Government of Russia

Last updated
Government of the Russian Federation
Прави́тельство Росси́йской Федера́ции
Government.ru logo.svg
Overview
Established12 June 1990 (as the Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic)
12 December 1993 (current form)
State Russia
Leader Prime Minister
Appointed by President
Main organ Council of Ministers
Ministries21
Responsible to State Duma
President
Headquarters Moscow
Website government.ru

The government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. The members of the government are the Prime Minister, the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation". [1] The Apparatus of the Government of Russia is a governmental body which administrates the activities of the government

Contents

According to the 1991 amendment to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the President of Russia was the head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the President is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. But, the President does appoint the Prime Minister. The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (Prime Minister), Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries".

History

The large body was preceded by Government of the Soviet Union. Since the Russian Federation emerged from 1991 to 1992, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, a large number of government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred.

On 28 November 1991, President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin signed presidential decree No.242 "On the reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR". Yeltsin officially declared the end of the Soviet Union and became the President of the Russian Federation. Yeltsin was a reformer and promised Western-styled democracy.

In 1993, the new Russian Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution gained legitimacy through its bicameral legislature, an independent judiciary, the position of the president and the prime minister, and democratic features. These democratic features included competitive multi-party elections, separation of powers, federalism, and protection of civil liberties.

In 1999, Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin as the Prime Minister. Later in that year, Yeltsin resigned from the presidency and Putin took over. In 2000 Putin won the presidential election.

The most recent change took place on 21 January 2020, when President Vladimir Putin signed a presidential decree on forming Mikhail Mishustin's Cabinet. [2]

Responsibilities and power

The Government is the subject of the 6th chapter of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. According to the constitution, the government of the Russian Federation must:

  1. Draft and submit the federal budget to the State Duma; ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the State Duma;
  2. Ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and monetary policy in the Russian Federation ;
  3. Ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in the areas of culture, science, education, health protection, social security and ecology;
  4. Manage federal property;
  5. Adopt measures to ensure the country's defense, state security, and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation;
  6. Implement measures to ensure the rule of law, human rights and freedoms, the protection of property and public order, and crime control;
  7. Exercise any other powers vested in it by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and presidential decrees. [3]

The government issues its acts in the way of decisions (Постановления) and orders (Распоряжения). These must not contradict the constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, and Presidential decrees, and are signed by the Prime Minister.

The Government, also assists the Prime Minister, in faithfully carrying out the country's domestic and foreign policy as determined by the President, in general.

Current Cabinet

PortfolioMinisterTookofficeLeftofficeParty
Prime Minister   Mikhail Mishustin 16 January 2020Incumbent Independent
First Deputy Prime Minister   Andrey Belousov 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister   Viktoria Abramchenko 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister – Chief of Staff of the Government  Dmitry Grigorenko 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister   Marat Khusnullin 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister   Alexey Overchuk 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister   Alexander Novak 10 November 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister   Yury Borisov 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Deputy Prime Minister – Presidential Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District   Yury Trutnev 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister   Tatyana Golikova 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Deputy Prime Minister   Dmitry Chernyshenko 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Agriculture   Dmitry Patrushev 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media   Maxut Shadayev 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Construction, Housing and Utilities   Vladimir Yakushev 21 January 20209 November 2020 United Russia
  Irek Faizullin 10 November 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Culture   Olga Lyubimova 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Defence   Sergey Shoygu 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister for the Development of the Russian Far East and Arctic   Alexander Kozlov 21 January 202010 November 2020 United Russia
  Aleksey Chekunkov 10 November 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Economic Development   Maxim Reshetnikov 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister of Education   Sergey Kravtsov 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Emergency Situations   Yevgeny Zinichev 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Energy   Alexander Novak 21 January 202010 November 2020 United Russia
  Nikolay Shulginov 10 November 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Finance   Anton Siluanov 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister of Foreign Affairs   Sergey Lavrov 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister of Health   Mikhail Murashko 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Industry and Trade   Denis Manturov 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister of Internal Affairs   Vladimir Kolokoltsev 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Justice   Konstantin Chuychenko 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister of Labour and Social Protection   Anton Kotyakov 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology   Dmitry Kobylkin 21 January 20209 November 2020 United Russia
  Alexander Kozlov 10 November 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister of Science and Higher Education   Valery Falkov 21 January 2020Incumbent United Russia
Minister of Sport   Oleg Matytsin 21 January 2020Incumbent Independent
Minister of Transport   Yevgeny Dietrich 21 January 20209 November 2020 United Russia
  Vitaly Saveliev 10 November 2020Incumbent United Russia

Lists of ministers

See also

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References

  1. Russian Government web portal – Text of 1997 Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of the Russian Federation" (in Russian)
  2. "Putin Leaves Cabinet Little-Changed, Brings In Close Ally's Son". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  3. The Constitution of the Russian Federation: Chapter 6 Archived October 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine