Government of Vietnam

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State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Nhà nước Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Emblem of Vietnam.svg
Polity type Unitary one-party socialist republic
Constitution Constitution of Vietnam (2013)
Formation2 September 1945;75 years ago (1945-09-02) (original)
2 July 1976;44 years ago (1976-07-02) (current form)
Legislative branch
Name National Assembly
Type Unicameral
Meeting placeNational Assembly Building (Dien Hong Hall) at Ba Đình District, Hanoi
Presiding officer Chairperson of the National Assembly
Executive branch
Head of State
Title President
Head of Government
Title Prime Minister
AppointerNational Assembly
Cabinet
Name Government
AppointerPrime Minister
Headquarters Government Office at Ba Đình District, Hanoi
Judicial branch
Supreme People's Court
SeatSupreme People's Court at Hoàn Kiếm District, Hanoi

The Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the executive branch and body of the State of Vietnam. The members of the Government are appointed by the President of Vietnam on the advice of the Prime Minister of Vietnam, and approved by the National Assembly. The government is leaded by the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV), which is headed by the CPV General Secretary.

Contents

Names

After the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on 2 September 1945, based on 1945 Constitution the executive branch is called the Government (Chính phủ). The Government is headed by the President. Under the President is the Cabinet which is headed by the Prime Minister.

From 1959 to 1980, based on 1959 Constitution the executive branch is named as the Council of Government (Hội đồng Chính phủ). The Council of Government is headed by the Chairman (equivalent to the Prime Minister).

From 1980 to 1992, based on 1980 Constitution the executive branch is called the Council of Ministers (Hội đồng Bộ trưởng). The Council of Ministers is headed by the Chairman (equivalent to the Prime Minister).

From 1992 to now, based on 1992 Constitution the executive branch is renamed as the Government (Chính phủ). The Government is headed by the Prime Minister.

History

Council of Ministers (1980–1992)

The Vietnamese Council of Ministers was entrusted by the 1980 Constitution with managing and implementing the governmental activities of the state. [1] It is described in that document as "the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the highest executive state body of the highest body of state authority." It is accountable to the National Assembly of Vietnam, and, more directly, to the Vietnamese Council of State when the National Assembly is not in session. Its duties include submitting draft laws, decrees, and other bills to the National Assembly and the Council of State; drafting state plans and budgets and implementing them following the National Assembly's approval; managing the development of the national economy; organising national defence activities and assuring the preparedness of the armed forces; and organising and managing the state's foreign relations. Its membership includes a chairman, vice-chairman, cabinet ministers, and the heads of state committees, whose terms of office coincide with that of the National Assembly. The Council of Ministers includes its own standing committee, which serves to co-ordinate and mobilise the council's activities. In 1986 the standing committee was expanded from ten to thirteen members.

Each ministry is headed by a minister, who is assisted by two to twelve deputy ministers. The number and functions of the ministries are not prescribed in the Constitution, but in 1987 there were twenty-three ministries and a number of other specialised commissions and departments. In an apparent response to the call by the Sixth National Party Congress in 1986 for a streamlined bureaucracy, several ministries were merged. The former ministries of agriculture, food, and food industry were joined in a newly created Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry. The ministries of power and mines were merged to form the Ministry of Energy, and a newly created Ministry of Labour, War Invalids, and Social Welfare consolidated the duties of three former ministries. The addition of two new ministerial bodies also resulted from the 6th National Party Congress: a Ministry of Information to replace the Vietnam Radio and Television Commission, and a mission for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to act as a co-ordinating body for foreign aid.......................................

Government (since 1992)

The current Government of Vietnam consists of 18 ministries, 4 ministry-level agencies and 11 other government-dependent agencies.

18 Ministries (Bộ), each is headed by a Minister (Bộ trưởng):

4 ministry-level agencies:

11 other government-dependent agencies:

Current government members (2016-2021)

The current Government is appointed by the President and approved by the National Assembly in 2016 after the 2016 legislative election. The term length for each government is 5 years and renewable. This Government is expected to end before the 2021 legislative election.

PositionNameMember of Central Executive Committee of the Communist PartyPolitburo of the Communist Party
MemberRank
Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính YesYes2nd
Permanent Deputy Prime Minister Trương Hòa Bình YesYes14th
Deputy Prime Minister Vũ Đức Đam YesNo
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Phạm Bình Minh YesYes4th
Minister of Defence Ngô Xuân Lịch YesYes5th
Minister of Public Security Tô Lâm YesYes6th
Minister of Justice Lê Thành Long YesNo
Minister of Finance Đinh Tiến Dũng YesNo
Minister of Industry and Trade Trần Tuấn Anh YesNo
Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Đào Ngọc Dung YesNo
Minister of Transport Nguyễn Văn Thể YesNo
Minister of Construction Phạm Hồng Hà YesNo
Minister of Information and Communications Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng YesNo
Minister of Education and Training Phùng Xuân Nhạ YesNo
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyễn Xuân Cường YesNo
Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyễn Chí Dũng YesNo
Minister of Home Affairs Lê Vĩnh Tân YesNo
Minister of Science and Technology Huỳnh Thành Đạt YesNo
Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Nguyễn Ngọc Thiện YesNo
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Trần Hồng Hà YesNo
Minister of Health Nguyễn Thanh Long [2] NoNo
Chief of the Government Office Mai Tiến Dũng YesNo
Inspector-General of the Government Lê Minh Khái YesNo
Governor of the State Bank Nguyễn Thị Hồng NoNo
Chief of the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs Đỗ Văn Chiến YesNo

The heads of other government-dependent agencies are appointed by the Prime Minister without approval by the National Assembly. Usually there is no term limit on the leaders of those agencies. The current heads of the government-dependent agencies are:

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References

  1. "Vietnam - Government and society". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  2. "Vietnam PM appoints acting health minister". VietReader Viet Nam.