Prime Minister of Fiji

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji
Paraiminisita ni Viti (Fijian)
Fiji ke Pradhaan Mantri (Fiji Hindi)
Coat of arms of Fiji.svg
Flag of Fiji.svg
Sitiveni Rabuka 2020.jpg
Incumbent
Sitiveni Rabuka
since 24 December 2022
Style The Right Honourable
Status Head of government
Member of Cabinet
Seat Government Buildings
Term length Four years
Precursor Chief Minister of Fiji
Inaugural holder Kamisese Mara
Formation10 October 1970;52 years ago (1970-10-10)
SalaryFJ$328,750 annually [1]
Website www.pmoffice.gov.fj OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The prime minister of Fiji is the head of government of the Republic of Fiji. The prime minister is appointed under the terms of the 2013 Constitution. The prime minister is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses ministers.

Contents

Description of the office

As a former British colony, Fiji has largely adopted British political models and follows the Westminster, or Cabinet, system of government, in which the executive branch of government is responsible to the legislature. Under the 2013 Constitution, the prime minister is the leader of the political party which has won more than half of the total number of seats in Parliament. If no such party exist, the Parliament elects the prime minister.

The prime minister of Fiji is technically the "first among equals," whose vote in meetings of the Cabinet carries no greater weight than that of any other minister. In practice, the prime minister dominates the government. Other ministers are appointed by the prime minister.

History of the office

Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara was appointed Fiji's first prime minister on 10 October 1970, when Fiji attained its independence from Britain. Mara previously served as Fiji's first and only chief minister, from 20 September 1967 (while Fiji still was a British colony). Mara's first term as prime minister lasted until 13 April 1987. He returned to the office for the second term on 5 December 1987, serving until 2 June 1992. As of 2014, Mara is the longest-serving prime minister of Fiji.

List of prime ministers of Fiji (1970–present)

PortraitPrime MinisterTook officeLeft officeTime in officePartyElection Head(s) of state
Prime Ministers of the Dominion of Fiji
Kamisese Mara.jpg
Ratu Sir
Kamisese Mara
(1920–2004)
10 October 197013 April 198716 years, 185 days  Alliance 1972
1977 (Mar)
1977 (Sep)
1982
Elizabeth II
Bavadra in Sydney, April 1988 (cropped).jpg
Timoci Bavadra
(1934–1989)
13 April 198714 May 198731 days  Labour 1987 Elizabeth II
Vacant (14 May 1987 – 5 December 1987) [lower-alpha 1]
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Fiji
Kamisese Mara.jpg
Ratu Sir
Kamisese Mara
(1920–2004)
[lower-alpha 2]
5 December 19872 June 19924 years, 180 days  Independent Ganilau
Sitiveni Rabuka 2020.jpg
Major General (Rtd)
Sitiveni Rabuka
(born 1948)
2 June 199219 May 19996 years, 351 days  SVT 1992
1994
Ganilau
Mara
Mahendra Chaudhry 2015.jpg
Mahendra Chaudhry
(born 1942)
19 May 199927 May 20001 year, 8 days  Labour 1999 Mara
No image.png
Ratu
Tevita Momoedonu
(1946–2020)
[lower-alpha 3]
27 May 200027 May 20000 days  Labour Mara
Vacant (27 May 2000 – 4 July 2000) [lower-alpha 1]
Fiji 2004 Mr Qarase (cropped).jpg
Laisenia Qarase
(1941–2020)
[lower-alpha 4]
4 July 200014 March 2001253 days  Independent Bainimarama
Iloilo
No image.png
Ratu
Tevita Momoedonu
(1946–2020)
Acting
14 March 200116 March 20012 days  Labour Iloilo
Fiji 2004 Mr Qarase (cropped).jpg
Laisenia Qarase
(1941–2020)
16 March 20015 December 20065 years, 264 days  SDL 2001
2006
Iloilo
No image.png
Dr.
Jona Senilagakali
(1929–2011)
Acting
[lower-alpha 5]
5 December 20064 January 200730 days  Independent Bainimarama
Bainimarama 2014.jpg
Commodore
Frank Bainimarama
(born 1954)
Acting
[lower-alpha 6]
5 January 200722 September 20147 years, 260 days  RFMF Iloilo
Nailatikau
Frank Bainimarama November 2014.jpg
Rear Admiral (Rtd)
Frank Bainimarama
(born 1954)
22 September 201424 December 20228 years, 93 days  FijiFirst 2014
2018
Nailatikau
Konrote
Katonivere
Sitiveni Rabuka 2020.jpg
Major General (Rtd)
Sitiveni Rabuka
(born 1948)
24 December 2022Incumbent31 days  People's Alliance 2022 Katonivere

Timeline

Frank BainimaramaJona SenilagakaliLaisenia QaraseTevita MomoedonuMahendra ChaudhrySitiveni RabukaTimoci BavadraKamisese MaraPrime Minister of Fiji

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Fiji was left without a prime minister following two military coups in 1987 and a civilian coup d'état in 2000.
  2. Mara's party, the Alliance Party, was dissolved in the wake of the 1987 coups, so he was effectively a nonpartisan prime minister in his last term.
  3. Ratu Momoedonu was appointed Prime Minister on 27 May 2000, by the then-president, Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, in order to meet a constitutional technicality. He resigned only a few minutes later, as soon as the technicality had been attended to, in order to allow the president to assume full executive power.
  4. Qarase was not a member of a political party when he headed the interim government in 2000 and early 2001. Following his reinstatement on 16 March 2001 (after two days' absence from office), he founded the United Fiji Party to contest the general election that was to be held later that year.
  5. Senilagakali was installed as Interim Prime Minister as Commodore Josaia Voreqe (Frank) Bainimarama took control of the government. He was previously a highly esteemed medical doctor, the former president of the Fijian Medical Association, and was military doctor at the time of the coup d'état in 2006. [2]
  6. The Bainimarama government was dismissed as illegal by Fiji's Court of Appeal on 10 April 2009, leading to the prime minister's immediate resignation. He was re-appointed the next day by President Josefa Iloilo, following the latter's abrogation of the Constitution. [3] [4]

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Dr. Ahmed Ali was a Fijian academic and politician who held Cabinet office several times from the late 1970s onwards. Unlike the majority of his fellow Indo-Fijians, he was aligned with the Alliance Party of Prime Minister Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara in the 1970s and 1980s, and with the Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua Party of Laisenia Qarase in the early 2000s. He was one of only two Indo-Fijians to agree to serve in the interim government established in the wake of two military coups carried out to assert indigenous political supremacy in 1987.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Resignation of Ratu Mara</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2006 Fijian coup d'état</span> Coup that overthrew civilian government and made Bainimarama acting Prime Minister

The Fijian coup d'état of December 2006 was a coup d'état in Fiji carried out by Commodore Frank Bainimarama, Commander of the Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF), against Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase and President Josefa Iloilo. It was the culmination of a political crisis that started the previous year, when the Qarase government introduced three bills to the Fijian Parliament. The Qoliqoli, Land Tribunal, and Reconciliation, Tolerance, and Unity Bills dealt with the ongoing ethnic conflicts in Fiji and the aftermath of the 2000 coup, and were considered to be pro-ethnic Fijian. Bainimarama presented the government with a list of demands on October 16 that included withdrawing the bills. Attempts at negotiation failed and the military launched the coup on 4 December. Parliament was dissolved, Qarase and his cabinet were dismissed, and some civilian officials were placed under house arrest. After the Great Council of Chiefs refused to appoint a cabinet friendly to the military, Bainimarama reached an understanding with Iloilo and reinstated him as President on 4 January 2007. Iloilo then appointed Bainimarama acting Prime Minister in charge of the Interim Cabinet.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Josefa Iloilo</span> President of Fiji from 2000 to 2009

Ratu Josefa Iloilovatu Uluivuda, was a Fijian politician who served as the 3rd President of Fiji from 2000 until 2009, excluding a brief period from 5 December 2006 to 4 January 2007. He held the traditional title of Tui Vuda, the paramount chief of the Vuda district in Ba Province on Fiji's northwest coast. Like many Fijian people, he rarely used his surname and was known simply as Josefa Iloilo. He announced on 28 July 2009 that he would be leaving office on 30 July. At the age of 88, he was the world's oldest head of state.

The interim cabinet of Fiji was appointed in January 2007, following the 2006 Fijian coup d'état.

References

  1. "PARLIAMENTARY REMUNERATIONS DECREE 2014 (DECREE NO. 29 OF 2014)" (PDF). Government of Fiji. 3 October 2014.
  2. "Military now in charge in Fiji". Fiji Times. 5 December 2006. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
  3. "Fiji's Bainimarama steps down as PM", Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 10 April 2009
  4. "Commodore Bainimarama sworn in as Prime Minister" Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine , Fiji government, 11 April 2009