National Council of Provinces

Last updated

National Council of Provinces
27th Parliament
Type
Type
Leadership
Amos Masondo, ANC
since 23 May 2019
Deputy Chairperson
Sylvia Lucas,ANC
since 23 May 2019
Chief Whip
Seiso Mohai,ANC
since 25 May 2017
Cathlene Labuschagne, DA
since 19 September 2016
Structure
Seats90 (54 permanent, 36 special)
South African National Council of Provinces 2019.svg
Political groups
  •          ANC (29 + 25)
  •          DA (13 + 7)
  •          EFF (9 + 2)
  •          Others (3 + 2)
Elections
Last election
8 May 2019
Meeting place
NCOP Chamber, Houses of Parliament, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
Website
National Council of Provinces
National Council of Provinces interior National Council of Provinces of South Africa.jpg
National Council of Provinces interior

The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) is the upper house of the Parliament of South Africa under the (post-apartheid) constitution which came into full effect in 1997. It replaced the former Senate, but is very similar to that body, and to many other upper houses of legislatures throughout the world, in that its purpose is to represent the governments of the provinces, rather than directly representing the people. [1]

Contents

Composition

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The NCOP comprises 90 provincial delegates, 10 delegates for each of the nine provinces regardless of the population of the province. This means that each province is equally represented in the NCOP.

A provincial delegation consists of six permanent delegates and four special delegates. The party representation in the delegation must proportionally reflect the party representation in the provincial legislature, according to a formula included in the Constitution.

The permanent delegates are selected by the nine provincial legislatures. The four special delegates consist of the Premier of the province and three other special delegates allocated from members of the provincial legislature. They are nominated by each province from Members of the Provincial Legislature (MPLs) and are contingent on the subject matter being considered by the NCOP. The Premier of a province is the head of the province's delegation in the NCOP, but he or she can choose any other delegate to be in charge of the delegation in his or her absence.

Organised local government is also represented in the NCOP through the South African Local Government Association (SALGA). SALGA is permitted to 10 delegates who may partake in the debates and other activities of the NCOP, but may not vote.

Current composition

After the elections of 8 May 2019, the new provincial legislatures met on 22 May to elect NCOP delegations. The delegations elected are described in the following table.

e    d  
PartyDelegate typeProvinceTotal
EC FS G KZN L M NW NC WC
African National Congress Permanent4333443322954
Special33234333125
Democratic Alliance Permanent1121111231320
Special111137
Economic Freedom Fighters Permanent111111111911
Special112
Freedom Front Plus Permanent1123
Special11
Inkatha Freedom Party Permanent112
Special11
Total10101010101010101090

Role in the legislative process

The NCOP may consider, amend, propose amendments to, or reject the legislation. It must consider all national bills, and also has the power to initiate legislation in the functional areas where Parliament and the provincial legislatures have concurrent legislative power. [1]

The NCOP has four decision-making mechanisms depending on the type of bill: [2]

Office bearers

Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson

The office of President of the Senate was succeeded by the office of Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces in 1997. The inaugural holder of the position was Mosiuoa Lekota. He served as Chairperson from 1997 to 1999. The Chairperson is elected from the permanent delegates for a five-year term. The election of the Chairperson is presided over by the Chief Justice of South Africa. The Chief Justice can, however, designate another judge to preside. The Chairperson, in turn, presides over the other elections that takes place in the chamber. The legislative also elects a permanent Deputy Chairperson. A second Deputy Chairperson is elected for a one-year term. The position rotates between the nine provinces, enabling the provinces to have its members elected second Deputy chairperson,

The Chairperson chair all the sittings of the National Council of the Provinces. If the Chairperson is not present at the sittings, the Deputy Chairperson or House Chairpersons can preside over the sitting of the chamber. [3]

The current Chairperson is Amos Masondo after having taken office on 23 May 2019. The current Deputy Chairperson is Sylvia Lucas. The following people have served as Chairperson of the NCOP:

No.Chairperson
(Birth–Death)
Term of OfficePolitical Party
1 Mosiuoa Lekota, 000215-D-9880W-112 detail.jpg Mosiuoa Lekota
(1948–)
6 February 199721 June 1999 African National Congress
2 Naledi Pandor 2012.jpg Naledi Pandor
(1953–)
21 June 19994 May 2004 African National Congress
3 No image.png Joyce Kgoali
(1950–2004)
4 May 200421 November 2004
(Died in office)
African National Congress
4 Mninwa Johannes Mahlangu.jpg Mninwa Johannes Mahlangu
(1952–)
17 January 2005
Acting since
21 November 2004
22 May 2014 African National Congress
5 No image.png Thandi Modise
(1959–)
22 May 201422 May 2019 African National Congress
6 Manmohan Singh being presented with an appreciation medal by the Executive Mayor, Mr. Amos Masondo at the inauguration of the permanent exhibition - Gandhi A Prisoner of Conscience, at Johannesburg, South Africa (cropped).jpg Amos Masondo
(1953–)
23 May 2019Incumbent African National Congress

Chairperson of the Committees

The Chairperson of the Committees is appointed by the members of the legislature. The position holds the following roles, including presiding over the meeting of the Committee of Chairpersons, approve the budget and expenditures of the committees and to preside over sittings of the House, when the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson are not available.

Chief Whips and Party Whips

Whips represent their individual parties' interests and ensure the discipline of their members. They also ensure that their parties function effectively. There are two Chief Whips who are official office bearers, the Chief Whip of the majority party and the Chief Whip of the largest opposition party. The smaller parties have Senior Whips assisted by a number of whips. The Chief Whips are formally appointed by the Chairperson. The Chief Whip of the majority party is responsible for the detailed arrangement of the legislative business. [4]

Leader of the Opposition

The position is designated to the leader of the largest opposition party in the legislature. Cathlene Labuschagne of the Democratic Alliance has been serving as Leader of the Opposition since her election in September 2016.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "National Council of Provinces". Parliament of South Africa. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  2. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 , ss. 73–77.
  3. NCOP PRESIDING OFFICERS. Retrieved on 28 December 2018.
  4. National Council of Provinces. Retrieved on 29 December 2018.