Length of term
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of Cameroon.
A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a bicameral legislature. The name comes from the ancient Roman Senate, so-called as an assembly of the senior and therefore allegedly wiser and more experienced members of the society or ruling class. Thus, the literal meaning of the word "senate" is Assembly of Elders.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the Australian Senate, Brazil's Senado Federal, the Canadian Senate, France's Sénat, Germany's Bundesrat, India's Rajya Sabha, Ireland's Seanad, Malaysia's Dewan Negara, the Netherlands' Eerste Kamer, Pakistan's Senate of Pakistan, Russia's Federation Council, Switzerland's Council of States, United Kingdom's House of Lords and the United States Senate.
The Parliament of Cameroon is the legislature of Cameroon. A bicameral body, it consists of the Senate and the National Assembly.
The Senate was created in 1996 after an amendment to the constitution created the upper chamber.However, power to convene the Electoral College and call elections for the Senate remained with the President. President Paul Biya chose not to do so until he signed decree 2013/056 on 27 February 2013, which set 14 April as the election date.
The Constitution of Cameroon is the supreme law of the Republic of Cameroon. Adopted in 1972, it is Cameroon's third constitution. The document consists of a preamble and 13 Parts, each divided into Articles. The Constitution outlines the rights guaranteed to Cameroonian citizens, the symbols and official institutions of the country, the structure and functions of government, the procedure by which the Constitution may be amended, and the process by which the provisions of the Constitution are to be implemented.
Paul Biya is a Cameroonian politician serving as the President of Cameroon since 6 November 1982.
The Senate has 100 seats, of which 70 are elected and 30 appointed by the President, with each region having 10 Senators.The elected seats are elected by the 10,636 members of the 360 municipal councils.
The Republic of Cameroon is divided into ten regions:
Elections to the Senate were held for the first time on 14 April 2013.Marcel Niat Njifenji was elected as President of the Senate on 12 June 2013. The President of the Senate is the constitutionally designated successor to the President of the Republic in case of a vacancy in the latter office.
Marcel Niat Njifenji is a Cameroonian politician who has been President of the Senate of Cameroon since 2013. A member of the ruling Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (RDPC), he previously served for years as Director-General of the National Electricity Company, and he was also a minister in the government during the early 1990s.
|Name||Entered office||Left office||Notes|
|Marcel Niat Njifenji||12 June 2013||Incumbent|
The Senate consists of 70 members directly elected by their regions and 30 nominated by the president of Cameroon.
|Region||Elected members||Appointed members|
|Centre||Naah Ondoa Sylvestre|
Mama Jean Marie
Anong Adibimé Pascal
Bell Luc René
Essomba Tsoungui Elie
Pongmoni Jean Marie
Ouli Ndongo Monique
Ndanga Ndinga Badel
Amama Amama Benjamin
Moampea Marie Calire
|Matta Joseph Roland|
Zé Nguelé René
|Far North||Abba Boukar|
Alioum Alhadji Hamadou
Abdoulaye Wouyack Marava
|Mahamat Bahar Marouf|
Baskouda Jean Baptiste
|Littoral|| Geneviève Tjoues |
Tobbo Eyoum Thomas
Din Bell Armande
Mbassa Ndine Roger Victor
Ebongue Jean Jules
Etame Massoma Siegfried
Ngayap Pierre Flambeau
Mme Asta Yvonne
Hayatou Aicha Pierrette
|Northwest||Achidi Achu Simon|
Wallang David Akwo
Mme Enoh Lafon
Jikong Stephen Yerima
|Fon Doh Gayonga III|
Fon Teiche Nje II
Mba Mba Grégoire
Eloumba Medjo Thérèse
Mbita Mvaebeme Raymond
|Ngalli Ngoa Pierre Henri|
Menye Ondo François Xavier
|Southwest||Tabe Tando Ndiep Nso|
Ankie Affiong Rebecca Amah
Njifua Lucas Fontem
Mme Ntube Agnès Ndode
Otte Andrew Moffa
Mbella Moki Charles
|Mafany Musonge Peter|
Fun Mukete Essimi Ngo Victor
Chief Anja Simon Onjwo
Tantse Tagne Bernard
Metiedje Nguifo Tchetagne Delphine
|Ibrahim Mbombo Njoya|
Honoré Djomo Kamga
Marcel Niat Njifenji
Peter Mafany Musonge is a Cameroonian politician who was Prime Minister of Cameroon from September 1996 to December 8, 2004.
The Senate is the upper house of the French Parliament. Indirectly elected by elected officials, it represents territorial collectivities of the Republic and French citizens living abroad. The Senate enjoys less prominence than the lower house, the directly elected National Assembly; debates in the Senate tend to be less tense and generally receive less media coverage.
"Pa" Simon Achidi Achu is a Cameroonian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Cameroon from 1992 to 1996. Previously he was Minister of Justice from 1972 to 1975. A leading member of the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM), Achidi Achu was appointed as Chairman of the National Investment Corporation in 2003, and he was "elected", or betterstill appointed by Paul Biya, to the Senate of Cameroon in 2013.
The Senate is the upper chamber of Parliament in Burundi. It consists of no fewer than 37 and no more than 54 members who serve 5-year terms. The current Senate was elected on 24 July 2015 and consists of 43 members.
The National Assembly is the unicameral legislature of Senegal. The Assembly was previously part of a bicameral legislature from 1999 to 2001 and from 2007 to 2012, with the indirectly elected Senate being the upper house. The Senate was abolished for a second time in September 2012.
The Senate is the upper chamber of the bicameral Parliament of Madagascar. The Senate has 33 members: 22 are indirectly elected, one from each of the 22 regions of Madagascar, and 11 are appointed by the President. As of 9 February 2016 its President is Honoré Rakotomanana.
The Senate is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the department of Nippes in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.
Indirect Senate elections were held in Senegal on 19 August 2007. Over 13,000 MPs, local and municipal councillors were eligible to vote in this election, in which 35 of the Senate's 100 members were chosen across the country's 35 districts; President Abdoulaye Wade nominated the other 65 members.
The Senate was the upper house of the Parliament of Senegal from 1999 to 2001 and from 2007 to 2012.
Dakole Daïssala is a Cameroonian politician and the President of the Movement for the Defense of the Republic (MDR), a political party based in Cameroon's Far North Region. He served in the government of Cameroon as Minister of State for Posts and Telecommunications from 1992 to 1997; subsequently he was a Deputy in the National Assembly from 1997 to 2002 and then Minister of Transport from 2004 to 2007. He has served in the Senate since 2013.
The European Democratic and Social Rally group, formerly the Democratic and European Rally group, is a parliamentary group in the Senate including representatives of the Radical Party of the Left (PRG) that historically consisted of radicals of both the left and right. Before 1989, the group was known as the Democratic Left group.
The Communist, Republican, Citizen and Ecologist group is a parliamentary group in the Senate including representatives of the French Communist Party (PCF).
The Socialists and affiliated group is a parliamentary group in the National Assembly including representatives of the Socialist Party (PS).
The Centrist Union group is a centrist parliamentary group in the Senate uniting members of the Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI) and Democratic Movement (MoDem), as well as the Centrist Alliance (AC), a former component of the UDI. The group was historically associated with the Popular Republican Movement (MRP) and later the Democratic Centre (CD), Centre of Social Democrats (CDS), and Union for French Democracy (UDF). Most recently, from 2012 to 2017, it was known as the Union of Democrats and Independents – UC group.
The administrative meeting of senators not appearing on the list of any group is the term used since 1976 to refer to the grouping of non-registered members in the Senate of France. It is not a formal parliamentary group, although a group of non-registered members existed from 1968 to 1976, first under the name of the group of non-registered members from 3 October 1968, and later the group of the union of senators not registered with a political group from 30 June 1971 to 1976, both of which elected their own presidents. Non inscrits have sometimes not formed groups; in the records of the Journal officiel, such members were listed under the title of senators not registered with a political group from 1959 to 1960 and 1964 to 1967, as well as under the appellation of senators not appearing nor on a list nor accompanying a group list from 1961 to 1963, 1968 to 1969, and in 1973.
Jean-Baptiste Baskouda is a Cameroonian politician who has served in the Senate of Cameroon since 2013. He was Secretary of State for Territorial Administration from 1985 to 1988 and subsequently served as Deputy Director of the Civil Cabinet of the Presidency. Later, he was appointed as Secretary-General of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security on 26 January 2005.
Justin Mikolo-Kinzonzi is a Congolese politician. He was Second Vice-President of the National People's Assembly of Congo-Brazzaville during the 1970s. From 2002 to 2011, he served in the Senate of Congo-Brazzaville, and during that time he was President of the Parliamentary Group of the Congolese Labour Party (PCT) in the Senate.
The Socialist and Republican group is a parliamentary group in the Senate including representatives of the Socialist Party (PS).
Madeleine Haoua is a Cameroonian politician. She has been a member of the Senate of Cameroon since the 2013 election, representing the opposition Social Democratic Front.