|Preceded by||National Congress|
since 17 May 2023
|Seats||137 [lower-alpha 1]|
|7 February 2021|
|20 August 2023|
|National Assembly Building|
Avenida 6 de Diciembre y Piedrahita
The National Assembly (Spanish : Asamblea Nacional) is the unicameral legislature of Ecuador. It replaced the National Congress in 2009 following reforms under the 2008 Constitution.  It is currently dissolved after the country's President Guillermo Lasso invoked a muerte cruzada .  Within Ecuador, the National Assembly has the power to pass laws, while appointment of judges to the National Court of Justice is done by a separate Judicial Council. 
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats[ citation needed ]|
|Union for Hope (FCS-DC)||2,584,579||32.21||new||5||40||4||49||+49|
|Social Christian Party||780,499||9.73||–6.17||2||16||0||18||+3|
|CREO Movement [lower-alpha 2]||774,185||9.65||n/a||2||9||1||12||–14|
|Honesty Alliance (MC-PSE)||301,426||3.76||new||1||1||0||2||+2|
|United Ecuadorian Movement||166.908||2.08||new||0||2||0||2||+2|
|Patriotic Society Party||145,396||1.81||–1.13||0||1||0||1||–1|
|SUMA Party [lower-alpha 2]||135,020||1.68||n/a||0||0||0||0||–8|
|Together We Can National Movement||37,446||0.47||new||0||0||0||0||–|
|Votes cast / turnout||10,616,412||81.05||–0.58|
According to Article 119 of the 2008 Constitution of Ecuador, candidates to the National Assembly must meet the following requirements: 
For a list of presidents see: List of presidents of the National Assembly of Ecuador.
The politics of Ecuador are multi-party. The central government polity is a quadrennially elected presidential, unicameral representative democracy. The President of Ecuador is head of state and head of the army on a multi-party system, and leads a cabinet with further executive power. Legislative power is not limited to the National Assembly, as it may to a lesser degree be exercised by the executive which consists of the President convening an appointed executive cabinet. Subsequent acts of the National Assembly are supreme over Executive Orders where sufficient votes have been cast by the legislators. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Ecuador is also considered a constitutional republic.
The politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a federal provisional government. Previously, a president was head of state, head of government, and commander-in-chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a de jure multi-party system. Legislative power was officially vested in the government and in the two chambers, the National Assembly (lower) and the Council of States (higher), of the bicameral National Legislature. The judiciary is independent and obtained by the Constitutional Court. Following the Second Sudanese Civil War and the War in Darfur, Sudan was recognized as a totalitarian state where all effective political power was held by President Omar al-Bashir and their National Congress Party (NCP). Al-Bashir and NCP were ousted in a military coup which occurred on April 11, 2019. The government of Sudan was then led by the Transitional Military Council or TMC. On 20 August 2019, TMC dissolved giving its authority over to the Sovereignty Council of Sudan, who were planned to govern for 39 months until 2022, in the process of transitioning to democracy. The Sovereignty Council and the Sudanese government were dissolved in October 2021.
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