This article needs additional citations for verification .(October 2019)
A national sport is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation. Some sports are de facto (not established by law) national sports, as Sumo is in Japan and Gaelic games are in Ireland, while others are de jure (established by law) national sports, as taekwondo is in South Korea.
Sports declared as national sport by a law:
|Country||Sport||Year defined as|
|Argentina||Pato||1953||Argentina Decree Nº 17468|
|Canada|| Lacrosse (summer)|
Ice hockey (winter)
|1994||National Sports of Canada Act|
|Colombia||Tejo||2000||Colombia Law 613|
|Iran||Varzesh-e Bastani, Wrestling, Polo||1976|
|Namibia||Football, Netball, Rugby||2018|
|Philippines||Arnis||2009||Republic Act No. 9850|
|Puerto Rico (United States)||Paso Fino horse riding||1966||Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000|
(Creole [i.e. gaucho] Skills )
|2006||Uruguay Law 17958|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Cricket|
|Basque Country||Basque pelota|
|Estonia||Basketball (summer), Ice hockey (winter)|
|Mongolia||Archery, Mongolian wrestling, Horse racing|
|New Zealand||Rugby union|
|Norway||Cross-country skiing (winter)|
|Papua New Guinea||Rugby league|
|Turkey||Oil wrestling & Cirit|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||Cricket|
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objective of the offensive team is to hit the ball into the field of play, allowing its players to run the bases, having them advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.
Sport in Japan is a significant part of Japanese culture. Both traditional sports such as sumo and martial arts, and Western imports like baseball and association football, are popular with both participants and spectators.
Stoolball is a sport that dates back to at least the 15th century, originating in Sussex, southern England. It may be an ancestor of cricket, baseball, and rounders; stoolball has been called "cricket in the air". There is a tradition that it was played by milkmaids who used their milking stools as a "wicket" and the bittle, or milk bowl as a bat. Hence its archaic name of bittle-battle.
Sports in Canada consist of a wide variety of games. The most common sports are ice hockey, lacrosse, gridiron football, soccer, basketball, curling and baseball, with ice hockey and lacrosse being the official winter and summer sports, respectively.
Football in Australia is played according to various codes including Australian football, rugby league, rugby union, association football (soccer), American football and Gaelic football. Professional football is played in Australia for four of these codes, with the leagues involved including the Australian Football League, the National Rugby League, Super Rugby, and the A-League (soccer). Professional football has been televised for many years, with Australian rules football and rugby league being the most popular codes on television. Australia has a number of national football teams encompassing several football codes including Australian rules, rugby league, rugby union, soccer, Gaelic and gridiron. Australian football is the most popular sport in Australia, followed by cricket, association football and rugby league.
Sports in the United States is an important part of culture in the United States. American football is the most popular spectator sport to watch in the United States, followed by baseball, basketball, ice hockey and soccer, which make up the "5 major sports". Indoor soccer, indoor American football, Rugby union, Rugby league, tennis, golf, auto racing, softball, field lacrosse, box lacrosse, handball, volleyball, cricket, Australian rules football, field hockey, and water polo are also played in the country. Based on Olympic Games, World Championships, and other major competitions in respective sports, the United States is the most successful nation in baseball, basketball, athletics, swimming, lacrosse, beach volleyball, figure skating, tennis, golf, boxing, diving, shooting, rowing and snowboarding, and is all time one of the top 5 most successful nations in ice hockey, wrestling, gymnastics, volleyball, speed skating, alpine skiing, bobsleigh, equestrian, sailing, cycling, weightlifting and archery, among others. This makes the United States the most successful sports nation in the world.
Sport is an important part of Australia that dates back to the early colonial period. Australian rules football, rugby league, rugby union, soccer and tennis are among the earliest organised sports in Australia. Cricket is regarded as the national summer sport, with people widely participating from the months of September to April. The four most popular sports in Australia are Australian Football League Australian Rules Football, popular in southern and western states, National Rugby League Rugby League, popular on the east side of Australia and New Zealand, National Basketball League (Australia) Basketball is popular in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Australian Capital Territory and Tasmaina, and A-League Soccer is popular in Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, and Queensland. Boxing day test cricket match is the most popular sporting event in summer. Sport has shaped the Australian national identity through events such as the Australia vs USA basketball match in 2019 which attracted over 100,000 people over 2 games, the Melbourne Cup and the America's Cup.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sports:
The national colours of Australia are green and gold. They were established by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Ninian Stephen, on 19 April 1984 in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette; on advice from Prime Minister Bob Hawke.
Sports in Pittsburgh have been played dating back to the American Civil War. Baseball, hockey, and the first professional American football game had been played in the city by 1892. Pittsburgh was first known as the "City of Champions" when the Pittsburgh Pirates, Pittsburgh Panthers, and Pittsburgh Steelers won multiple championships in the 1970s. Today, the city has three major professional sports franchises, the Pirates, Steelers, and Penguins; while the University of Pittsburgh Panthers compete in a Division I Power Five conference, the highest level of collegiate athletics in the United States, in both football and basketball. Local universities Duquesne and Robert Morris also field Division I teams in men's and women's basketball and Division I FCS teams in football. Robert Morris also fields Division I men's and women's ice hockey teams.
Sport in Wales plays a prominent role in Welsh culture. The most popular sport in Wales is rugby union. Like the other countries of the United Kingdom, Wales enjoys independent representation in major world sporting events such as the FIFA World Cup and in the Rugby World Cup, but competes as part of Great Britain in some other competitions, including the Olympics.
Sport in Cardiff is dictated by, amongst other things, its position as the capital city of Wales, meaning that national home sporting fixtures are nearly always played in the city. All of Wales' multi-sports agencies and many of the country's sports governing bodies have their headquarters in Cardiff and the city's many top-quality venues have attracted world-famous sport events, sometimes unrelated to Cardiff or to Wales.
The Yokohama Country & Athletic Club, is a sport and recreational club located in Yamate, Yokohama Kanagawa Prefecture.
Latinos have had a large impact on American sports in a variety of ways and in varying sports. In baseball, Latinos make up the largest minority group and many Latinos have become stars in the league. In 2008, 27 percent of MLB players were of Latino heritage. Other sports such as basketball, hockey, and football are seeing a rise in the participation of Latino/a athletes, although they still remain a minority within the leagues. Latino/as have also been able to make their mark on other sports such as golf, women's basketball, and soccer, showing that they are a force across many sports and have had a definite impact on their respective games.
Sport in Sri Lanka is a significant part of Sri Lankan culture. Although the Sports Ministry named volleyball the national sport, the most popular sport is Cricket. Rugby union is also popular. Other popular sports are water sports, badminton, athletics, football, basketball and tennis. Sri Lanka's schools and colleges regularly organize sports and athletics teams, competing on provincial and national levels.
Sport in Paraguay is an important part of national culture. Association football is the most popular sport, while basketball is also very popular. Other sports such as volleyball, futsal, swimming and tennis are popular as well. Other Paraguayan sports and pastimes are rugby union, chess, motorsport, golf and rowing.
The history of sport in Australia dates back to the pre-colonial period of the country.
The history of sports in the United States shows that American football, indoor American football, baseball, softball, and indoor soccer evolved out of older British sports. However, volleyball, skateboarding, snowboarding, and Ultimate are American inventions, some of which have become popular in other countries. American football and baseball diverged greatly from the European sports from which they arose, having evolved into distinctly American sports; baseball has achieved international popularity, particularly in East Asia and Latin America, while American football remains a niche. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact.
There is a wide variety of organized sports in the continent of North America. The continent is the birthplace of several of these organized sports, such as basketball, gridiron football, ice hockey, lacrosse, racquetball, rodeo, ultimate, and volleyball. The modern versions of baseball and softball, skateboarding, snowboarding, stock car racing, and surfing also developed in North America.
Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972.
A reconocerse, en 1962, el rodeo como deporte nacional y oficial [10 de enero de 1962, oficio N°269 del Consejo Nacional de Deportes y Comité Olímpico de Chile]
El año de 1933 fue muy importante, ya que el general Abelardo L. Rodríguez, emite un decreto presidencial, dando a la Charrería el título de único Deporte Nacional.
The government on Monday decided to recognize volleyball as the national sport of Nepal.
In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the "paso fino" horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico.
displays of traditional gaucho skills (destrezas criollas)
Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, […] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development.
Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda.
Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport.
The national sport of Barbados is cricket
Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution.
Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation.
the game that […] is […] our national sport […] I am talking of baseball
Baseball is the Dominican Republic's national sport.
Basketball is the unofficial national sport
rugby (or Rakavi) is the national sport
the national sport, "pesäpallo"[ dead link ]
in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada.[ permanent dead link ]
Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana's national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana.
[E]ven though soccer football was and is considered the Hungarian national pastime
Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms.
It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig.
The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways […] the game of cricket is the national sport.
Lithuania is a country that loves basketball. It is our national sport and we are proud to be reigning European Champions.
Basketball is the only sport the 3.2 million Lithuanians truly care about—it's their second religion, after Catholicism—and their success is proportionately stunning.
If you went to school in the 90s in Nepal, chances are that you were taught that dandi-biyo is Nepal’s national sport.
Regarded as New Zealand’s national game from the early 20th century, when the All Blacks swept triumphantly across Britain, rugby remains hugely popular.
the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course
The scoreboard shows how the Norwegians placed, a performance considered much too poor in a country where cross-country skiing is a national sport.
But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea – the only country to have rugby league as its national sport – were to qualify for the last four.
Basketball is the major national sport in the Philippines.
The Filipinos adpted basketball as their national sport, and Filipino boxers...
Dar nici deciziile luate de autorităţile comuniste nu au salvat sportul naţional românesc de la uitare.
Basketball is the national sport of Serbia
National sport No.1 – In Serbia, basketball is a religion
The Trophy Tour had Serbia on its schedule in mid-June. But the land of basketball wants to show it to an even bigger crowd, if they win it all in China in September
Today we celebrate 95 years since the first basketball match in Serbia and the 70th birthday of the national federation, which fans of the game all over Europe and the world, describe as "Land of basketball".
Baseball justified its privileged legal status by citing the special nature and cultural significance of America's national pastime.
Tradition – that quality so instrumental in elevating baseball to its century-old status as national pastime – has become less important
rugby used to be the undisputed national sport of Wales […] Rugby Union's assumed position as "the national game" has often been questioned on the basis that it is predominantly a game played and followed in South Wales.