List of monarchs of Tonga

Last updated

King of Tonga
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg
Incumbent
Dinner for His Majesty King Tupou VI of the Kingdom of Tonga and Her Majesty Queen Nanasipau'u 04.jpg
Tupou VI
since 18 March 2012
Details
Style His Majesty
Heir apparent Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala
First monarch George Tupou I
Formation4 December 1845
Residence Royal Palace, Nukuʻalofa

This is a list of monarchs of Tonga since 1845, after the Constitution of Tonga established the role of the monarch. The first monarch of Tonga was George Tupou I.

Contents

2008 cession of powers

Three days before his coronation on 1 August 2008, then-King George Tupou V announced that he would relinquish most of his powers and be guided by the Prime Minister of Tonga's recommendations on most matters. [1]

Budget allocation to monarchy

Annual budget allocation to monarchy is T$ 4,894,900 (c. 2,116,799 USD). [2]

Lists of earlier monarchs of Tonga

List of monarchs of Tonga (1845–present)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
George Tupou I (1797-12-04)4 December 1797 – 18 February 1893(1893-02-18) (aged 95)4 December 184518 February 1893Son of Tupoutoʻa, 17th Tuʻi Kanokupolu Tupou George Tupou I.jpg
George Tupou II (1874-06-18)18 June 1874 – 5 April 1918(1918-04-05) (aged 43)18 February 18935 April 1918Double Great-grandson of George Tupou ITupou George Tupou II of Tonga.jpg
Sālote Tupou III (1900-03-13)13 March 1900 – 16 December 1965(1965-12-16) (aged 65)5 April 191816 December 1965Daughter of George Tupou IITupou Salote Tupou III of Tonga in coronation robe-crop.jpg
Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV (1918-07-04)4 July 1918 – 10 September 2006(2006-09-10) (aged 88)16 December 196510 September 2006Son of Sālote Tupou IIITupou Taufa`ahau Tupou IV - ETH-Bibliothek Com LC1500-0777-001.tif
George Tupou V (1948-05-04)4 May 1948 – 18 March 2012(2012-03-18) (aged 63)11 September 200618 March 2012Son of Tāufaʻahau Tupou IVTupou George Tupou V of Tonga, 2011 (cropped).jpg
Tupou VI (1959-07-12) 12 July 1959 (age 62)18 March 2012IncumbentSon of Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IVTupou Dinner for His Majesty King Tupou VI of the Kingdom of Tonga and Her Majesty Queen Nanasipau'u 04.jpg

Royal standards

Family tree

See also

Related Research Articles

History of Tonga Aspect of history

The history of Tonga is recorded since the century after 900 BC, when seafarers associated with the Lapita diaspora first settled the islands which now make up the Kingdom of Tonga. Along with Fiji and Samoa, the area served as a gateway into the rest of the Pacific region known as Polynesia. Ancient Tongan mythologies recorded by early European explorers report the islands of 'Ata and Tongatapu as the first islands having been hauled to the surface from the deep ocean by Maui.

Politics of Tonga Political system of Tonga

Politics of Tonga takes place in a framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the King is the Head of State and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. Tonga's Prime Minister is currently appointed by the King from among the members of Parliament after having won the support of a majority of its members. Executive power is vested in the Cabinet of Ministers. Legislative power is vested in the King in Parliament, and judicial power is vested in the supreme court.

Nukuʻalofa Capital of Tonga

Nukuʻalofa is the capital of Tonga. It is located on the north coast of the island of Tongatapu, in the country's southernmost island group.

Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV King of Tonga from 1965 to 2006

Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV was the King of Tonga, from the death of his mother, Queen Sālote Tupou III, in 1965 until his own death in 2006.

George Tupou II King of Tonga from 1893 to 1918

George Tupou II was the King of Tonga from 18 February 1893 until his death. He was officially crowned at Nukuʻalofa, on 17 March 1893. He was also the 20th Tuʻi Kanokupolu.

George Tupou I King of Tonga from 1845 to 1893

George Tupou I, originally known as Tāufaʻāhau I, was the first king of modern Tonga. He adopted the name Siaosi, the Tongan equivalent of George, after King George III of the United Kingdom, when he was baptized in 1831. His nickname was Lopa-ukamea, meaning iron cable.

Tuʻi Kanokupolu (chiefs) are a junior rank of the Haʻa Tuʻi in Tonga.

George Tupou V King of Tonga from 2006 to 2012

George Tupou V was the King of Tonga from the death of his father Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV in 2006 until his own death six years later.

The Tuʻi Tonga is a line of Tongan kings, which originated in the tenth century with the mythical ʻAhoʻeitu, and withdrew from political power in the fifteenth century by yielding to the Tuʻi Haʻatakalaua. The title ended with the death of the last Tu'i Tonga, Sanualio Fatafehi Laufilitonga, in 1865, who bequeathed the ancient title and its mana to his nephew, Fatafehi Tu'i Pelehake, who was the Tu'i Faleua, or Lord of the Second House. Tu'i Pelehake surrendered the title and its privileges to his father-in-law, King George Tupou I, who united its power and prestige with that of the Tu'i Kanokupolu, Tu'i Vava'u, and Tu'i Ha'apai titles to establish the modern-day institution of the Tongan Crown. Though the title is no longer conferred, the ancient line remains unbroken and is represented by the noble title of Kalaniuvalu.

Coat of arms of Tonga

The coat of arms or national seal of Tonga was designed in 1875 with the creation of the constitution.

Prime Minister of Tonga

The prime minister of Tonga is the country's head of government. Tonga is a monarchy with the king, currently Tupou VI, former prime minister, as head of state. The current prime minister is Pōhiva Tuʻiʻonetoa, in office since 8 October 2019 following the death of ʻAkilisi Pōhiva on 12 September 2019.

Fīnau ʻUlukālala was a dynasty of six important hereditary chiefs from Vavaʻu, currently in the kingdom of Tonga. The dynasty began sometime in the 18th century and died out in 1960. The chief's original estate was Tuʻanuku, and his nickname and that of the village is Tavakefaiʻana.

Viliami Tungī Mailefihi Prince Consort of Tonga

Viliami Tungī Mailefihi was a Tongan high chieftain and Prince Consort of Queen Sālote Tupou III. He served as Prime Minister of Tonga from 1923 until his death in 1941.

The Tuʻipelehake is the second highest ranking chiefly title in Tonga. In the absence of the ancient Tuʻi Faleua title, the Tuʻipelehake title is second in rank after the King's title, Tu'i Kanokupolu. There have been several holders of the title mainly from the ruling royal family, from princes to prime ministers. It is Tongan custom to refer to the holder by his customary title, only adding his given name if confusion may arise. For example, Tuʻi Pelehake (ʻUluvalu).

Roko Taliai Tupou (17??-1875) was a Fijian nobleman. He is considered to be the progenitor of the noble household Vatuwaqa in the chiefly Vuanirewa clan and as such, was the first member of this noble household to hold the title Tui Nayau. His reign marked the growth of Christianity in Lau and the slow expansion of Tongan ambitions in Fiji, led by Enele Ma'afu. As this period marked increasing contact with Europeans, records from this point forward in regard to the history of Lau are well documented.

The Battle of Velata was fought at Tau'akipulu, Haʻapai, Tonga in September 1826, between Laufilitonga, monarch of the Tuʻi Tonga dynasty, and Taufa'ahau, heir apparent to the Tu'i Kanokupolu dynasty and then monarch of Tonga.

Laufilitonga

Fatafehi Laufilitonga was the 39th and last Tuʻi Tonga, a dynasty of kings in Tonga during the Tuʻi Tonga Empire.

Coronations in Oceania

Coronations in Oceania are, or were, held in the following countries:

Tēvita ʻUnga Crown Prince of Tonga

Tēvita ʻUnga was the first Crown Prince and Prime Minister of Tonga.

Lavinia Veiongo Queen Consort of Tonga from 1899–1902

Lavinia Veiongo Fotu was the Queen consort of Tonga from 1899 to 1902, and the first wife of George Tupou II.

References