|Owner(s)||Groupe Le Monde|
|Political alignment|| Social liberalism |
|Headquarters||80 bd Auguste-Blanqui, |
F-75707 Paris Cedex 13
|Circulation||393,109 (Total, 2020)|
360,000 (Digital, 2020)
|ISSN|| 0395-2037 (print)|
Le Monde (French pronunciation: [lə mɔ̃d] ( listen ); lit. 'The World') is a French daily afternoon newspaper. It is the main publication of Le Monde Group and reported an average circulation of 323,039 copies per issue in 2009, about 40,000 of which were sold abroad. It has had its own website since 19 December 1995, and is often the only French newspaper easily obtainable in non-French-speaking countries. It is considered one of the French newspapers of record, along with Libération , and Le Figaro . It should not be confused with the monthly publication Le Monde diplomatique , of which Le Monde has 51% ownership, but which is editorially independent. A Reuters Institute poll in 2021 in France found that "Le Monde is the most trusted national newspaper".
Le Monde was founded by Hubert Beuve-Méry at the request of Charles de Gaulle (as Chairman of the Provisional Government of the French Republic) on 19 December 1944, shortly after the Liberation of Paris, and published continuously since its first edition.
The paper's journalistic side has a collegial form of organization, in which most journalists are not only tenured, but financial stakeholders in the enterprise as well, and participate in the elections of upper management and senior executives. In the 1990s and 2000s, La Vie-Le Monde Group expanded under editor Jean-Marie Colombani with a number of acquisitions. However, its profitability was not sufficient to cover the large debt loads it took on to fund this expansion, and it sought new investors in 2010 to keep the company out of bankruptcy. In June 2010, investors Matthieu Pigasse, Pierre Bergé, and Xavier Niel acquired a controlling stake in the newspaper.
In contrast to other world newspapers such as The New York Times , Le Monde was traditionally focused on offering analysis and opinion, as opposed to being a newspaper of record. Hence, it was considered less important for the paper to offer maximum coverage of the news than to offer thoughtful interpretation of current events. For instance, on the 10th anniversary of the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior, the newspaper directly implicated François Mitterrand, who was the French president at the time, in the operation. In recent years the paper has established a greater distinction between fact and opinion.
Le Monde was founded in 1944,at the request of General Charles de Gaulle, after the German army had been driven from Paris during World War II. The paper took over the headquarters and layout of Le Temps , which had been the most important newspaper in France, but its reputation had suffered during the Occupation. Beuve-Méry reportedly demanded total editorial independence as the condition for his taking on the project.
In 1981, Le Monde backed the election of socialist François Mitterrand, partly on the grounds that the alternation of the political party in government would be beneficial to the democratic character of the state.The paper endorsed centre-right candidate Édouard Balladur in the 1995 presidential election, and Ségolène Royal, the Socialist Party candidate, in the 2007 presidential election.
According to the Mitrokhin Archive investigators, Le Monde (KGB codename VESTNIK, "messenger") was the KGB's key outlet for Soviet disinformation in the French media. The archive identified two senior Le Monde journalists and several contributors who were used in the operations (see also the article on Russian influence operations in France).
Michel Legris, a former journalist with the paper, wrote Le Monde tel qu'il est (Le Monde as it is) in 1976. According to him, the journal minimized the atrocities committed by the Cambodian Khmer Rouge.
In their 2003 book titled La Face cachée du Monde (The Hidden face of "Le Monde"), authors Pierre Péan and Philippe Cohen alleged that Colombani and then-editor Edwy Plenel had shown, amongst other things, partisan bias and had engaged in financial dealings that compromised the paper's independence. It also accused the paper of dangerously damaging the authority of the French state by having revealed various political scandals (notably corruption scandals surrounding Jacques Chirac, the "Irish of Vincennes" affair, and the sinking of a Greenpeace boat, the Rainbow Warrior , by French intelligence under President François Mitterrand). This book remains controversial, but attracted much attention and media coverage in France and around the world at the time of its publication. Following a lawsuit, the authors and the publisher agreed in 2004 not to proceed to any reprinting.[ citation needed ]
Le Monde has been found guilty of defamation for saying that Spanish football club FC Barcelona was connected to a doctor involved in steroid use. The Spanish court fined the newspaper nearly $450,000.
In April 2016, two Le Monde reporters were denied visas to visit Algeria as part of the French Prime Minister press convoy to Algeria. The denial of visas to Le Monde reporters caused some French media to boycott the event, including Libération, Le Figaro, and France Inter. Le Monde had previously published the names of Algerian officials directly involved with the Panama Papers scandal.Coverage of the scandal in Le Monde included a front-page photo of President of Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika. However, the paper clarified in its next edition that Bouteflika was not directly implicated, but maintained that his associates were. Bouteflika opened a libel suit against Le Monde, which was later dropped after the newspaper apologised.
In June 2010, investors Matthieu Pigasse, Pierre Bergé, and Xavier Niel acquired a controlling stake in the newspaper. As of September 2019 [update] , they had not done so.In October 2018, staff learned that Pigasse had sold 49% of his stake in the company to Czech businessman Daniel Křetínský. Le Monde's Independency Group, a minority shareholder that aims to protect the paper's editorial independence, had not been informed of the sale, and asked Pigasse and Křetínský to sign an "approval agreement" that would give the Independency Group the right to approve or reject any controlling shareholder.
Le Monde is published around midday, and the cover date on the masthead is the following day's. For instance, the issue released at midday on 15 March shows 16 March on the masthead. It is available on newsstands in France on the day of release, and received by mail subscribers on the masthead date. The Saturday issue is a double one, for Saturday and Sunday.
Thus the latest edition can be found on newsstands from Monday to Friday included, while subscribers will receive it from Tuesday to Saturday included.
In December 2006, on the 60th anniversary of its publishing début,[ citation needed ]Le Monde moved into new headquarters in Boulevard Auguste-Blanqui, 13th arrondissement of Paris.
The building—formerly the headquarters of Air France—was refashioned by Bouygues from the designs of Christian de Portzamparc. The building's façade has an enormous fresco adorned by doves (drawn by Plantu) flying towards Victor Hugo, symbolising freedom of the press.
It will move into a new headquarters, also in the 13th arrondissement, around 2017. It will have space for 1,200 people.
Le Monde was among the first French newspapers on the web, with its first web edition on 19 December 1995.It is among the 50 most visited websites in France.
Starting in the 2000s Le Monde allowed its subscribers to publish a blog on its website. These blogs were called the "les blogs abonnées du Monde.fr". On 10 April 2019, Le Monde announced that it would be closing its blog platform on 5 June 2019.Although the reasons for the closing of the blogs were unclear, it could be linked to the dominance of social networks like Facebook.
The Prix littéraire du Monde has been awarded annually by Le Monde since 2013. It is awarded at the beginning of September to a novel published at the start of the French literary season—or "rentrée littéraire". The winner of the prize is chosen by a jury made up of journalists—literary journalists from Le Monde des livres, cultural or other editorial staff—chaired by the director of the newspaper.
|2013||Yasmina Reza||Heureux les heureux||Éditions Stock||A "prix étranger" was also awarded to |
Kevin Powers for The Yellow Birds
|2014||Emmanuel Carrère||Le Royaume||Éditions P.O.L|
|2015||Agnès Desarthe||Ce cœur changeant||Éditions de l'Olivier|
|2016||Ivan Jablonka||Laëtitia ou la Fin des hommes||Éditions du Seuil|
|2017||Alice Zeniter||L'Art de perdre||Éditions Flammarion|
|2018||Jérôme Ferrari||À son image||Actes Sud|
|2019||Cécile Coulon||Une bête au paradis||Éditions de l'Iconoclaste|
|2020||Francesca Serra||Elle a menti pour les ailes||Éditions Anne Carrière|
|2021||Jean-Claude Grumberg||Jacqueline Jacqueline||Éditions du Seuil|
Le Monde diplomatique is a French monthly newspaper offering analysis and opinion on politics, culture, and current affairs.
The Prix Femina is a French literary prize created in 1904 by 22 writers for the magazine La Vie heureuse. The prize is decided each year by an exclusively female jury. They reward French-language works written in prose or verse, by both women and men. The winner is announced on the first Wednesday of November each year.
The Prix Théophraste-Renaudot or Prix Renaudot is a French literary award.
The Prix de Flore is a French literary prize founded in 1994 by Frédéric Beigbeder. The aim of the prize is to reward youthful authors and is judged by a panel of journalists. It is awarded yearly in November, at the Café de Flore in Paris. The prize only applies to French-language literature, even though the author does not have to be French. Bruce Benderson was the first non-French author to receive the prize, in 2004, for the novel Autobiographie érotique . The laureate of the Prix de Flore wins about 6,000 Euros and is entitled to drink a glass of Pouilly-Fumé, a white wine from the Loire region of France, at the Café de Flore every day for a year. The laureate's name is engraved on the glass.
André Billy was a French writer.
Éric Fottorino, is a French journalist and writer. He is the winner of the Prix Femina, 2007, for Baisers de cinéma. After having been a reporter for the daily newspaper Le Monde, then becoming editor-in-chief and executive editor, he was appointed president of the directory group of the La Vie-Le Monde group in January 2008. He was removed from this latter office in December 2010.
David Foenkinos is a French author and screenwriter. He studied literature and music in Paris. His novel La délicatesse is a bestseller in France. A film based on the book was released in December 2011, with Audrey Tautou as the main character. In 2014 he was awarded Prix Renaudot for his novel "Charlotte".
Gilles Lapouge was a French writer and journalist with the daily O Estado de S. Paulo. He won the 2007 Prix Femina Essai.
Édouard Louis is a French writer.
The Prix Femina étranger is a French literary award established in 1985. It is awarded annually to a foreign-language literary work translated into French.
Christophe Boltanski is a French journalist, writer and chronicler, laureate of the prix Femina 2015 for his novel La Cache.
Michel Crépu is a French writer and literary critic as well as the editor-in-chief of Nouvelle Revue française since 2015.
Jean-Marc Théolleyre was a 20th-century French journalist.
Abdelmadjid Tebboune is an Algerian politician currently serving as the President of Algeria since December 2019 and as Minister of Defence. He took over the power from former President Abdelaziz Bouteflika and former Acting Head of State Abdelkader Bensalah. Previously, he was Prime Minister of Algeria from May 2017 to August 2017. In addition, he was also Minister of Housing from 2001 to 2002 for a year and again from 2012 to 2017 for 5 years.
The 2019–2021 Algerian protests, also called Revolution of Smiles or Hirak Movement, began on 16 February 2019, six days after Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced his candidacy for a fifth presidential term in a signed statement. These protests, without precedent since the Algerian Civil War, were peaceful and led the military to insist on Bouteflika's immediate resignation, which took place on 2 April 2019. By early May, a significant number of power-brokers close to the deposed administration, including the former president's younger brother Saïd, had been arrested.
Abdelkader Bensalah was an Algerian politician. He served as the President of the Council of the Nation, the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Algeria, between 2002 and 2019. After President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who had ruled the country for 20 years, resigned in April 2019, Bensalah served as the Acting Head of State of Algeria till Abdelmadjid Tebboune took office after winning the presidential election in December 2019.
Valérie Manteau is a French writer, publisher and journalist.
Cécile Coulon is a French novelist, poet and short story writer. As of 2020, she has published seven novels, two poetry collections and one short story collection. She has been awarded the Prix des libraires (2017) and the prix Guillaume Apollinaire (2018)
Groupe Le Monde or Société éditrice du Monde is a French mass media company that publishes Le Monde newspaper. Their headquarters are located in Paris, France.
Éric Reinhardt is a French writer and publisher currently living in Paris.
Editeur SOCIETE ÉDITRICE DU MONDE [...] Dont le siège social est situé 80, boulevard Auguste-Blanqui – 75707 Paris cedex 13
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