Prime Minister of Malta

Last updated
Prime Minister of Malta
Prim Ministru ta' Malta  (Maltese)
Coat of arms of Malta.svg
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Malta
Robert Abela in 2021.jpg
Robert Abela

since 13 January 2020
Style The Honourable
Member of Cabinet of Malta
European Council
Residence Villa Francia (primary)
Girgenti Palace (summer)
Appointer President of Malta
Inaugural holder Joseph Howard
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister
Salary€50,276 annually [1]

The prime minister of Malta (Maltese : Prim Ministru ta' Malta) is the head of government, which is the highest official of Malta.


Establishment of the office and developments

The office of "Head of Ministry" was created as soon as Malta was granted autonomous government in 1921. [2] The 1921 constitution was suspended twice before being revoked. On the first occasion (1930–33), the head of ministry (at the time, Gerald Strickland) and his cabinet were retained. Following the second suspension in 1934, the cabinet was dismissed.

The constitution was revoked in 1936 and the post did not exist for as long as Malta was under direct colonial administration. The office was re-established with the grant of self-government in 1947 with the post being renamed as "Prime Minister of Malta". The post was again suppressed when the 1947 constitution was again suspended between 1958 and 1962 but was retained largely unchanged in the 1964 independence constitution and the subsequent amendments of 1974 which transformed the form of government into a republic.

Constitutional functions

The president of Malta, who nominally heads the executive branch, appoints as Prime Minister the member of parliament who, in the opinion of the president, is best able to command a majority of the members of the House of Representatives. The prime minister advises the president on the appointment of the other ministers. [3]

Auberge de Castille, the Office of the Prime Minister Auberge de Castille, Valletta, Malta - 2018-05-29.jpg
Auberge de Castille, the Office of the Prime Minister

The prime minister is constitutionally obliged to keep the president fully informed on the general conduct of the government. Whenever the prime minister is away from Malta, the president may authorise any other member of the Cabinet to perform those functions and that member may perform those functions temporarily. It is usually the deputy prime minister who fills in this role as acting prime minister. [3]

Constitutionally, the prime minister is also responsible for appointing permanent secretaries as well as tender advice to the president on the appointment of members to the judiciary and constitutional bodies. [3]

Office of the Prime Minister of Malta (OPM)

As minister in his own right, [4] the Prime Minister is responsible for a number of departments of government. The Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) has been based at the Auberge de Castille in Valletta since 1972, playing a central role in decision-making apart from being the administrative headquarters of the government.

The OPM's mission is to support the prime minister in providing leadership and direction for a stable and effective government. The core departments of OPM include the Cabinet Secretariat, the Management and Personnel Office and the Department of Information.

Official residences

Villa Francia is the official residence of the prime minister, while the Girgenti Palace is the summer residence. They are predominantly used for public ceremonies, including receiving notable people, and are considered symbolic buildings. [5]

List of prime ministers

Living former prime ministers

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime minister</span> Top minister of cabinet and government

A prime minister,premier or chief of cabinet is the head of the cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system. Under those systems, a prime minister is not the head of state, but rather the head of government, serving under either a monarch in a democratic constitutional monarchy or under a president in a republican form of government.

The head of government is either the highest or the second-highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, autonomous region, or other government who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. In diplomacy, "head of government" is differentiated from "head of state" although in many countries, for example the United States, they are the same person.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Sweden</span> Head of government of Sweden

The prime minister is the head of government of Sweden. The prime minister and their cabinet exercise executive authority in the Kingdom of Sweden and are subject to the Parliament of Sweden. The prime minister is nominated by the Speaker of the Riksdag and elected by the chamber by simple majority, using negative parliamentarianism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of France</span> Head of Government of France

The prime minister of France, officially the prime minister of the French Republic, is the head of government of the French Republic and the leader of the Council of Ministers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Thailand</span> Head of government of Thailand

For a list of heads of government, see List of prime ministers of Thailand

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Croatia</span> Head of government of Croatia

The prime minister of Croatia, officially the President of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, is Croatia's head of government, and is de facto the most powerful and influential state officeholder in the Croatian system of government. Following the first-time establishment of the office in 1945, the 1990–2000 semi-presidential period is the only exception where the president of Croatia held de facto executive authority. In the formal Croatian order of precedence, however, the position of prime minister is the third highest state office, after the president of the Republic and the speaker of the Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Russia</span> Head of Government of the Russian Federation

The chairman of the government of the Russian Federation, also informally known as the prime minister, is the head of government of Russia. Although the post dates back to 1905, its current form was established on 12 December 1993 following the introduction of a new constitution.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Malta</span>

The president of Malta is the constitutional head of state of Malta. The President is indirectly elected by the House of Representatives of Malta, which appoints the president for a five-year term and requires them to swear an oath to "preserve, protect and defend" the Constitution. The President of Malta also resides directly or indirectly in all three branches of the state. They are part of Parliament and responsible for the appointment of the judiciary. Executive authority is nominally vested in the President, but is in practice exercised by the Prime Minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Singapore</span> Head of the government of the Republic of Singapore

The prime minister of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore. The president appoints the prime minister, a Member of Parliament (MP) who in their opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of the majority of MPs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Pakistan</span> Leader of the executive branch of the Government of Pakistan

The prime minister of Pakistan is the constitutional head of government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, designated as the "Chief Executive of the Islamic Republic".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Guyana</span>

The prime minister of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana is an elected member of the National Assembly of Guyana who is the principal assistant and advisor to the president as well as the leader of government business in the Assembly, but is not the head of government in Guyana. The prime minister assumes the office of president if the presidency becomes vacant.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Malaysia</span> Head of government of Malaysia

The Prime Minister of Malaysia is the head of government of Malaysia. The prime minister directs the executive branch of the federal government. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints as the prime minister a member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs; this person is usually the leader of the party winning the most seats in a general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Uganda</span>

The prime minister of Uganda chairs the Cabinet of Uganda, although the president is the effective head of government. Robinah Nabbanja has been the prime minister since 21 June 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Ukraine</span> Head of government of Ukraine

The prime minister of Ukraine is the head of government of Ukraine. The prime minister presides over the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, which is the highest body of the executive branch of the Ukrainian government. The position replaced the Soviet post of chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, which was established on March 25, 1946.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Government of Romania</span> One half of the executive branch of the government of Romania

The Government of Romania forms one half of the executive branch of the government of Romania. It is headed by the Prime Minister of Romania, and consists of the ministries, various subordinated institutions and agencies, and the 42 prefectures. The seat of the Romanian Government is at Victoria Palace in Bucharest.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Myanmar</span> Head of state of Myanmar

The president of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is the head of state and constitutional head of government of Myanmar. The president leads the Cabinet of Myanmar, the executive branch of the Burmese government. The current president is Myint Swe, who assumed the presidency in an acting capacity through a military coup d'état on 1 February 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pavel Filip</span>

Pavel Filip is an engineer and politician from the Republic of Moldova. In 2001–2008 he was the director of the Joint-stock company "Bucuria" and in 2008–2011, general manager of Tutun-CTC joint stock company. He was then Minister of Information and Communication Technology in the Governments headed by Filat (2), Leancă, Gaburici, and Streleț since 14 January 2011 when he replaced Alexandru Oleinic (2009–2011) and by his investment at the prime minister position on 20 January 2016. He was the deputy chairman of the Democrat Party (DPM). On 7 September 2019 at the IXth Congress of the DPM was elected for the position of the chairman of the Party.

Sandu Cabinet Government of Moldova

The Sandu Cabinet was a Cabinet of Moldova, led by Maia Sandu.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gavrilița Cabinet</span> Current Moldovan government

The Gavrilița Cabinet is the incumbent Cabinet of Moldova, led by former Finance Minister Natalia Gavrilița. It took office on 6 August 2021.


  1. "PAY RISE: proposal for PM's salary to double in 2018, PM opposes increase, PN reacts (UPDATE 2) - The Malta Independent".
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2011-03-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. 1 2 3 "Constitution of Malta" (PDF). Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  4. "Office of the Prime Minister - About OPM". Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2009-08-14.
  5. "L-Uffiċċju tal-Prim Ministru - Il-Palazz tal-Girgenti". Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2009-08-14.