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|Member of the European Parliament|
1 July 2004
|1st Prime Minister of Slovenia|
16 May 1990 –14 May 1992
|Preceded by||Dušan Šinigoj|
|Succeeded by||Janez Drnovšek|
|Leader of the Christian Democrats|
19 January 1990 –14 April 2000
|Preceded by||New office|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
7 June 2000 –30 November 2000
|Prime Minister||Andrej Bajuk|
|Preceded by||Dimitrij Rupel|
|Succeeded by||Dimitrij Rupel|
25 January 1993 –31 October 1994
|Prime Minister||Janez Drnovšek|
|Preceded by||Dimitrij Rupel|
|Succeeded by||Zoran Thaler|
|Member of the National Assembly|
22 June 1996 –1 July 2004
Alojz Lojze Peterle
5 July 1948
Čužnja Vas, Yugoslavia
European People's Party
| Christian Democrats (Before 2000)|
People’s Party (2000)
|Alma mater||University of Ljubljana|
Alojz "Lojze" Peterle (born 5 July 1948) is a Slovenian politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Slovenia. He is a member of New Slovenia, part of the European People's Party. He served as Prime Minister of Slovenia from 1990 to 1992, Leader of the Christian Democrats from the founding of the party in 1990 until it merged with the Slovenian People's Party in 2000 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1993 to 1994 and 2000. He was a Member of the National Assembly from 1996 to 2004.
Slovenia, officially the Republic of Slovenia, is a country located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest. It covers 20,273 square kilometers (7,827 sq mi) and has a population of 2.07 million. One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, of the European Union, and of NATO. The capital and largest city is Ljubljana.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
Lojze Peterle was born to a peasant family in the Lower Carniolan village of Čužnja vas near Trebnje. He attended the Novo Mesto Grammar School. In 1967, he enrolled in the University of Ljubljana, where he studied history and geography, and later also economy. During his student years, he started collaborating with the Christian left intellectual circle around the journal Revija 2000 .
Lower Carniola is a traditional region in Slovenia, the southeastern part of the historical Carniola region.
Trebnje is a town in southeastern Slovenia.
The Novo Mesto Grammar School is a public secondary school for both, boys and girls, located in Novo Mesto in the region of Lower Carniola, Slovenia. It was founded in 1746 by the Habsburg ruler Maria Theresa of Austria and initially run by Franciscan friars. In 1870, the school became a state school and the current school building was built in 1912.
In the 1980s, Peterle started working at the Institute for Urban planning of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. In the mid-1980s, he was involved in several projects of trans-regional cooperation within the Alpe-Adria regional cooperation network.
The Socialist Republic of Slovenia was one of the six republics forming the post-World War II country of Yugoslavia. It existed under various names from its creation on 29 November 1945 until 25 June 1991. In 1990, while the country was still a part of the Yugoslav federation, the League of Communists of Slovenia allowed for the establishment of other political parties, which led to the democratization of the country.
Alpe-Adria is a bioregion in Central Europe, embracing all of Slovenia, the Austrian states of Carinthia and Styria, and the Italian regions of Friuli-Venezia-Giulia and Veneto. As of 2004, it is the subject of a proposal to create the world's first organic bioregion.
In 1990, he was elected president of the newly founded Slovene Christian Democrats.
The Slovene Christian Democrats was a Christian-democratic political party in Slovenia between 1989 and 2000.
Peterle became prime minister of Slovenia in May 1990 after parliamentary elections of April 1990 won by the DEMOS coalition (which included Christian Democrats and was created in the opposition to the Communist rule). In 1991, the DEMOS-led Slovene Parliament declared the country's independence from Yugoslavia, in compliance with the result of a referendum held in December the previous year. He served as prime minister until May 1992, when due to an internal crisis in the DEMOS coalition, a new coalition government under Janez Drnovšek was established by a constructive vote of no confidence. In the elections of 1992, the Christian Democrats gained some support and became the second largest party in a highly fragmented National Assembly, after the Liberal Democratic Party. The Christian Democrats entered a cross-party coalition with the Liberal Democrats and the United List of Social Democrats (former Communist Party of Slovenia) under the leadership of Janez Drnovšek.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system. A prime minister is not a head of state or chief executive officer of their respective nation, rather they are a head of government, serving typically under a monarch in a hybrid of aristocratic and democratic government forms.
A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new law. In some countries, it is synonymous with a plebiscite or a vote on a ballot question.
Janez Drnovšek was a Slovenian liberal politician, President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (1989–1990), Prime Minister of Slovenia (1992–2002) and President of Slovenia (2002–2007).
Peterle served as deputy prime minister and foreign minister from January 1993 until October 1994. Tensions were deep in the coalition, however, and Peterle resigned from his posts in 1994 when Drnovšek nominated Jožef Školč, a member of his own Liberal Democratic Party, to be speaker of Parliament, against the wishes of Peterle who believed that a Christian Democrat should be the speaker. The Christian Democrats did remain in the coalition, which was often divided over specific policy issues. In 1996, Peterle called for the dismissal of foreign minister Zoran Thaler because of his belief that Thaler did not do enough to help Slovenia's relations with Italy.
A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.
Jožef Školč is a Slovenian left liberal politician.
Zoran Thaler is a Slovenian politician and businessman. He is a former Slovenian Foreign Minister and a former Member of European Parliament.
In the 1996 elections, Peterle's party suffered a decisive defeat, losing popular support to the other two centre-right parties, the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia and the Slovene People's Party, that had remained in the opposition and had criticised what they called a "unprincipled coalition between Christian Democracy and former Communists".
Between 1996 and 2000, the Christian Democrats remained in opposition, and Peterle's leadership was frequently challenged by different fractions within the party. He nevertheless managed to remain the chairman of the Party until 2000, when the Christian Democrats merged with the Slovenian People's Party, which had until then supported Janez Drnovšek's third term as Prime Minister. As a consequence, Drnovšek's government fell in 2000, and Peterle became foreign minister again in the short-lived centre-right government of Andrej Bajuk from June 2000 to November 2000.
Due to a disagreement over the election legislation, Peterle left the Slovene People's Party shortly after its unification with the Christian Democrats and joined the newly founded New Slovenia – Christian People's Party. In the elections of 2000, both of Slovenia's conservative and christian democratic parties suffered a defeat against Drnovšek's Liberal Democracy of Slovenia, while the Slovenian Social Democratic Party assumed the undisputed leadership of the centre-right opposition.
In 2002, Peterle became the 13th member of the steering committee of the Convention on the Future of Europe, which drafted the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe .
In the 2004 elections to the European Parliament, Peterle was elected for New Slovenia, as a member of the European People's Party (EPP). In March 2006, he was elected as Vice President of the European People's Party for a three-year term after recovering from cancer in April 2003.
Since entering the European Parliament, Peterle has been serving on the Committee on Foreign Affairs. He was also a member of the Subcommittee on Human Rights from 2004 until 2009.
In addition to his committee assignments, Peterle has been chairing the parliament's delegation to the EU-former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Joint Parliamentary Committee since 2014. He previously served on the delegations for relations with the countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (2004-2009), to the EU-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee (2009-2014), to the EU-Croatia Joint Parliamentary Committee (2009-2013) and for relations with Japan (2013-2014). He is also a supporter of the MEP Heart Group, a group of parliamentarians who have an interest in promoting measures that will help reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD).
In November 2006, Peterle announced that he would be running for President of Slovenia in the 2007 presidential election. Backed by most of the centre-right government,he was considered the front-runner before the first round of the election, but ultimately lost in a landslide to Danilo Türk in the second round.
He is a founder and current President of the group MEPs Against Cancer (MAC).
In September 2016, Peterle joined more than 50 MEPs from six different political groups – including Christofer Fjellner, Ashley Fox, Vicky Ford and Beatrix von Storch – in signing a proposal for a two-term limit of the President of the European Parliament. This move was widely seen as an effort to prevent incumbent Martin Schulz from holding onto the presidency for a third consecutive term.
Peterle is president of the Slovenian beekeepers association and hosted the 2003 Apimondia beekeepers congress in Ljubljana.
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia is a social-liberal political party in Slovenia. Between 1992 and 2004 it was the largest party in the country. In the 2011 Slovenian parliamentary election, it failed to win entry to the Slovenian National Assembly. The party was a member of the Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
The Slovenian People's Party is a conservative, agrarian, Christian-democratic political party in Slovenia. Formed in 1988 under the name of Slovenian Peasant Union as the first democratic political organization in Yugoslavia, it changed its name to Slovenian People's Party in 1992. On 15 April 2000 it merged with the Slovene Christian Democrats to form the SLS+SKD Slovenian People's Party, and changed its name in 2001 to Slovenian People's Party.
New Slovenia – Christian Democrats is a Christian-democratic, conservative political party in Slovenia. Since 2018, it is led by Matej Tonin. The party was formed on 4 August 2000 following a split in the unified Slovenian People's Party and Slovene Christian Democrats (SLS+SKD). NSi is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and in the European Parliament its MEP Lojze Peterle sits with the EPP Group. NSi won 4.88% of the vote at the early 2011 Slovenian parliamentary election on 4 December 2011, thus gaining 4 seats in the National Assembly.
The Social Democrats is a centre-left political party in Slovenia, currently led by Dejan Židan. From 1993 until 2005, the party was known as the United List of Social Democrats. Since 13 September 2018, the Social Democrats have been a coalition partner in the Šarec government.
Andrej Bajuk, also known in Spanish as Andrés Bajuk was a Slovene politician and economist. He served briefly as Prime Minister of Slovenia in the year 2000, and was Finance Minister in the centre-right government of Janez Janša between 2004 and 2008. He was the founder and first president of the Christian Democratic party called New Slovenia.
Dimitrij Rupel is a Slovenian politician.
Ivan Janša, baptized and best known as Janez Janša[ˈjàːnɛs], is a Slovenian politician who was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 2004 to 2008 and again from 2012 to 2013. He has led the Slovenian Democratic Party since 1993. Janša was Minister of Defence from 1990 to 1994, holding that post during the Slovenian War of Independence.
Mihael Brejc, also known as Miha Brejc is a Slovenian politician and former Member of the European Parliament.
Democratic Opposition of Slovenia, also known as the DEMOS coalition was a coalition of centre-right political parties, created by an agreement between the Slovenian Democratic Union, the Social Democrat Alliance of Slovenia, the Slovene Christian Democrats, the Farmers' Alliance and the Greens of Slovenia. All these parties emerged after December 1989, when the Communist government permitted multiparty political life in Slovenia.
Presidential elections were held in Slovenia in October and November 2007 to elect the successor to the second President of Slovenia Janez Drnovšek. France Cukjati, the President of the National Assembly, called the elections on 20 June 2007.
Ivo Vajgl is a Slovenian politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Slovenia. He is a member of the DeSUS party and individual member of European Democratic Party, in the European Parliament he is a member of ALDE Group - Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
Karl Viktor Erjavec is a Slovenian lawyer and politician who served in the government of Slovenia as Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2012. He has been the president of the Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia since 2005. He was Minister of Defense from 2004 to 2008 and Minister of Environment and Spatial Planning from 2008 to 2010.
Milan Zver is a Slovenian politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Slovenia. He is a member of the Slovenian Democratic Party, part of the European People's Party. He is the Vice-President of the Slovenian Democratic Party. He served as Minister of Education and Sports from 2004 to 2008.
The Slovenian Democratic Union was a Slovene liberal political party, active between 1989 and 1991, during the democratization and the secession of the Republic of Slovenia from Yugoslavia.
Igor Bavčar is a Slovenian politician and manager. He rose to prominence during the Slovenian spring, when he served as chairman of the Committee for the Defence of Human Rights, the largest independent civil society movement in the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. He was the Slovenian Minister of Interior during the Slovenian war of independence in June 1991, and coordinated Slovenian defence forces together with the Minister of Defence Janez Janša. He remained one of the most influential political figures in Slovenia until 1992, and remained an important member of the political establishment until 2002, when he left politics to engage in the private sector.
The Government of the Republic of Slovenia exercises executive authority in Slovenia pursuant to the Constitution and the laws of Slovenia. It is also the highest administrative authority in Slovenia.
European Parliament elections were held in Slovenia on 25 May 2014. It was the first in the series of three elections held in the 2014, and the major test leading up to the parliamentary elections in July. The political atmosphere was in a crisis that started with the fall of Borut Pahor's government, then Janez Janša's government in 2013, the latter coming after Janša was accused of corruption. The cabinet of Alenka Bratušek was breaking up, as the former leader of the Positive Slovenia Zoran Janković, who was under the suspicion of corruption, announced his candidature for party president, even though the coalition parties threatened to leave the government if he was to be elected, which later he was.
1st Government of Slovenia was elected on 16 May 1990 and was in office until 14 May 1992, when 2nd Government was elected. Prime Minister was Lojze Peterle.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lojze Peterle .|
as Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
| Prime Minister of Slovenia |
| Minister of Foreign Affairs |
| Minister of Foreign Affairs |
|Party political offices|
Peter Kovačič Peršin
| President of the Christian Democrats |