Russian Republic

Last updated
Russian Republic
Российская Республика

1917 [lower-alpha 1]
Russian Provisional Government of 1917.PNG
Proclaimed territory of the Russian Republic
Capital Petrograd
Common languages Russian
Government Provisional government
(Mar–Sep 1917)
Democratic federal republic
(Sep–Oct 1917)
Minister-Chairman  
 Sep–Nov 1917
Alexander Kerensky [lower-alpha 2]
Legislature Provisional Council
(1917)
Constituent Assembly [lower-alpha 3]
(1918)
Historical era World War I/Russian
Revolution
8–16 March 1917
 Republic proclaimed
14 September 1917
7 November 1917
  Constituent Assembly
dissolved
19 January 1918
Currency Ruble
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Russia.svg Russian Provisional Government
Russian SFSR Flag of Russia (1918).svg
Russian State Flag of Russia.svg
Ukraine Flag of Ukraine.svg
Finland Flag of Finland 1918-1920.svg
Alash Autonomy Flag of the Alash Autonomy.svg
Khiva Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg
Bukhara Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg
Moldavia Flag of the Moldavian Democratic Republic.svg
Crimea Flag of the Crimean Republic.svg
Belarus Flag of Belarus (1918, 1991-1995).svg
Idel-Ural Flag of Idel-Ural State.svg
Altai Flag of the Confederated Republic of Altai.gif
Turkestan Flag of the Turkestan (Kokand) Autonomy.svg
Estonia Eestimaa varvid.svg

The Russian Republic, [lower-alpha 4] was a short-lived state which controlled, de jure , the territory of the former Russian Empire after its proclamation by the Russian Provisional Government on 1 September (14 September, N.S.) 1917 in a decree signed by Alexander Kerensky as Minister-Chairman and Alexander Zarudny as Minister of Justice. [1]

Contents

After the seizure of power, the Bolsheviks used the name "Russian Republic" for some time, until the name "RSFSR" was officially adopted. In 1918, an unsuccessful attempt was made to revive the Russian Republic under the name "Russian Democratic Federative Republic". This decision was made by the All-Russian Constituent Assembly, which adopted a new constitution, but it was not executed, because the Assembly was instantly dissolved and the territory was controlled by the Bolsheviks who proclaimed the RSFSR.

The term "Russian Republic" is sometimes used erroneously for the period between the abdication of the Emperor Nicholas II on 3 March 1917 (16 March, N.S) and the declaration of the Republic in September. However, during that period the future status of the monarchy remained unresolved.

Politics

Officially, the Republic's government was the Provisional Government, although de facto control of the country was contested between it, the soviets (chiefly the Petrograd Soviet), and various ethnic-based separatists (such as the Central Council of Ukraine). Soviets were political organizations of the proletariat, strongest in industrial regions, and were dominated by left-wing parties. Soviets, whose influence was supplemented with paramilitary forces, were occasionally able to rival the Provisional Government which had an ineffective state apparatus.

The Government's control of the military was also tenuous. Seamen of the Baltic Fleet, for example, had far-left views and openly engaged in political activism in the capital. Right-wing proclivities among the army officers were also a problem – Kerensky's attempt to dismiss Gen. Lavr Kornilov led to a failed coup.

Principal institutions

See also

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References

  1. The Russian Republic Proclaimed at prlib.ru, accessed 12 June 2017

Notes

  1. Effectively ceased to exist after the Bolshevik Coup of November 1917, formally abolished in 1918.
  2. Served as the prime minister of the provisional government since July.
  3. Dissolved after the very first meeting.
  4. Russian :Российская Республика, tr. Rossiyskaya Respublika, IPA:  [rɐˈsʲijskəjə rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə] .