Marcel Niat Njifenji
|President of the Senate of Cameroon|
June 12, 2013
|Born||October 26, 1934|
Bangangté, Nde, Cameroon
Marcel Niat Njifenji (born 26 October 1934) is a Cameroonian politician who has been President of the Senate of Cameroon since 2013. A member of the ruling Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (RDPC), he previously served for years as Director-General of the National Electricity Company, and he was also a minister in the government during the early 1990s.
Born in 1934 at Bangangté, located in Cameroon's West Region,Niat Njifenji worked as an engineer of roads and bridges. He was Director-General of the National Electricity Company (Société nationale d'Electricité, SONEL), the state-owned electricity company, from 1974 to 1984. When rebellious soldiers attempted to overthrow President Paul Biya in an April 1984 coup attempt, Niat Njifenji was immediately arrested and jailed. Although it was considered doubtful that he had anything to do with the coup attempt, he was reportedly abused during his imprisonment and attempted suicide. He was released from prison in 1989 and promptly restored to his post at SONEL in September 1989.
Niat Njifenji also served in the government as Minister of Planning and Territorial Administration from 7 September 1990 to 26 April 1991, while remaining Director-General of SONEL. Subsequently, he was Deputy Prime Minister for Mines, Water, and Energy from 9 April 1992 to 27 November 1992. He was elected to the National Assembly in the 1992 parliamentary election, but he did not serve his term and remained in his post as Director-General of SONEL throughout the 1990s. Eventually the company was privatized,and Niat Njifenji was replaced by an AES Sirocco executive in July 2001. In 2002, Niat Njifenji was elected as Mayor of Bangangté; he served as Mayor until September 2007, when he was succeeded by Célestine Keutcha Courtes.
In 2013, after years of delay, the Senate was established to serve as the upper house of Cameroon's Parliament; previously only the National Assembly existed. President Biya appointed Niat Njifenji to the Senate in May 2013.He was one of 30 senators to receive their seats by presidential appointment; the other 70 senators were indirectly elected. Biya appointed three senators for each region, and Niat Njifenji was one of the three to come from West Region.
Niat Njifenji was elected as President of the Senate on 12 June 2013. In the 100-member body, there were 86 votes in favor of Niat Njifenji; no senators voted against him, although 14 senators cast spoilt votes.As President of the Senate, Niat Njifenji would, according to the constitution, succeed President Biya if the latter were to die in office; he would lead the country until a new presidential election could be held, and he would not be permitted to stand as a candidate in that election.
Paul Biya is a Cameroonian politician serving as the president of Cameroon since 6 November 1982.
Peter Mafany Musonge is a Cameroonian politician who was Prime Minister of Cameroon from September 19, 1996 to December 8, 2004.
Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo was a Cameroonian politician who was the first President of Cameroon, holding the office from 1960 until 1982. Ahidjo played a major role in Cameroon's independence from France as well as reuniting the French and English-speaking parts of the country. During Ahidjo's time in office, he established a centralized political system. Ahidjo established a single-party state under the Cameroon National Union (CNU) in 1966. In 1972, Ahidjo abolished the federation in favor of a unitary state. Ahidjo resigned from the presidency in 1982, and Paul Biya assumed the presidency. This was an action which was surprising to Cameroonians. Accused of being behind a coup plot against Biya in 1984, Ahidjo was sentenced to death in absentia, but he died of natural causes in 1989.
Ni John Fru Ndi is a Cameroonian politician. He founded the Social Democratic Front (SDF), the main opposition party in Cameroon, in 1990. He failed to get elected as a senator in 2013.
Ephraïm Inoni is a Cameroonian politician who was Prime Minister of Cameroon from 2004 to 2009. He was a long-time aide of President Paul Biya and is a member of the ruling Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (RDPC). He was appointed to the position of Prime Minister by Biya on December 8, 2004 and was sworn in that day.
"Pa" Simon Achidi Achu is a Cameroonian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Cameroon from 1992 to 1996. Previously he was Minister of Justice from 1972 to 1975. A leading member of the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM), Achidi Achu was appointed as Chairman of the National Investment Corporation in 2003, and he was "elected", or betterstill appointed by Paul Biya, to the Senate of Cameroon in 2013.
Laurent Esso is a Cameroonian politician who has held a succession of key posts under President Paul Biya since 1988. He served in the government of Cameroon as Minister of Justice from 1996 to 2000, Minister of Public Health from 2000 to 2001, Minister of Defense from 2001 to 2004, and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2004 to 2006. Subsequently, Esso was Secretary-General of the Presidency, with the rank of Minister of State, from September 2006 to December 2011. He has again served as Minister of Justice since December 2011.
Luc Ayang is a Cameroonian politician who served as 3rd Prime Minister of Cameroon from 1983 to 1984. He has been President of the Economic and Social Council of Cameroon since 1984.
Dakole Daïssala is a Cameroonian politician and the President of the Movement for the Defense of the Republic (MDR), a political party based in Cameroon's Far North Region. He served in the government of Cameroon as Minister of State for Posts and Telecommunications from 1992 to 1997; subsequently he was a Deputy in the National Assembly from 1997 to 2002 and then Minister of Transport from 2004 to 2007. He has served in the Senate since 2013.
Cavayé Yéguié Djibril is a Cameroonian politician who has been the President of the National Assembly of Cameroon since 1992. He is a leading member of the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (CPDM).
Grégoire Owona is a Cameroonian politician who has served in the government of Cameroon as Minister of Labor and Social Security since December 2011. He previously served as Minister-Delegate at the Presidency for Relations with the Assemblies from 1997 to 2011, and he has also been Deputy Secretary-General of the Central Committee of the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (RDPC) since 1992.
Adolphe Moudiki is a Cameroonian political figure who has been Director-General of the National Hydrocarbons Company, the state oil company of Cameroon, since 1993. A long-time associate of President Paul Biya, Moudiki was Minister of Labor from 1987 to 1988, Director of the Civil Cabinet of the Presidency from 1988 to 1989, and Minister of Justice from 1989 to 1991.
Jean-Baptiste Baskouda is a Cameroonian politician who has served in the Senate of Cameroon since 2013. He was Secretary of State for Territorial Administration from 1985 to 1988 and subsequently served as Deputy Director of the Civil Cabinet of the Presidency. Later, he was appointed as Secretary-General of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security on 26 January 2005.
The Socialist and Republican group is a parliamentary group in the Senate including representatives of the Socialist Party (PS).
The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of Cameroon.
Célestine Ketcha Courtès is a Cameroonian politician who serves as mayor of Bangangté and is president of the Network for Locally Elected Women of Africa.
Presidential elections were held in Cameroon on 7 October 2018.
Isabelle Marie Ndjole Assouho is a Cameroonian politician. She was elected senator for the East Region during the first senatorial elections held on 14 April 2013.
Madeleine Haoua is a Cameroonian politician. She has been a member of the Senate of Cameroon since the 2013 election, representing the opposition Social Democratic Front.
Esther Belibi Dang is a Cameroonian economist. She resigned as the Director of the Cameroon National Investment company and stood as a Presidential candidate.