Telephone numbers in Russia

Last updated
Russia telephone numbers
Russian Federation (orthographic projection) - only Crimea disputed.svg
Location of Russia with unrecognized territories in light green. [lower-alpha 1]
Location
Country Russia
Continent Asia
Regulator Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation
TypeClosed
NSN length10
Typical format(ABC) xxx-xx-xx
Numbering plan Russian Federation National Numbering Plan (NNP)
Last updated2016
Access codes
Country calling code +7
International call prefix 8~xx (where "~" means "wait for the next dial tone", and xx is the international carrier selection code)
Trunk prefix 8

Telephone numbers in Russia are under a unified numbering plan with Kazakhstan, both of which share the international code +7. Historically, +7 was used as the country calling code for all of the Soviet Union. Following the Soviet break-up, all of its former republics, save for Russia and Kazakhstan, switched to new country codes. Following Abkhazia's secession from Georgia, Abkhazia switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 840 for landlines and +7 940 for mobile phones, though it still can be reached via the Georgian telephone code +995 44. [2]

Contents

After the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in 2014, [lower-alpha 2] the Republic of Crimea switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 365 for landlines, while the city of Sevastopol switched to the codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 869 for landlines, since 7 May 2015. [5]

Russia uses a four-level (local, zone, country, international) open dialing plan. Local telecommunications regulators had planned to abandon this system and change to a closed dialing plan at all levels by 2009, but postponed the changeover until 2010, [6] later pushed once more until 2012 [7] and finally approved for implementation in the period of 2020–2025. [8] Currently, all national subscriber numbers consist of 10 digits (excluding any prefixes), with 3 digits for an area code and a 7-digit individual number which includes a zone code (up to 2 digits).

Long-distance and international prefixes

The international dialing prefix in Russia is "8~10"—callers dial "8", wait for a tone, and then dial "10", followed by the country code, area code, and number. The long-distance prefix is "8~". There are plans to change those prefixes to "0" for national and "00" for international dialing, [9] to be implemented by 2020.

Placing long-distance and international calls

When making long-distance or international calls from a fixed line, a subscriber may choose either of two providers: Pre-Select or Hot-Choice. If a subscriber prefers Pre-Select, they call a prescribed free number (8-800-333-0990 for MTT or 8-800-100-2525 RT) and sign up initially for service. They may also sign a statement at the phone company indicating their choice of provider. With this provider, the prefixes and dialing procedures for non-local calls are the ones currently in use. The default regulation in Moscow is Hot-Choice (not available yet on all exchanges; regional operators apply their own regulation depending on availability). Available operators are:

The dialing pattern for Hot-Choice subscribers is different. After dialing "8", the subscriber waits for a tone and then dials the operator code (OC) either for a long-distance call or an international call.

OperatorLong-distance call codeInternational call code
RT5510
MTT5358
GT5156
TTK5257
Orange5459
Arctel2126
Synterra2227
Comstar2328

Dialing pattern

Note: the tone signal after dialing "8" is compulsory on old analog exchanges and optional on digital exchanges.

Calls within a city or region

xxx-xx-xx (exception: Moscow—see below), e.g.:

Local phone numbers in Russia may be made up of five (x-xx-xx), six (xx-xx-xx), or seven (xxx-xx-xx) digits.

Moscow City has three area codes assigned: 495, 498 and 499:

Calls between these codes are local calls and are not charged at long-distance rates.

Calls between cities/regions within Russia

Pre-Selected Operator: 8-tone-ABC xxx-xx-xx (where ABC is the area code)

Hot-Choice Operator selection: 8-tone-OC ABC xxx-xx-xx (where OC is the Operator Code and ABC is the area code)

International calls from Russia

Pre-Selected Operator: 8-tone-10 International number

Hot-Choice Operator selection: 8-tone-OC International number where OC is the Operator Code

Calls from outside Russia

+7 ABC xxx-xx-xx
where ABC is the area code

Area codes

First digit of codeRouted to
0Not used (Reserved for long-distance and international prefix)
1Not used (for special services)
2Reserved (for common usage with Kazakhstan)[ citation needed ]
3Geographic codes
4Geographic codes
5Reserved
6Used for numbers in Kazakhstan [18]
7Used for numbers in Kazakhstan [18]
8Geographic codes, Toll-Free, and Pay-Line (for common usage with Kazakhstan and Abkhazia)
9Mobile, GSM, & Pay-Line (code 940 is for Abkhazia mobiles)

List of area codes in Russia

The dialing code 495 was introduced on 1 December 2005 to replace 095, in order to make it possible to adopt the ITU convention of 0 and 00 dialing prefixes for local and international dialing respectively. The old '095' dialing code, along with 19 other Russian area codes starting with '0', expired on 31 January 2006. [19]

RegionArea codeOld code (inactive)
Republic of Adygea 877
Altai Krai 387
Altai Republic 388
Amur Oblast 416
Arkhangelsk Oblast and Nenets Autonomous Okrug 818
Astrakhan Oblast 851
Republic of Bashkortostan 347
Belgorod Oblast 472072
Bryansk Oblast 483083
Republic of Buryatia 301
Vladimir Oblast 492092
Volgograd Oblast 844
Vologda Oblast 813, 820
Voronezh Oblast 473073
Republic of Dagestan 872
Jewish Autonomous Oblast 426
Sverdlovsk Oblast 343
Ivanovo Oblast 493093
Republic of Ingushetia 873
Irkutsk Oblast 395
Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria 866
Kaliningrad Oblast 401011
Republic of Kalmykia 847
Kaluga Oblast 484084
Kamchatka Krai 415
Republic of Karachay–Cherkessia 878
Republic of Karelia 814
Kemerovo Oblast 384
Kirov Oblast 833
Komi Republic 821
Kostroma Oblast 494094
Krasnodar Krai 861, 862
Krasnoyarsk Krai 391
Kurgan Oblast 352
Kursk Oblast 471071
Leningrad Oblast 813
Lipetsk Oblast 474074
Magadan Oblast 413
Republic of Mari El 836
Republic of Mordovia 834
Moscow City 495, 499095
Moscow Oblast 496, 498096
Murmansk Oblast 815
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast 831
Novgorod Oblast 816
Novosibirsk Oblast 383
Omsk Oblast 381
Orenburg Oblast 353
Oryol Oblast 486086
Penza Oblast 841
Perm Krai 342
Primorsky Krai 423
Pskov Oblast 811
Rostov Oblast 863
Ryazan Oblast 491091
Samara Oblast 846, 848
Saint Petersburg 812
Saratov Oblast 845
Sakhalin Oblast 424
Republic of North Ossetia–Alania 867
Smolensk Oblast 481081
Stavropol Krai 865, 879
Tambov Oblast 475075
Republic of Tatarstan 843, 855
Tver Oblast 482082
Tomsk Oblast 382
Tula Oblast 487087
Republic of Tyva (Tuva) 394
Tyumen Oblast 345
Republic of Udmurtia 341
Ulyanovsk Oblast 842
Khabarovsk Krai 421
Republic of Khakassia 390
Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug 346
Chelyabinsk Oblast 351
Republic of Chechnya 871
Zabaykalsky Krai 302
Republic of Chuvashia 835
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 427
Republic of Crimea 365
Sakha Republic (Yakutia) 411
Sevastopol 869
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 349
Yaroslavl Oblast 485085

Toll-free & pay-line codes

CodeService
800FPH: Freephone
862FPH: Fixed
801AAB: Automatic alternative billing
802CCC: Credit card calling
803VOT: Televoting
804UAN: Universal access number
805PCC: Prepaid card calling
806ACC: Account card calling
807VPN: Virtual private network
808UPT: Universal personal Telecommunication
809PRM: Premium rate
881–899Reserved
970Telematic services
971Data transfer services

Special numbers (emergencies)

NumberServiceOld (active)
101 Fire brigade 01
102 Police 02
103Ambulance03
104Gas service04
112General emergency
107Directory assistance, Rostelecom 07
109Directory assistance (free, limited info)09
009Directory assistance (pay service, 35 rubles/min.) in Moscow
100Talking clock in Moscow
115Information on electronic government services [20]

In a press conference in December 2013 Minister of Emergency Situations, Vladimir Puchkov said that the unified system runs in a full pilot mode from 2014 and will fully enter to operational mode in 2016. [21]

See also

Notes

  1. Crimea, which was annexed by Russia in 2014, is still internationally recognised as an integral part of Ukraine. [1]
  2. The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities. [3] [4]

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References

  1. "Republic of Crimea". The Territories of the Russian Federation 2020. Routledge. 2020. ISBN   9781003007067. Note: The territories of the Crimean peninsula, comprising Sevastopol City and the Republic of Crimea, remained internationally recognised as constituting part of Ukraine, following their annexation by Russia in March 2014.
  2. Abkhazia remains available by Georgian phone codes, today.az, 2010-01-06, archived from the original on 2012-07-12, retrieved 2010-01-20
  3. Steve Gutterman; Pavel Polityuk (March 18, 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters . Archived from the original on July 9, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  4. "Ukraine crisis timeline". BBC News . November 13, 2014. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
  5. Crimea switches to Russian telephone codes Archived 2015-12-15 at the Wayback Machine , Interfax-Ukraine (7 May 2015)
  6. К 2010 г. Россия дойдет до нулей Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
  7. Выход по телефону на межгород через "8" сохранится до конца 2012 г. Archived 2011-07-24 at the Wayback Machine
  8. Latest edit of government regulation for Russian Telephone plan Archived 2017-12-01 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  9. Russian numbering plan Archived 2017-12-01 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian), approved on 25 April 2017
  10. Rostelekom Archived 2013-07-29 at the Wayback Machine
  11. Mezhregionalnyi TranzitTelekom Archived 2014-06-25 at the Wayback Machine
  12. Golden Telecom Archived 2008-09-25 at the Wayback Machine
  13. TransTelekom Archived 2003-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
  14. Orange Archived 2007-11-18 at the Wayback Machine
  15. Comstar
  16. "Arctel". arctel.ru. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  17. Synterra Archived 2010-11-30 at the Wayback Machine
  18. 1 2 International Telecom Union - Kazakhstan - Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan (PDF), 2012-11-13, archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-09-07, retrieved 2014-06-12
  19. "Москва лишилась кода "095"". lenta.ru. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  20. "Russia offers e-govt line over mobile networks". www.telecompaper.com. Archived from the original on 10 April 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  21. "Система единого вызова экстренных служб "112" полностью заработает в России в 2016 году — Пучков". Tass Telecom. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.