Parliament of Nauru

Last updated

Parliament of Nauru
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded31 January 1968
Leadership
Marcus Stephen, Independent
since 27 August 2019
Vacant
Lionel Aingimea, Independent
since 27 August 2019
Seats19 members
Elections
Dowdall system
Last election
24 August 2019
Next election
2022
Meeting place
Nauru-parliament.jpg
Parliament Building, Yaren
Nauru Parliament chamber.jpg
Website
Official website
Footnotes
* all candidates for Parliament officially stand as independents.
Coat of arms of Nauru.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nauru

The Parliament of Nauru has 19 members, elected for a three-year term in multi-seat constituencies. The President of Nauru is elected by the members of the Parliament. [1] The number of seats was increased to 19 following elections in 2013. [2]

Nauru Republic in Oceania

Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific. Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 kilometres (190 mi) to the east. It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, 1300 km northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands. With only a 21-square-kilometre (8.1 sq mi) area, Nauru is the third-smallest country in the world behind Vatican City, and Monaco, making it the smallest state in the South Pacific Ocean, the smallest state outside Europe, the smallest island state, and the smallest republic. Additionally, its population of 11,347 is the world's third smallest, after the Vatican and Tuvalu.

President of Nauru head of state and government in Nauru

The President of Nauru is elected by Parliament from among its members, and is both the head of state and the head of government of Nauru. Nauru's unicameral Parliament has 19 members, with an electoral term of 3 years. Political parties only play a minor role in Nauru politics, and there have often been periods of instability in the Presidential office. Shifting allegiances among a small number of individuals can lead to frequent changes in the makeup of the government of the day, including the presidential position itself.

Contents

The members of the Parliament of Nauru are elected by a positional voting system. [1]

On 22 March 2010, Radio New Zealand International reported that President Marcus Stephen had dissolved Parliament in readiness for elections on 24 April 2010. The election saw all 18 MPs returned, [3] but by this stage nine of them had formed the Opposition, resulting in a deadlocked Parliament. Another election was held in June 2010 as a result of the continuing deadlock. After weeks of uncertainty, the deadlock was resolved when the Opposition agreed to have one of its own MPs, Ludwig Scotty, elected as Speaker. President Stephen then suggested that the number of MPs should be expanded to 19, to prevent future deadlocks. [4] In late 2012, Parliament, under the leadership of President Dabwido, acted on this suggestion and passed a law increasing the number of seats to 19 after election in 2013, it is expected to prevent future deadlocks like the one in 2010. [2]

Marcus Stephen Nauruan sportperson and politician

Marcus Stephen is a Nauruan politician and former sportsperson who previously was a member of the Cabinet of Nauru, and who served as President of Nauru from December 2007 to November 2011. The son of Nauruan parliamentarian Lawrence Stephen, Stephen was educated at St Bedes College and RMIT University in Victoria, Australia. Initially playing Australian rules football, he opted to pursue the sport of weightlifting, in which he represented Nauru at the Summer Olympics and Commonwealth Games between 1990 and 2002, winning seven Commonwealth gold medals.

Ludwig Derangadage Scotty is a Nauruan politician who twice served as President of Nauru and was Speaker of Parliament five times between 2000 and 2016. He served as President from 29 May 2003 to 8 August 2003 and again from 22 June 2004 until his ousting in a vote of no confidence on 19 December 2007. He was elected as President in 2003, again from November 2010 to April 2013, and from June 2013 to June 2016.

Speaker (politics) presiding officer of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body

The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair. The title was first used in 1377 in England.

History

The Parliament of Nauru came into existence with the country's independence on 31 January 1968. The island was previously a United Nations Trust Territory administered by Australia. The Australian government's Nauru Act 1965 created the Legislative Council for the Territory of Nauru, consisting of 15 members – nine elected members, one ex officio member (the Administrator of Nauru), and five "official members" nominated by the Administrator. [5]

Current MPs

ConstituencyMemberPartyFactionMinister Portfolios
Aiwo Constituency Milton Dube Non-partisan Government
Aaron Cook Non-partisan Government Commerce, Industry & Environment; RONPhos; Nauru Rehabilitation Corporation
Anabar Constituency Riddell Akua Naoero Amo Government
Ludwig Scotty Non-partisan Government
Anetan Constituency Cyril Buraman Non-partisan Government
Marcus Stephen Non-partisan Opposition
Boe Constituency Mathew Batsiua Non-partisan Opposition
Baron Waqa Non-partisan Government Public Service; Police & Emergency Services; Foreign Affairs & Trade; Climate Change
Buada Constituency Shadlog Bernicke Non-partisan Government Phosphate; Nauru Utilities Corporation; Telecommunications
Roland Kun Naoero Amo Opposition
Meneng Constituency vacant Naoero Amo Government
Lyn-Wannan Kam Non-partisan Government
Squire Jeremiah Non-partisan Government
Ubenide Constituency David Adeang Naoero Amo Government Finance & Sustainable Development; Justice; Eigigu Holdings Corporation; Airline
Russ J. Kun Non-partisan Opposition
Gabrissa Hartman Non-partisan
Ranin Akua Non-partisan Government
Yaren Constituency Kieren Keke Naoero Amo Opposition
Charmaine Scotty Non-partisan Government Home Affairs; Education and Youth; Land Management

Speaker

The Speaker is the presiding officer of Parliament. The Speaker is an MP elected by the MPs. The Speaker has no vote in no-confidence votes and presidential elections.

Following the April 2008 election, Riddell Akua was appointed Speaker of the Parliament of Nauru. He replaced David Adeang. [6]

Michael Riddell Akua is a political figure from the Pacific nation of the Republic of Nauru.

David Adeang Speaker of the Parliament of Nauru

David Waiau Adeang is a Nauruan politician, former Speaker of the Parliament of Nauru, and Nauru's Minister for Finance and Justice, as well as the Minister Assisting the President of Nauru. He is a founding member of the Naoero Amo, currently the only successful political party on the island.

Two weeks after the April 2010 election, Godfrey Thoma was elected Speaker. [4] Due to the political deadlock fresh elections were held in June, after which Parliament continued to be deadlocked until the election of Ludwig Scotty to the chair in November 2010. Scotty resigned at the end of the 20th Parliament in March 2013. Godfrey Thoma was elected to replace him. Following the 2013 election, Scotty was re-elected to the speaker's post.

April 2010 Nauruan parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 24 April 2010, following the dissolution of parliament by President Marcus Stephen on 16 March 2010. The election was called due to repeated attempts to oust the government of Marcus Stephen in votes of no-confidence. There were 86 candidates, eight of them women. Nauru uses a modified Borda count electoral system in eight multi-member districts.

Godfrey Awaire Thoma is a Nauruan politician.

June 2010 Nauruan parliamentary election election

Early parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 19 June 2010 after the previous parliamentary election in April 2010 had resulted in a deadlock between government and opposition, tied at nine seats each. This led to an extended state of emergency in Nauru as a result of this election.

Related Research Articles

Politics of Nauru

Politics of Nauru takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Nauru is the head of government of the executive branch. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

René Harris Nauruan politician (1947-2008)

René Reynaldo Harris was President of the Republic of Nauru four times between 1999 and 2004. He was a Member of Parliament from 1977 to 2008.

Kieren Aedogan Ankwong Keke is a Nauruan politician and medical doctor. He is a member of the Parliament of Nauru and former Minister of Foreign Affairs.

HE Kinza Godfrey Clodumar is a Nauruan politician who served as President of Nauru from 1997 to 1998.

2008 Nauruan parliamentary election election

Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on April 26, 2008, following the dissolving of Parliament by President Marcus Stephen on April 18. The decision came after what Stephen referred to as "months of political deadlock". Of the parliament's eighteen members, nine supported the Stephen government and nine were in opposition.

Baron Waqa Nauruan politician

Baron Divavesi Waqa is a Nauruan politician who was the 14th President of Nauru from 11 June 2013 until 27 August 2019. He previously served as Minister of Adult Education from 2004 to 2007.

Landon Deireragea is a Nauruan politician.

Aloysius Arabao Iyomogo Edrick Amwano is a Nauruan politician.

2003 Nauruan parliamentary election

The 2003 Nauruan parliamentary election took place on 3 May 2003 in Nauru to elect members of the Parliament of Nauru. The election took place with Nauru having economic difficulties and a large budget deficit. This was the main issue in the election, which followed a period where a number of presidents had been elected for short periods of time. However the election resulted in deadlock for several weeks afterwards, with parliament divided between three candidates for president. It was only at the end of May that Ludwig Scotty was elected as the new president of Nauru and was able to form a new government.

2010 Nauruan presidential election

Indirect presidential elections were held in Nauru on 1 November 2010 following the parliamentary elections held on 28 April 2010 and the repeated elections on 19 June 2010. The election was attempted to be held on 3 June 2010 and then on 4 June 2010, but failed both times. Another attempt was set for 6 July 2010 after incumbent president Marcus Stephen agreed to step aside to facilitate Aloysius Amwano's election as speaker. Rykers Solomon, an opposition MP, joined the government on 6 July 2010, but Amwano nonetheless refused to allow a motion to elect the president, suspending parliament until 8 July 2010. Amwano was subsequently dismissed by president Stephen and replaced by deputy speaker Landon Deireragea.

Milton Dube is a Nauruan politician.

2013 Nauruan parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 8 June 2013. After Parliament was dissolved on 1 March, the elections were set for 6 April. However, a Supreme Court ruling annulled the dissolution and cancelled the elections. Parliament was dissolved again on 23 May, approximately one month before the normal end of its mandate, and elections were set for 22 June 2013, however President Sprent Dabwido declared a state of emergency and brought the election forward to 8 June. Parliament first sat on June 11 and Fisheries Minister Baron Waqa, the leader of the government forces, was elected president.

Charmaine Eraidinomo Scotty is a Nauruan politician and cabinet minister.

2016 Nauruan parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 9 July 2016. On 10 June 2016, the Parliament was dissolved by President Baron Waqa after it completed its three-year term. Speaker Ludwig Scotty called the elections for 9 July, with nominations taking place between 19 and 25 June 2016.

References

  1. 1 2 "About Parliament", Parliament of Nauru Archived 20 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  2. 1 2 "Nauru country brief" Archived 6 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine , Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 10 November 2012
  3. "Nauru election returns previous parliament unchanged". Radio New Zealand International . 26 April 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  4. 1 2 "Political standoff ends with speaker's election in Nauru", ABC Radio Australia, 13 May 2010 Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Nauru Act 1965". Federal Register of Legislation.
  6. "Nauru president moves to ensure political stability" Archived 22 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine , ABC Radio Australia, 1 May 2008

Sources

http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2013-06-11/baron-waqa-named-as-new-nauru-president/1144022
http://www.naurugov.nr/government-information-office/media-release/honbaron-waqa-elected-president.aspx%5B%5D

Coordinates: 0°32′50″S166°55′00″E / 0.54722°S 166.91667°E / -0.54722; 166.91667