List of legislatures by country

Last updated

This is a list of legislatures by country. A "legislature" is the generic name for the national parliaments and congresses that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives and that have the power to legislate. All entities included in the list of sovereign states are included in this list.

Contents

Names of legislatures

The legislatures are listed with their names in English and the name in the (most-used) native language of the country (or the official name in the second-most used native language in cases where English is the majority "native" language)

List of legislatures

Supranational legislatures

OrganisationName of house(s)House levelTerm
(years)
Voting systemSeatsPopulation
per seat
GDP per seat
(USD millions)
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union European Parliament [1] Lower 5 Open and closed list proportional representation
Single transferable vote (in the Republic of Ireland and Malta)
705667,76120,983
Council of the European Union [2] [note 1] (informally known as the Council of Ministers) Upper N/AIndirect (members of national governments)27~~
Flag African Union.svg  African Union Pan-African Parliament Unicameral 5Indirect (appointed by 47 of 53 national legislatures)2653,974,09814,180
Flag of the Central American Integration System.svg Central American Integration System Central American Parliament UnicameralVaries by
country
Direct, proportional 120426,2742,651
Flag of Mercosur.svg  Mercosur Mercosur Parliament Unicameral5Direct, indirect (varies by country) proportional 1221,588,88916,228
Bandera Parlamento Latinoamericano.jpg Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Latin American Parliament Unicameral5Direct276~~
Flag of the Arab League.svg  Arab League Arab Parliament Unicameral68~~

Legislatures of sovereign states (Member and observer states of the United Nations)

UN member or observer stateOverall name of legislatureName of house(s)House level Term (years) Electoral system SeatsPopulation per seat
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan National Assembly (ملی شورا Mili Shura / شورای ملی Shura-e Milli) House of the People (ولسي جرګه Wolesi Jirga) Lower 5 Single non-transferable vote [3] 249122,168
House of Elders (مشرانوجرګه Meshrano Jirga) Upper 3, 4 and 5Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the president102298,234
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Parliament (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by county with a 3% threshold14020,226
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Parliament (البرلمان, Parlement) People's National Assembly (المجلس الشعبي الوطني al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani, Assemblée populaire nationale)Lower5 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by province46280,303
Council of the Nation (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma, Conseil de la nation)Upper6Elected by popular wilaya assemblies and communal people's assemblies, and appointed by the President144257,638
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra General Council (Consell General)Unicameral4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method nationwide and block vote by parish282,789
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional)Unicameral4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and by province22084,081
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda Parliament [note 2] House of Representatives Lower5 First-past-the-post 174,305
Senate Upper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition194,811
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina National Congress of Argentina (Congreso de la Nación Argentina) Chamber of Deputies of the Nation (Cámara de Diputados de la Nación)Lower4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 3% threshold257156,097
Senate of the Nation (Senado de la Nación)Upper6 Partial block voting by province72557,181
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia National Assembly (Ազգային Ժողով Azgayin Zhoghov)Unicameral5 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 10524,902
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Parliament of Australia [note 2] House of Representatives Lower3 Instant-runoff voting 151162,914
Senate Upper6 Single transferable vote by state/territory76323,684
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Austrian Parliament National Council (Nationalrat)Lower5 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 4% threshold18343,895
Federal Council (Bundesrat)Upper5 and 6Elected by state legislatures61129,563
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan National Assembly (Milli Məclis)Unicameral5 First-past-the-post 12573,320
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas, The Parliament House of Assembly Lower5 First-past-the-post 399,326
Senate Upper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition1622,103
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain National Assembly (المجلس الوطني) Council of Representatives (مجلس النوابMajlis an-nuwab)Lower4 Two-round system 4030,864
Consultative Council (مجلس الشورىMajlis al-shura)Upper4Appointed by the king4030,864
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh National Parliament (জাতীয় সংসদJatiya Sangsad)Unicameral5 First-past-the-post 350466,909
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados Parliament House of Assembly Lower5 First-past-the-post 309,486
Senate Upper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition2113,551
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus National Assembly (Нацыянальны сходNacyjanaĺny schod / Национальное собрание) House of Representatives (Палата прадстаўнікоўPalata pradstaŭnikoŭ / Палата представителей)Lower4 Two-round system 11085,997
Council of the Republic (Савет РэспублікіSaviet Respubliki / Совет Республики)Upper4Elected by regional councils, and appointed by the President64147,773
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Federal Parliament (Federaal Parlement / Parlement fédéral / Föderales Parlament) Chamber of Representatives
(Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Représentants / Abgeordnetenkammer)
Lower5 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 5% threshold15074,000
Senate (Senaat / Sénat / Senat)Upper5Elected by community and regional parliaments60185,000
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize National Assembly House of Representatives Lower5 First-past-the-post 3110,748
Senate Upper5Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition1227,766
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral4 Proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies83115,648
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan Parliament of Bhutan [note 3] National Assembly (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ།Gyelyong Tshogdu)Lower5 First-past-the-post 4715,072
National Council (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་སྡེ།Gyelyong Tshogde)Upper4 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the king2528,337
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Plurinational Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional)Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower5 Closed list mixed-member proportional representation: Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department and first-past-the-post 13083,905
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department36302,993
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Parliamentary Assembly (Parlamentarna skupština / Парламентарна скупштина) House of Representatives (Predstavnički dom / Zastupnički dom / Представнички дом)Lower4 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies4291,422
House of Peoples (Dom naroda / Дом народa)Upper4Serbs elected by the National Assembly of Republika Srpska, and Bosniaks and Croats elected by the House of Peoples of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 15255,982
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana Parliament of Botswana (Palamente) National Assembly (Khudutlhamaga ya Botswana)Unicameral5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President6332,211
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil National Congress (Congresso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados)Lower4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by state513371,798
Federal Senate (Senado Federal)Upper8 Partial block voting by state812,354,724
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei Legislative Council (Majlis Mesyuarat Negara)Unicameralno timeframeAppointed by the Sultan3611,355
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria National Assembly (Народно събрание Narodno sabranie)Unicameral4 Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency with a 4% threshold24030,685
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5 Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and in constituencies127126,281
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold12174,570
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by the communal councils43179,577
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia Parliament

(សភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា)

National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភាជាតិ; Rotsaphea)Lower5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province123108,852
Senate (ព្រឹទ្ធសភា; Protsaphea)Upper6 [4] Appointed by the monarch, elected by the National Assembly and commune councils61219,490
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5 First-past-the-post and Block vote: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the one with the highest number of votes is allocated half of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists through proportional representation18097,021
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by municipal councils, and appointed by the president100174,638
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Parliament / Parlement House of Commons / Chambre des communes)Lower4 years, unless elections are called earlier First-past-the-post voting 338104,571
Senate / SénatUpperUntil age 75, or resigns.Appointed by the governor general on the advice of the Prime Minister105318,825
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde National Assembly (Asembleia Nacional)Unicameral5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies724,990
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5 Two-round system 13138,951
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad National Assembly (Assemblée nationale / الجمعية الوطنية)Unicameral4 Block voting: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the seats are allocated through proportional representation 18866,640
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower4 Binomial voting system (To become open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies by the next election)155145,021
Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República)Upper8 Binomial voting system 38457,963
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China National People's Congress (全国人民代表大会Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì) [note 4] Unicameral5Elected by municipal, regional and provincial congresses, and People's Liberation Army2,980448,518
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes)Lower4 Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method by state166279,556
Senate (Senado)Upper4 Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold102454,964
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros Assembly of the Union (Assemblée de l'Union)Unicameral5 Two-round system, and elected by the local assemblies3324,181
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Congo, Democratic Republic of the Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5 Parallel voting: Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies and first-past-the-post voting 500143,425
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by the provincial assemblies108664,008
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo, Republic of the Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5 Two-round system 15328,537
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by district, local, and regional councils5283,966
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa)Unicameral4 Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by province5775,468
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Croatian Assembly [note 3] (Hrvatski državni sabor)Unicameral4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold15128,414
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba National Assembly of People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular)Unicameral5Popular vote and approval by special candidacy commissions61218,308
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων Vouli Antiprosópon / Temsilciler Meclisi)Unicameral5 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency5918,632
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Parliament of the Czech Republic (Parlament České republiky) Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna)Lower4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by region with a 5% threshold20052,811
Senate (Senát)Upper6 Two-round system (staggered elections)81130,397
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark People's Assembly [note 3] (Folketinget)Unicameral4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold including the Faroe Islands and Greenland seats17930,969
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti National Assembly (Assemblée nationale / الجمعية الوطنية)Unicameral5 Block vote and closed list proportional representation by constituencies: The list obtaining an absolute or relative majority of votes is allocated 80% of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists which obtained at least 10% of the valid votes through proportional representation; if no other list obtains 10% of the valid votes, the remaining seats will be allocated to the party which won the majority or relative majority of the valid votes6512,587
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica House of Assembly Unicameral5 First-past-the-post voting, and appointed by the President213,394
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province and nationwide with a 1% threshold for the nationwide seats18351,520
Senate (Senado)Upper4 First-past-the-post voting 32293,088
Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor National Parliament (Parlamentu Nasionál / Parlamento Nacional)Unicameral5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold6516,408
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency and first-past-the-post voting 137116,802
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Parliament (برلمان)House of Representatives (مجلس النواب Majilis Al-Nuwab)Unicameral5 Parallel voting: First-past-the-post voting, block vote, and appointed by the President596150,983
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa)Unicameral3 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by department and nationwide8468,382
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Parliament (Parlamento / Parlement / Parlamento) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de los Diputados / Chambre des députés / Câmara dos Deputados)Lower5 Closed list proportional representation in constituencies with a 10% threshold10016,220
Senate (Senado / Sénat / Senado)Upper Closed list proportional representation with a 10% threshold, and appointed by the President7023,171
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea National Assembly (Hagerawi Baito)Unicameral5Popular vote10450,878
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia State Assembly [note 3] (Riigikogu)Unicameral4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold10112,814
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini Parliament (Liblanda) House of Assembly [note 5] Lower5 majority 5522,181
Senate (Indlu yeTimphunga)Upperappointed by the King 3040,666
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia Parliament [note 5] House of Peoples' Representatives (የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት Yehizbtewekayoch Mekir Bet)Lower5 First-past-the-post voting 547135,134
House of Federation (የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት Yefedereshn Mekir Bet)Upper5Elected by State Councils112659,986
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Federated States of Micronesia Congress Unicameral4 First-past-the-post voting 147,642
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Parliament Unicameral4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 5% threshold5016,745
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Parliament (Eduskunta / Riksdagen)Unicameral4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies, and first-past-the-post for Åland's lone seat20025,900
Flag of France.svg  France Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5 Two-round system 577113,258
Senate (Sénat)Upper6Elected indirectly by officials including regional councilors, department councilors, mayors, city councilors, and members of the National Assembly348187,787
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5 First-past-the-post voting, and appointed by the President12112,190
Senate (Sénat)Upper6Indirectly elected by local and départemental councillors10214,460
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia National Assembly Unicameral5 First-past-the-post voting, and appointed by the President5825,673
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Parliament of Georgia (საქართველოს პარლამენტი Sak'art'velos Parlamenti)Unicameral4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 15029,794
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Federal Diet [note 3] (Bundestag)N/A (unofficially Lower house)4 Closed list mixed-member proportional representation with the Sainte-Laguë method by state with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 709128,500
Federal Council [note 3] (Bundesrat)N/A (unofficially Upper house)dependent on individual state electionsDelegated from state governments691,185,501
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Parliament Unicameral4 First-past-the-post voting 228106,286
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Hellenic Parliament [note 3] (Βουλή των ΕλλήνωνVouli ton Ellinon)Unicameral4 Open list reinforced proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 3% threshold30035,958
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada Parliament House of Representatives Lower5 First-past-the-post voting 157,333
Senate Upper5appointed by the government and by the leader of opposition138,461
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República)Unicameral4 proportional closed list 15880,557
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5 proportional closed list 11488,227
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau National People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular)Unicameral4 proportional closed list 10013,454
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana National Assembly Unicameral5popular vote and appointed by the President6511,583
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Haitian Parliament (Parlement Haïtien / Palman Ayisyen) Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des députés / Chanm Depite)Lower4 proportional 11998,181
Senate (Sénat / Sena)Upper630323,997
Flag of Honduras (darker variant).svg  Honduras National Congress (Congreso Nacional)Unicameral4 proportional open list 12858,823
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary National Assembly (Országgyűlés)Unicameral4 proportional open list
and Scorporo
19925,860
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Assembly of All [note 3] (Alþingi)Unicameral4 proportional 635,080
Flag of India.svg  India Parliament (संसद Sansad) House of the People [note 3] (लोक सभा Lok Sabha)Lower5 First-past-the-post 5432,192,379
Council of States [note 3] (राज्य सभा Rajya Sabha)Upper6 Single transferable vote (233 members are elected by the legislative assemblies of the States/Union territories, 12 members are nominated by the President)2454,847,900
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat)Lower5 proportional open list 575467,101
Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah)Upper5 Single non-transferable vote 1361,974,875
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Islamic Consultative Assembly [note 3] (مجلس شورای اسلامی Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī)Unicameral4popular vote290259,136
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Council of Representatives of Iraq [note 3] (مجلس النواب العراقي Majlis Al-Niwab Al-Iraqi / ئه‌نجومه‌نی نوێنه‌ران Enjumen-e Nûnerên)Unicameral4 proportional open list 32995,782
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland Parliament [note 3] (Oireachtas) President of Ireland President-in-Parliament7Instant-runoff votingN/AN/A
House of Representatives of Ireland (Dáil Éireann) [note 3] Lower5Proportional Representation Single Transferable Vote15827,640
Senate of Ireland [note 3] (Seanad Éireann)Upper5appointed by the prime minister and elected by universities6076,470
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Assembly [note 3] (כנסת Knesset)Unicameral4 proportional closed list 12061,768
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Parliament (Parlamento) Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati)Lower5parallel voting: proportional representation (398 seats) and first past the post (232 seats)63094,556
Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica)Upper5parallel voting (199 seats by proportional representation and 116 seats by first past the post) and 5 members appointed by the President315189,112
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Lower5 majority 255294,529
Senate (Sénat)Upper5Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the President120197,837
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica Parliament House of Representatives Lower5 First-past-the-post voting 6345,860
Senate Upper5Appointed by the Governor General21137,580
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Diet (国会 Kokkai) House of Representatives (衆議院 Shūgiin)Lower4 proportional and First-past-the-post voting 465270,817
House of Councillors (参議院 Sangiin)Upper6 proportional and Single non-transferable vote 245514,000
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Parliament (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Assembly of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab)Lower4 Single non-transferable vote 15046,760
Senate (مجلس الأعيان Majlis al-Aayan)Upper6appointed by the monarch7593,520
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Parliament (Парламенті Parlamenti) Assembly [note 3] (Мәжіліс Májilis)Lower5107207,854
Senate (Сенаты Senaty)Upper6appointed by the President and elected by local assemblies47340,527
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Parliament (Bunge) National Assembly (Bunge la Taifa)Lower5 parallel 349126,182
Senate (Seneti)Upper5popular vote and appointed by the President67657,278
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati House of Assembly (Maneaba ni Maungatabu)Unicameral4popular vote and appointed by Rabi Council of Leaders462,239
Flag of North Korea.svg Korea, North Supreme People's Assembly (최고인민회의 / 最高人民會議Ch'oe-go In-min Hoe-ŭi)Unicameral5popular vote68736,390
Flag of South Korea.svg Korea, South National Assembly (국회 / 國會Gukhoe)Unicameral4 majority and proportional 300166,691
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait National Assembly (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma)Unicameral4popular vote and appointed by the prime minister5071,328
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan Supreme Council (Жогорку Кеңеш Joğorku Keñeş)Unicameral5popular vote12044,690
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos National Assembly (ສະພາແຫ່ງຊາດ Sapha Heng Xat)Unicameral5 one-party state closed list 11548,148
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Parliament [note 3] (Saeima)Unicameral4 proportional closed list 10020,703
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Parliament
(Parlement)
Chamber of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab) [note 6] Unicameral4proportional/party list12833,000
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho Parliament (Palamente) National Assembly Lower5popular vote and proportional 12016,927
Senate Upper5appointed by principal chiefs and by the ruling party3361,556
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia Legislature House of Representatives Lower6 majority 7347,624
Senate Upper9 majority 30115,896
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya House of Representatives ( مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab)Unicameral Parallel voting: First-past-the-post, single non-transferable vote, and proportional representation 20028,353
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein Diet [note 3] (Landtag)Unicameral4 proportional closed list 251,451
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Parliament [note 3] (Seimas)Unicameral4 proportional 14121,658
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (D'Chamber / Chambre des députés / Abgeordnetenkammer)Unicameral5 Open list proportional representation, allocated by the D'Hondt method in four constituencies 608,484
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar Parliament (Palemanta / Parlement) National Assembly (Antenimieram-Pirenena / Assemblée nationale)Lower5160137,078
Senate (Antenimierandoholona / Sénat)Upper533664,430
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi National Assembly Unicameral5 First-past-the-post voting 19376,809
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Parliament (Parlimen) House of Representatives [note 7] (Dewan Rakyat)Lower5 First-past-the-post voting 222127,631
Senate [note 8] (Dewan Negara)Upper326 appointed by the State Legislative Assemblies, 2 for each state and 44 appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, of which 4 are for the Federal Territories.70404,773
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives People's Assembly [note 3] (ރައްޔިތުންގެ މަޖިލިސް Rayyithunge Majilis)Unicameral5 First-past-the-post voting 854,266
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral4147 elected in single or multi-member constituencies, using a runoff system. 13 elected by overseas Malians.16090,732
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Parliament (Il-Parlament) President of Malta President-in-Parliament5Appointed by the House of RepresentativesN/AN/A
House of Representatives (Kamra tad-Deputati)Unicameral5 Single transferable vote 695,950
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands Legislature (Nitijeļā)Unicameral4Single and multi-member constituencies332,060
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania Parliament (البرلمان Barlamene) National Assembly (الجمعية الوطنية Al Jamiya al-Wataniyah)Unicameral5 Runoff election 14637,888
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral56517,614
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Congress of the Union (Congreso de la Unión) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower3 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) (200 seats) / FPTP (300 seats)500227,821
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper6 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota)128889,926
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Parliament (Parlamentul)Unicameral410133,498
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco National Council (Conseil National)Unicameral5 Panachage under party-list proportional representation (16), party-list proportional representation (8)241,473
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia State Great Assembly [note 9] (Улсын Их Хурал Ulsyn Ikh Khural)Unicameral4 Plurality-at-large voting 7636,245
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro Assembly (Skupština / Скупштина)Unicameral4 Closed list proportional representation using the D'Hondt method in a single nationwide constituency with a 3% electoral threshold with lower thresholds for minority groups under certain circumstances817,719
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Parliament (البرلمان المغربي / ⴰⴱⵕⵍⴰⵎⴰⵏ ⴰⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱⵉ / Parlement) House of Representatives (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwab / ⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡ ⵉⵎⴰⵔⴰⵢⴻⵏ, Chambre des représentants)Lower5 Mixed member majoritarian: Single non-transferable vote for 305 seats, 60 seats reserved for women and 30 seats reserved for young people under 40 by proportional representation 395100,444
House of Councillors (مجلس المستشارين Majlis al-Mustasharin, Chambre des conseillers)Upper6 Indirect election: 72 members are elected at the Kingdom's regional level, 20 in each region by a single electoral college made up of all those in the relevant region that have been elected to specific professional associations, 8 in each region by an electoral college made up of those elected from the most representative employers' professional organizations, 20 by a nationwide electoral college made up of employees270120,905
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República)Unicameral5 proportional party list 25085,588
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar (Burma) Assembly of the Union (ပြည်ထောင်စုလွှတ်တော် Pyidaungsu Hluttaw) House of Representatives (ပြည်သူ့လွှတ်တော် Pyithu Hluttaw)Lower5popular vote and appointed by the military440137,000
House of Nationalities (အမျိုးသားလွှတ်တော် Amyotha Hluttaw)Upper5popular vote and appointed by the military224269,107
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia Parliament National Assembly Lower5 Closed list proportional representation and appointments by the President 10426,923
National Council Upper6 Indirect election by Regional Councils2680,769
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru Parliament Unicameral3 Dowdall system 19521
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal Federal Parliament (संघीय संसद Sanghiya Sansad) House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा; Pratinidi Sabha)Lower5 Mixed member majoritarian (165 members elected through First-past-the-post voting and 110 elected through proportional representation voting method)275105,392
National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा; Rastriya Sabha)Upper6Indirect single transferable vote 59491,233
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands States General (Staten-Generaal) House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer, Second Chamber)Lower4 Party-list proportional representation 150111,533
Senate (Eerste Kamer, First Chamber)Upper4Indirect party-list proportional (by members of the states-provincial and the Caribbean Electoral colleges for the Senate)75223,066
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Parliament (Pāremata) House of Representatives (Whare o ngā Māngai)Unicameral3 mixed-member proportional representation 12033,566
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral59264,034
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral5171139,210
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria National Assembly House of Representatives Lower4360388,898
Senate Upper41091,284,436
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Assembly (Собрание Sobranie)Unicameral412016,736
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Great Assembly [note 3] (Stortinget / Stuorradiggi)Unicameral4 proportional mixed 16929,785
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman Council of Oman (مجلس عُـمان) Consultative Assembly (مجلس الشورى Majlis al-Shura)Lower48433,017
Council of State (مجلس الدولة Majlis al-Dawla) [5] Upper48532,628
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Parliament of Pakistan (پارلیمنٹ) National Assembly (ایوان زیریں پاکستان)Lower5342537,023
Senate (ایوانِ بالا / ایوانِ بالا)Upper61041,735,000
Flag of Palau.svg  Palau National Congress (Olbiil era Kelulau) House of Delegates [note 5] Lower4 majority 161,309
Senate [note 5] Upper4 majority 132,328
Flag of Palestine.svg State of Palestine Legislative Council (المجلس التشريعي Al-Majlis al-Tashrī'iyy)Unicameral13232,277
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral57147,969
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea National Parliament Unicameral510956,766
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados)Lower58080,681
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper545143,434
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República / Rimana Wasin)Unicameral5130217,082
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Congress (Kongreso) House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan / Mababang Kapulungan / Cámara de Representantes)Lower3 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method via closed lists with a three-seat cap (20% of seats), and first-past-the-post voting (80% of seats)304341,364
Senate (Senado / Mataas na Kapulungan)Upper6 bloc voting. Voter is allocated 12 votes. 1/2 of the seats are contested every 3 years with the 12 elected senators having the largest portion of the National Popular Vote244,323,958
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Parliament of Poland
National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe [note 10] )
Sejm [note 3] (Sejm)Lower4 proportional open list 46083,697
Senate (Senat)Upper4 majority 100385,010
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República)Unicameral4 proportional party list 23045,920
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Consultative Assembly [note 11] (مجلس الشورى Majlis ash-Shura)Unicameral3552,958
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Parliament (Parlamentul) Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaților)Lower432958,416
Senate (Senat)Upper4137139,005
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Federal Assembly (Федеральное Собрание Federalnoye Sobraniye) State Duma [note 3] (Государственная Дума Gosudarstvennaya Duma)Lower5 parallel (First-past-the-post voting for 225 members and proportional party list for 225 members)450318,000
Federation Council (Совет Федерации Sovet Federatsii)Upperdependent on individual elections in the federal subjects (4 or 5)senators are delegated from the executive and legislative bodies of the federal subjects 170862,048
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda Parliament (Inteko Ishinga Amategeko / Parlement) Chamber of Deputies (Umutwe w'Abadepite / Chambre des députés)Lower580146,121
Senate (Umutwe wa Sena / Sénat)Upper826449,603
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis National Assembly Unicameral5153,686
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia Parliament House of Assembly Lower51710,221
Senate Upper1115,796
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines House of Assembly Unicameral5215,714
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa Legislative Assembly [note 3] (Fono Aoao Faitulafono)Unicameral5493,965
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale)Unicameral560536
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional)Unicameral4553,330
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Consultative Assembly (مجلس الشورى Majlis Ash-Shura) [note 12] non-parliamentary4Appointed by the King 150220,000
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Parliament National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral515085,701
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia National Assembly (Народна скупштина / Narodna skupština)Unicameral425028,482
Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles National Assembly (Assemblée nationale / Lasanble Nasyonal)Unicameral5312,709
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone Parliament Unicameral512440,136
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Parliament (Parlimen / 国家议会 Guójiā yìhuì / நாடாளுமன்றம் Nāṭāḷumaṉṟam)Unicameral5 First-past-the-post voting (MP) (in single member constituencies), Party block voting (in group representation constituencies), and appointed by the President (NMP)9952,360
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia National Council (Národná rada)Unicameral415035,980
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Parliament (Državni zbor Republike Slovenije) National Assembly (Državni zbor)Lower4Open list proportional representation with a 4% election threshold9022,779
National Council (Državni svet) [6] Upper5 First-past-the-post indirect elections held within 'functional' interest organisations and 'local' interest communities by electoral bodies (electors).4051,254
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands National Parliament Unicameral45010,460
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia Federal Parliament (Baarlamaanka Federaalka / لبرلمان الاتحادي) House of the People [note 5] Lower4Appointed by president27536,675
Senate [note 5] Upper4 majority 54180,100
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Parliament National Assembly Lower5400126,466
National Council of Provinces Upper90562,075
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan National Legislature National Legislature Assembly Lower17048,591
Council of States UpperAppointed by President50165,210
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain General Courts [note 3] (Cortes Generales) Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados)Lower4, unless elections are called earlier. proportional closed list 350131,894
Senate (Senado)Upper4, unless elections are called earlier.208 are appointed through general election and 57 when regional legislatures are renewed, which not always happens at the same date265173,545
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Parliament
(ශ්‍රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව / இலங்கை பாராளுமன்றம்)
Unicameral522590,122
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan National Legislature National Assembly (Majlis Watani)Lower642668,653
Council of States (Majlis Welayat)Upper650617,880
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée)Unicameral55110,470
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Parliament (Riksdagen)Unicameral4 proportional 34927,286
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria People's Assembly (مجلس الشعب Majlis al-Sha'ab)Unicameral425086,964
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale, Assamblea federala) National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil national, Consiglio nazionale, Cussegl naziunal)Lower420040,000
Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des États, Consiglio degli Stati, Cussegl dals chantuns)Upper446173,913
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan Supreme Assembly (Маҷлиси Олии Majlisi Oli) Assembly of Representatives (Маҷлиси намояндагон Majlisi namoyandagon)Lower563123,809
National Assembly (Маҷлиси миллии Majlisi Millii)Upper533236,363
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania National Assembly (Bunge)Unicameral5384120,974
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand National Assembly (รัฐสภา Ratthasapha) House of Representatives (สภาผู้แทนราษฎร Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon)Lower4mixed-member proportional representation, 350 are first-past-the-post and 150 is party-list500140,997
Senate (วุฒิสภา Wutthisapha)Upper5elected by coup d'état government250-
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)Unicameral58176,434
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea)Unicameral263,962
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago Parliament House of Representatives Lower54132,139
Senate Upper3142,506
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Assembly of the Representatives of the People (مجلس نواب الشعب Majless Noweb al Shaab)Unicameral521749,188
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Grand National Assembly of Turkey
(Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi)
Unicameral5600135,862
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan National Council (Milli Geňeş) Assembly (Mejlis)Lower5majority voting in single member constituencies.12541,360
People's Council (Halk Maslahaty)Upper5 indirect election of 48 seats by members of provincial and capital city People's Councils, presidential appointment of 8 seats.5692,321
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu Parliament (Palamene)Unicameral415666
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda Parliament (Bunge)Unicameral542687,839
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Supreme Council (Верховна Рада Verkhovna Rada)Unicameral5450101,248
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates Federal National Assembly (المجلس الوطني الإتحادي Majlis Watani Ittihad)Unicameral440206,601
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Parliament House of Commons Lower5 First-past-the-post voting in single member constituencies.65095,787
House of Lords UpperLife Life peers appointed by the Sovereign on advice of Prime Minister [note 13] . 92 elected by and from hereditary peers using preferential voting. 26 Lords Spiritual are bishops of the Church of England.77381,388
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Congress House of Representatives Lower2Depends on the state, mainly First-past-the-post voting, in single-member constituencies.435722,636
Senate Upper6Depends on the state, mainly First-past-the-post voting. 1/3 of Senate goes up for election every two years. Each state has two Senators.1003,143,467
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay General Assembly (Asamblea General) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes)Lower59933,195
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores)Upper530109,543
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis / Олий Мажлис) Legislative Chamber (Qonunchilik palatasi / Қонунчилик палатаси)Lower5150194,156
Senate (Senati / Сенати)Upper5100291,234
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu Parliament (Parlement)Unicameral4524319
Flag of the Vatican City.svg   Vatican City Pontifical Commission (Pontificia Commissione / Pontificia Commissio)Unicameral57114
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)Unicameral5167175,430
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam National Assembly (Quốc hội)Unicameral5498176,385
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen Parliament House of Representatives (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab)Lower630181,485
Shura Council (Majlis al-Shura) [7] UpperLife111220,963
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia National Assembly Unicameral516687,284
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe Parliament House of Assembly Lower521061,971
Senate Upper540325,350

Legislatures of autonomous regions, dependencies and other territories

Region or territoryOverall name of legislatureName of houseHouse levelTerm (years)Voting systemSeatsPopulation per seat
Flag of Adjara.svg  Adjara Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara [note 3] (აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკის უმაღლესი საბჭო) Unicameral 42116,619
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands Legislative Assembly [note 3] (Lagtinget) Unicameral 430945
Flag of Alderney.svg  Alderney States (États)Unicameral410240
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa Legislative Assembly [note 3] (Fono) House of Representatives Lower 2212,643
Senate Upper 4183,084
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla House of Assembly Unicameral5111,222
Flag of Valle d'Aosta.svg  Aosta Valley Regional Council
(Consiglio regionale/Conseil)
Unicameral5353,597
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba Estates (Staten)Unicameral4214,832
Flag of the Azores.svg  Azores Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa)Unicameral4574,311
Flag of Bangsamoro.svg Bangsamoro Parliament Unicameral3 Parallel voting 8053,414
Flag of the Basque Country.svg  Basque Country Parliament Unicameral4Closed party lists in three 25-seat constituencies, with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method 7529,194
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda Parliament House of Assembly Lower5361,784
Senate Upper115,839
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands House of Assembly Unicameral4151,969
Flag of the Canary Islands.svg  Canary Islands Parliament (Parlamento de Canarias)Unicameral47035,000
Flag of Catalonia.svg  Catalonia Parliament (Parlament de Catalunya)Unicameral413555,723
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral4183,080
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands Parliament Unicameral424875
Flag of Corsica.svg  Corsica Corsican Assembly (Assemblea di Corsica / Assemblée de Corse)Unicameral6635,238
Flag of Crimea.svg Crimea State Council (Верховна Рада / Верховный Совет / Yuqarı Radası)Unicameral10022,840
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao Estates (Staten)Unicameral4217,571
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral411272
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands Law Assembly [note 3] (Løgtingið)Unicameral4331,467
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia Assembly (Assemblée de la Polynésie française)Unicameral5574,859
Flag of Galicia.svg  Galicia Parliament (Parlamento da Galiza/Galicia)Unicameral47536,649
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar Parliament Unicameral4171,750
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland Parliament (Inatsisartut) [note 14] Unicameral4311,830
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam Legislature (Liheslaturan Guåhan)Unicameral41510,623
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey States (États)Unicameral4451,387
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Legislative Council (立法會)Unicameral4 Proportional representation using the Hare quota and the largest remainder method for the geographical constituencies and functional constituencies elected by their respective electorates70101,481
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man Tynwald (Tinvaal) House of Keys (Kiare as Feed)Lower5Plurality (2 members from each constituency)243,520
Legislative Council (Yn Choonceil Slattyssagh)Upper5Most members indirectly elected by the House of Keys117,681
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey States (États)Unicameral4392,509
Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Kurdistan Region Parliament (پەرلەمانی)Unicameral511153,109
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau Legislative Assembly (立法會, Assembleia Legislativa)Unicameral4 Proportional representation, functional constituencies and appointed by the Chief Executive2919,610
Flag of Madeira.svg  Madeira Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa)Unicameral4475,698
Flag of Montserrat.svg  Montserrat Legislative Assembly Unicameral59546
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Supreme Assembly (Ali Məclisi)Unicameral54510,063
Flags of New Caledonia.svg  New Caledonia Congress (Congrès Territorial)Unicameral5544,547
  Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann)Unicameral5 Single transferable vote 90 [8] 16,767
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature House of Representatives Lower2202,694
Senate Upper2105,388
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue Assembly Unicameral32069
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg  Pitcairn Islands Island Council Unicameral3106
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) House of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes)Lower4 First-past-the-post voting 5193,145
Senate (Senado)Upper4Majority27465,427
Flag of France.svg  Saint Barthélemy Territorial Council Unicameral519488
Flag of Saint Helena.svg  Saint Helena Legislative Council Unicameral4211,266
Flag of France.svg  Saint Martin Territorial Council  [ fr ] (conseil territorial)Unicameral231,578
Flag of France.svg  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Council Unicameral619320
Flag of Sardinia.svg  Sardinia Regional Council
(Consiglio regionale)
Unicameral56027,470
Flag of Sark.svg  Sark Chief Pleas Unicameral1250
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba, Scots Pairliament)Unicameral5 Additional member system 12940,734
Flag of Sicily (revised).svg  Sicily Regional Assembly
(Assemblea Regionale)
Unicameral57071,675
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg  Sint Maarten Estates (Staten)Unicameral4152,495
Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol Landtag Unicameral53514,621
Flag of Tokelau.svg  Tokelau Parliament Unicameral32070
Flag of Trento Province.svg  Trentino Council
(Consiglio)
Unicameral53515,405
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg  Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly Unicameral4211,498
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands Legislature Unicameral2157,093
Flag of Vojvodina.svg  Vojvodina Assembly (Скупштина / Skupština / Képviselőháza / Adunarea / Zhromaždenie)Unicameral4 Proportional representation in a single constituency with a 5% threshold and seats being allocated using d'Hondt method 12016,098
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales Senedd (Welsh Parliament / Senedd Cymru)Unicameral5 Additional member system 6051,066
Flag of France.svg  Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly (Assemblée Territoriale)Unicameral520650

Legislatures of non-UN states (including unrecognized and disputed territories)

non-UN stateOverall name of legislatureName of houseHouse levelTerm (years)Voting systemSeatsPopulation per seat
Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazia People's Assembly (Жәлар Реизара, Zhelar Reizara) Unicameral 5356,877
Flag of Artsakh.svg  Republic of Artsakh National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov)Unicameral5334,284
Flag of Donetsk People's Republic.svg Donetsk People's Republic People's Council Unicameral4 Proportional representation 100
Flag of Lugansk People's Republic.svg Lugansk People's Republic People's Council Unicameral4 Proportional representation 50
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan Legislative Yuan (立法院 Lìfǎ Yùan)Unicameral4 First-past-the-post voting, Closed party-list proportional representation and indigenous seats with single non-transferable vote 113208,754
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo Assembly of Kosovo (Albanian : Kuvendi i Kosovës, Serbian Cyrillic: Скупштина Косова)Unicameral412015,493
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi)Unicameral5505,898
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi National Council (المجلس الوطني الصحراوي Al-Majlis al-Watani al-Sahrawi)Unicameral253
Flag of Somaliland.svg  Somaliland Parliament (Baarlamaanka) House of Representatives (Golaha Wakiilada) Lower 58242,682
House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) Upper 8242,682
Flag of South Ossetia.svg  South Ossetia Parliament Unicameral5342,117
Flag of Tibet.svg Central Tibetan Administration (in exile) Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration (གྲོས་ཚོགས་ཐོག་གསུང་བཤད།)Unicameral5 First-past-the-post voting 4373,953 [note 15]
Flag of Transnistria.svg  Transnistria Supreme Council [9] (Верховный Совет, Verkhovny Sovet)Unicameral54312,062

See also

Notes

  1. Not to be confused with the European Council nor with the Council of Europe. See https://www.coe.int/en/web/about-us/do-not-get-confused
  2. 1 2 The head of state is a constituent part of the parliament too.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 The native name is also used in English.
  4. The PRC has also a Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì), which is a political advisory body but not a legislature.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Native name not available
  6. Also: National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)
  7. Literally, "People's Hall"
  8. Literally, "Nation's Hall"
  9. In English State Great Khural is used too.
  10. Name used only on those rare occasions when both houses sit together
  11. The Consultative Assembly has only consultative task.
  12. The Consultative Assembly has only formal advisory role.
  13. Actual amount of life peers varies
  14. Also: Landsting
  15. Figures for Tibet Autonomous Region in the PRC

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In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries. The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress, and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies, a form of government with a monarch as the head. Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems, even where it is not in the official name.

A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of parliamentary government.

In politics, a national assembly is either a unicameral legislature, the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or both houses of a bicameral legislature together. In the English language it generally means "an assembly composed of the representatives of the nation." The population base represented by this name is manifestly the nation as a whole, as opposed to a geographically select population, such as that represented by a provincial assembly. The powers of a National Assembly vary according to the type of government. It may possess all the powers of government, generally governing by committee, or it may function solely within the legislative branch of the government.

Bicameralism is the practice of having a legislature divided into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses, known as a bicameral legislature. Bicameralism is distinguished from unicameralism, in which all members deliberate and vote as a single group. As of 2015, about 40% of world's national legislatures are bicameral, and about 60% are unicameral.

In government, unicameralism is the practice of having a single legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of a single chamber or house.

Legislative assembly is the name given in some countries to either a legislature, or to one of its houses.

Islamic Consultative Assembly Legislative body of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Islamic Consultative Assembly, also called the Iranian Parliament, the Iranian Majles, is the national legislative body of Iran. The Parliament currently has 290 representatives, changed from the previous 272 seats since the 18 February 2000 election. The most recent election took place on 21 February 2020 and the new parliament was opened on 28 May 2020.

Congress of the Dominican Republic

The Congress of the Dominican Republic is the bicameral legislature of the government of the Dominican Republic, consisting of two houses, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Both senators and deputies are chosen through direct election. There are no term limits for either chamber.

Institutions of the European Union Decision-making bodies of the European Union

The institutions of the European Union are the seven principal decision-making bodies of the European Union (EU). They are, as listed in Article 13 of the Treaty on European Union:

Politics of the European Union Political system of the European Union

The politics of the European Union are different from most other polities and states due to the unique nature of the European Union. The EU is similar to a confederation, where many policy areas are federalised into common institutions capable of making law; the competences to control foreign policy, defence policy or the majority of direct taxation policies are mostly reserved for the twenty-seven state governments. These areas are primarily under the control of the EU's member states although a certain amount of structured co-operation and coordination takes place in these areas. For the EU to take substantial actions in these areas, all Member States must give their consent. Union laws that override State laws are more numerous than in historical confederations; however the EU is legally restricted from making law outside its remit or where it is no more appropriate to do so at a state or local level (subsidiarity) when acting outside its exclusive competences. The principle of subsidiarity does not apply to areas of exclusive competence.

National Assembly of Peoples Power

The National Assembly of People's Power is the legislative parliament of the Republic of Cuba and the supreme body of State power. Its members are elected from multi-member electoral districts for a term of five years. The Assembly's current president is Esteban Lazo Hernández. The assembly meets twice a year. Between sessions it is represented by the 31 member Council of State. The most recent elections were held on 11 March 2018.

The Slovenian Parliament is the informal designation of the general representative body of the Slovenian nation and the legislative body of the Republic of Slovenia.

National parliaments of the European Union

The national parliaments of the European Union are those legislatures responsible for each member state of the European Union (EU). They have a certain degree of institutionalised influence which was expanded under the Treaty of Lisbon to include greater ability to scrutinise proposed European Union law.

House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles. In many countries, the House of Representatives is the lower house of a bicameral legislature, with the corresponding upper house often called a "Senate". In some countries, the House of Representatives is the sole chamber of a unicameral legislature.

Treaty of Lisbon Treaty amending the constitutional basis of the European Union

The Treaty of Lisbon is an international agreement that amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU). The Treaty of Lisbon, which was signed by the EU member states on 13 December 2007, entered into force on 1 December 2009. It amends the Maastricht Treaty (1992), known in updated form as the Treaty on European Union (2007) or TEU, as well as the Treaty of Rome (1957), known in updated form as the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (2007) or TFEU. It also amends the attached treaty protocols as well as the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM).

State governments in India are the governments ruling over 28 states and 8 union territories of India and the head of the Council of Ministers in a state is the Chief Minister. Power is divided between the Union government and state governments. While the Union government handles defence, external affairs etc., the state government deals with internal security and other state issues. Income for the Union government is from customs duty, excise tax, income tax etc., while state government income comes from sales tax (VAT), stamp duty etc.; now these have been subsumed under the various components of the Goods and Services Tax

National Legislature (South Sudan)

The Transitional National Legislature of South Sudan is the legislature of South Sudan. The Transitional National Legislature consists of:

National Peoples Congress National legislature of the Peoples Republic of China

The National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, normally referred to as the National People's Congress, is the highest organ of state power and the national legislature of the People's Republic of China. With 2,980 members in 2018, it is the largest parliamentary body in the world. The National People's Congress meets in full session for roughly two weeks each year and votes on important pieces of legislation. Members are considered to be part-time legislators and are not paid.

References

  1. Article 9 A Treaty of Lisbon : « 1. The European Parliament shall, jointly with the Council, exercise legislative and budgetary functions. It shall exercise functions of political control and consultation as laid down in the Treaties. It shall elect the President of the Commission. »
  2. Article 9 C Treaty of Lisbon : « 1. The Council shall, jointly with the European Parliament, exercise legislative and budgetary functions. It shall carry out policy-making and coordinating functions as laid down in the Treaties. »
  3. "IPU PARLINE database on national parliaments: Search". www.ipu.org.
  4. http://www.senate.gov.kh/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=67&Itemid=88&lang=km
  5. "Majles Addawla (State Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  6. Lakota, Igor (2006). Sistem nepopolne dvodomnosti v slovenskem parlamentu (diplomska naloga) [The system of incomplete bicameralism in the Slovenian Parliament (diploma thesis)](PDF) (in Slovenian). Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. p. 62. Retrieved 16 December 2010. Opinions differ, however the majority of domestic experts agree that the National Council may be regarded as the upper house, but the bicameralism is distinctively incomplete.
  7. "YEMEN. Majlis Alshoora (Consultative Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 25 July 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  8. Assembly Members (Reduction of Numbers) Act (Northern Ireland) 2016
  9. "Официальный сайт Верховного Совета Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". www.vspmr.org.