41] [43] [44] [45]


From 2008 to 2012, Lee earned an annual salary of S$3,870,000 (US$2,856,930), [46] an increase of 25% from the previous S$3,091,200 (US$2,037,168). [47] [48] In January 2012, in response to public unhappiness at the high salary, [49] Lee took a 28% pay cut, reducing his salary to S$2.2 million (US$1.7 million). [50] [51] [52] He remains the highest-paid head of government in the world. [53]

Lee Kuan Yew's Oxley Road house

In June 2017, Lee became embroiled in a dispute with his brother Lee Hsien Yang and sister Lee Wei Ling, over the fate of their father's house at 38 Oxley Road. [54] [55] [56] [57] Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore's founding Prime Minister, was averse to a cult of personality. [58] As a result, he had inserted in his final Will a demolition clause. The first part of the clause stated that he wanted his house to be torn down when his daughter decides to move out. The second part of the clause stated that should demolition be impossible, his house should not be open to the public. [59]

Lee's siblings alleged that he was abusing his powers, using "organs of the state" as prime minister to preserve the house against their father's wishes. Lee and the Cabinet denied all their allegations and convened a special sitting of Parliament to debate the matter thoroughly. [60] In his closing speech, Lee stated: "After two days of debate, nobody has stood behind these [his siblings'] allegations or offered any evidence, not even opposition MPs … It shows that the Government and I have acted properly and with due process." He left open options to convene a select committee or Commission of Inquiry should substantive evidence be presented. [61] [62] [63] [64] The siblings accepted Lee's offer to settle the dispute in private the following day. [65]

On September 5 2019, Lee sued journalist Terry Xu of The Online Citizen for repeating statements made by Lee's siblings. [66] By doing so, Lee attracted critics for using Prime Minister Office resources for personal matters. [66]

Personal life

Brigadier-General Lee Hsien Loong, chief of staff (General Staff) of the Singapore Armed Forces, 1984 Brigadier-General Lee Hsien Loong, Chief-of-Staff (General Staff) of the Singapore Armed Forces, in 1984.jpg
Brigadier-General Lee Hsien Loong, chief of staff (General Staff) of the Singapore Armed Forces, 1984

Lee married his first wife, Wong Ming Yang, a Malaysian-born physician, on 20 May 1978. Their daughter, Li Xiuqi, was born in 1980. Three weeks after giving birth to their first son, Li Yipeng, Wong died at the age of 31 on 28 October 1982 of a heart attack. [67] In 1985, when Lee was 33, he married Ho Ching, a fast-rising civil servant who subsequently became the executive director and chief executive officer of Temasek Holdings.

Lee has a daughter – Xiuqi [68]  – and three sons – Yipeng, [69] Hongyi and Haoyi [70] (including the daughter and eldest son from Lee's first marriage). Ho Ching's eldest son, Li Hongyi, was an officer in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), [71] and is currently the deputy director in the Government Technology Agency of Singapore, under the Prime Minister's Office. [72]

Lee was initially diagnosed with lymphoma for which he underwent chemotherapy [73] in the early 1990s [74] then subsequently also underwent a successful robot-assisted keyhole prostatectomy on 15 February 2015 after being diagnosed with prostate cancer. [75] [76] [77]

Lee is interested in computer programming and has written a Sudoku solver in C++ in his spare time. [78]


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Third Lee Hsien Loong Cabinet

The Third Cabinet of Lee Hsien Loong of the Government of Singapore came into existence on 21 May 2011 following the 7 May general election. While many of its members were retained from the previous government, Heng Swee Keat and Chan Chun Sing, who had both just been elected, were given ministerial appointments.

Senior Minister is a political office in the Cabinet of Singapore. The holder of this office is typically a former Prime Minister or former Deputy Prime Minister.

Death and state funeral of Lee Kuan Yew Death and state funeral of the former Prime Minister of Singapore

Lee Kuan Yew, the founding Prime Minister of Singapore and former leader of the People's Action Party, died at the age of 91 on 23 March 2015, after being hospitalised with severe pneumonia on 5 February 2015. Many world leaders issued public condolences.

First Lee Hsien Loong Cabinet

The First Cabinet of Lee Hsien Loong of the Government of Singapore was sworn into office on 12 Aug 2004.

38 Oxley Road House

Number 38, Oxley Road was the residence of Singapore's first prime minister Lee Kuan Yew from the 1940s until his death in 2015. The house was built in the late 19th century and is an eight-bedroom two-story bungalow located near Orchard Road. The first meeting of the People's Action Party (PAP) occurred in the basement.


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Parliament of Singapore
New constituency Member of Parliament
for Teck Ghee SMC

Constituency abolished
Member of Parliament
for Ang Mo Kio GRC

Political offices
Preceded by
Tony Tan
Minister for Trade and Industry
Succeeded by
Suppiah Dhanabalan
Preceded by
Goh Chok Tong
Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore
Served alongside: Goh Chok Tong, Shanmugam Jayakumar
Succeeded by
Tony Tan
Preceded by
Richard Hu
Minister for Finance
Succeeded by
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
Preceded by
Goh Chok Tong
Prime Minister of Singapore
Party political offices
Preceded by
Goh Chok Tong
Secretary General of the People's Action Party
Positions in intergovernmental organisations
Preceded by
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Chair of the ASEAN
Succeeded by
Abhisit Vejjajiva
Preceded by
Rodrigo Duterte
Chair of the ASEAN
Succeeded by
Prayut Chan-o-cha
Preceded by
Alan García
Chair of the APEC
Succeeded by
Naoto Kan