Lojze Peterle

Last updated
Lojze Peterle

MEP
Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP debates on EU Constitution - Paris 8-9 March 2005 (20).jpg
Member of the European Parliament
Assumed office
1 July 2004
Constituency Slovenia
1st Prime Minister of Slovenia
In office
16 May 1990 14 May 1992
President Milan Kučan
Deputy
Preceded byDušan Šinigoj
Succeeded by Janez Drnovšek
Leader of the Christian Democrats
In office
19 January 1990 14 April 2000
Deputy Jože Mencinger
Preceded byNew office
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
7 June 2000 30 November 2000
Prime Minister Andrej Bajuk
Preceded by Dimitrij Rupel
Succeeded byDimitrij Rupel
In office
25 January 1993 31 October 1994
Prime MinisterJanez Drnovšek
Preceded byDimitrij Rupel
Succeeded by Zoran Thaler
Member of the National Assembly
In office
22 June 1996 1 July 2004
Personal details
Born
Alojz Lojze Peterle

(1948-07-05) 5 July 1948 (age 70)
Čužnja Vas, Yugoslavia
(now Slovenia)
Political partyFlag of Slovenia.svg  Slovene
New Slovenia
Flag of Europe.svg  EU
European People's Party
Other political
affiliations
Christian Democrats (Before 2000)
People’s Party (2000)
Alma mater University of Ljubljana
Website www.peterle.eu

Alojz "Lojze" Peterle (born 5 July 1948) is a Slovenian politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Slovenia. He is a member of New Slovenia, part of the European People's Party. He served as Prime Minister of Slovenia from 1990 to 1992, Leader of the Christian Democrats from the founding of the party in 1990 until it merged with the Slovenian People's Party in 2000 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1993 to 1994 and 2000. He was a Member of the National Assembly from 1996 to 2004. [1]

Slovenia republic in Central Europe

Slovenia, officially the Republic of Slovenia, is a country located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest. It covers 20,273 square kilometers (7,827 sq mi) and has a population of 2.07 million. One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, of the European Union, and of NATO. The capital and largest city is Ljubljana.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Member of the European Parliament person who has been elected to the European Parliament

A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.

Contents

Early life and career

Lojze Peterle was born to a peasant family in the Lower Carniolan village of Čužnja vas near Trebnje. He attended the Novo Mesto Grammar School. In 1967, he enrolled in the University of Ljubljana, where he studied history and geography, and later also economy. During his student years, he started collaborating with the Christian left intellectual circle around the journal Revija 2000 .

Lower Carniola Traditional region in Slovenia

Lower Carniola is a traditional region in Slovenia, the southeastern part of the historical Carniola region.

Trebnje Town in Lower Carniola, Slovenia

Trebnje is a town in southeastern Slovenia.

Novo Mesto Grammar School

The Novo Mesto Grammar School is a public secondary school for both, boys and girls, located in Novo Mesto in the region of Lower Carniola, Slovenia. It was founded in 1746 by the Habsburg ruler Maria Theresa of Austria and initially run by Franciscan friars. In 1870, the school became a state school and the current school building was built in 1912.

In the 1980s, Peterle started working at the Institute for Urban planning of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. In the mid-1980s, he was involved in several projects of trans-regional cooperation within the Alpe-Adria regional cooperation network.

Socialist Republic of Slovenia Former federated state of Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1991

The Socialist Republic of Slovenia was one of the six republics forming the post-World War II country of Yugoslavia. It existed under various names from its creation on 29 November 1945 until 25 June 1991. In 1990, while the country was still a part of the Yugoslav federation, the League of Communists of Slovenia allowed for the establishment of other political parties, which led to the democratization of the country.

Alpe-Adria is a bioregion in Central Europe, embracing all of Slovenia, the Austrian states of Carinthia and Styria, and the Italian regions of Friuli-Venezia-Giulia and Veneto. As of 2004, it is the subject of a proposal to create the world's first organic bioregion.

Political career

Leader of the Christian Democrats, 1990–2000

In 1990, he was elected president of the newly founded Slovene Christian Democrats.

The Slovene Christian Democrats was a Christian-democratic political party in Slovenia between 1989 and 2000.

Peterle became prime minister of Slovenia in May 1990 after parliamentary elections of April 1990 won by the DEMOS coalition (which included Christian Democrats and was created in the opposition to the Communist rule). In 1991, the DEMOS-led Slovene Parliament declared the country's independence from Yugoslavia, in compliance with the result of a referendum held in December the previous year. He served as prime minister until May 1992, when due to an internal crisis in the DEMOS coalition, a new coalition government under Janez Drnovšek was established by a constructive vote of no confidence. In the elections of 1992, the Christian Democrats gained some support and became the second largest party in a highly fragmented National Assembly, after the Liberal Democratic Party. The Christian Democrats entered a cross-party coalition with the Liberal Democrats and the United List of Social Democrats (former Communist Party of Slovenia) under the leadership of Janez Drnovšek.

Prime minister most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system

A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system. A prime minister is not a head of state or chief executive officer of their respective nation, rather they are a head of government, serving typically under a monarch in a hybrid of aristocratic and democratic government forms.

A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new law. In some countries, it is synonymous with a plebiscite or a vote on a ballot question.

Janez Drnovšek Slovenian politician

Janez Drnovšek was a Slovenian liberal politician, President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (1989–1990), Prime Minister of Slovenia (1992–2002) and President of Slovenia (2002–2007).

Peterle served as deputy prime minister and foreign minister from January 1993 until October 1994. Tensions were deep in the coalition, however, and Peterle resigned from his posts in 1994 when Drnovšek nominated Jožef Školč, a member of his own Liberal Democratic Party, to be speaker of Parliament, against the wishes of Peterle who believed that a Christian Democrat should be the speaker. The Christian Democrats did remain in the coalition, which was often divided over specific policy issues. In 1996, Peterle called for the dismissal of foreign minister Zoran Thaler because of his belief that Thaler did not do enough to help Slovenia's relations with Italy.

A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.

Jožef Školč Slovenian politician

Jožef Školč is a Slovenian left liberal politician.

Zoran Thaler is a Slovenian politician and businessman. He is a former Slovenian Foreign Minister and a former Member of European Parliament.

In the 1996 elections, Peterle's party suffered a decisive defeat, losing popular support to the other two centre-right parties, the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia and the Slovene People's Party, that had remained in the opposition and had criticised what they called a "unprincipled coalition between Christian Democracy and former Communists".

Between 1996 and 2000, the Christian Democrats remained in opposition, and Peterle's leadership was frequently challenged by different fractions within the party. He nevertheless managed to remain the chairman of the Party until 2000, when the Christian Democrats merged with the Slovenian People's Party, which had until then supported Janez Drnovšek's third term as Prime Minister. As a consequence, Drnovšek's government fell in 2000, and Peterle became foreign minister again in the short-lived centre-right government of Andrej Bajuk from June 2000 to November 2000.

After the elections of 2000

Due to a disagreement over the election legislation, Peterle left the Slovene People's Party shortly after its unification with the Christian Democrats and joined the newly founded New Slovenia – Christian People's Party. In the elections of 2000, both of Slovenia's conservative and christian democratic parties suffered a defeat against Drnovšek's Liberal Democracy of Slovenia, while the Slovenian Social Democratic Party assumed the undisputed leadership of the centre-right opposition.

Member of the European Parliament, 2003–present

In 2002, Peterle became the 13th member of the steering committee of the Convention on the Future of Europe, which drafted the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe . [2]

In the 2004 elections to the European Parliament, Peterle was elected for New Slovenia, as a member of the European People's Party (EPP). In March 2006, he was elected as Vice President of the European People's Party for a three-year term after recovering from cancer in April 2003.

Since entering the European Parliament, Peterle has been serving on the Committee on Foreign Affairs. He was also a member of the Subcommittee on Human Rights from 2004 until 2009.

In addition to his committee assignments, Peterle has been chairing the parliament's delegation to the EU-former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Joint Parliamentary Committee since 2014. He previously served on the delegations for relations with the countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (2004-2009), to the EU-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee (2009-2014), to the EU-Croatia Joint Parliamentary Committee (2009-2013) and for relations with Japan (2013-2014). He is also a supporter of the MEP Heart Group, a group of parliamentarians who have an interest in promoting measures that will help reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). [3]

In November 2006, Peterle announced that he would be running for President of Slovenia in the 2007 presidential election. Backed by most of the centre-right government, [4] he was considered the front-runner before the first round of the election, but ultimately lost in a landslide to Danilo Türk in the second round.

He is a founder and current President of the group MEPs Against Cancer (MAC).

In September 2016, Peterle joined more than 50 MEPs from six different political groups – including Christofer Fjellner, Ashley Fox, Vicky Ford and Beatrix von Storch – in signing a proposal for a two-term limit of the President of the European Parliament. This move was widely seen as an effort to prevent incumbent Martin Schulz from holding onto the presidency for a third consecutive term. [5]

Other activities

Peterle is president of the Slovenian beekeepers association and hosted the 2003 Apimondia beekeepers congress in Ljubljana. [6]

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The Slovenian People's Party is a conservative, agrarian, Christian-democratic political party in Slovenia. Formed in 1988 under the name of Slovenian Peasant Union as the first democratic political organization in Yugoslavia, it changed its name to Slovenian People's Party in 1992. On 15 April 2000 it merged with the Slovene Christian Democrats to form the SLS+SKD Slovenian People's Party, and changed its name in 2001 to Slovenian People's Party.

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References

  1. "Your MEPs:Alojz PETERLE". European Parliament. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
  2. Martin Banks (April 17, 2002), Slovenian wins last seat on praesidium European Voice .
  3. Supporters MEP Heart Group.
  4. Marja Novak (April 1, 2016), Leftist wins Slovenia presidential runoff Reuters .
  5. Maïa de La Baume (September 30, 2016), Term limit could take Schulz out of presidential picture Politico Europe .
  6. Praesidium oozing honey as Peterle shows he’s the bee’s knees European Voice , July 9, 2003.
Political offices
Preceded by
Dušan Šinigoj
as Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
Prime Minister of Slovenia
1990–1992
Succeeded by
Janez Drnovšek
Preceded by
Dimitrij Rupel
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Zoran Thaler
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2000
Succeeded by
Dimitrij Rupel
Party political offices
Preceded by
Peter Kovačič Peršin
President of the Christian Democrats
1989–2000
Position abolished