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Front page of The Straits Times from 18 May 2012
|Owner(s)||Singapore Press Holdings|
|Founded||July 15, 1845|
|Headquarters||1000 Toa Payoh North, News Centre, Singapore, 318994|
|Circulation||352,003 (As of July 2013 [update] ) |
5,000 (Myanmar edition)
2,500 (Brunei edition)
The Straits Times is an English-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore currently owned by Singapore Press Holdings. Singapore Press Holdings claims that the print and digital editions of the newspaper (The Straits Times and The Sunday Times) have a daily average circulation of 383,600.It was established on 15 July 1845 as The Straits Times and Singapore Journal of Commerce, There are specific Myanmar and Brunei editions published, with a newsprint circulation of 5,000 and 2,500 respectively.
A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%. The country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founding Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.
Singapore Press Holdings Limited is a media organisation in Singapore with businesses in print, digital, radio and outdoor media, and property and aged care. SPH has over 4,000 employees, including a team of approximately 1,000 journalists, including correspondents operating around the world. The company was one of the country's "blue-chip" counters on the Singapore Stock Exchange, and is a constituent of the Straits Times Index.
The Straits Times was started by an Armenian, Catchick Moses.Moses's friend, Martyrose Apcar, had intended to start a local paper, but met with financial difficulties. To fulfil his friend's dream, Moses took over and appointed Robert Carr Woods as editor. On 15 July 1845, The Straits Times was launched as an eight-page weekly, published at 7 Commercial Square using a hand-operated press. The subscription fee then was Sp.$1.75 per month. In September 1846, he sold the paper to Robert Woods because the press proved unprofitable to run.
The Armenians in Singapore are a small community who had a significant presence in the early history of Singapore. They numbered around 100 individuals at their peak in the early 1920s, but most have moved on to other countries or become absorbed into the wider Singapore community. They were among the earliest merchants to arrive in Singapore when it was established as a trading port by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1819. The Armenian Apostolic Church of St Gregory the Illuminator on Armenian Street, the second church to be built in Singapore, is today the oldest surviving one.
Robert Carr Woods (1816–1875), a native of Lincolnshire, England, is best known from his time in Singapore as first editor of The Straits Times, and subsequently as a lawyer.
On 20 February 1942, five days after the British had surrendered to the Japanese, The Straits Times became known as The Shonan Times and The Syonan Shimbun. This name change lasted until 5 September 1945, when Singapore returned to British rule. 240:
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East". Singapore was the major British military base in South-East Asia and was the key to British imperial interwar defence planning for South-East Asia and the South-West Pacific. The fighting in Singapore lasted from 8 to 15 February 1942, after the two months during which Japanese forces had advanced down the Malayan Peninsula.
During the early days of Singaporean self-governance (before 1965), the paper had an uneasy relationship with some politicians, including the leaders of the People's Action Party.Editors were warned that any reportage that may threaten the merger between Singapore and the Malayan Federation may result in subversion charges, and that they may be detained without trial under the Preservation of Public Security Ordinance Act.
The self-governance of Singapore was carried out in several stages. Since Singapore's founding in 1819, Singapore had been under the colonial rule of the United Kingdom. The first local elections on a limited scale for several positions in the government of Singapore started in 1948 following an amendment to the Constitution of Singapore.
The People's Action Party is a major centre-right political party in Singapore.
The Internal Security Act (ISA) of Singapore is a statute that grants the executive power to enforce preventive detention, prevent subversion, suppress organized violence against persons and property, and do other things incidental to the internal security of Singapore. The present Act was originally enacted by the Parliament of Malaysia as the Internal Security Act 1960, and extended to Singapore on 16 September 1963 when Singapore was a state of the Federation of Malaysia.
The Straits Times functions with 16 bureaus and special correspondents in major cities worldwide. The paper has five sections: the main section consist of Asian and international news, with sub-sections of columns and editorials and the Forum Page (letters to the press). The Home section consist of local news and topics on Education for Monday, Mind and Body for Tuesday, Digital for Wednesday, Community for Thursday and Science for Friday. There are also a sports and finance section, a classified ads and job listing section and a lifestyle, style, entertainment and the arts section titled "Life!".
A news bureau is an office for gathering or distributing news. Similar terms are used for specialized bureaux, often to indicate geographic location or scope of coverage: a ‘Tokyo bureau’ refers to a given news operation's office in Tokyo; 'foreign bureau' is a generic term for a news office set up in a country other than the primary operations center; a ‘Washington bureau’ is an office, typically located in Washington, D.C., that covers news related to national politics in the United States. The person in charge of a news bureau is often called the bureau chief.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty. Finance can also be defined as the art of money management. Participants in the market aim to price assets based on their risk level, fundamental value, and their expected rate of return. Finance can be split into three sub-categories: public finance, corporate finance and personal finance.
Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight. It can be an idea or a task, but is more likely to be one of the activities or events that have developed over thousands of years specifically for the purpose of keeping an audience's attention. Although people's attention is held by different things, because individuals have different preferences in entertainment, most forms are recognisable and familiar. Storytelling, music, drama, dance, and different kinds of performance exist in all cultures, were supported in royal courts, developed into sophisticated forms and over time became available to all citizens. The process has been accelerated in modern times by an entertainment industry that records and sells entertainment products. Entertainment evolves and can be adapted to suit any scale, ranging from an individual who chooses a private entertainment from a now enormous array of pre-recorded products; to a banquet adapted for two; to any size or type of party, with appropriate music and dance; to performances intended for thousands; and even for a global audience.
The newspaper also publishes special editions for primary and secondary schools in Singapore. The primary-school version contains a special pull-out, titled "Little Red Dot" and the secondary-school version contains a pull-out titled "In".
A separate edition The Sunday Times is published on Sundays.
Owing to political sensitivities, The Straits Times is not sold in neighboring Malaysia, and the Malaysian newspaper New Straits Times is not sold in Singapore. The ban was imposed before independence in Malaysia.[ citation needed ]
A specific Myanmar and Brunei edition of this paper was launched on 25 Mar 2014 and 30 October 2014. It is published daily with local newspaper printers on licence with SPH. This paper is distributed on ministries, businesses, major hotels, airlines, bookshops and supermarkets on major cities and target sales to local and foreign businessmen in both countries. Circulation of the Myanmar edition currently stands at 5,000 and 2,500 for the Brunei edition. The Brunei edition is currently sold at B$1 per copy and an All-in-One Straits Times package consisting of the print edition and full digital access via online, tablets and smartphones, will also be introduced in Brunei.
Launched on 1 January 1994, The Straits Times' website was free of charge and granted access to all the sections and articles found in the print edition. On 1 January 2005, the online version began requiring registration and after a short period became a paid-access-only site. Currently, only people who subscribe to the online edition can read all the articles on the Internet, including the frequently updated "Latest News" section.
A free section, featuring a selection of news stories, is currently available at the site. Regular podcast, vodcast and twice-daily—mid-day and evening updates—radio-news bulletins are also available for free online.
The Straits Times School Pocket Money Fund was initiated on October 1, 2000 by The Straits Times, to heighten public awareness of the plight of children from low-income families who were attending school without proper breakfast, or pocket money to sustain their day in school.The aim is to alleviate the financial burden faced by parents in providing for their children's education. At the same time the funds will help children who are already facing difficulties in remaining in school to stay on.
The Straits Times Media Club is a youth programme to encourage youth readership and interest in news and current affairs.[ citation needed ] Schools will have to subscribe for at least 500 copies, and will receive their papers every Monday. A youth newspaper, IN, is slotted in together with the main paper for the students.
The newspaper is sometimes referred as "the mouthpiece" of the ruling partyor at least "mostly pro-government" and "close to the government".
Chua Chin Hon, then ST’s bureau chief for the United States, was quoted as saying that SPH’s “editors have all been groomed as pro-government supporters and are careful to ensure that reporting of local events adheres closely to the official line” in a 2009 US diplomatic cable leaked by WikiLeaks.Past chairpersons of Singapore Press Holdings have been civil or public servants. Current SPH Chairman Lee Boon Yang is a former PAP cabinet minister who took over from Tony Tan, former Deputy Prime Minister. Many current ST management and senior editors have close links to the government as well. SPH CEO Alan Chan was a former top civil servant and Principal Private Secretary of then Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Current editor-in-chief Warren Fernandez was considered as a PAP candidate for the 2006 elections.
|Name||Position(s) in SPH||Years served||Position(s) in public office|
|Before SPH||After SPH|
|S.R. Nathan||Executive chairman of the Straits Times Press/SPH||1982–1988||Perm Sec. Ministry of Foreign Affairs||Ambassador, President of Singapore|
|Lim Kim San||Executive chairman of SPH||1988–2002||Cabinet Minister, Chairman of Port of Singapore Authority|
|Tony Tan||Executive chairman of SPH||2005–2011||Deputy Prime Minister||President of Singapore|
|Tjong Yik Min||President of SPH||1995–2002||Director of Internal Security Department|
|Alan Chan||Director, President, Chief executive of SPH||2002–2017||Perm. Sec. of the Ministry of Transport|
|Lee Boon Yang||Executive chairman of SPH||2011–present||Cabinet Minister|
|Zainul Abidin Rasheed||Editor of Berita Harian, Associate editor of ST||1976-1996||Senior Minister of State for Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador|
|Chua Lee Hoong||Review, Political editor of ST||1995-2012||Intelligence analyst of Internal Security Department||Senior Director of Resilience Policy and Research Centre and National Security Research Centre, Prime Minister's Office|
|Patrick Daniel||Editor-in-chief, Deputy chief executive of SPH||1986–present||Director in the Ministry of Trade and Industry|
|Ng Yat Chung||Chief executive of SPH||2017–||Chief of Army, Chief of Defence Force|
|Han Fook Kwang||Editor of ST, Editor-at-large||1989–present||Deputy Director of Ministry of Communications (Land Transport)|
|Janadas Devan||Senior editor of ST||1997–2012||Chief of Government Communications|
|Elgin Toh||Insight editor of ST||2010-2013, 2017–||Assistant director of National Security Coordination Secretariat, Prime Minister's Office|
Senior assistant director of Centre for Liveable Cities, Ministry of National Development
In his memoir OB Markers: My Straits Times Story, former editor-in-chief Cheong Yip Seng recounts how, since 1986, there has been a government-appointed "monitor" at the newspaper, "someone who could watch to see if indeed the newsroom was beyond control", and that disapproval of the "monitor" could cost a reporter or editor their job.Cheong identifies the first monitor as S. R. Nathan, director of the Ministry of Defence's Security and Intelligence Division and later president of Singapore. Editors were bound by out of bounds markers to denote what topics are permissible for public discussion, resulting in self-censorship.
The Straits Times has also been criticised by netizens for sloppy and biased reporting. For instance, the newspaper repeatedly interviewed a commuter named Ashley Wu on 8 occasions within a span of 10 months, whenever the trains broke down, rather than getting fresh viewpoints from different affected commuters.The newspaper is also known to modify and insert additional lines to op-ed contributors' works, altering the tone and message of the articles, without notifying them in advance.
Lee Hsien Loong is a Singaporean politician. He is the current and third Prime Minister of Singapore since 2004. He took over the leadership of the People's Action Party (PAP) when former Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong stepped down from the position to become the new Senior Minister. Lee then led his party to victory in the 2006, 2011 and 2015 general elections. He began his current term on 15 January 2016 following the opening of Singapore's 13th Parliament. Lee is the eldest son of Singapore's first Prime Minister, Lee Kuan Yew.
The New Straits Times is an English-language newspaper published in Malaysia. It is Malaysia's oldest newspaper still in print, having been founded as The Straits Times in 1845, and was reestablished as the "New Straits Times" in 1974. The paper served as Malaysia's only broadsheet format English language newspaper. However, following the example of British newspapers The Times and The Independent, a tabloid version first rolled off the presses on 1 September 2004 and since 18 April 2005, the newspaper is published only in tabloid size, ending a 160-year-old tradition of broadsheet publication. The New Straits Times currently retails at RM1.50 in Peninsular Malaysia and RM2.00 in East Malaysia as on July 2016.
Nanyang Sin-Chew Lianhe Zaobao, commonly abbreviated as Lianhe Zaobao, is the largest Singapore-based Chinese-language newspaper with a daily circulation of about 200,000. Published by Singapore Press Holdings (SPH), it was formed on March 16, 1983 as a result of a merger between Nanyang Siang Pau and Sin Chew Jit Poh, two of Singapore's oldest Chinese newspapers.
The New Paper is a Singaporean newspaper in tabloid form. It was originally published as a "noon paper", but since 2016 has been published daily as a freesheet in the morning from 7 a.m. onwards.
Tony Tan Keng Yam is a Singaporean politician who was the seventh President of Singapore holding office from 2011 to 2017 after winning the Singaporean presidential election, 2011. Formerly a member of the country's governing People's Action Party (PAP), he was the Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) representing Sembawang GRC between 1988 and 2006 and Sembawang SMC between 1979 and 1988. He is the only living former president of Singapore.
TODAY is a Singapore English-language digital news provider under MediaCorp Press. It was formerly a national free daily newspaper. MediaCorp, the newspaper's parent company is Singapore's largest media broadcaster and provider in Singapore and the only terrestrial television broadcaster in the country. MediaCorp have a 60% stake in TODAY while, Singapore Press Holdings owns 40% of TODAY. The newspaper was published and distributed from Monday to Saturday.
The Borneo Bulletin is a daily English-language newspaper in Brunei. It is published by Brunei Press, which also publishes a Malay-language daily, Media Permata. The Bulletin circulates around 20,000 copies on weekdays and 25,000 copies on Saturday and Sunday. The Borneo Bulletin is the main source of information on local, regional and foreign affairs, as well as business news. Detailed stock market reports of the Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and regional stock exchanges are carried for the benefit of Bruneian businessmen and investors. In addition to the more serious news, the newspaper carries sports, lifestyle and leisure pages.
The Media of Singapore refers to mass communication methods through broadcasting, publishing, and the Internet available in the city-state. Singapore's media environment is considered to be highly controlled by the government. Comprising the publishing, print, broadcasting, film, music, digital, and IT media sectors, the media industry collectively employed about 38,000 people and contributed 1.56% to Singapore's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2001 with an annual turnover of S$10 billion. The industry grew at an average rate of 7.7% annually from 1990 to 2000, and the government seeks to increase its GDP contribution to 3% by 2012.
Zainul Abidin bin Mohamed Rasheed is a Singaporean diplomat, business executive and retired politician. He is currently Singapore's ambassador to the State of Kuwait (non-resident) and the Special Envoy of the Minister for Foreign Affairs to the Middle East. Zainul Abidin Rasheed is also a corporate advisor to Temasek International and holds a number of corporate board positions in Singapore and overseas.
Denise Phua Lay Peng is a Singaporean politician and disability rights activist. After a successful corporate career spanning two decades, she gave up her corporate career to become a full-time special needs volunteer. She became the president of the Autism Resource Centre (Singapore) and co-founded Pathlight School.
My Paper was a free, bilingual newspaper in Singapore published by the Singapore Press Holdings.
AsiaOne is a news, lifestyle and entertainment aggregator providing content primarily to readers in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong. AsiaOne was first launched in 1998 by Singapore Press Holdings and is currently a joint venture between mm2 Asia and Singapore Press Holdings (SPH).
The Business Times is an English-language financial daily based in Singapore currently owned by Singapore Press Holdings (SPH). It is currently the only daily newspaper in Singapore that focuses on business and financial news. Its average daily circulation as of August 2016 was 36,900, according to SPH. The Business Times is published as a broadsheet on weekdays, with a weekend edition that is published as a compact-sized paper. On October 8, 2016, The Business Times revamped its weekend edition, featuring its own luxury lifestyle magazine. The main newspaper section for the weekend was also rebooted.
Halimah binti Yacob is a Singaporean politician who is the current President of Singapore. Formerly a member of the country's governing People's Action Party (PAP), she was the ninth Speaker of Parliament, from January 2013 to August 2017. She was a Member of Parliament (MP) representing Jurong Group Representation Constituency between 2001 and 2015, and Marsiling-Yew Tee Group Representation Constituency between 2015 and 2017.
CATS Classified is the print classified advertising platform of Singapore Press Holdings (SPH). Its classifieds products are distributed together with various newspapers published by SPH. These include, The Straits Times, The New Paper, Lianhe Zaobao, Shin Min Daily News, Lianhe Wanbao, Berita Harian and Tamil Murasu. Its tagline is "Buy it. Sell it. Find it."
Sitoh Yih Pin is a Singaporean politician from the Singapore People's Action Party. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Potong Pasir Single Member Constituency. Sitoh is currently the Chairman of Nexia TS Public Accounting Corporation, an accounting firm in Singapore.
Lawrence Wong Shyun Tsai is a Singaporean politician. A member of the governing People's Action Party (PAP), he was appointed the Minister for National Development after the 2015 General Election. On 22 August 2016, he was concurrently appointed as the Second Minister for Finance. He has previously held appointments in Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Communications and Information, and the Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth. He has been a Member of Parliament (MP) since 2011 representing West Coast Group Representation Constituency (2011-2015) and Marsiling-Yew Tee Group Representation Constituency. Wong is widely seen as a key member of the fourth-generation leadership of the PAP.
The Singaporean presidential election of 2017 was the fifth Singaporean presidential election after President Tony Tan's term ended on 31 August. Following amendments to the Constitution of Singapore, the election was the first to be reserved for a particular racial group under a hiatus-triggered model. The 2017 election was reserved for candidates from the minority Malay community, who had not held the presidential office since 1970.
The Singapore Standard more commonly known as Singapore Tiger Standard or Tiger Standard, was a Singapore newspaper that was published in English language. The newspaper was founded by millionaire Aw Boon Haw, who was famous for his Tiger Balm and Star Newspapers. Singapore Standard was the sister newspaper of Hongkong Tiger Standard, as well as Sin Chew Jit Po of Singapore and Malaysia, which were published in Chinese. Aw Boon Haw also founded many newspapers in other location. Shortly after the Colony of Singapore gained its self-governance, Sin Poh Amalgamated, the publisher, stopped to publish the newspaper in 1959. It was reported that Aw Cheng Taik, a relative of Aw and former managing director of Singapore Standard, founded another "Tiger Newspaper" in August 1959 in Kuala Lumpur in the Federation of Malaya, which published in Chinese language. "Kuala Lumpur Tiger" was stopped to publish either in 1961, due to financial difficulties.
Chua Lee Hoong was with the civil service for 10 years before joining Singapore Press Holdings as a journalist in 1995.