|Prime Minister of Albania |
Kryeministri i Shqipërisë
Emblem of the Prime Minister
|Inaugural holder||Ismail Qemali|
|Formation||29 November 1912|
The Prime Minister of Albania (Albanian : Kryeministri i Shqipërisë), officially styled the Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania (Albanian : Kryeministri i Republikës së Shqipërisë), is the head of government of the Republic of Albania and as well the most powerful and influential person in Albanian politics. The Prime Minister holds the executive power of the nation and represents the Council of Ministers and chairs its meetings.
Albanian is an Indo-European language spoken by the Albanians in the Balkans and the Albanian diaspora in the Americas, Europe and Oceania. It comprises an independent branch within the Indo-European languages and is not closely related to any other language in Europe.
A style of office, honorific or manner/form of address, is an official or legally recognized form of address, and may often be used in conjunction with a title. A style, by tradition or law, precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or political office, and is sometimes used to refer to the office itself. An honorific can also be awarded to an individual in a personal capacity. Such styles are particularly associated with monarchies, where they may be used by a wife of an office holder or of a prince of the blood, for the duration of their marriage. They are also almost universally used for presidents in republics and in many countries for members of legislative bodies, higher-ranking judges and senior constitutional office holders. Leading religious figures also have styles.
Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. The term "head of government" is often differentiated from the term "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Albania after each general election and must have the confidence of the Parliament of Albania to stay in office. The Council is responsible for carrying out both foreign and domestic policies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state organs. The Prime Minister is elected on the basis of universal suffrage, through a secret ballot, for a four-year term. The Constitution of Albania sets no limit as to office terms of the prime minister.
The President of Albania, officially styled the President of the Republic of Albania, is the head of state, commander-in-chief of the military and the representative of the unity of the Albanian people.
Regular elections in Albania are mandated by the Constitution and legislation enacted by Parliament. The Parliament (Kuvendi) has 140 members elected for four-year terms. The electoral system is closed list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's 12 administrative regions. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of 3 percent of votes, and pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of 5 percent of votes.
The Parliament of Albania or Kuvendi is the unicameral representative body of the citizens of the Republic of Albania; it is Albania's legislature. The Parliament is composed of not less than 140 members elected to a four-year term on the basis of direct, universal, periodic and equal suffrage by secret ballot. The Parliament is presided over by a Speaker of the Parliament, who is assisted by at least one deputy speaker. The electoral system is based on party-list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-seat constituencies, corresponding to the country's administrative divisions.
The 33rd and current officeholder is Edi Rama of the Socialist Party who was elected on 23 June 2013 and started his first four-year-term on 15 September 2013.
Edi Rama is an Albanian politician, artist, writer and former basketball player, who has been the 42nd Prime Minister of Albania and the Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2013 and January 2019, respectively. Rama has also been Chairman of the Socialist Party of Albania since 2005. Before his election as Prime Minister, Rama held a number of other positions. He was appointed Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports in 1998, a position that he held until 2000.
The Socialist Party of Albania, is a social-democratic political party in Albania; it gained power following the 2013 parliamentary election. The party seated 66 MPs in the 2009 Albanian parliament. It achieved power in 1997 following a political crisis and governmental realignment. At the 2001 parliamentary election the party secured 73 seats, which enabled it to form a government. At the general election of 3 July 2005, the Socialist Party lost its majority and the Democratic Party of Albania (PD) formed the new government, having secured, with its allies, a majority of 81 seats.
The Prime Minister of the Albania, officially styled the Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania, is the most powerful and influential state officeholder in the Albanian system of government.
One important role of the President is to designate a candidate for the office of Prime Minister who, in the opinion of the President, is best able to command a majority of the members of the Parliament.As head of government, the Prime Minister is charged with directing the internal policy of the country and leads the public administration. In this regard, the government cooperates with other interested social actors. If the Prime Minister is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising its executive power, the Deputy Prime Minister takes over his functions, such as chairing the cabinet and the council of ministers.
The Deputy Prime Ministers of Albania, officially styled the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania, is the deputy head of government of Albania. In the absence of the Prime Minister of Albania the Deputy Prime Minister takes over his functions, such as chairing the Cabinet of Albania and the Council of Ministers of Albania. The Office is the second senior minister of the cabinet in the executive branch of the government in the parliamentary system in the Republic of Albania.
The Constitution states that the Prime Minister represents the council of ministers and chairs its meetings, outlines and presents the principal general policies of the state and is responsible for them, assures the implementation of legislation and policies approved by the Council of Ministers, coordinates and supervises the work of the members of the Council of Ministers and other institutions of the central state administration, performs other duties contemplated in the Constitution and laws, resolves disagreements among ministers, and issues orders in the exercise of his powers. The Prime Minister can also initiate a proceeding of the Constitutional Court of Albania.
It is the fundamental law of the Republic of Albania. The present Constitution of Albania was adopted by the Parliament on 28 November 1998. It is split up over many different acts. The document succeeded the 1976 Constitution, originally adopted at the creation of the People's Socialist Republic of Albania on 28 December 1976 and heavily amended on 29 April 1991.
The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Albania is the final authority for the interpretation of the Constitution (Kushtetuta) and the compliance of laws in accordance with the constitution. As of article 168, the ourt guarantees respect for the Constitution and makes final interpretations of it.
Before assuming duty, the prime minister-elect is required to take an oath of office before the President, swearing loyalty to the Constitution. The text of the oath in its Albanian form is sensitive to gender and all nouns always retain a neutral form. The prime minister-elect takes the following oath of office, specified by the Constitution:
|“|| Albanian: Betohem se do t’i bindem Kushtetutës dhe ligjeve të vendit, do të respektoj të drejtat dhe liritë e shtetasve, do të mbroj pavarësinë e Republikës së Shqipërisë dhe do t’i shërbej interesit të përgjithshëm dhe përparimit të Popullit Shqiptar. The President may add: Zoti më ndihmoftë! |
English: I swear that I will obey to the Constitution and laws of the country, that I will respect the rights and freedoms of citizens, protect the independence of the Republic of Albania, and I will serve the general interest and the progress of the Albanian People. The President may add: So help me God!
The Prime Minister's Office (Albanian : Kryeministria) is the official office and residence of the Prime Minister. It provides secretarial assistance to the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister through his office coordinates with all ministers in the central union cabinet, minister of independent charges and governors and ministers of state government. Furthermore informal meetings between the prime minister and other government or foreign officials takes place in the Office. It also consists of the immediate staff of the Prime Minister of Albania, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting to the Prime Minister. Since 1941, the building serves as the office and residence of the Prime Minister. The building is in the capital city of Tirana at the Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard, near the Mother Teresa Square.
The building was planned by the Italian architects Florestano Di Fausto and Gherardo Bosio, and constructed together with the Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard, the Mother Teresa Square and all the buildings located on these squares, during the Italian occupation of Albania in 1939 to 1941, in a Rationalist style.
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term in office||Party|
|1|| Ismail Qemali |
|4 December 1912||22 January 1914||Independent|
|1 year, 1 month and 18 days|
| International Control Commission |
(22 January 1914 – 6 September 1914)
|2|| Turhan Përmeti |
|15 March 1914||3 September 1914||Independent|
|5 months and 19 days|
|3|| Esat Toptani |
|2 October 1914||27 January 1916||Independent|
|1 year, 3 months and 25 days|
(24 February 1916 – 28 December 1918)
|—|| Turhan Përmeti |
|25 December 1918||29 January 1920||Independent|
|1 year, 1 month and 4 days|
|4|| Sulejman Delvina |
|30 January 1920||15 November 1920||Independent|
|9 months and 16 days|
|5|| Iliaz Vrioni |
|15 November 1920||16 October 1921||Independent|
|11 months and 1 day|
|6|| Pandeli Evangjeli |
|16 October 1921||6 December 1921||Independent|
|1 month and 20 days|
|7|| Qazim Koculi |
Acting Prime Minister
|6 December 1921||6 December 1921||Independent|
|8|| Hasan Prishtina |
|7 December 1921||12 December 1921||Progressive Party|
|9|| Idhomen Kosturi |
Acting Prime Minister
|12 December 1921||24 December 1921||Independent|
|10|| Xhafer Ypi |
|24 December 1921||2 December 1922||Popular Party|
|11 months and 8 days|
|11|| Ahmet Zogu |
|2 December 1922||25 February 1924||Conservative Party|
|1 year, 2 months and 23 days|
|12|| Shefqet Vërlaci |
|30 March 1924||27 May 1924||Progressive Party|
|1 month and 27 days|
|—|| Iliaz Vrioni |
|27 May 1924||10 June 1924||Independent|
|13|| Fan Noli |
|16 June 1924||24 December 1924||Liberal Party|
|6 months and 8 days|
|—|| Iliaz Vrioni |
|24 December 1924||5 January 1925||Independent|
|—|| Ahmet Zogu |
|6 January 1925||25 September 1925||Conservative Party|
|8 months and 19 days|
|—|| Ahmet Zogu |
|28 September 1925||1 September 1928||Conservative Party|
|2 years, 11 months and 4 days|
|14|| Kostaq Kotta |
|1 September 1928||5 March 1930||Unaffiliated|
|1 year, 6 months and 4 days|
|—|| Pandeli Evangjeli |
|6 March 1930||16 October 1935||Unaffiliated|
|5 years, 7 months and 10 days|
|15|| Mehdi Frashëri |
|21 October 1935||7 November 1936||Unaffiliated|
|1 year and 17 days|
|—|| Kostaq Kotta |
|9 November 1936||7 April 1939||Unaffiliated|
|2 years, 4 months and 29 days|
|—|| Shefqet Vërlaci |
|12 April 1939||3 December 1941||Fascist Party|
|2 years, 7 months and 21 days|
|16|| Mustafa Merlika-Kruja |
|3 December 1941||4 January 1943||Fascist Party|
|1 year, 1 month and 1 day|
|17|| Eqrem Libohova |
|18 January 1943||11 February 1943||Fascist Party|
|18|| Maliq Bushati |
|12 February 1943||28 April 1943||Fascist Party|
|2 months and 16 days|
|—|| Eqrem Libohova |
|11 May 1943||10 September 1943||Fascist Party|
|3 months and 30 days|
|19|| Rexhep Mitrovica |
|5 November 1943||16 June 1944||National Front|
|9 months and 11 days|
|20|| Fiqiri Dine |
|18 July 1944||28 August 1944||National Front|
|1 month and 10 days|
|21|| Ibrahim Biçaku |
|6 September 1944||25 October 1944||National Front|
|1 month and 19 days|
|22|| Enver Hoxha |
|23 October 1944||19 July 1954|| Communist Party |
renamed in 1948 to
Party of Labour
|9 years, 8 months and 26 days|
|23|| Mehmet Shehu |
|20 July 1954||18 December 1981||Party of Labour|
|27 years, 4 months and 28 days|
|24|| Adil Çarçani |
|15 January 1982||21 February 1991||Party of Labour|
|9 years, 1 month and 6 days|
|25|| Fatos Nano |
|22 February 1991||4 June 1991||Socialist Party|
|3 months and 13 days|
|26|| Ylli Bufi |
|11 June 1991||6 December 1991||Socialist Party|
|5 months and 25 days|
|27|| Vilson Ahmeti |
|14 December 1991||14 April 1992||Independent|
|28|| Aleksandër Meksi |
|13 April 1992||1 March 1997||Democratic Party|
|4 years, 10 months and 16 days|
|29|| Bashkim Fino |
|11 March 1997||24 July 1997||Socialist Party|
|4 months and 13 days|
|—|| Fatos Nano |
|25 July 1997||28 September 1998||Socialist Party|
|1 year, 2 months and 3 days|
|30|| Pandeli Majko |
|2 October 1998||25 October 1999||Socialist Party|
|1 year and 23 days|
|31|| Ilir Meta |
|28 November 1999||29 January 2002||Socialist Party|
|2 years, 2 months and 1 day|
|—|| Pandeli Majko |
|22 February 2002||25 July 2002||Socialist Party|
|5 months and 3 days|
|—|| Fatos Nano |
|29 July 2002||1 September 2005||Socialist Party|
|3 years, 1 month and 3 days|
|32|| Sali Berisha |
|12 September 2005||12 September 2013||Democratic Party|
|33|| Edi Rama |
|13 September 2013||Incumbent||Socialist Party|
|5 years, 6 months and 7 days|
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represents the Council of Ministers and chairs its meetings;
Before taking office, the Prime Minister, the deputy prime minister, and the ministers take an oath before the President of the Republic.
Betohem se do t'i bindem Kushtetutes dhe ligjeve te vendit, do te respektoj te drejtat dhe lirite e shtetasve, do te mbroj pavaresine e Republikes se Shqiperise dhe do t'i sherbej interesit te pergjithshem dhe perparimit te Popullit Shqiptar". Presidenti mund te shtoje edhe: "zoti me ndihmofte