Constitution of Slovenia

Last updated


The Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene : Ustava Republike Slovenije) is the fundamental law of the Republic of Slovenia.

Writing and amendments

Preparation of the document began in August 1987 in the Slovene Writers' Association, and after the DEMOS coalition won the majority in the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia in April 1990, continued in the Assembly. [1] The large part of the work was completed at Podvin Castle near Radovljica in August 1990 under the leadership of the lawyer Peter Jambrek. [2] The Constitution was adopted by the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia on 23 December 1991. [3]

Since its proclamation, the Constitution has been amended seven times, with four major amendments: [2]


The document is divided into ten chapters:

  1. General Provisions
  2. Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  3. Economic and Social Relations
  4. Organisation of the State (under this provision, two of the seats in the National Assembly are reserved, one each to members of the country's Italian and Hungarian national communities)
  5. Self-Government
  6. Public Finance
  7. Constitutionality and Legality
  8. The Constitutional Court
  9. Procedure for Amending the Constitution
  10. Transitional and Final Provisions

Related Research Articles

A constitutional amendment is a modification of the constitution of a polity, organization or other type of entity. Amendments are often interwoven into the relevant sections of an existing constitution, directly altering the text. Conversely, they can be appended to the constitution as supplemental additions (codicils), thus changing the frame of government without altering the existing text of the document.

Constitution of Croatia Supreme law of Croatia

The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia is promulgated by the Croatian Parliament.

"Naprej, zastava slave" or "Naprej, zastava Slave" is a former national anthem of Slovenia, used from 1860 to 1989. It is now used as the official service song of the Slovenian Armed Forces.

An entrenched clause or entrenchment clause of a basic law or constitution is a provision that makes certain amendments either more difficult or impossible to pass, making such amendments inadmissible. Overriding an entrenched clause may require a supermajority, a referendum, or the consent of the minority party. The term eternity clause is used in a similar manner in the constitutions of Brazil, the Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Morocco, Norway, and Turkey. The Constitution of Colombia contains similar provisions aimed at making it difficult, but not impossible, to change their basic structure.

There are two kinds of public holidays in Slovenia – state holidays and work-free days. State holidays are those celebrated by the state. These include official functions and flying the national flag. The latter are actually Catholic religious holidays, which are equivalent to any Sunday: companies and schools are closed, but there is no official celebration.

National Assembly (Slovenia)

The National Assembly, is the general representative body of Slovenia. According to the Constitution of Slovenia and the Constitutional Court of Slovenia, it is the major part of the distinctively incompletely bicameral Slovenian Parliament, the legislative branch of the Republic of Slovenia. It has 90 members, elected for a four-year term. 88 members are elected using the party-list proportional representation system and the remaining two, using the Borda count, by the Hungarian and Italian-speaking ethnic minorities, who have an absolute veto in matters concerning their ethnic groups.

Constitution of Italy supreme law of Italy

The Constitution of the Italian Republic was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 December 1947, with 453 votes in favour and 62 against. The text, which has since been amended sixteen times, was promulgated in an extraordinary edition of Gazzetta Ufficiale on 27 December 1947. The Constituent Assembly was elected by universal suffrage on 2 June 1946, on the same day as the referendum on the abolition of the monarchy was held. The election was held in all Italian provinces. The Constitution was drafted in 1946 and came into force on 1 January 1948, one century after the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy, the Statuto Albertino, had been enacted.

Slovenia has recognized partnerships since 24 February 2017. These provide same-sex partners with all the legal rights of marriages, with the exception of joint adoption and in vitro fertilisation. Previously, Slovenia had recognized the more limited registrirana partnerska skupnost for same-sex couples between 2006 and 2017, which gave same-sex partners access to one another's pensions and property.

LGBT rights in Slovenia

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in Slovenia face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents, though the laws concerning LGBT citizens have evolved over time.

The Constitution of Slovakia, officially the Constitution of the Slovak Republic, is the current constitution of Slovakia. It was passed by the Slovak National Council on 1 September 1992 and signed on 3 September 1992 in the Knights Hall of the Bratislava Castle. It went to effect on 1 October 1992.

Socialist Republic of Slovenia Former federated state of Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1991

The Socialist Republic of Slovenia, commonly referred to as Socialist Slovenia or simply Slovenia, was one of the six federal republics forming Yugoslavia and the nation state of the Slovenes. It existed under various names from its creation on 29 November 1945 until 25 June 1991. In 1990, while the country was still part of the Yugoslav federation, the League of Communists of Slovenia allowed for the establishment of other political parties, which led to the democratization of the country.

Constitutional Court of Slovenia National constitutional court

The Constitutional Court of Slovenia is a special court established by the Slovenian Constitution. Since its inception, the Court has been located in the city of Ljubljana.

Croatia–Slovenia relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Slovenia

Croatia–Slovenia relations are foreign relations between Croatia and Slovenia. Croatia has an embassy in Ljubljana and two honorary consulates in Maribor and Koper. Slovenia has an embassy in Zagreb and an honorary consulate in Split. The countries share 670 km (420 mi) of common border. Relations between Slovenia and Croatia are generally considered to be friendly, but plagued with a series of unresolved border disputes and other vestiges from the time when both countries were the northernmost part of SFR Yugoslavia.

The Archives of the Republic of Slovenia (ARS) are the national archives of Slovenia. They were created in 1945, but have their origins in 1773. They are supervised by the Slovenian Ministry of Culture. They are located in the Gruber Palace in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. Since March 2012, the archive's executive director has been Jože Dežman, who replaced Dragan Matić.

The Government of the Republic of Slovenia exercises executive authority in Slovenia pursuant to the Constitution and the laws of Slovenia. It is also the highest administrative authority in Slovenia.

An independence referendum was held in the Republic of Slovenia on 23 December 1990. Both the ruling center-right coalition and the left-wing opposition supported the referendum and called on voters to support Slovenian independence.

The Commission for the Prevention of Corruption of the Republic of Slovenia is an independent anti-corruption agency with a broad mandate in the field of preventing and investigating corruption, breaches of ethics and integrity of public office. The commission's activity is legally based on the 2010 Act on Integrity and prevention of corruption with later amendments. Before the commission's establishment Slovenia had an eight-year history of anti-corruption governmental bodies.

The Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China are the revisions and constitutional amendments to the original constitution to meet the requisites of the nation and the political status of Taiwan. The Additional Articles are usually attached after the original constitution as a separate document. It also has its own preamble and article ordering different from the original constitution.

A referendum on a bill legalizing same-sex marriage was held in Slovenia on 20 December 2015. The bill was rejected, as a majority of voters voted against and the votes against were more than 20% of registered voters.

A referendum on a law governing the Divača-Koper rail upgrade was held in Slovenia on 24 September 2017. The referendum was marked by a low turnout and the majority of voters voted in favor of the proposed law. The results were annulled by the Supreme Court in March 2018, resulting in a new referendum being held in 13 May 2018.


  1. Žerdin, Ali (16 September 2012). "Omrežje, ki je pletlo ustavo" [The Network that Weaved the Constitution]. Slovenske novice [Slovene News] (in Slovenian).
  2. 1 2 "Slovenska ustava je stara 21 let" [The Slovene Constitution Has 21 Years]. MMC RTV Slovenija (in Slovenian). RTV Slovenija. 23 December 2012. ISSN   1581-372X.
  3. Matjaž Albreht (13 December 2011). "Dvajset let slovenske ustave: nasprotovanja so ogrozila osamosvojitev" [Twenty Years of the Slovenian Constitution: The Oppositions Have Endangered the Independence] (in Slovenian).
  4. Results IFES