|Regulator||Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation|
|Typical format||(ABC) xxx-xx-xx|
|Numbering plan||Russian Federation National Numbering Plan (NNP)|
|Country calling code||+7|
|International call prefix||8~xx (where "~" means "wait for the next dial tone", and xx is the international carrier selection code)|
Telephone numbers in Russia are under a unified numbering plan with Kazakhstan, both of which share the international code +7. Historically, +7 was used as the country calling code for all of the Soviet Union. Following the Soviet break-up, all of its former republics, save for Russia and Kazakhstan, switched to new country codes. Following Abkhazia's secession from Georgia, Abkhazia switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 840 for landlines and +7 940 for mobile phones, though it still can be reached via the Georgian telephone code +995 44.
After the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in 2014,the Republic of Crimea switched to the Russian telephone codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 365 for landlines, while the city of Sevastopol switched to the codes +7 978 for mobile phones and +7 869 for landlines, since 7 May 2015.
Russia uses a four-level (local, zone, country, international) open dialing plan. Local telecommunications regulators had planned to abandon this system and change to a closed dialing plan at all levels by 2009, but postponed the changeover until 2010,later pushed once more until 2012 and finally approved for implementation in the period of 2020–2025. Currently, all national subscriber numbers consist of 10 digits (excluding any prefixes), with 3 digits for an area code and a 7-digit individual number which includes a zone code (up to 2 digits).
The international dialing prefix in Russia is "8~10"—callers dial "8", wait for a tone, and then dial "10", followed by the country code, area code, and number. The long-distance prefix is "8~". There are plans to change those prefixes to "0" for national and "00" for international dialing,to be implemented by 2020.
When making long-distance or international calls from a fixed line, a subscriber may choose either of two providers: Pre-Select or Hot-Choice. If a subscriber prefers Pre-Select, they call a prescribed free number (8-800-333-0990 for MTT or 8-800-100-2525 RT) and sign up initially for service. They may also sign a statement at the phone company indicating their choice of provider. With this provider, the prefixes and dialing procedures for non-local calls are the ones currently in use. The default regulation in Moscow is Hot-Choice (not available yet on all exchanges; regional operators apply their own regulation depending on availability). Available operators are:
The dialing pattern for Hot-Choice subscribers is different. After dialing "8", the subscriber waits for a tone and then dials the operator code (OC) either for a long-distance call or an international call.
|Operator||Long-distance call code||International call code|
Note: the tone signal after dialing "8" is compulsory on old analog exchanges and optional on digital exchanges.
xxx-xx-xx (exception: Moscow—see below), e.g.:
Local phone numbers in Russia may be made up of five (x-xx-xx), six (xx-xx-xx), or seven (xxx-xx-xx) digits.
Moscow City has three area codes assigned: 495, 498 and 499:
Calls between these codes are local calls and are not charged at long-distance rates.
Pre-Selected Operator: 8-tone-ABC xxx-xx-xx (where ABC is the area code)
Hot-Choice Operator selection: 8-tone-OC ABC xxx-xx-xx (where OC is the Operator Code and ABC is the area code)
Pre-Selected Operator: 8-tone-10 International number
Hot-Choice Operator selection: 8-tone-OC International number where OC is the Operator Code
+7 ABC xxx-xx-xx
where ABC is the area code
|First digit of code||Routed to|
|0||Not used (Reserved for long-distance and international prefix)|
|1||Not used (for special services)|
|2||Reserved (for common usage with Kazakhstan)[ citation needed ]|
|6||Used for numbers in Kazakhstan|
|7||Used for numbers in Kazakhstan|
|8||Geographic codes, Toll-Free, and Pay-Line (for common usage with Kazakhstan and Abkhazia)|
|9||Mobile, GSM, & Pay-Line (code 940 is for Abkhazia mobiles)|
The dialing code 495 was introduced on 1 December 2005 to replace 095, in order to make it possible to adopt the ITU convention of 0 and 00 dialing prefixes for local and international dialing respectively. The old '095' dialing code, along with 19 other Russian area codes starting with '0', expired on 31 January 2006.
|Region||Area code||Old code (inactive)|
|Republic of Adygea||877|
|Arkhangelsk Oblast and Nenets Autonomous Okrug||818|
|Republic of Bashkortostan||347|
|Republic of Buryatia||301|
|Vologda Oblast||813, 820|
|Republic of Dagestan||872|
|Jewish Autonomous Oblast||426|
|Republic of Ingushetia||873|
|Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria||866|
|Republic of Kalmykia||847|
|Republic of Karachay–Cherkessia||878|
|Republic of Karelia||814|
|Krasnodar Krai||861, 862|
|Republic of Mari El||836|
|Republic of Mordovia||834|
|Moscow City||495, 499||095|
|Moscow Oblast||496, 498||096|
|Nizhny Novgorod Oblast||831|
|Samara Oblast||846, 848|
|Republic of North Ossetia–Alania||867|
|Stavropol Krai||865, 879|
|Republic of Tatarstan||843, 855|
|Republic of Tyva (Tuva)||394|
|Republic of Udmurtia||341|
|Republic of Khakassia||390|
|Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug||346|
|Republic of Chechnya||871|
|Republic of Chuvashia||835|
|Chukotka Autonomous Okrug||427|
|Republic of Crimea||365|
|Sakha Republic (Yakutia)||411|
|Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug||349|
|801||AAB: Automatic alternative billing|
|802||CCC: Credit card calling|
|804||UAN: Universal access number|
|805||PCC: Prepaid card calling|
|806||ACC: Account card calling|
|807||VPN: Virtual private network|
|808||UPT: Universal personal Telecommunication|
|809||PRM: Premium rate|
|971||Data transfer services|
|107||Directory assistance, Rostelecom||07|
|109||Directory assistance (free, limited info)||09|
|009||Directory assistance (pay service, 35 rubles/min.) in Moscow|
|100||Talking clock in Moscow|
|115||Information on electronic government services|
In a press conference in December 2013 Minister of Emergency Situations, Vladimir Puchkov said that the unified system runs in a full pilot mode from 2014 and will fully enter to operational mode in 2016.
A toll-free telephone number or freephone number is a telephone number that is billed for all arriving calls instead of incurring charges to the originating telephone subscriber. For the calling party, a call to a toll-free number from a landline is free of charge.
A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber.
Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom are administered by the UK government's Office of Communications (Ofcom). For this purpose, Ofcom established a telephone numbering plan, known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, which is the system for assigning telephone numbers to subscriber stations.
The French telephone numbering plan is not only used for metropolitan France but also for the French overseas departments and some overseas collectivities.
Telephone numbers in Hong Kong are mostly eight-digit. Fixed land line numbers start with 2 or 3, mobile (cellular) phone numbers with 5, 6, 7 or 9, pager numbers with 7 and forwarding service with 8. Since the end of 1989, there have been no area codes within Hong Kong.
Numbers on the Irish telephone numbering plan are regulated and assigned to operators by ComReg.
The dialling plan for mobile networks and new landline operators is closed; all subscriber numbers must be dialled in full. For landline numbers starting with 02, the dialling plan used to be open; the trunk digit and area code could be omitted if the caller was in the same area code as the callee. However, starting May 3, 2008, all landline numbers must be dialled in full.
Regulation of the telephone numbers in Serbia is under the responsibility of the Regulatory Agency of Electronic Communication and Mail Services (RATEL), independent from the government. The country calling code of Serbia is +381. The country has an open telephone numbering plan, with most numbers consisting of a 2- or 3-digit calling code and a 6-7 digits of customer number.
Telephone numbers in Malaysia are regulated by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC).
The Spanish telephone numbering plan is the allocation of telephone numbers in Spain. It was previously regulated by the Comisión del Mercado de las Telecomunicaciones (CMT), but is now regulated by the Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia (CNMC).
The regulation of telephone numbers in Germany is the responsibility of the Federal Network Agency of the German government. The agency has a mandate to telecommunications in Germany and other infrastructure systems.
Slovenia received a new country code following the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991. Additionally, the Ipko mobile phone company in Kosovo used the +386 country code.
A telephone number in Belgium is a sequence of nine or ten digits dialed on a telephone to make a call on the Belgian telephone network. Belgium is under a full number dialing plan, meaning that the full national number must be dialed for all calls, while it retains the trunk code, '0', for all national dialling.
The national conventions for writing telephone numbers vary by country. While international standards exist in the form of the International Telecommunication Union sector ITU-T issued recommendation E.123, national telephone numbering plans define the format and length of telephone numbers assigned to telephones.
Telephone numbers in Kazakhstan are under a unified numbering plan with Russia with the country calling code +7. Historically, +7 was used as the Soviet Union country calling code. Following the break-up of the Soviet Union, all former republics except Russia and Kazakhstan switched to new country codes.
There were changes to the telephone numbering plan in Georgia which were expected to be completed by the end of 2011. This article is being updated after all the major changes, also the dates of these changes are indicated.
The telephone numbering plan of the USSR was a set of telephone area codes, numbers and dialing rules, which operated in the Soviet Union until the 1990s. After the collapse of the USSR, many newly independent republics implemented their own numbering plans. However, many of the principles of the Soviet numbering plan still remain. The former Soviet international code +7 is still retained by Russia and Kazakhstan.
Note: The territories of the Crimean peninsula, comprising Sevastopol City and the Republic of Crimea, remained internationally recognised as constituting part of Ukraine, following their annexation by Russia in March 2014.