Telephone numbers in Europe

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Calling codes in Europe Country Calling Codes of Europe.png
Calling codes in Europe

Telephone numbers in Europe are managed by the national telecommunications authorities of each country. The country calling codes start primarily with 3 and 4, however, some countries that by the Copenhagen criteria are considered part of Europe have country codes from the Asia range, starting with 9.

Contents

The international access code (trunk prefix) has been standardized as 00, as recommended by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

European Economic Area

Country Country calling code National number length Dialing plan* International Call Prefix
Flag of Austria.svg Austria 434 to 13variable00
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium 328 to 10fixed with 000
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria 3597 to 9variable00
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia 3858 or 9 (some mobile)variable00
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus 3578fixed00
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic 4209fixed00
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark 458fixed00
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia 3727 (fixed or mobile), 8 (mobile)fixed00
Flag of Finland.svg Finland 3585 to 12variable00
Flag of France.svg France 339fixed with 000
Flag of Germany.svg Germany 493 to 12variable00
Flag of Greece.svg Greece 3010fixed00
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary 368 (landline) or 9 (mobile)fixed00
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland 3547 (mobile and landline) or 9 (for 3xxxxxxxx)fixed00
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland 3537 to 9; 10 (mobile voicemail and Northern Ireland)variable00
Flag of Italy.svg Italy 396 to 12fixed00
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia 3718fixed00
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein 423up to 12 (generally is 7)fixed00
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania 3708variable00
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg 3528 (fixed new numbering plan); 9 (mobile); 12 (mobile telematic); 4-11 (historic numbers still active) [1] fixed00
Flag of Malta.svg Malta 3568fixed00
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands 319variable00
Flag of Norway.svg Norway 474-12 (generally 8)fixed00
Flag of Poland.svg Poland 489fixed00
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal 3519fixed00
Flag of Romania.svg Romania 409fixed with 000
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia 4219variable00
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia 3868variable00
Flag of Spain.svg Spain 349 (3 for emergency services, 4 for phone companies, 5 and starting with 118 for telephonic information, 6 and starting with 116 for social interest and 5 or 6 with starting with other numbers that are not listed before for premium services)fixed00
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 466 to 900
All European Economic Area member states apply the European Union roaming regulations. The regulation eventually led to the abolition of all roaming charges for temporary roaming when traveling within the EEA as of June 15, 2017. The European Union international calls regulations regulate prices of calls (and text messages) when calling from your home country to another EEA country.

Other European countries/territories

Country Country calling code National number length Dialing plan International call prefix
Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg Abkhazia † 995 44 or 7 840 (landline) / 7 940 (mobile)7variable00 or 8~10
Flag of Albania.svg Albania 3558 (fixed), 9 (mobile)variable00
Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra 3766 or 9 (in special cases)fixed00
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia 3748variable00 (was 8~10)
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus 3759variable00 (was 8~10)
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina 3878 to 9variable00
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg Faroe Islands 2986fixed00
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia 9959variable00 (was 8~10)
Flag of Gibraltar.svg Gibraltar 3508fixed00
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo† 3838variable00
Flag of North Macedonia.svg North Macedonia 3898variable00
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova 3738fixed with 0 [2] 00 (was 8~10)
Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco 3778 to 9fixed (?)00
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro 3828fixed00
Flag of Artsakh.svg Nagorno-Karabakh † 374 47 (landline) / 374 97 (mobile)5variable00 (was 8~10)
Flag of Russia.svg Russia 7 (shares with Kazakhstan)10variable8~10
Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino 3786 to 12fixed00
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia 3818 to 10variable00
Flag of South Ossetia.svg South Ossetia † 995 34 or 7 99534 / 7 997 / 7 929 (mobile)5 to 7variable00 or 8~10
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland 419fixed with 000
Flag of Transnistria.svg Transnistria † 373 5 / 373 2 (Moldova codes used)7variable00
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey 9010fixed00
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Northern Cyprus † 90 392 (landline), 90 533 / 90 542 (mobile)7fixed00
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 449 or 10 digits (geographic); 7, 9 or 10 (non-geographic)variable00
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine 3809variable00 (was 8~10)
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City 379 (never activated)

† = Disputed state, may not be recognized as an independent state by some or all European Union members.

*A variable dialing plan has different dialing procedures for local and long-distance telephone calls. A call within the same city or within an area is dialed only by the subscriber number, while for calls outside the area, the number must be prefixed with the destination area code. For fixed dialing plan it is always required to dial all digits of the complete telephone number, including any area codes, if implemented.

Asian regions with European history or heritage

Despite fulfilling the Copenhagen criteria for being part of Europe the following countries are in the Asian numbering group, having a country code starting with 9:

Two countries that are geographically in Asia but are considered part of Europe for cultural and historical reasons, belong to the European group 3:

Harmonized service numbers

The following service numbers are harmonized across the European Union:

Single numbering plan (1996 proposal)

Proposed Country Code: 3

In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code '3'. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code '00'. Instead the digit 1 was proposed for these calls, replaced by +3 for call from outside the EU. Each country would have a two-digit country code after the 1 or the +3. Calls inside each country would not be affected.

Option 3 : Creation, in addition to providing numbers for special services, of a clear European numbering identity (three digit numbering codes) by using the number "3" to proceed current national country codes (e.g. "333" for France or "344" for the UK). This would liberate up to 50 new country codes within Europe and allow the current codes starting with number "4" to be recycled within the world-wide numbering plan.

This proposal would have required states like Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark and others, whose country codes began with the digit '4', to return these to the International Telecommunication Union.

This would create four different ways of calling someone. For example, to call a number in Berlin, in Germany:

xxxx xxxx (within Berlin) 030 xxxx xxxx (within Germany) 1 49 30 xxxx xxxx (within the EU) +3 49 30  xxxx xxxx (outside the EU) +49 30  xxxx xxxx (current system)

Such a scheme would also have affected Spain which uses +34. For example, to call someone in Barcelona:

93x xxxxxx (within Spain) 1 34 93x xxxxxx (within the EU) +3 34 93x  xxxxxx (outside the EU) +34 93x  xxxxxx (current system)

States like Ireland, Portugal, Cyprus and Finland, which used codes in the '35x' range, would adopt a different format. For example, to call a number in Dublin, Ireland:

xxx xxxx (within Dublin) 01 xxx xxxx (within Ireland) 1 53 1 xxx xxxx (within the EU) +3 53 1 xxx xxxx (outside the EU) +353 1 xxx xxxx (current system)

A Green Paper on the proposal was published, but it was felt by many in the industry that the disruption and inconvenience of such a scheme would outweigh any advantages.

A disadvantage would have been that every local number beginning with "1" would have had to be changed (except emergency number which would be kept).

Another disadvantage would be that people wanting to call France (e.g. Southeast France using +33 4...) using an old number would connect another country like Spain, or people wanting to call Spain (e.g. +34 9...) would end up in e.g. Germany if they use an old number.

The EU proposal should not be confused with the European Telephony Numbering Space (ETNS) scheme, which uses the country code +388, and was intended to complement, rather than replace, existing national numbering plans.

See also

Related Research Articles

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A toll-free telephone number or freephone number is a telephone number that is billed for all arriving calls instead of incurring charges to the originating telephone subscriber. For the calling party, a call to a toll-free number from a landline is free of charge.

A telephone numbering plan is a type of numbering scheme used in telecommunication to assign telephone numbers to subscriber telephones or other telephony endpoints. Telephone numbers are the addresses of participants in a telephone network, reachable by a system of destination code routing. Telephone numbering plans are defined in each of administrative regions of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and they are also present in private telephone networks. For public number systems, geographic location plays a role in the sequence of numbers assigned to each telephone subscriber.

Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom Wikipedia list article

Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom are administered by the UK government's Office of Communications (Ofcom). For this purpose, Ofcom established a telephone numbering plan, known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, which is the system for assigning telephone numbers to subscriber stations.

Telephone numbers in Australia Wikipedia list article

The Australian telephone numbering plan describes the allocation of phone numbers in Australia. It has changed many times, the most recent major reorganisation by the Australian Communications and Media Authority taking place between 1994 and 1998.

Telephone numbers in France Wikipedia list article

The French telephone numbering plan is not only used for metropolitan France but also for the French overseas departments and some overseas collectivities.

Telephone numbers in Hong Kong Wikipedia list article

Telephone numbers in Hong Kong are mostly eight-digit. Fixed land line numbers start with 2 or 3, mobile (cellular) phone numbers with 5, 6, 7 or 9, pager numbers with 7 and forwarding service with 8. Since the end of 1989, there have been no area codes within Hong Kong.

Telephone numbers in the Republic of Ireland Wikipedia list article

Numbers on the Irish telephone numbering plan are regulated and assigned to operators by ComReg.

Widespread UK telephone code misconceptions, in particular brought on by the Big Number Change in 2000, have been reported by regulator Ofcom since publication of a report it commissioned in 2004.

Telephone numbers in Romania Wikipedia list article

The dialling plan for mobile networks and new landline operators is closed; all subscriber numbers must be dialled in full. For landline numbers starting with 02, the dialling plan used to be open; the trunk digit and area code could be omitted if the caller was in the same area code as the callee. However, starting May 3, 2008, all landline numbers must be dialled in full.

Telephone numbers in Malaysia Wikipedia list article

Telephone numbers in Malaysia are regulated by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC).

Former Australian dialling codes

The format of telephone numbers in Australia has changed over time to allow for the expansion of the subscriber base as technology has improved.

Telephone numbers in Israel Wikipedia list article

Telephone numbers in Israel consist of an area code and a subscriber number. The dial plan type in Israel is closed, and "0" is the internal Trunk prefix in Israel. Israel's country calling code is +972.

Telephone numbers in Germany Wikipedia list article

The regulation of telephone numbers in Germany is the responsibility of the Federal Network Agency of the German government. The agency has a mandate to telecommunications in Germany and other infrastructure systems.

The Lisburn telephone exchange code refers to the former 01846 area code, which until the 2000 Big Number Change, served Lisburn, Aghalee, Moira, Hillsborough, Dromore, Maze, Stoneyford and Baillies Mills, all of which are in Northern Ireland, a constituent part of the United Kingdom. This area gained 92 and changed to eight digit numbers, under the new 028 area code.

Telephone numbers in Belgium Wikipedia list article

A telephone number in Belgium is a sequence of nine or ten digits dialed on a telephone to make a call on the Belgian telephone network. Belgium is under a closed telephone dialing plan, meaning that the full national number must be dialed for all calls, but it retains the trunk code, '0', for all national dialling.

Telephone numbers in Albania Wikipedia list article

For domestic calls, 0 must be dialled before the user number of another administrative unit. The prefix for international calls from Albania is 00. Below is an explanation when dialling a number within the Tirana administrative unit:

 0 4 xxx xxxx   0 4 xxx xxxx   +355 4 xxx xxxx 

The national conventions for writing telephone numbers vary by country. While international standards exist in the form of the International Telecommunication Union sector ITU-T issued recommendation E.123, national telephone numbering plans define the format and length of telephone numbers assigned to telephones.

Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom have a flexible structure that reflects their historical demands, starting from many independent companies through a nationalised near-monopoly, to a system that supports many different services, including cellular phones, which were not envisaged when the system was first built. Numbers evolved in a piecemeal fashion, with numbers initially allocated on an exchange-by-exchange basis for calls connected by manual operators. Subscriber numbers reflected demand in each area, with single digit telephone numbers in very rural areas and longer numbers in cities.

References

  1. "E.164 Number Ranges in use in Luxembourg" (PDF). Institut Luxembourgeois de Régulation. October 2017.
  2. http://en.anrceti.md/news29032012
  3. "112 – The European emergency number". European Commission – Information Society. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  4. "SOS 112 Europe" . Retrieved 31 January 2011.