Time in Russia

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Time in Russia
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KALT
Kaliningrad Time
UTC+2
(MSK-1)
MSK
Moscow Time
UTC+3
(MSK+-0)
SAMT
Samara Time
UTC+4
(MSK+1)
YEKT
Yekaterinburg Time
UTC+5
(MSK+2)
OMST
Omsk Time
UTC+6
(MSK+3)
KRAT
Krasnoyarsk Time
UTC+7
(MSK+4)
IRKT
Irkutsk Time
UTC+8
(MSK+5)
YAKT
Yakutsk Time
UTC+9
(MSK+6)
VLAT
Vladivostok Time
UTC+10
(MSK+7)
MAGT
Magadan Time
UTC+11
(MSK+8)
PETT
Kamchatka Time
UTC+12
(MSK+9) Map of Russian time zones (2020).svg
Time in Russia
 KALT Kaliningrad Time UTC+2 (MSK1)
 MSK Moscow Time UTC+3 (MSK±0)
 SAMT Samara Time UTC+4 (MSK+1)
 YEKT Yekaterinburg Time UTC+5 (MSK+2)
 OMST Omsk Time UTC+6 (MSK+3)
 KRAT Krasnoyarsk Time UTC+7 (MSK+4)
 IRKT Irkutsk Time UTC+8 (MSK+5)
 YAKT Yakutsk Time UTC+9 (MSK+6)
 VLAT Vladivostok Time UTC+10 (MSK+7)
 MAGT Magadan Time UTC+11 (MSK+8)
 PETT Kamchatka Time UTC+12 (MSK+9)

There are eleven time zones in Russia , which currently observe times ranging from UTC+02:00 to UTC+12:00. Daylight saving time (DST) is not used in Russia since 26 October 2014. From 27 March 2011 to 26 October 2014, permanent DST was used.

Contents

List of zones

Since 27 December 2020, the time zones are as follows: [1] [2] [3]

Time zone nameTime of day and abbreviation UTC offset MSK offsetArea coveredPopulation (2020) [4]
Kaliningrad Time 05:07, 15 February 2021 KALT [refresh] UTC+02:00 MSK–1h Kaliningrad Oblast 1,012,512
Moscow Time 06:07, 15 February 2021 MSK [refresh] UTC+03:00 MSK+0hMost of European Russia (excluding federal subjects in UTC+02:00, UTC+04:00 and UTC+05:00 time zones)90,155,502
Samara Time 07:07, 15 February 2021 SAMT [refresh] UTC+04:00 MSK+1h Astrakhan Oblast, Samara Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Udmurtia and Ulyanovsk Oblast 9,337,988
Yekaterinburg Time 08:07, 15 February 2021 YEKT [refresh] UTC+05:00 MSK+2h Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast and Yamalia 20,954,998
Omsk Time 09:07, 15 February 2021 OMST [refresh] UTC+06:00 MSK+3h Omsk Oblast 1,926,665
Krasnoyarsk Time 10:07, 15 February 2021 KRAT [refresh] UTC+07:00 MSK+4h Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Novosibirsk Oblast, Tomsk Oblast and Tuva 12,800,529
Irkutsk Time 11:07, 15 February 2021 IRKT [refresh] UTC+08:00 MSK+5h Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia 3,377,130
Yakutsk Time 12:07, 15 February 2021 YAKT [refresh] UTC+09:00 MSK+6h Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai and most of the Sakha Republic (excluding districts in UTC+10:00 and UTC+11:00 time zones)2,769,581
Vladivostok Time 13:07, 15 February 2021 VLAT [refresh] UTC+10:00 MSK+7h Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and the Oymyakonsky, Ust-Yansky and Verkhoyansky districts of the Sakha Republic 3,395,760
Magadan Time 14:07, 15 February 2021 SRET [refresh] UTC+11:00 MSK+8h Magadan Oblast, Sakhalin Oblast, and the Abyysky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Srednekolymsky and Verkhnekolymsky districts of the Sakha Republic 654,621
Kamchatka Time 15:07, 15 February 2021 PETT [refresh] UTC+12:00 MSK+9h Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai 363,304

Daylight saving time

Daylight saving time in Russia was originally introduced on 1 July [14 July, N.S.] 1917 by a decree of the Russian Provisional Government. However, it was abandoned by a Decree of the Soviet government six months later.

Daylight saving time was re-introduced in the USSR in 1981, beginning on 1 April and ending on 1 October each year, until mid-1984, when the USSR began following European daylight saving time rules, moving clocks forward one hour at 02:00 local standard time on the last Sunday in March, and back one hour at 03:00 local daylight time on the last Sunday in September until 1995, after which the change back occurred on the last Sunday in October.[ citation needed ]

On 27 March 2011, clocks were advanced as usual, but they did not go back on 30 October 2011, effectively making Moscow Time UTC+04:00 permanently. [5] On 26 October 2014, following another change in the law, the clocks in most of the country were moved back one hour, but summer Daylight Time was not reintroduced; Moscow Time returned to UTC+03:00 permanently. [6]

History

Russian Empire

In the Russian Empire, most of the nation observed solar time. From 1740s to 1867, Alaska belonged to Russia (Russian America) which used the Julian calendar which was 11 or 12 days behind the Gregorian calendar as the rest of Russia and had local times up to GMT+15:10. The westernmost area of Russia was Congress Poland, with local times down to GMT+01:10.

During the late 19th century, Moscow Mean Time was introduced on 1 January [13 January, N.S.] 1880, originally at GMT+02:30:17. [7] 2:30:17 corresponds to 37.6166667°, the longitude of Moscow. Other parts of Russia kept solar time for several years.

Russia adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1918, when Wednesday 31 January (O.S.) was followed by Thursday 14 February (N.S.), which dropped 13 days from the calendar.

Soviet Union

After the Soviet Union was created, Moscow Time became UTC+02:00 and the various other time zones (up to UTC+12:00) were introduced throughout Russia and the rest of the Soviet Union, for example Irkutsk Time UTC+07:00 (Irkutsk has since this always been MSK+5). [7] Between 1917 and 1922 the time was less ordered, with daylight saving time some of those years, some with two hours addition, and some of those years with one or two hours extra winter time. [7]

On 21 June 1930, the Soviet Union advanced all clocks by one hour, effectively making the nation run on daylight saving time all year (the so-called decree time).

On 1 April 1981, 00:00:00, Oymyakonsky District changed its time zone from MSK+6 to MSK+8. [8] The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+09:00 to UTC+12:00, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+09:00 to UTC+11:00. [ citation needed ]

On 1 April 1982, 00:00:00, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug changed its time zone from MSK+10 to MSK+9, thus eliminating Anadyr Time (MSK+10 or UTC+13:00 without DST). [9] The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+14:00 to UTC+13:00, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+13:00 to UTC+12:00.

On 27 March 1988, 02:00:00, Saratov and Volgograd oblasts changed its time zone from MSK+1 to MSK. [10] [11] The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+05:00 to UTC+04:00, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+04:00 to UTC+03:00.

On 26 March 1989, Kaliningrad Oblast switched from Moscow Time to Eastern European Time, and the following areas switched to Moscow Time (thus eliminating Samara Time; MSK+1 or UTC+04:00 without DST):

Russian Federation

11 time zones in Russia from 2002 to 2010
UTC+02 Kaliningrad Time
UTC+03 Moscow Time
UTC+04 Samara Time
UTC+05 Yekaterinburg Time
UTC+06 Omsk Time/ Novosibirsk Time
UTC+07 Krasnoyarsk Time
UTC+08 Irkutsk Time
UTC+09 Yakutsk Time
UTC+10 Vladivostok Time
UTC+11 Magadan Time
UTC+12 Kamchatka Time UTC hue4map RUS 2009.svg
11 time zones in Russia from 2002 to 2010

Russia and most republics in the Soviet Union abolished the decree time (not moving the clocks) on 31 March 1991, but Russia reversed this the following year (except Samara Oblast which was already in UTC+04:00).[ citation needed ]

On 20 October 1991, Samara Oblast changed its time zone from MSK to MSK+1 (thus reinstating Samara Time; MSK+1), so from UTC+03:00 to UTC+04:00. [12]

On 23 May 1993, Novosibirsk Oblast changed its time zone from MSK+4 to MSK+3. [13] The change occurred during DST effectively changing the offset from UTC+08:00 to UTC+07:00, the offset without DST was therefore changed from UTC+07:00 to UTC+06:00.

On 28 May 1995, Altai Krai and Altai Republic changed its time zone from MSK+4 to MSK+3. [14]

On 30 March 1997, Sakhalin Oblast changed its time zone from MSK+8 to MSK+7. [15]

In May 2002, Tomsk Oblast changed its time zone from MSK+4 to MSK+3. [16]

April 2010: 9 zones
UTC+02 Kaliningrad Time
UTC+03 Moscow Time
UTC+05 Yekaterinburg Time
UTC+06 Omsk Time
UTC+07 Krasnoyarsk Time
UTC+08 Irkutsk Time
UTC+09 Yakutsk Time
UTC+10 Vladivostok Time
UTC+11 Magadan Time UTC hue4map RUS 2010-04-01.svg
April 2010: 9 zones

The following time zone changes occurred on 28 March 2010, which, in particular, led to abolition of two of the eleven time zones.

Although the Russian government wanted to reduce the number of time zones even further, there were protests in far-eastern Russia on the changes, including a 20,000-strong petition in support of Kamchatka returning to UTC+12:00. [21]

September 2011: 9 zones, "permanent DST".
UTC+03:00 Kaliningrad Time
UTC+04:00 Moscow Time
UTC+06:00 Yekaterinburg Time
UTC+07:00 Omsk Time
UTC+08:00 Krasnoyarsk Time
UTC+09:00 Irkutsk Time
UTC+10:00 Yakutsk Time
UTC+11:00 Vladivostok Time
UTC+12:00 Magadan Time UTC hue4map RUS 2011-09-01.svg
September 2011: 9 zones, "permanent DST".

Decree No. 725 of 31 August 2011 changed the UTC offset for Moscow Time and the other time zones. [22] Moscow Time Zone began using UTC+04:00 all year around. The notions of decree time and daylight saving time were abolished, but in fact, this decree mandated permanent daylight saving time (or even double daylight saving time in regions that had not abolished the decree time).

The decree also changed the offset of some parts of the Sakha Republic from Moscow. Oymyakonsky District switched from Magadan Time (MSK+8) to Vladivostok Time (MSK+7), and the following areas switched from Vladivostok Time (MSK+7) to Yakutsk Time (MSK+6):

(MSK+6)
(MSK+7)
(MSK+8)
October 2014: 11 zones Map of Russia - Time Zones (October 2014).svg
October 2014: 11 zones

As a result of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, local authorities in the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol decreed that clocks in the newly proclaimed Russian federal subjects should jump ahead two hours at 10 p.m. on 29 March 2014 to switch from Eastern European Time (UTC+02:00) to Moscow Time (UTC+04:00). [23]

On 22 July 2014, further changes were passed, which took effect on 26 October 2014. Almost all of Russia moved back one hour, so Moscow Time became UTC+03:00 again. Some areas changed offset from Moscow: [24]

The parts of the Magadan Time zone that remained on MSK+8 were given a new time zone name, Srednekolymsk Time, UTC+11:00. Annual DST changes were not observed. [25]

Time zones in Russia, difference with apparent solar time:
-2 h +- 30 min
-1 h +- 30 min
+- 30 min
+1 h +- 30 min
+2 h +- 30 min Difference between legal time and local mean time in Russia.svg
Time zones in Russia, difference with apparent solar time:
  -2 h ± 30 min
  -1 h ± 30 min
  ± 30 min
  +1 h ± 30 min
  +2 h ± 30 min

The following time zone changes occurred on 27 March 2016: [26]

  • Sakhalin Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+10:00 to UTC+11:00 (from Vladivostok to Srednekolymsk time), except Severo-Kurilsky District, which was already in UTC+11:00 (Srednekolymsk Time)
  • Zabaykalsky Krai moved forward one hour from UTC+08:00 to UTC+09:00 (from Irkutsk to Yakutsk time)
  • Altai Krai and Altai Republic moved forward one hour from UTC+06:00 to UTC+07:00 (from Omsk to Krasnoyarsk time)
  • Astrakhan and Ulyanovsk oblasts moved forward one hour from UTC+03:00 to UTC+04:00 (from Moscow to Samara time)

On 24 April 2016, Magadan Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+10:00 to UTC+11:00 (from Vladivostok to Srednekolymsk time). [27] After this change, the UTC+11:00 time zone was again called Magadan Time. [28]

On 29 May 2016, Tomsk Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+06:00 to UTC+07:00 (from Omsk to Krasnoyarsk time). [29]

On 24 July 2016, Novosibirsk Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+06:00 to UTC+07:00 (from Omsk to Krasnoyarsk time). [30]

On 4 December 2016, Saratov Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+03:00 to UTC+04:00 (from Moscow to Samara time). [31] [32]

On 28 October 2018, Volgograd Oblast moved forward one hour from UTC+03:00 to UTC+04:00 (from Moscow to Samara time), [33] but this change was reverted on 27 December 2020. [34] [35]

Railway time

Until 2018, all timetables on Russian Railways (except Sakhalin railways) followed Moscow Time. From 2018 time tables follow local time. [36] [37] Airports and flights follow local time. [38]

Tz Database

http://efele.net/maps/tz/russia - data from 2009 Tz map russia2009r efeledotnet.png
http://efele.net/maps/tz/russia – data from 2009

For Russia, the tz database contains several zones in the file zone.tab.

List of zones

The list below shows the 16 zones for Russia as defined in the file zone.tab of the database. The database aims to identify regions that had the same time offset rules since 1970.

Two federal subjects are contained in more than one tz zone. The Sakha Republic is divided into three: west, central, east. Sakhalin Oblast is divided into two: Sakhalin Island with Kurilsky and Yuzhno-Kurilsky districts in the Kuril Islands, and Severo-Kurilsky District in the Kuril Islands.

On the last Sunday in October 2011, daylight-saving time ended in tzdata, but all zones moved forward one hour. In other words, the clocks did not change, but the names of the time zones reverted permanently to their standard time variants and there will be no more daylight-saving time. [ citation needed ]

If available, the change column lists the offset changes that caused a creation of a new zone in the tz database.

"Initial zone" means that in 1970 there was already a difference in time offset from the offsets in any other zone.

C.c.Coordinates tzid CommentsUTC offset (without DST, permanent since 2011)Covered areaSplit from[ citation needed ]Changes
RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad MSK-01 - Kaliningrad+02:00 Kaliningrad Oblast Initial zone1989-03-26 Change from UTC+03:00 to UTC+02:00
RU +554521+0373704 Europe/Moscow MSK+00 - Moscow area+03:00Most of European Russia. Complete list given here.Initial zone
RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd MSK+00 - Volgograd+03:00 Kirov Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, and Astrakhan Oblast Europe/Samara1992-03-29 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+04:00 to UTC+03:00
RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara MSK+01 - Samara, Udmurtia+04:00 Samara Oblast and Udmurtia Initial zone2010-03-28 Change from UTC+04:00 to UTC+03:00
RU +5420+04824 Europe/Ulyanovsk MSK+01 - Ulyanovsk+04:00 Ulyanovsk Oblast Europe/Moscow2016-03-27 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+03:00 to UTC+04:00
RU +5651+06036 Asia/Yekaterinburg MSK+02 - Urals+05:00 Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia Initial zone
RU +5500+07324 Asia/Omsk MSK+03 - Omsk+06:00 Altai Krai, Altai Republic, and Omsk Oblast
RU +5502+08255 Asia/Novosibirsk MSK+04 - Novosibirsk+07:00 Novosibirsk Oblast and Tomsk Oblast.
RU +5345+08707 Asia/Novokuznetsk MSK+04 - Kemerovo+07:00 Kemerovo Oblast Asia/Novosibirsk2010-03-28 Zone creation, causing change from Krasnoyarsk Time to Novosibirsk Time [40]
RU +5601+09250 Asia/Krasnoyarsk MSK+04 - Krasnoyarsk area+07:00 Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, and Tuva Republic
RU +5216+10420 Asia/Irkutsk MSK+05 - Irkutsk, Buryatia+08:00 Irkutsk Oblast and Buryatia
RU +6200+12940 Asia/Yakutsk MSK+06 - Lena River+09:00 Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai, and western Sakha Republic
RU +4310+13156 Asia/Vladivostok MSK+07 - Amur River+10:00 Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and central Sakha Republic Initial zone
RU +4658+14242 Asia/Sakhalin MSK+08 - Sakhalin Island+11:00 Sakhalin Island, and western Kuril Islands Asia/Magadan1997-03-30 Zone creation, causing change from UTC+11 to UTC+10
RU +643337+1431336 Asia/Ust-Nera MSK+07 - Oymyakonsky+10:00 Oymyakonsky District Asia/Yakutsk1981-04-01 Changed to Magadan time
RU +5934+15048 Asia/Magadan MSK+08 - Magadan+11:00 Magadan Oblast Initial zone2014-10-26 Split: Magadan Oblast changed to Vladivostok time, other areas using new Srednekolymsk time
RU +6728+15343 Asia/Srednekolymsk MSK+08 - Sakha (E); North Kuril Is+11:00eastern Kuril Islands, and eastern Sakha Republic Asia/Magadan2014-10-26
RU +5301+15839 Asia/Kamchatka MSK+09 - Kamchatka+12:00 Kamchatka Krai Initial zone2010-03-28 Change from UTC+12:00 to UTC+11:00
RU +6445+17729 Asia/Anadyr MSK+09 - Bering Sea+12:00 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Initial zone

Deleted zones

Asia/Ulan Ude was a time zone identifier from the zone file of the tz database. The reference point was Ulan-Ude. It was added in tz version 2011e. [41] Edition 2011i did not contain it anymore. The area remained at Asia/Irkutsk. The contained data in zone.tab was:

RU +5150+10736 Asia/Ulan_Ude Moscow+05 - Buryatia

The covered area was Republic of Buryatia.

See also

Related Research Articles

Time zone Region on Earth that has a uniform standard time for legal, commercial and social purposes

A time zone is an area that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial and social purposes. Time zones tend to follow the boundaries between countries and their subdivisions instead of strictly following longitude, because it is convenient for areas in frequent communication to keep the same time.

Central European Time Standard time (UTC+01:00)

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as UTC+01:00. The same standard time, UTC+01:00, is also known as Middle European Time and under other names like Berlin Time, Warsaw Time, Paris Time or Rome Time.

Moscow Time Time zone in western Russia

Moscow Time is the time zone for the city of Moscow, Russia, and most of western Russia, including Saint Petersburg. It is the second-westernmost of the eleven time zones of Russia. It has been set to UTC+03:00 without DST since 26 October 2014; before that date it had been set to UTC+04:00 year-round on 27 March 2011.

UTC+03:00

UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03:00. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2019-02-08T23:36:06+03:00.

UTC+04:00

UTC+04:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +04:00. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2019-02-07T23:28:34+04:00. This time is used in:

Omsk Time

Omsk Time (OMST) is a time zone in Russia that is six hours ahead of UTC (UTC+06:00), and 3 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK).

Yekaterinburg Time

Yekaterinburg Time (YEKT) is the time zone five hours ahead of UTC (UTC+05:00) and 2 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+2).

Iran Standard Time

Iran Standard Time (IRST) or Iran Time (IT) is the time zone used in Iran. Iran uses a UTC offset UTC+03:30. IRST is defined by the 52.5 degrees east meridian, the same meridian which defines the Iranian calendar and is the official meridian of Iran.

Decree time refers to the changes introduced to the Soviet Union time system by a Sovnarkom decree of 16 June 1930. By this decree, all clocks in the Soviet Union were permanently shifted one hour ahead at 00:00 on 21 June 1930 everywhere in the Soviet Union. Applicability of this decree was further extended by two other decrees in 1930 and 1931. The practice was further extended, and its legal basis was amended, in 1980.

Bangladesh Standard Time

Bangladesh Standard Time (BST) is the time zone of Bangladesh. It is offset six hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time, and observed as a national standard throughout the country. Bangladesh briefly observed daylight saving time (DST) in 2009 to cope with the ongoing electricity crisis, but in 2010 the decision was cancelled by the government of Bangladesh.

Magadan Time

Magadan Time (MAGT), is a time zone in Russia, named after Magadan, the administrative center of Magadan Oblast. It is 11 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+11) and 8 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+8).

Samara Time

Samara Time (SAMT) is the time zone 4 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+04:00) and 1 hour ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+1). Samara Time is used in Samara Oblast, Udmurtia, Astrakhan Oblast, Ulyanovsk Oblast and Saratov Oblast.

Irkutsk Time

Irkutsk Time (IRKT) is the time zone eight hours ahead of UTC (UTC+08:00) and 5 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+5).

Vladivostok Time

Vladivostok Time (VLAT), is a time zone in Russia, named after the city of Vladivostok. It is ten hours ahead of UTC (UTC+10:00) and seven hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+7).

Kamchatka Time

Kamchatka Time or Petropavlovsk Time (PETT; Russian: камчатское время, kamchatskoye vremya), also known as Anadyr Time (ANAT), is a time zone in Russia, named after the Kamchatka Peninsula. It is 12 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+12:00) and 9 hours ahead of Moscow Time (MSK+9). This time zone is used in the two easternmost regions of Russia after October 2014 and was also used before the time zone reform of 2010.

Kaliningrad Time Time zone

Kaliningrad Time is the time zone two hours ahead of UTC (UTC+02:00) and 1 hour behind Moscow Time (MSK−1). It is used in Kaliningrad Oblast.

Daylight saving time in Asia

As of 2017, daylight saving time is used in the following Asian countries:

Daylight saving time by country

Most areas in Europe and North America observe daylight saving time (DST), whereas most areas of Africa and Asia do not. In South America, most countries in the north of the continent near the Equator do not observe DST, whereas Paraguay and most of Chile do. The practice of observing daylight saving time in Oceania is also mixed, with New Zealand and parts of southeastern Australia observing DST, while most other areas do not.

References

  1. Federal law of 3 June 2011 no. 107-FZ (as amended on 22 December 2020) "On the calculation of time", Article 5. Time zones, Consultant Plus. (in Russian)
  2. Russia time zones map with current local time, World Time Zone, 28 October 2018.
  3. Time Zones Currently Being Used in Russia, Timeanddate.com.
  4. Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities, Federal State Statistics Service of Russia. (in Russian)
  5. "Медведев отменил зимнее время". Lenta.ru. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  6. Russian clocks go back for last time, BBC News, 25 October 2014
  7. 1 2 3 Time Zone in Moscow, Russia
  8. Clock Changes in Ust-Nera, Russia in 1981. Timeanddate.com.
  9. Clock Changes in Anadyr, Russia in 1982. Timeanddate.com.
  10. Clock Changes in Saratov, Russia in 1988. Timeanddate.com.
  11. Clock Changes in Volgograd, Russia in 1988. Timeanddate.com.
  12. Clock Changes in Samara, Russia in 1991. Timeanddate.com.
  13. Time changes in year 1993 for Russia – Novosibirsk. Timeanddate.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
  14. Clock Changes in Barnaul, Russia in 1995. Timeanddate.com.
  15. Clock Changes in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia in 1997. Timeanddate.com.
  16. Clock Changes in Tomsk, Russia in 2002. Timeanddate.com.
  17. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №171 от 19 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Камчатского края и Чукотского автономного округа времени десятого часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. ( Government of the Russian Federation . Resolution #171 of 19 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Tenth Time Zone on the Territory of Kamchatka Krai and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug . ).
  18. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №740 от 14 сентября 2009 г. «О применении на территории Кемеровской области времени пятого часового пояса». ( Government of the Russian Federation . Resolution #740 of 14 September 2009 On Using the Time of the Fifth Time Zone on the Territory of Kemerovo Oblast. ).
  19. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №166 от 17 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Удмуртской Республики времени второго часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. ( Government of the Russian Federation . Resolution #166 of 17 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Second Time Zone on the Territory of the Udmurt Republic . ).
  20. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №170 от 19 марта 2010 г. «О применении на территории Самарской области времени второго часового пояса». Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №58, 22 марта 2010 г. ( Government of the Russian Federation . Resolution #170 of 19 March 2010 On Using the Time of the Second Time Zone on the Territory of Samara Oblast . ).
  21. "Thousands Protest Time Zone Changes in Russia". 13 December 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2011.
  22. Постановление Правительства Российской Федерации № 725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации».
  23. "Crimea switches to Moscow time". Voice of Russia. 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
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  29. Proposed Time Change in Tomsk, Russia, Timeanddate.com, 27 April 2016.
  30. Proposed Time Change in Novosibirsk, Russia, Timeanddate.com, 5 July 2016.
  31. Proposed Time Change in Saratov, Russia, Timeanddate.com, 14 November 2016.
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  33. New Time Zone in Russia's Volgograd Region, Timeanddate.com, 3 October 2018.
  34. New Time Zone in Russia's Volgograd Region, Timeanddate.com, 17 December 2020.
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  39. Новости NEWSru.com :: С 1 мая Томская область перешла в новый часовой пояс. Newsru.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.
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  41. proposeed time zone package changes Chile Russia Irkutsk Buryatia Morocco. Gmane. Retrieved on 2014-06-07.