Ryazan Oblast

Last updated
Ryazan Oblast
Рязанская область
Flag of Ryazan Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Ryazan Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: none [1]
Map of Russia - Ryazan Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 54°24′N40°36′E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600 Coordinates: 54°24′N40°36′E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600
CountryRussia
Federal district Central [2]
Economic region Central [3]
EstablishedSeptember 26, 1937 [4]
Administrative center Ryazan
Government
  Body Oblast Duma [5]
   Governor [5] Nikolay Lyubimov [6]
Area
[7]
  Total39,600 km2 (15,300 sq mi)
Area rank 58th
Population
 (2010 Census) [8]
  Total1,154,114
  Estimate 
(2018) [9]
1,121,474 (−2.8%)
  Rank 45th
  Density29/km2 (75/sq mi)
   Urban
70.9%
   Rural
29.1%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [10] )
ISO 3166 code RU-RYA
License plates 62
OKTMO ID61000000
Official languagesRussian [11]
Website http://www.ryazangov.ru

Ryazan Oblast (Russian:Ряза́нская о́бласть, tr. Ryazanskaya oblast,IPA:  [rʲɪˈzanskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ] ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Ryazan, which is the oblast's largest city. Population: 1,154,114 (2010 Census). [8]

Contents

Geography

Ryazan Oblast borders Vladimir Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (NE), the Republic of Mordovia (E), Penza Oblast (SE), Tambov Oblast (S), Lipetsk Oblast (SW), Tula Oblast (W), and Moscow Oblast (NW).

In terms of physical geography, Ryazan Oblast lies in the central part of the Russian Plain between the Central Russian and Volga uplands. The terrain is flat, with a highest point of no more than 300 m above sea level. Soils are podzolic and boggy on the left bank of the Oka, changing southward to more fertile podzolic and leached black-earths (chernozyom).

Hydrography

The Oka River near Konstantinovo in Rybnovsky District of Ryazan Oblast RybnoeDistrict 06-13 Konstantinovo Oka River 01.jpg
The Oka River near Konstantinovo in Rybnovsky District of Ryazan Oblast

Most of the Ryazan Oblast lies within the Volga basin, with the Oka the principal river of the area.

History

Human occupation of the area of the Ryazan Oblast dates from at least the Upper Paleolithic period. East Slavs, Volga Finnic, Tatar tribes inhabited the area and merged into an ethnos, a process virtually completed by the 13th century CE. In 830 the Ryazan area became part of Rus' Khaganate.

Later the Ryazan area became part of the Kievan Rus' political system, and came under the domination of the Principality of Chernigov (founded in 988). The Principality of Ryazan operated as a separate entity from 1097 to 1521, when the area became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, though with the Qasim Khanate district retaining some autonomy until the 1550s.

The Ryazan Governorate became separate from the Moscow Governorate in 1796. Ryazan Oblast was formed out of the Moscow and Voronezh oblasts in 1937. It took its present form in 1954 when some of it’s southern districts were ceded to the newly established Lipetsk Oblast. Also in 1954, it was ceded parts of southern Moscow Oblast and no border changes happened afterwards.

Administrative divisions

Economy

Solotchinskoye peat railway Mesherskoye peat enterprise 4.jpg
Solotchinskoye peat railway

Ryazan Oblast is a part of the Central economic region. The oblast is in an economically favorable geographical location owing to the water and land routes that pass through it and provide stable domestic and foreign economic ties. It is considered both an industrial and agrarian Oblast. The foundations of agriculture in the oblast are livestock farming and plant cultivation. Livestock farming specializes in raising and fattening cattle and breeding pigs, sheep, and poultry. Beekeeping is also well developed in the oblast.

Transportation

Demographics

Population: 1,154,114(2010 Census); [8] 1,227,910(2002 Census); [12] 1,345,924(1989 Census). [13]

2012

Ethnic composition (2010): [8]

Religion

Religion in Ryazan Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [17] [18]
Russian Orthodoxy
63%
Other Orthodox
1%
Other Christians
3.2%
Islam
1%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.6%
Spiritual but not religious
15.3%
Atheism and irreligion
8.9%
Other and undeclared
7%

According to a 2012 survey [17] 63% of the population of Ryazan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are Orthodox Christian believers without belonging to church or belonging to non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1% are Muslims, and 1% are adherents of the Rodnovery (Slavic native faith) movement. In addition, 15% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 9% is atheist, and 7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [17]

See also

Related Research Articles

Mikhaylov, Ryazan Oblast Town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Mikhaylov is a town and the administrative center of Mikhaylovsky District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Pronya River, 68 kilometers (42 mi) southwest of Ryazan, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 11,784 (2010 Census); 13,295 (2002 Census); 15,302 (1989 Census).

Sasovo, Ryazan Oblast Town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Sasovo is a town in Ryazan Oblast, Russia, located on the Tsna River 184 kilometers (114 mi) southeast of Ryazan. Population: 28,118 (2010 Census); 30,736 (2002 Census); 35,875 (1989 Census).

Chuchkovsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Chuchkovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the eastern central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 896 square kilometers (346 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Chuchkovo. Population: 8,700 ; 11,244 (2002 Census); 12,294 (1989 Census). The population of Chuchkovo accounts for 35.9% of the district's total population.

Kasimovsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Kasimovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,969 square kilometers (1,146 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kasimov. Population: 29,602 ; 35,365 (2002 Census); 41,422 (1989 Census).

Kadomsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Kadomsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 986 square kilometers (381 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Kadom. Population: 8,494 ; 10,708 (2002 Census); 14,328 (1989 Census). The population of Kadom accounts for 64.5% of the district's total population.

Korablinsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Korablinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwestern central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,171 square kilometers (452 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Korablino. Population: 22,941 ; 26,026 (2002 Census); 28,144 (1989 Census). The population of Korablino accounts for 55.2% of the district's total population.

Alexandro-Nevsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Alexandro-Nevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the 25 in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 833 square kilometers (322 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Alexandro-Nevsky. Population: 11,818 ; 13,071 (2002 Census); 13,547 (1989 Census). The population of the administrative center accounts for 34.0% of the district's total population.

Pitelinsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Pitelinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 953 square kilometers (368 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Pitelino. Population: 5,893 ; 7,250 (2002 Census); 9,228 (1989 Census). The population of Pitelino accounts for 38.3% of the district's total population.

Ryazhsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Ryazhsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,019 square kilometers (393 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Ryazhsk. Population: 29,026 ; 31,097 (2002 Census); 37,322 (1989 Census). The population of Ryazhsk accounts for 74.7% of the district's total population.

Rybnovsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Rybnovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,407 square kilometers (543 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Rybnoye. Population: 35,585 ; 37,140 (2002 Census); 38,744 (1989 Census). The population of Rybnoye accounts for 51.7% of the district's total population.

Sapozhkovsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Sapozhkovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southern central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 960 square kilometers (370 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Sapozhok. Population: 10,901 ; 12,542 (2002 Census); 16,065 (1989 Census). The population of Sapozhok accounts for 35.6% of the district's total population.

Sarayevsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Sarayevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,117 square kilometers (817 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Sarai. Population: 17,810 ; 22,725 (2002 Census); 28,819 (1989 Census). The population of Sarai accounts for 32.6% of the district's total population.

Sasovsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Sasovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,819 square kilometers (702 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Sasovo. Population: 18,504 ; 21,012 (2002 Census); 26,665 (1989 Census).

Skopinsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Skopinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,720 square kilometers (660 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Skopin. Population: 27,080 ; 31,142 (2002 Census); 40,965 (1989 Census).

Starozhilovsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Starozhilovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,007 square kilometers (389 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Starozhilovo. Population: 17,136 ; 17,954 (2002 Census); 17,762 (1989 Census). The population of Starozhilovo accounts for 29.7% of the district's total population.

Yermishinsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Yermishinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,342 square kilometers (518 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Yermish. Population: 8,879 ; 10,926 (2002 Census); 13,288 (1989 Census). The population of Yermish accounts for 48.9% of the district's total population.

Zakharovsky District District in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Zakharovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-five in Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 985.9 square kilometers (380.7 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Zakharovo. Population: 9,136 ; 10,607 (2002 Census); 11,205 (1989 Census). The population of Zakharovo accounts for 30.0% of the district's total population.

Alexandro-Nevsky, Ryazan Oblast Work settlement in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Alexandro-Nevsky is an urban locality and the administrative center of Alexandro-Nevsky District of Ryazan Oblast, Russia. Population: 4,013 (2010 Census); 4,133 (2002 Census); 4,447 (1989 Census).

Putyatino is a rural locality and the administrative center of Putyatinsky District, Ryazan Oblast, Russia. Population: 3,047 (2010 Census); 3,122 (2002 Census); 2,389 (1989 Census).

Zakharovo, Zakharovsky District, Ryazan Oblast Rural locality in Ryazan Oblast, Russia

Zakharovo is a rural locality and the administrative center of Zakharovsky District, Ryazan Oblast, Russia. Population: 2,739 (2010 Census); 2,956 (2002 Census); 3,174 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. Article 7 of the Charter of Ryazan Oblast states that the oblast may have an anthem, providing a law is adopted to that effect. As of 2015, no such law is in place. The Symbols section on the Ryazan Oblast's official website also does not include an anthem.
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. Resolution of September 26, 1937
  5. 1 2 Charter of Ryazan Oblast, Article 27
  6. Official website of Ryazan Oblast. Любимов Николай Викторович (in Russian)
  7. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  9. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  10. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  11. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  12. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  13. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  14. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  15. http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  16. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  17. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  18. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources