|Head Chief of Nauru|
|Succeeded by||Raymond Gadabu|
|Died||11 April 1953|
Timothy Detudamo (died 11 April 1953) was a Nauruan politician and linguist. He served as Head Chief of Nauru from 1930 until his death in 1953.
Detudamo was born in Uaboe District. He was a layman of the Protestant Church of Nauru during his youth,and became assistant to the missionary Rev. Phillip Delaporte to be his assistant. In 1917,he was chosen to travel to the United States by Rev Delaporte to translate the Bible into the Nauruan language. To finance the travel,Detudamo needed US$500,which he raised through Nauruan donations. His translation was carried out with the help of Rev Delaporte,a German-American missionary. Detudamo returned to Nauru in 1921. In 1938,he tried to reform the Nauruan language by making it more understandable for Europeans and Americans. However,his reforms were not widely adopted and today the old orthography continues to be more common.
In November 1930 Detudamo was appointed Head Chief of Nauru by Administrator William Augustin Newman following the death of Daimon.He held the office until 1942 when Japan invaded and occupied the island. During the Japanese occupation,Detudamo served as Governor of Nauru until 30 June 1943 when he was deported along with most of the Nauruan population to Chuuk in Micronesia. On 31 January 1946 he returned to Nauru and was duly re-elected to the position of Head Chief. Following the introduction of a Nauru Local Government Council in 1951 Detudamo was elected as a councillor for the Districts of Denigomodu,Nibok,Uaboe,and Baitsi. He was also re-elected as Head Chief by the NLGC
Detudamo also helped establish the first Nauruan large enterprise,a Nauruan land owners co-operative general store. It was called the Nauru Cooperative Society and adopted the name 'Eigigu' in symbolically depicting the Nauruan "Lady on the Moon" legend.
Detudamo died in Sydney in Australia on 11 April 1953 at the age of 65,and was succeeded as Head Chief by Raymond Gadabu. His son Buraro later served as an MP and minister.
The history of human activity in Nauru,an island country in the Pacific Ocean,began roughly 3,000 years ago when clans settled the island.
Hammer DeRoburt was the first President of the Republic of Nauru,and ruled the country for most of its first twenty years of independence.
Reverend Philip Adam Delaporte was a German-born American Protestant missionary who ran a mission on Nauru with his wife from 1899 until 1915. During this time he translated numerous texts from German into Nauruan including the Bible and a hymnal. He was also one of the first to create a written form for the Nauruan dialect,published in a Nauruan-German dictionary.
Alois Kayser was a German-French Roman Catholic missionary who spent almost forty years on Nauru and wrote a Nauruan grammar. In 1943,he was deported along with Pierre Clivaz,a Swiss missionary,as well as most of the Nauruan population,by the Japanese to Micronesia,where he died.
The Nauruan or Nauru language is an Austronesian language,spoken natively in the island country of Nauru. Its relationship to the other Micronesian languages is not well understood.
The displacement of the traditional culture of Nauru by contemporary western influences is evident on the island. Little remains from the old customs. The traditions of arts and crafts are nearly lost.
Nauruan nationality law is regulated by the 1968 Constitution of Nauru,as amended;the Naoero Citizenship Act of 2017,and its revisions;custom;and international agreements entered into by the Nauruan government. These laws determine who is,or is eligible to be,a national of Nauru. The legal means to acquire nationality,formal membership in a nation,differ from the domestic relationship of rights and obligations between a national and the nation,known as citizenship. Nauruan nationality is typically obtained either on the principle of jus soli,i.e. by birth in the Nauru or under the rules of jus sanguinis,i.e. by birth to parents with Nauruan nationality. It can be granted to persons with an affiliation to the country who has lived in the country for a given period of time through naturalization.
Raymond Gadabu was a Nauruan politician who served as Head Chief between 1953 and 1955.
The Catholic Church in Nauru is part of the worldwide Catholic Church,which,inspired by the life,death and teachings of Jesus Christ,and under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and Roman curia in the Vatican City is the largest Christian church in the world. Bishop Paul Mea was Bishop of Tarawa,Nauru and Funafuti,Kiribati.
The Japanese occupation of Nauru was the period of three years during which Nauru,a Pacific island under Australian administration,was occupied by the Japanese military as part of its operations in the Pacific War during World War II. With the onset of the war,the islands that flanked Japan's South Seas possessions became of vital concern to Japanese Imperial General Headquarters,and in particular to the Imperial Navy,which was tasked with protecting Japan's outlying Pacific territories.
Early parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 12 November 1977,after Parliament had been dissolved by President Bernard Dowiyogo due to a sustained campaign against the government led by former President Hammer DeRoburt,who had been voted out of office the previous year. Particular controversy had been caused by the Supply Act passed in June,and Dowiyogo stated that elections would be held to give him a mandate. After Parliament failed to approve the budget,Dowiyogo asked Speaker David Gadaroa to dissolve the legislature.
Elections for the Local Government Council were held for the first time in Nauru on 15 December 1951.
Elections for the Legislative Council for the Territory of Nauru were held for the first and only time on 22 January 1966.
Elections for a Legislative Assembly were held in Nauru on 26 January 1968.
Buraro Robidok Bagewa Detudamo was a Nauruan politician. He was the only son of Timothy Detudamo and brother-in-law to Kennan Adeang. When Buraro was a boy,his family went to Chuuk Islands.
Daimon was Head Chief of Nauru from 1920 until 1930. His 42 years as a chief was a record length of service.
Austin Bernicke was a Nauruan politician. He was a member of the first Local Government Council in 1951,then a member of Parliament after it was established in 1966,serving until his death in 1977. He also served as a cabinet minister from 1968 until 1976.
The 1948 Nauru riots occurred when Chinese labourers employed on the phosphate mines refused to leave the island. At the time,Nauru was dominated by Australia as a United Nations trust territory,with New Zealand and the UK as co-trustees.
The Nauru Local Government Council was a legislative body in Nauru. It was first established in 1951,when Nauru was a United Nations trust territory,as a successor to the Council of Chiefs. It continued to exist until 1992,when it was dissolved in favor of the Nauru Island Council.
The Council of Chiefs was a Nauruan political body. It was formally established in 1927,and served as an advisory body to the Administrator. It was replaced in 1951 by the Nauru Local Government Council.