President of Nauru

Last updated
President of the Republic of Nauru
President Ribulik Naoero
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg
Seal of Government of
the Republic of Nauru
Baron Waqa.jpg
Incumbent
Baron Waqa

since 11 June 2013
Residence State House
Anetan District
Appointer Parliament of Nauru
Term length Three years
renewable, can be removed by a majority of Parliament
Inaugural holder Hammer DeRoburt
31 January 1968
Formation Constitution of Nauru
Deputy Minister Assisting the President of Nauru
Website naurugov.nr
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nauru

The President of Nauru is elected by Parliament from among its members, and is both the head of state and the head of government of Nauru. Nauru's unicameral Parliament has 19 members, with an electoral term of 3 years. Political parties only play a minor role in Nauru politics, and there have often been periods of instability in the Presidential office. Shifting allegiances among a small number of individuals can lead to frequent changes in the makeup of the government of the day, including the presidential position itself.

Parliament of Nauru

The Parliament of Nauru has 19 members, elected for a three-year term in multi-seat constituencies. The President of Nauru is elected by the members of the Parliament. The number of seats was increased to 19 following elections in 2013.

A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, and there is a separate de facto leader, often with the title of prime minister. In contrast, a semi-presidential system has both heads of state and government as the leaders de facto of the nation.

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Contents

List

No.Name
(Birth–Death)
PictureTook officeLeft officeParty
1 Hammer DeRoburt
(1922–1992)
Hammer DeRoburt.jpg 31 January 196822 December 1976 Independent
2 Bernard Dowiyogo
(1946–2003)
22 December 197619 December 1978Nauru Party
3 Lagumot Harris
(1938–1999)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 19 December 197823 December 1978 Independent
(1) Hammer DeRoburt
(1922–1992)
Hammer DeRoburt.jpg 23 December 197817 September 1986 Independent
4 Kennan Adeang
(1942–2011)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 17 September 19861 October 1986Nauru Party
(1) Hammer DeRoburt
(1922–1992)
Hammer DeRoburt.jpg 1 October 198612 December 1986 Independent
(4) Kennan Adeang
(1942–2011)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 12 December 198622 December 1986Nauru Party
(1) Hammer DeRoburt
(1922–1992)
Hammer DeRoburt.jpg 22 December 198617 August 1989 Independent
5 Kenas Aroi
(1942–1991)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 17 August 198912 December 1989 Independent
(2) Bernard Dowiyogo
(1946–2003)
12 December 198922 November 1995 Democratic Party
(3) Lagumot Harris
(1938–1999)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 22 November 199511 November 1996 Independent
(2) Bernard Dowiyogo
(1946–2003)
11 November 199626 November 1996 Democratic Party
(4) Kennan Adeang
(1942–2011)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 26 November 199619 December 1996 Democratic Party
6 Ruben Kun
(1942–2014)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 19 December 199613 February 1997 Independent
7 Kinza Clodumar
(1945–)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 13 February 199718 June 1998 Centre Party
(2) Bernard Dowiyogo
(1946–2003)
18 June 199827 April 1999 Democratic Party
8 René Harris
(1947–2008)
27 April 199920 April 2000 Independent
(2) Bernard Dowiyogo
(1946–2003)
20 April 200030 March 2001 Democratic Party
(8) René Harris
(1947–2008)
30 March 20019 January 2003 Independent
(2) Bernard Dowiyogo
(1946–2003)
9 January 200317 January 2003 Democratic Party
(8) René Harris
(1947–2008)
17 January 200318 January 2003 Independent
(2) Bernard Dowiyogo
(1946–2003)
18 January 20039 March 2003 Democratic Party
9 Derog Gioura
(1932–2008)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 10 March 200329 May 2003 Independent
10 Ludwig Scotty
(1948–)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 29 May 20038 August 2003 Independent
(8) René Harris
(1947–2008)
8 August 200322 June 2004 Independent
(10) Ludwig Scotty
(1948–)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 22 June 200419 December 2007 Independent
11 Marcus Stephen
(1969–)
President Marcus Stephen of Nauru.jpg 19 December 200710 November 2011 Independent
12 Freddie Pitcher
(1967–)
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg 10 November 201115 November 2011 Independent
13 Sprent Dabwido
(1972–2019)
Sprent Dabwido (cropped).jpg 15 November 201111 June 2013 Independent
14 Baron Waqa
(1959–)
Baron Waqa.jpg 11 June 2013Incumbent Independent

Latest election

Summary of the 13 July 2016 President of Nauru election results

Nauru Republic in Oceania

Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific. Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 kilometres (190 mi) to the east. It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, north of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands. With only a 21-square-kilometre (8.1 sq mi) area, Nauru is the third-smallest state on the list of countries and dependencies by area behind Vatican City and Monaco, making it the smallest state in the South Pacific Ocean, the smallest island state, and the smallest republic. Its population is 11,347, making it the third smallest on the list of countries and dependencies by population, after the Vatican and Tuvalu.

e    d  
AffiliationCandidatesVotes
Government Baron Waqa 16
Opposition Riddell Akua 2
Total18

Sources

Related Research Articles

Politics of Armenia

The politics of Armenia take place in the framework of the parliamentary representative democratic republic of Armenia, whereby the President of Armenia is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Armenia the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and Parliament.

Politics of Nauru

Politics of Nauru takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Nauru is the head of government of the executive branch. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Politics of Sudan

Officially, the politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic consociationalist republic, where the President of Sudan is head of state, head of government and commander-in-chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and in the two chambers, the National Assembly (lower) and the Council of States (upper), of the bicameral National Legislature. The judiciary is independent and obtained by the Constitutional Court. However, following a deadly civil war and the still ongoing genocide in Darfur, Sudan was widely recognized as a totalitarian state where all effective political power was held by President Omar al-Bashir and the National Congress Party (NCP). However, al-Bashir and the NCP were ousted in a military coup which occurred on April 11, 2019. The government of Sudan is now led by the "Transitional Military Council".

Parliamentary system form of government

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislature, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a person distinct from the head of government. This is in contrast to a presidential system, where the head of state often is also the head of government and, most importantly, the executive does not derive its democratic legitimacy from the legislature.

Ludwig Derangadage Scotty is a Nauruan politician who twice served as President of Nauru and has been Speaker of Parliament since 2013. He served as President from 29 May 2003 to 8 August 2003 and again from 22 June 2004 until his ousting in a vote of no confidence on 19 December 2007. He served as Speaker from 2000 until his election as President in 2003, again from November 2010 to April 2013, and from June 2013 to June 2016.

Nauru First is the only formal political party in the Republic of Nauru.

HE Kinza Godfrey Clodumar is a Nauruan politician who served as President of Nauru from 1997 to 1998.

Marcus Stephen Nauruan sportperson and politician

Marcus Stephen is a Nauruan politician and former sportsperson who previously was a member of the Cabinet of Nauru, and who served as President of Nauru from December 2007 to November 2011. The son of Nauruan parliamentarian Lawrence Stephen, Stephen was educated at St Bedes College and RMIT University in Victoria, Australia. Initially playing Australian rules football, he opted to pursue the sport of weightlifting, in which he represented Nauru at the Summer Olympics and Commonwealth Games between 1990 and 2002, winning seven Commonwealth gold medals.

Kenas Aroi was a Nauruan political figure. He was President of the Republic of Nauru from 17 August to 12 December 1989.

Parliamentary republic type of republic which operates under a parliamentary system

A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature. There are a number of variations of parliamentary republics. Most have a clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state, with the head of government holding real power, much like constitutional monarchies. Some have combined the roles of head of state and head of government, much like presidential systems, but with a dependency upon parliamentary power.

Frederick William "Freddie" Pitcher is a Nauruan political figure. In December 2007, Pitcher was appointed Finance Minister of Nauru, to serve in the Administration of President Marcus Stephen.

2008 Nauruan parliamentary election election

Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on April 26, 2008, following the dissolving of Parliament by President Marcus Stephen on April 18. The decision came after what Stephen referred to as "months of political deadlock". Of the parliament's eighteen members, nine supported the Stephen government and nine were in opposition.

Roland Tullen Kun is a Nauruan politician and Member of Parliament.

Cyril Buraman is a political figure and member of the Parliament of Nauru.

Shadlog Armait Bernicke is a Nauruan politician.

Sprent Dabwido President of Nauru

Sprent Arumogo Dabwido was a Nauruan politician who served as the President of Nauru between 2011 and 2013, and was also a weightlifter. The son of a parliamentarian, Dabwido was originally elected to the Meneng Constituency in the Parliament of Nauru at the 2004 elections. Having served as Minister for Telecommunications in Marcus Stephen's government from 2009, Dabwido joined the Nauruan opposition faction in November 2011 after Stephen's resignation, and, having passed a motion of no confidence against interim president Freddie Pitcher, was elected president four days later. In his role as president, Dabwido functioned as chairman of the Cabinet of Nauru, and held various portfolios in the Nauruan government.

2003 Nauruan parliamentary election

The 2003 Nauruan parliamentary election took place on 3 May 2003 in Nauru to elect members of the Parliament of Nauru. The election took place with Nauru having economic difficulties and a large budget deficit. This was the main issue in the election, which followed a period where a number of presidents had been elected for short periods of time. However the election resulted in deadlock for several weeks afterwards, with parliament divided between three candidates for president. It was only at the end of May that Ludwig Scotty was elected as the new president of Nauru and was able to form a new government.

Cabinet (government) Group of high ranking officials, usually representing the executive branch of government

A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called Cabinet ministers or secretaries. The function of a Cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and response to sudden events, whereas the legislative and judicial branches work in a measured pace, in sessions according to lengthy procedures.

2019 national electoral calendar National Elections in 2019

This national electoral calendar for the year 2019 lists the national/federal direct elections to be held in 2019 in all sovereign states and their dependent territories. By-elections are excluded, though national referendums are included. Specific dates are given where they have been known.