A newspaper of record is a major newspaper with large circulation whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered authoritative. It may also refer to a newspaper that has been authorised to publish public or legal notices, thus serving as a newspaper of public record.
A "newspaper of public record", sometimes referred to as a government gazette, refers to a publicly available newspaper that has been authorized by a government to publish public or legal notices.It is often established by statute or official action and publication of notices within it, whether by the government or a private party, is usually considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice.
In some jurisdictions, privately owned newspapers may register with the public authorities to publish public and legal notices, or be otherwise eligible to publish said notices (terms used may include "newspaper of general circulation" among others).Likewise, a private newspaper may be designated by the courts for publication of legal notices, such as notices of fictitious business names, if certain judicial and statutory standards are met. These are sometimes referred to as "legally adjudicated newspapers".
The second type of "newspaper of record" (also known as a "journal of record", or by the French term presse de référence) is not defined by any formal criteria and its characteristics can be variable. The category typically consists of those newspapers that are considered to meet higher standards of journalism than most print media, including editorial independence and attention to accuracy, and are usually renowned internationally.Despite changes in society, such newspapers have historically tended to maintain a similar tone, coverage, style, and traditions. They are generally known for reliable, factually accurate reporting.
The term is believed to have originated among librarians, who began referring to The New York Times as the "newspaper of record" when, in 1913, it became the first U.S. newspaper to publish an index of the subjects covered in its pages.In recognition of the usage, the Times held an essay contest in 1927 in which entrants had to demonstrate "The Value of The New York Times Index and Files as a Newspaper of Record". The Times, and other newspapers of its type, then sought to be chroniclers of events, acting as a record of the day's announcements, schedules, directories, proceedings, transcripts and appointments. The Times no longer considers itself a newspaper of record in the original, literal sense.
Over time, historians began to rely on The New York Times and similar titles as a reliable archival record of significant past events and a gauge of societal opinions at the time of printing. The term "newspaper of record" thus evolved from its original literal sense to its currently understood meaning.
|Country||Region||Newspaper||City of publication||Founded||Language||Source(s)|
|Argentina||Latin America||La Nación||Buenos Aires||1870||Spanish|
|The Sydney Morning Herald||Sydney||1831|
Staff split in 1864 to form Neue Freie Presse, aryanized by the Nazis in 1938 and closed in 1939, reestablished as Die Presse in 1946
|Bangladesh||South Asia||—||The Daily Star||Dhaka||1991||English|
|Bolivia||Latin America||—||El Diario||La Paz||1904||Spanish|
|Brazil||Latin America||—||O Estado de S. Paulo||São Paulo||1875||Portuguese|
|Folha de S.Paulo||São Paulo||1921|
|O Globo||Rio de Janeiro||1925|
|Cambodia||Asia||The Cambodia Daily||Phnom Penh||1993||English|
|The Phnom Penh Post||Phnom Penh||1992|
|Canada||North America||Le Devoir||Montreal||1910||French|
|The Globe and Mail||Toronto||1844|
Successor to The Globe (founded 1844), The Toronto Mail (1872) and Toronto Empire (1887); papers merged in 1895 and 1936
|Chile||Latin America||El Mercurio||Santiago||1900|
Spun off from El Mercurio de Valparaíso (founded 1827)
Le Figaro is France's oldest national newspaper still operating to this date.
Founded as a successor to the discredited collaborationist Le Temps (founded 1861).
|Germany||Europe||Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung||Frankfurt||1949|
Considered a successor to the Frankfurter Zeitung (founded 1856), banned in 1943 by the Nazis
|Der Spiegel||Hamburg||1947|| |
|Hong Kong||East Asia||South China Morning Post||Hong Kong||1903||English|
|India||South Asia||The Hindu||Chennai||1878||English|
|The Times of India||Mumbai||1838|
Named The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce until mergers in 1860–1.
|Ireland||Europe||The Irish Times||Dublin||1859||English|
|Israel||West Asia||Haaretz||Tel Aviv||1919||Hebrew and English|
|Italy||Europe||Corriere della Sera||Milan||1876||Italian|
|Jamaica||North America||—||The Gleaner||Kingston||1834||English|
|Japan||East Asia||The Asahi Shimbun||Osaka||1879||Japanese|
Originated as the Swahili Taifa in 1958.
|—||Latvijas Vēstnesis||1918 |
Founded as Pagaidu Valdības Vēstnesis in 1918, closed 1940–1991, current form since 1993
|Malaysia||Southeast Asia||New Straits Times||Kuala Lumpur||1965|
Spun off from The Straits Times (founded 1845) upon Singapore's independence.
Merger of Algemeen Handelsblad (founded 1828) and Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (1844).
|New Zealand||Oceania||The New Zealand Herald||Auckland||1863||English|
|Panama||Latin America||—||La Prensa||Panama City||1980||Spanish|
|Pan-Arab||West Asia||Al-Hayat||London||1946 |
Founded as a Lebanese newspaper that shut down in 1978, refounded in 1988 under a new ownership.
|Peru||Latin America||El Comercio||Lima||1839||Spanish|
|Philippines||Southeast Asia||—||Manila Bulletin||Manila||1900||English|
|Philippine Daily Inquirer||Makati||1985||English|
|The Philippine Star||Manila||1986||English|
First dissolved in 1931 and revived in 1944, second dissolution in 1951, revived again in 1982
|Jornal de Notícias||Porto||1888|
|Singapore||Southeast Asia||The Straits Times||Singapore||1845||English|
|Switzerland||Europe||Neue Zürcher Zeitung||Zurich||1780||German|
|Le Temps||Lausanne||1998 |
Merger of Journal de Genève (founded 1826), Gazette de Lausanne (1798), and Nouveau Quotidien (1991).
|United Kingdom||Europe||The Daily Telegraph||London||1855||English|
Named The Daily Universal Register until 1788.
|United States||North America||Los Angeles Times||Los Angeles||1881||English|
|The New York Times||New York City||1851|
|The Wall Street Journal||1889|
|The Washington Post||Washington, D.C.||1877|
|Zimbabwe||Africa||—||The Financial Gazette||Harare||1990||English|
|—||Zimbabwe Independent||1997 |
de facto paper of record replacing the government-run, Zimbabwe Herald.
March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 292 days remain until the end of the year.
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the Times has since won 130 Pulitzer Prizes, and has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record". It is ranked 18th in the world by circulation and 3rd in the U.S.
The Times is a British daily national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788. The Times and its sister paper The Sunday Times are published by Times Newspapers, since 1981 a subsidiary of News UK, in turn wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and The Sunday Times, which do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, and have only had common ownership since 1966.
Le Figaro is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris. It is the oldest national daily in France and one of the three French newspapers of record, along with Le Monde and Libération.
Le Monde is a French daily afternoon newspaper. It is the main publication of Le Monde Group and reported an average circulation of 323,039 copies per issue in 2009, about 40,000 of which were sold abroad. It has had its own website since 19 December 1995, and is often the only French newspaper easily obtainable in non-French-speaking countries. It is considered one of the French newspapers of record, along with Libération, and Le Figaro. It should not be confused with the monthly publication Le Monde diplomatique, of which Le Monde has 51% ownership, but which is editorially independent.
El Mundo, formally El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno is the second largest printed daily newspaper in Spain. The paper is considered one of the country's newspapers of record along with El País.
L'Obs, previously known as Le Nouvel Observateur (1964–2014), is a weekly French language news magazine. Based in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris, it is the most prominent French general information magazine in terms of audience and circulation. Its current editor is Cécile Prieur.
Le Temps is a Swiss French-language daily newspaper published in Berliner format in Lausanne by Le Temps SA.
The Canadian Jewish News is a non-profit, national, English-language digital-first media organization that serves Canada‘s Jewish community. A national edition of the newspaper was published for 60 years in Toronto. A weekly Montreal edition in English with some French began its run in 1976. The newspaper announced its closure in 2013 but was able to continue after restructuring and reorganizing. It again announced its closure on April 2, 2020, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada on its finances. Its final weekly print edition was published on April 9, 2020. In December 2020, it announced its return as a digital-first media company with a new president, Bryan Borzykowski.
La Stampa is an Italian daily newspaper published in Turin, Italy. It is distributed in Italy and other European nations. It is one of the oldest newspapers in Italy.
Die Presse is a German-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Vienna, Austria. It is considered a newspaper of record for Austria.
Les Echos is the first daily French financial newspaper, founded in 1908 by the brothers Robert and Émile Servan-Schreiber. It is the main competitor of La Tribune, a rival financial paper.
Le Parisien is a French daily newspaper covering both international and national news, and local news of Paris and its suburbs. It is owned by LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE, better known as LVMH.
France Soir was a French newspaper that prospered in physical format during the 1950s and 1960s, reaching a circulation of 1.5 million in the 1950s. It declined rapidly under various owners and was relaunched as a populist tabloid in 2006. However, the company went bankrupt on 23 July 2012, before re-emerging as an online-only media in 2016. During the coronavirus pandemic it published many false claims and conspiracy theories about the disease and in 2020, according to NewsGuard, this media "fails to adhere to several basic journalistic standards".
La Razón is a daily newspaper based in Madrid, Spain. It has the sixth-highest circulation among general-interest Spanish dailies, and the fourth-highest among those based in Madrid.
Reuters is an international news organisation owned by Thomson Reuters. It employs around 2,500 journalists and 600 photojournalists in about 200 locations worldwide. Reuters is one of the largest news agencies in the world.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as The Manchester Guardian, and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, The Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, owned by the Scott Trust. The trust was created in 1936 to "secure the financial and editorial independence of The Guardian in perpetuity and to safeguard the journalistic freedom and liberal values of The Guardian free from commercial or political interference". The trust was converted into a limited company in 2008, with a constitution written so as to maintain for The Guardian the same protections as were built into the structure of the Scott Trust by its creators. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than distributed to owners or shareholders.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background.
The International Herald Tribune (IHT) was a daily English-language newspaper published in Paris, France for international English-speaking readers. It was the first "global" newspaper. It published under the name International Herald Tribune from 1967 to 2013.
Sylvie Kauffmann is a French journalist for Agence France-Presse (AFP) and the newspaper Le Monde. She worked for AFP in France in 1979 and as a foreign correspondent from 1980 to 1988. Kauffmann joined Le Monde as Moscow correspondent in 1988 and later Eastern and Central Europe correspondent from 1989 to 1993. She worked in the United States from 1993 to 2001 and Latin America in 2002 and 2003. Kauffman was appointed deputy chief editor of Le Monde in 2003 and covering Southeast Asia as reporter-in-large from 2006 to 2009. In 2010, she was appointed the newspaper's first woman editor-in chief, serving in the role until 2011.
In spite of the readership crisis in the United States, The New York Times is a newspaper of record in many countries, as is Le Monde in France or La Nación in Argentina.
It is the...country's newspaper of record. O Estado is sometimes called the "New York Times of Latin America" because of its grave editorial demeanour.
The statement, published on Tuesday by O Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil`s newspaper of record, was datelined in Fortaleza, a mid-sized city in northeastern Brazil.
[T]he Toronto-based Globe and Mail has had the kind of success in Canada that the New York Times had enjoyed in the U.S., as the leading 'newspaper of record' with a national readership.
This essay interrogates representations of Afghan women in the Globe and Mail, Canada's major English-language daily and newspaper of record.
This is significant because the state-run Al Ahram is considered the paper of record in Egypt
... one of the great newspapers of France and of the world.
... one of the most important and widely respected newspapers in the world.
Le Monde - respected national daily, considered to be France's newspaper of record
The clippings are from the South China Morning Post, the paper of record in Hong KongCS1 maint: location (link)
Today, the Irish Times is one of Ireland's most authoritative journals – the newspaper of record for political and intellectual elites from Mayo to Monkstown. Mark O'Brien provides a detailed and colourful account of this transformation. His history of the Irish Times is also the story of modern Ireland: it tracks the newspaper's sceptical response to the emergence of the Free State in 1922 and the declaration of the Republic in 1949; it also examines its fractious relationship with the nation's governments and political figureheads from Eamon de Valera (whom the paper repeatedly compared to Hitler) to Bertie Ahern.
In the past few months, Haaretz, Israel's paper of record, has run a series of articles expressing misgivings about outside influence.
Recent polling, alongside articles in both the New York Times and the Israeli paper of record, Ha'aretz, indicate that the American Jewish community no longer feels represented by our so-called representatives - if we ever did.
In late January, the declaration ran as an ad in Ha'aretz, the national paper of record...
... it appears with its rival on most experts’ lists of the world’s greatest newspapers.
Kenya's newspaper of record, the Daily Nation, published a banner headline "Never Again" over an editorial with a sharp, eloquent warning
NRC Handelsblad is a serious newspaper of record; as is De Volkskrant, which is read by many students.
... wrote a commentary in the Jan. 26 issue of Politika, the Serbian newspaper of record and the oldest daily in the Balkans.
Dagens Nyheter, Sweden's paper of record.
... long the newspaper of record in the United States and one of the world’s great newspapers.