Batman Begins

Last updated
Batman Begins
Batman Begins Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Christopher Nolan
Produced by
Screenplay by
Story byDavid S. Goyer
Based onCharacters appearing in comic books published
by DC Comics
Starring
Music by
Cinematography Wally Pfister
Edited by Lee Smith
Production
companies
Distributed byWarner Bros. Pictures
Release date
  • June 15, 2005 (2005-06-15)(United States)
  • June 17, 2005 (2005-06-17)(United Kingdom)
Running time
140 minutes [1]
Countries
  • United States [2]
  • United Kingdom [2]
LanguageEnglish
Budget$150 million [3]
Box office$373.6 million [3]

Batman Begins is a 2005 superhero film directed by Christopher Nolan and written by Nolan and David S. Goyer. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, it stars Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Liam Neeson, Katie Holmes, Gary Oldman, Cillian Murphy, Tom Wilkinson, Rutger Hauer, Ken Watanabe, and Morgan Freeman. The film reboots the Batman film series, telling the origin story of Bruce Wayne from the death of his parents to his journey to become Batman and his fight to stop Ra's al Ghul and the Scarecrow from plunging Gotham City into chaos.

Contents

Following the poor reception to Joel Schumacher’s Batman Forever (1995) and Batman & Robin (1997), a series of unsuccessful attempts were made to resurrect Batman on the big screen which put the Batman film series on hold for nearly eight years, until Nolan and Goyer began development on the film in early 2003. Aiming for a darker, more realistic tone compared to the previous films, a primary goal for their vision was to engage the audience's emotional investment in both the Batman and Bruce Wayne identities of the lead character. The film, which was principally shot in the United Kingdom, Iceland and Chicago, relied heavily on traditional stunts and miniature effects, with computer-generated imagery being used in a minimal capacity compared to other action films. Comic book storylines such as The Man Who Falls , Batman: Year One and Batman: The Long Halloween served as inspiration.

Batman Begins opened on June 15, 2005, in the United States in 3,858 theaters. It grossed over $48 million in its opening weekend in North America, eventually grossing over $373 million worldwide. The film was met with largely positive reviews, with praise for the tone, Bale's performance, action sequences, score, direction, and the emotional weight compared to previous Batman films. Batman Begins was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography, and has often been cited as one of the most influential films of the 2000s. It was followed by The Dark Knight (2008) and The Dark Knight Rises (2012), with the three films constituting The Dark Knight Trilogy .

Plot

As a child in Gotham City, Bruce Wayne falls down a dry well and is attacked by a swarm of bats, developing a fear of them. Attending the opera with his parents, Thomas and Martha, Bruce becomes frightened by performers masquerading as bats and asks to leave. Outside, mugger Joe Chill murders Bruce's parents in front of him, and the orphaned Bruce is raised by the family butler, Alfred Pennyworth.

Fourteen years later, Chill is paroled after testifying against mafia boss Carmine Falcone. Bruce intends to murder Chill, but one of Falcone's assassins does so first. Bruce's childhood friend Rachel Dawes berates him for acting outside the justice system, saying that his father would be ashamed. After confronting Falcone, who tells him that real power comes from being feared, Bruce spends the next seven years traveling the world training in combat and immersing himself in the criminal underworld. In a Bhutan prison, he meets Henri Ducard, who recruits him to the League of Shadows led by Ra's al Ghul. After completing his training in ninja methods and purging his fears, Bruce learns that the League knows about Gotham and, believing the city is beyond saving, intends to destroy it. Bruce rejects the League and its edict that killing is necessary, burning down their temple during his escape. Ra's is killed by falling debris, while Bruce saves the unconscious Ducard.

Returning to Gotham intent on fighting crime, Bruce takes an interest in his family's company, Wayne Enterprises, which is being taken public by the unscrupulous William Earle. Company archivist Lucius Fox, a friend of Bruce's father, allows Bruce access to prototype defense technologies, including a protective bodysuit and a heavily armored vehicle called a Tumbler. Bruce poses publicly as a shallow playboy, while setting up a base in the caves beneath Wayne Manor and taking up the vigilante identity of "Batman", inspired by his childhood fear, which he has now conquered.

Intercepting a drug shipment, Batman provides Rachel with evidence against Falcone and enlists Sergeant James Gordon, one of Gotham's few honest cops, to arrest him. In prison, Falcone meets Dr. Jonathan Crane, a corrupt psychologist whom he has helped smuggle drugs into Gotham. Donning a scarecrow mask, Crane sprays Falcone with a fear-inducing hallucinogen and has him transferred to Arkham Asylum. While investigating "the Scarecrow", Batman is incapacitated by the hallucinogen, but is saved by Alfred and given an antidote developed by Fox.

When Rachel, now a Gotham Assistant District Attorney, accuses Crane of corruption, he reveals he has introduced his drug into Gotham's water supply. He drugs Rachel, but Batman subdues him by spraying Crane with his own chemical then interrogates him, who claims to work for Ra's al Ghul. Batman evades the police by attracting a large horde of bats using a high-pitched sound, to get Rachel to safety, administering her the antidote and giving her a vial of it for Gordon and another for mass production. At Bruce's birthday party, Ducard reappears and reveals himself to be the true Ra's al Ghul. Having stolen a powerful microwave emitter from Wayne Enterprises, he plans to vaporize Gotham's water supply, rendering Crane's drug airborne and causing mass hysteria that will destroy the city. He sets Wayne Manor aflame and leaves Bruce to die, but Alfred rescues him.

Ra's loads the microwave emitter onto Gotham's monorail system to release the drug at the city's central water source. Batman rescues Rachel from a drugged mob and indirectly reveals his identity to her. Confronting Ra's on the monorail, as Gordon uses the Tumbler's cannons to destroy a section of the track, Batman refuses to kill Ra's but chooses not to save him, gliding from the train as it crashes, killing Ra's.

Bruce gains Rachel's respect and love, but she decides she cannot be with him now, telling him if Gotham should no longer need Batman, they can be together. Batman becomes a public hero and Bruce reveals he has purchased a controlling stake in Wayne Enterprises, firing Earle and replacing him with Fox. Sergeant Gordon is promoted to Lieutenant and shows Batman the Bat-Signal, and tells him about a criminal who leaves behind Joker playing cards. [lower-alpha 1] Batman promises to look into it, and disappears into the night.

Cast

  • Actor Jay Buozzi plays a brief role as the next decoy of Ra's.

Other cast members include Mark Boone Junior as Arnold Flass, Gordon's corrupt partner; Linus Roache as Thomas Wayne, Bruce's late father; Larry Holden as district attorney Carl Finch; Colin McFarlane as Gillian B. Loeb, the police commissioner; Christine Adams as Jessica, William Earle's secretary; Vincent Wong as an old Asian prisoner; Sara Stewart as Martha Wayne, Bruce's late mother; Richard Brake as Joe Chill, the Waynes' killer; Gerard Murphy as the corrupt High Court Judge Faden; Charles Edwards as a Wayne Enterprises executive; Tim Booth as Victor Zsasz; Rade Šerbedžija as a homeless man, who is the last person to meet Bruce when he leaves Gotham, and the first civilian to see Batman, Risteárd Cooper and Andrew Pleavin as uniformed policemen, and Shane Rimmer and Jeremy Theobald (the star and co-producer of Nolan's 1998 film Following ) as Gotham Water Board technicians. Jack Gleeson, who had previously co-starred with Bale in 2002's Reign of Fire and later found fame for his role as Joffrey Baratheon in the HBO series Game of Thrones , appears as a young admirer of Batman who is later saved by him from Ra's al Ghul's men; Gleeson was cast at Bale's recommendation. Actors John Foo, Joey Ansah, Spencer Wilding, Dave Legeno, Khan Bonfils, Mark Strange, Grant Guirey, Rodney Ryan and Dean Alexandrou portray members of the League of Shadows.

Production

Development

In January 2003, Warner Bros. hired Memento director Christopher Nolan to direct an untitled Batman film, [30] and David S. Goyer signed on to write the script two months later. [31] Nolan stated his intention to reinvent the film franchise of Batman by "doing the origins story of the character, which is a story that's never been told before". Nolan said that humanity and realism would be the basis of the origin film, and that "the world of Batman is that of grounded reality. [It] will be a recognizable, contemporary reality against which an extraordinary heroic figure arises." Goyer said that the goal of the film was to get the audience to care for both Batman and Bruce Wayne. [32] Nolan felt the previous films were exercises in style rather than drama, and described his inspiration as being Richard Donner's 1978 film Superman , in its focus on depicting the character's growth. [7] Also similar to Superman, Nolan wanted an all-star supporting cast for Batman Begins to lend a more epic feel and credibility to the story. [14]

Goyer wanted to reboot the franchise; he and Nolan saw Batman as a romantic character, and Nolan envisioned a large, sweeping film like Lawrence of Arabia . Nolan did not have a problem with the studio's requirement that the film not be R-rated because he wanted to make the film that he wanted to see when 11 years old. [5] His personal "jumping off point" of inspiration was "The Man Who Falls", a short story by Denny O'Neil and Dick Giordano about Bruce's travels throughout the world. The early scene in Batman Begins of young Bruce Wayne falling into a well was adapted from "The Man Who Falls". [33] Batman: The Long Halloween , written by Jeph Loeb and drawn by Tim Sale, influenced Goyer in writing the screenplay, with the villain Carmine Falcone as one of many elements which were drawn from Halloween's "sober, serious approach". [33] The writers considered having Harvey Dent in the film, but replaced him with the new character Rachel Dawes when they realized they "couldn't do him justice". [34] The character was later portrayed by Aaron Eckhart in the 2008 sequel The Dark Knight . The sequel to Halloween, Batman: Dark Victory , also served as a minor influence. [35] Goyer used the vacancy of Bruce Wayne's multi-year absence presented in Batman: Year One to help set up some of the film's events in the transpiring years. [36] In addition, the film's Sergeant James Gordon was based on his comic book incarnation as seen in Year One. The writers of Batman Begins also used Frank Miller's Year One plot device, which was about a corrupt police force that led to Gordon and Gotham City's need for Batman. [33]

A common idea in the comics is that Bruce saw a Zorro film with his parents before they were murdered. Nolan explained that by ignoring that idea – which he stated is not found in Batman's first appearances – it emphasized the importance of bats to Bruce and that becoming a superhero is a wholly original idea on his part. It is for this reason Nolan believes other DC characters do not exist in the universe of his film; otherwise, Wayne's reasons for taking up costumed vigilantism would have been very different. [37]

Filming

As with all his films, Nolan refused a second unit; he did this in order to keep his vision consistent. [12] Filming began in March 2004 in the Vatnajökull glacier in Iceland (standing in for Bhutan). [12] The crew built a village and the front doors to Ra's' temple, [38] as well as a road to access the remote area. [12] The weather was problematic, with 75 miles per hour (121 km/h) winds, [12] rain, and a lack of snow. A shot that cinematographer Wally Pfister had planned to take using a crane had to be completed with a handheld camera. [38]

Unlike Burton and Schumacher's Gotham City that did not exist in the real world, Nolan shot exteriors in London, New York, and Chicago as he wanted the city to seem recognizable. [5] In seeking inspiration from Superman and other blockbuster films of the late 1970s and early 1980s, Nolan based most of the production in England, specifically Shepperton Studios. [39] A Batcave set was built there and measured 250 feet (76 m) long, 120 feet (37 m) wide, and 40 feet (12 m) high. Production designer Nathan Crowley installed twelve pumps to create a waterfall with 12,000 imperial gallons (55,000 l; 14,000 US gal), and built rocks using molds of real caves. [40] In January 2004, an airship hangar at Cardington, Bedfordshire was rented by Warner Bros. during April 2004 [41] and, converted into a 900 feet (270 m) sound stage, was where the slum-district of "the Narrows" and the feet of the monorails were filmed. [40]

Mentmore Towers was chosen from twenty different locations for Wayne Manor, as Nolan and Crowley liked its white floors, which gave the impression of the manor as a memorial to Wayne's parents. [42] The building chosen to represent Arkham Asylum was the National Institute for Medical Research building in Mill Hill, northwest London, England. [43] The St Pancras railway station and the Abbey Mills Pumping Stations were used for Arkham's interiors. [40] The Senate House of University College London was used for courtrooms. [40] Some scenes, including the Tumbler pursuit, [12] were filmed in Chicago at locations such as Lower Wacker Drive and 35 East Wacker. [44] Authorities agreed to raise Franklin Street Bridge for a scene where access to the Narrows is closed. [12]

Despite the film's darkness, Nolan wanted to make the film appeal to a wide age range. "Not the youngest kids obviously, I think what we've done is probably a bit intense for them but I certainly didn't want to exclude the sort of ten to 12-year olds, because as a kid I would have loved to have seen a movie like this." Because of this, nothing gory or bloody was filmed. [24]

Music

The score for Batman Begins was composed by Hans Zimmer and James Newton Howard. Nolan originally invited Zimmer to compose the music, and Zimmer asked Nolan if he could invite Howard to compose as well, as they had always planned a collaboration. [45] The two composers collaborated on separate themes for the "split personality" of Bruce Wayne and his alter ego, Batman. Zimmer and Howard began composing in Los Angeles and moved to London where they stayed for twelve weeks to complete most of their writing. [46] Zimmer and Howard sought inspiration for shaping the score by visiting the Batman Begins sets. [47]

Zimmer wanted to avoid writing music that had been done in earlier Batman films, so the score became an amalgamation of orchestra and electronic music. The film's ninety-piece orchestra [45] was developed from members of various London orchestras, and Zimmer chose to use more than the normal number of cellos. Zimmer enlisted a boy soprano to help reflect the music in some of the film's scenes where tragic memories of Bruce Wayne's parents are involved. "He's singing a fairly pretty tune and then he gets stuck, it's like froze, arrested development," said Zimmer. He also attempted to add a human dimension to Batman, whose behavior would typically be seen as "psychotic", through the music. Both composers collaborated to create 2 hours and 20 minutes worth of music for the film, [47] with Zimmer composing the action sequences and Howard focusing on the dramatic scenes. [45]

Special effects and design

Design

Nolan used the 1982 cult science fiction film Blade Runner as a source of inspiration for Batman Begins. He screened Blade Runner to Pfister and two others to show the attitude and style that he wanted to draw from the film. Nolan described the film's world as "an interesting lesson on the technique of exploring and describing a credible universe that doesn't appear to have any boundaries", a lesson that he applied to the production of Batman Begins. [48]

Nolan worked with production designer Nathan Crowley to create the look of Gotham City. Crowley built a model of the city that filled Nolan's garage. [42] Crowley and Nolan designed it as a large, modern metropolitan area that would reflect the various periods of architecture that the city had gone through. Elements were drawn from New York City, Chicago, and Tokyo; the latter for its elevated freeways and monorails. The Narrows was based on the slummish nature of the (now demolished) walled city of Kowloon in Hong Kong. [49]

Tumbler

Crowley started the process of designing the Tumbler for the film by model bashing. Crowley used the nose cone of a P-38 Lightning model to serve as the chassis for the Tumbler's turbine engine. Six models of the Tumbler were built to 1:12 scale in the course of four months. Following the scale model creation, a crew of over 30 people, including Crowley and engineers Chris Culvert and Annie Smith, carved a full-size replica of the Tumbler out of a large block of Styrofoam in two months. [50]

The styrofoam model was used to create a steel "test frame", which had to stand up to several standards: have a speed of over 100 miles per hour (160 km/h), go from 0 to 60 miles per hour (97 km/h) in 5 seconds, possess a steering system to make sharp turns at city corners, and withstand a self-propelled launch of up to 30 feet (9.1 m). On the first jump test, the Tumbler's front end collapsed and had to be completely rebuilt. The basic configuration of the newly designed Tumbler included a 5.7-liter Chevy V8 engine, a truck axle for the rear axle, front tires by Hoosier (which are actually dirt racing tires used on the right rear of open wheel sprint cars), 4 rear 44/18.5-16.5 Interco Super Swamper TSL tires (44" tall, 18.5" wide, mounted on a 16.5" wheel) and the suspension system of Baja racing trucks. The design and development process took nine months and cost several million dollars. [50]

With the design process complete, four street-ready race cars were constructed, with each vehicle possessing 65 panels and costing $250,000 to build. Two of the four cars were specialized versions. One version was the flap version, which had hydraulics and flaps to detail the close-up shots where the vehicle propelled itself through the air. The other version was the jet version, in which an actual jet engine was mounted onto the vehicle, fueled by six propane tanks. The visibility inside the vehicle was poor, so monitors were connected to cameras on the vehicle body. The professional drivers for the Tumblers practiced driving the vehicles for six months before they drove on the streets of Chicago for the film's scenes. [50]

The interior of the Tumbler was an immobile studio set and not actually the interior of a street-capable Tumbler. The cockpit was oversized to fit cameras for scenes filmed in the Tumbler interior. In addition, another version of the Tumbler was a miniature model that was 1:6 scale of the actual Tumbler. This miniature model had an electric motor and was used to show the Tumbler flying across ravines and between buildings. However, the actual Tumbler was used for the waterfall sequence. [50]

Batsuit

The Batsuit, worn by Christian Bale. Bale as Batman.jpg
The Batsuit, worn by Christian Bale.

The filmmakers intended to create a very mobile Batsuit that would allow the wearer to move easily to fight and crouch. Previous film incarnations of the Batsuit had been stiff and especially restrictive of full head movement. Costume designer Lindy Hemming and her crew worked on the Batsuit at an FX workshop codenamed "Cape Town", a secured compound located at Shepperton Studios in London. The Batsuit's basic design was a neoprene undersuit, which was shaped by attaching molded cream latex sections. Christian Bale was molded and sculpted prior to his physical training so the team could work on a full body cast. To avoid imperfections picked up by sculpting with clay, plastiline was used to smooth the surface. In addition, the team brewed different mixtures of foam to find the mixture that would be the most flexible, light, durable, and black. The latter presented a problem, since the process to make the foam black reduced the foam's durability. [12]

For the cape, director Christopher Nolan wanted to have a "flowing cloak... that blows and flows as in so many great graphic novels". Hemming's team created the cape out of their own version of parachute nylon that had electrostatic flocking, a process shared with the team by the British Ministry of Defence. The process was used by the London police force to minimize night vision detection. The cape was topped by a cowl, which was designed by Nolan, Hemming, and costume effects supervisor Graham Churchyard. The cowl was created to be thin enough to allow motion but thick enough to avoid wrinkling when Bale turned his head in the Batsuit. Churchyard explained the cowl had been designed to show "a man who has angst", so his character would be revealed through the mask. [12]

Fight choreography

Batman Begins' fight choreographers, Justo Dieguez and Andy Norman, trained actors and stunt performers using the Spanish Keysi Fighting Method, [51] which itself gained fame after it was used in the film and its sequel, The Dark Knight ; however, the method was modified in The Dark Knight Rises due to Batman's age and physical condition and in order to match Bale's fighting style. The method is a self-defense system whose training is based on the study and cultivation of natural instincts. [52]

Visual effects

For Batman Begins, Nolan preferred traditional stuntwork over computer-generated imagery. [7] Scale models were used to represent the Narrows and Ra's al Ghul's temple. [38] [42] There were, however, several establishing shots that were CG composite images, such as Gotham's skyline, exterior shots of Wayne Tower, and some of the exterior monorail shots. [42] The climactic monorail sequence mixed live action footage, model work, and CGI. [53] The bats depicted in the film were entirely digital (except in shots containing only one or two bats), as it was decided that directing large numbers of real bats on-set would be problematic; dead bats were scanned to create digital models. Locations and sets were recreated digitally so that the flying bats would not appear incongruous once incorporated into the finished film. [53]

Release

Box office

Batman Begins opened on June 15, 2005 in the United States and Canada in 3,858 theaters, [3] including 55 IMAX theaters. The film ranked at the top in its opening weekend, accumulating $48 million, which was seen as "strong but unimpressive by today's instantaneous blockbuster standards". [54] The film's five-day gross was $72.9 million, beating Batman Forever (1995) as the franchise high. Batman Begins also broke the five-day opening record in the 55 IMAX theaters, grossing $3.16 million. Polled moviegoers rated the film with an A, and according to the studio's surveys, Batman Begins was considered the best of all the Batman films. The audience's demographic was 57 percent male and 54 percent people over the age of 25. [54]

The film held its top spot for another weekend, accumulating $28 million in a 43 percent drop from its first weekend. [55] Batman Begins went on to gross $205 million in North America and had a worldwide total of $371.8 from its original release. [3] It earned $1.6 million more from its 2012 re-release, bringing its lifetime worldwide total to $373.4 million. It is the fourth-highest-grossing Batman film, as of August 2012, behind Tim Burton's Batman , which grossed $411 million worldwide and also being surpassed by its sequels The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises , both of which have grossed over $1 billion. [56] Batman Begins averaged $12,634 per theater in its opening weekend. [3] It was released in more theaters, but sold fewer tickets than the other previous Batman movies, with the exception of Batman & Robin. [56] Batman Begins was the eighth-highest-grossing film of 2005 in the US. [57]

Reception

Critical response

Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 84% based on 287 reviews, with an average rating of 7.70/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Brooding and dark, but also exciting and smart, Batman Begins is a film that understands the essence of one of the definitive superheroes." [58] At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted mean rating reviews, the film received an average score of 70 out of 100, based on 41 critics, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". [59] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale. [54]

Bale received acclaim for his performance in the film. Christian Bale 2014 (cropped).jpg
Bale received acclaim for his performance in the film.

James Berardinelli applauded Nolan and Goyer's work in creating more understanding into "who [Batman] is and what motivates him", something Berardinelli felt Tim Burton's film had lacked; at the same time, Berardinelli felt the romantic aspect between Bale and Holmes did not work because the actors lacked the chemistry Christopher Reeve and Margot Kidder ( Superman ), or Tobey Maguire and Kirsten Dunst ( Spider-Man ) shared in their respective roles. [60] According to Total Film , Nolan manages to create such strong characters and story that the third-act action sequences cannot compare to "the frisson of two people talking", and Katie Holmes and Christian Bale's romantic subplot has a spark "refreshingly free of Peter Parker/Mary Jane-style whining". [61]

Los Angeles Times ' Kenneth Turan, who felt the film began slowly, stated that the "story, psychology and reality, not special effects", assisted the darkness behind Batman's arsenal; he noted that Neeson and Holmes, unlike Bale's ability to "feel his role in his bones", do not appear to fit their respective characters in "being both comic-book archetypes and real people". [62] The New Yorker 's David Denby did not share Berardinelli and Turan's opinion. He was unimpressed with the film, when comparing it to the two Tim Burton films, and that Christian Bale's presence was hindered by the "dull earnestness of the screenplay", the final climax was "cheesy and unexciting", and that Nolan had resorted to imitating the "fakery" used by other filmmakers when filming action sequences. [63]

Michael Wilmington of the Chicago Tribune believed Nolan and Goyer managed to "comfortably mix the tormented drama and revenge motifs with light hearted gags and comic book allusions," and that Nolan takes the series out of the "slam-bang Hollywood jokefests" the franchise had drifted into. [64] Comic book scribe and editor Dennis O'Neil stated that he "felt the filmmakers really understood the character they were translating", citing this film as the best of the live-action Batman films. [65] In contrast, J.R. Jones, from the Chicago Reader , criticized the script, and Nolan and David Goyer for not living up to the "hype about exploring Batman's damaged psyche". [66] Roger Ebert, who gave mixed reviews to the previous films, and claimed in his review for Batman Returns that he did not believe noir worked in superhero films, wrote this was "the Batman movie I've been waiting for; more correctly, this is the movie I did not realize I was waiting for". Giving it four out of four stars, he commended the realistic portrayals of the Batman arsenal – the Batsuit, Batcave, Tumbler, and the Batsignal – as well as the focus on "the story and character" with less stress on "high-tech action". [67]

Like Berardinelli, USA Today 's Mike Clark thought Bale performed the role of Batman as well as he did Patrick Bateman in American Psycho , but that the relationship between Bruce Wayne and Rachel Dawes was "frustratingly underdeveloped". [68] Kyle Smith thought Bale exhibited "both the menace and the wit he showed in his brilliant turn in American Psycho", and that the film works so well because of the realism, stating, "Batman starts stripping away each layer of Gotham crime only to discover a sicker and more monstrous evil beneath, his rancid city simultaneously invokes early '90s New York, when criminals frolicked to the tune of five murders a day; Serpico New York, when cops were for sale; and today, when psychos seek to kill us all at once rather than one by one." [69] In contrast, Salon.com's Stephanie Zacharek felt Nolan did not deliver the emotional depth expected of "one of the most soulful and tortured superheroes of all"; she thought Bale, unlike Michael Keaton who she compared him to, failed to connect with the audience underneath the mask, but that Gary Oldman succeeded in "emotional complexity" where the rest of the movie failed. [70]

Film director Tim Burton—who had directed the 1989 Batman film and its first sequel—felt Nolan "captured the real spirit that these kind of movies are supposed to have nowadays. When I did Batman twenty years ago, in 1988 or something, it was a different time in comic book movies. You couldn't go into that dark side of comics yet. The last couple of years that has become acceptable and Nolan certainly got more to the root of what the Batman comics are about." [71]

Accolades

YearAwardCategoryResult
2006 Academy Awards Best CinematographyWally Pfister Nominated
Art Directors Guild Awards Best Production Design for a Fantasy or Period FilmNathan Crowley Nominated
BAFTA Awards Best Production Design – Nathan Crowley Nominated
Best SoundNominated
Best Achievement in Special Visual EffectsNominated
Costume Designers Guild Awards Best Costume Design for a Fantasy FilmLindy Hemming Nominated
Saturn Awards Best Fantasy Film Won
Best DirectorChristopher Nolan Nominated
Best Screenplay – Christopher Nolan & David S. Goyer Won
Best ActorChristian Bale Won
Best Supporting ActorLiam Neeson Nominated
Best Supporting ActressKatie Holmes Nominated
Best CostumeLindy Hemming Nominated
Best ScoreHans Zimmer & James Newton Howard Nominated
Best Visual Effects Nominated
Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films Best DVD/Blu-Ray CollectionNominated
Best Fantasy FilmWon
Best Actor – Christian Bale Won
Best Writing – Christopher Nolan, David S. Goyer Won
Best Supporting Actor – Liam Neeson Nominated
Best Supporting Actress – Katie Holmes Nominated
Best Director – Christopher Nolan Nominated
Best Music – James Newton Howard, Hans Zimmer Nominated
Best Costume – Lindy Hemming Nominated
Best Special Effects – Janek Sirrs, Dan Glass, Chris Corbould, Paul J. FranklinNominated
2005 African-American Film Critics Association Top 10 Films – 9th placeWon
2006 American Society of Cinematographers Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases – Wally Pfister Nominated
ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top Box Office Films – James Newton Howard, Hans Zimmer, Ramin Djawadi Won
2005Awards Circuit Community AwardsBest Cinematography – Wally Pfister 2nd place
Black Movie Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role – Morgan Freeman Nominated
2005 British Society of Cinematographers Best Cinematography Award – Wally Pfister Nominated
2013 Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards Favorite Film FranchiseNominated
2006Central Ohio Film Critics AssociationBest PictureNominated
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards Best Original Score – Hans Zimmer, James Newton Howard Nominated
DVD Exclusive Awards Best Games and Interactivities – Warner Nominated
Best New Movie Scenes – Warner Nominated
Empire Awards Best ThrillerNominated
Best Director – Christopher Nolan Nominated
Best Actor – Christian Bale Nominated
Sound Editing/Mixing – David Evans, Stefan Henrix, Peter LindsayNominated
Gold Derby AwardsSound Editing/Mixing – David Evans, Stefan Henrix, Peter LindsayNominated
2005 Golden Raspberry Awards Worst Supporting Actress - Katie HolmesNominated
2013Golden Schmoes AwardsBest DVD/Blu-Ray of the YearWon
2005Favorite Movie of the YearWon
Best Director of the Year – Christopher Nolan Nominated
Best Screenplay of the Year – Christopher Nolan, David S. Goyer Nominated
Biggest Surprise of the Year – The Dark Knight Nominated
Best Actor of the Year – Christian Bale Nominated
Breakthrough Performance of the Year – Cillian Murphy Nominated
Coolest Character of the Year – Batman Nominated
Best Music in a MovieNominated
Favorite Movie Poster of the YearNominated
Best Trailer of the YearNominated
Best DVD/Blu-Ray of the YearNominated
Best Action Sequence of the YearNominated
2006 Golden Trailer Awards Best ActionNominated
2005Summer 2005 BlockbusterNominated
2005 Hollywood Film Awards Sound of the Year – David EvansWon
2006 Hugo Awards Best Dramatic PresentationNominated
2013IGN Summer Movie AwardsBest Movie Blu-RayWon
2006International Film Music Critics AwardBest Original Score for an Action/Adventure Film – Hans Zimmer, James Newton Howard Nominated
International Online Cinema AwardsBest Visual EffectsNominated
Best Sound MixingNominated
Best Sound EditingNominated
2005 Irish Film and Television Awards International Film AwardNominated
Best International Actor – Christian Bale Nominated
Best International Film – Christian Bale Nominated
Best Supporting Actor in a Feature Film – Cillian Murphy Nominated
Best International Film – Christopher Nolan Nominated
2006Italian Online Movie AwardsBest Supporting Actor – Michael Caine Nominated
Best Special EffectsNominated
London Critics Circle Film Awards British Supporting Actor of the Year – Cillian Murphy Nominated
British Director of the Year – Christopher Nolan Nominated
Motion Picture Sound Editors Best Sound Editing in Feature Film: ForeignNominated
Best Sound Editing in Feature FilmNominated
Best Sound Editing in Feature Film: ForeignNominated
MTV Movie + TV Awards Best Hero – Christian Bale Won
Best Villain – Cillian Murphy Nominated
Best MovieNominated
Online Film & Television AssociationBest Sound MixingNominated
Best Sound MixingNominated
Best Sound Effects EditingNominated
Online Film Critics Society Awards Best Original Score – James Newton Howard, Hans Zimmer Nominated
People's Choice Awards Favorite MovieNominated
Favorite Movie DramaNominated
Phoenix Film Critics Society AwardsBest StuntsWon
2005Rondo Hatton Classic Horror AwardsBest Film - Christopher Nolan Nominated
Satellite Awards Outstanding Overall DVDNominated
2007 Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America Best ScriptNominated
2006 Scream Awards The Ultimate ScreamWon
Best Director – Christopher Nolan Won
Best Scream-PlayWon
Most Heroic Performance – Christian Bale Nominated
2005 SFX Awards Best Director – Christopher Nolan Nominated
2006 Teen Choice Awards Movies: Choice Sleazebag – Cillian Murphy Nominated
2005Choice Summer MovieNominated
2006 Visual Effects Society Awards Outstanding Created Environment in a Live Action Motion PictureNominated
World Soundtrack Awards Best Original Soundtrack of the Year – James Newton Howard, Hans Zimmer Nominated

Post release

Home media

The DVD of Batman Begins was released on October 18, 2005, in both single-disc and two-disc deluxe editions [72] and also released on VHS and UMD Video formats. [73] In addition to the film, the deluxe edition contained featurettes and other bonus materials. The edition contained a small paperback booklet, the first Batman story, featured in Detective Comics #27, as well as Batman: The Man Who Falls and an excerpt from Batman: The Long Halloween . [74] Batman Begins achieved first place in national sales and rental charts in October 2005, becoming the top-selling DVD of the fourth quarter of 2005. The DVD grossed $11.36 million in rental revenue. [75] The DVD held its position at the top of the sales chart for a second week, but fell to second place behind Bewitched on video rental charts. [76] The film had brought in $167 million in DVD sales by August 2006. [77]

Batman Begins was released on HD DVD on October 10, 2006. [78] A Limited Edition Giftset of the film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on July 8, 2008, to coincide with The Dark Knight which hit theaters July 18, 2008. [79] Due to the successful box office performance of The Dark Knight, the Batman Begins DVD saw an increase in both sales and rentals. [80] Batman Begins was released on 4K UHD Blu-ray on December 19, 2017. [81] It received a novelization written by Dennis O'Neil, [82] and a comic book adaptation by Scott Beatty. [83]

Impact

Batman Begins has been cited as one of the most influential films of the 2000s. [84] [85] [86] On the film's 10th anniversary, Forbes published an article describing its lasting influence: "Reboot became part of our modern vocabulary, and superhero origin stories became increasingly en vogue for the genre. The phrase "dark and gritty" likewise joined the cinematic lexicon, influencing our perception of different approaches to storytelling not only in the comic book film genre but in all sorts of other genres as well." [87] In 2020, Empire magazine named it as one of "The 100 Greatest Movies Of The 21st Century". [88]

Shawn Adler of MTV stated Batman Begins heralded a trend of darker genre films, that either retold back-stories or rebooted them altogether. Examples he cited were Casino Royale , [89] as well as the in-development RoboCop , Red Sonja , and Grayskull . [90] In 2012, Kevin Feige, film producer and president of Marvel Studios, stated, "Chris Nolan's Batman is the greatest thing that happened [to superhero films] because it bolstered everything." [91] In 2019, Kyle Smith of National Review wrote that it "set a new standard for its genre and has yet to be excelled by its many successors." [92] Filmmakers, screenwriters and producers who have mentioned Batman Begins or The Dark Knight Trilogy to describe their projects include:

Themes

Comic book writer and author Danny Fingeroth argues that a strong theme in the film is Bruce's search for a father figure, saying "[Alfred] is the good father that Bruce comes to depend on. Bruce's real father died before they could establish an adult relationship, and Liam Neeson's Ducard is stern and demanding, didactic and challenging, but not a father figure with any sympathy. If Bruce is anyone's son, he is Alfred's. [Morgan] Freeman's Lucius is cool and imperturbable, another steady anchor in Bruce's life." [119] Blogger Mark Fisher states that Bruce's search for justice requires him to learn from a proper father figure, with Thomas Wayne and Ra's al Ghul being the two counterpoints. Alfred provides a maternal figure of unconditional love, despite the overall lack of focus on a mother figure in Bruce's life. [120]

Fingeroth also argues that a major theme in the film is fear, which supports the story of Bruce Wayne becoming a hero. Director Christopher Nolan stated that the idea behind the film was "a person who would confront his innermost fear and then attempt to become it". Fingeroth referred to this film's depiction as "the man with fear—but who rises above it". The theme of fear is further personified by the Scarecrow. [119] The film depicts how fear can affect all creatures regardless of might. Allusions to fear are seen throughout, from Bruce's conquering of his demons, to becoming Batman, to the Scarecrow and his deadly fear toxin. The macabre, distorted images presented in the Scarecrow's toxin-induced hallucinations also express the idea of terror to an extreme. [121]

Critic Brian Orndorf considered Batman Begins "fierce" and "demonstrative in brood", giving the film an abundance of gravitas and energy. It strays away from the lighter fare of Joel Schumacher's 1997 Batman film, Batman & Robin , which contained camp one-liners throughout. The theme of fear is intensified with the help of the musical score by Zimmer and Howard, which also "eschews traditional heroic themes". [121] Also contrary to previous Batman films, a psychological investigation of Bruce Wayne's split personality in the bat suit is only lightly touched upon. Orndorf noted that Bruce is a "character constantly striving to do the right thing, not worn down by incessant reexamination". [121]

See also

Notes

  1. Identified off-screen as the Joker. [4]

Related Research Articles

Gotham City Fictional city in the DC Universe, best known as the home of Batman

Gotham City, or simply Gotham, is a fictional city appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, best known as the home of Batman. The city was first identified as Batman's place of residence in Batman #4 and has since been the primary setting for stories featuring the character.

Ras al Ghul Supervillain who appears in comic books published by DC Comics

Raʼs al Ghul is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, commonly as an adversary of the crime-fighting vigilante Batman. Created by editor Julius Schwartz, writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams, the character first appeared in Batman #232's "Daughter of the Demon". The character, originally based heavily on yellow peril "Devil Doctor" Fu Manchu, has since developed substantially into one of Batman's most enduring enemies and belongs to the collective of adversaries who compose Batman's rogues gallery, though given his high status as a supervillain, he has also come into conflict with Green Arrow, the Justice League, and other heroes in the DC Universe.

Bane (DC Comics) Fictional character in the DC Comics universe, a supervillain

Bane is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Chuck Dixon, Doug Moench, and Graham Nolan, he made his debut in Batman: Vengeance of Bane #1. Bane is usually depicted as a dangerous adversary of the superhero Batman and belongs to the collective of enemies that make up the Batman rogues gallery. Possessing a mix of brute strength and exceptional intelligence, Bane is often credited as the only villain to have "broken the bat" both physically and mentally. He is a son of another of Batman's enemies, King Snake.

Batman: Hush Story arc in Batman comics

Batman: Hush is an American comic book story arc published by DC Comics featuring the superhero Batman. It was published in monthly installments within the comic book series Batman, running from issue #608–619 in October 2002 until September 2003. The story arc was written by Jeph Loeb, penciled by Jim Lee, inked by Scott Williams, and colored by Alex Sinclair.

Talia al Ghul Fictional character

Talia al Ghul is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, commonly in association with Batman. The character was created by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Bob Brown, and first appeared in Detective Comics #411. Talia is the daughter of the supervillain Ra's al Ghul, the granddaughter of Sensei, the half-sister of Nyssa Raatko, on-and-off lover of the superhero Batman, and the mother of their son Damian Wayne. She has alternately been depicted as an anti-heroine that is constantly torn between being an ally and an enemy to Batman due to her loyalty to both him and her villainous father.

League of Assassins Fictional villain group by DC Comics

League of Assassins is a group of fictional villains appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. The group is depicted as a collective of assassins who work for Ra's al Ghul, an enemy of the superhero Batman and the Green Arrow. The group first appeared in Strange Adventures #215.

<i>Batman Begins</i> (video game) 2005 movie video game

Batman Begins is a stealth action-adventure game based on the film of the same name. It was released on June 14, 2005 for the Game Boy Advance, GameCube, PlayStation 2 and Xbox; a day before the release of the film. The game was developed by Eurocom and published by Electronic Arts in conjunction with Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment and DC Comics. The film's original cast provided a voice-over reprisal in the game, with the exception of Gary Oldman, who portrays James Gordon in the film and was replaced by Gavin Hammon in the game.

The Man Who Falls

"The Man Who Falls" is a 1989 comic book story by Dennis O'Neil and Dick Giordano. It is an overview of Bruce Wayne's early life, including his parents' murder, his time spent traveling and training throughout the world, and his return to Gotham City to become Batman.

<i>The Dark Knight</i> (film) 2008 film directed by Christopher Nolan

The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, produced, and co-written by Christopher Nolan. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, the film is the second installment of Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy and a sequel to 2005's Batman Begins, starring Christian Bale and supported by Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal, and Morgan Freeman. In the film, Bruce Wayne / Batman (Bale), Police Lieutenant James Gordon (Oldman) and District Attorney Harvey Dent (Eckhart) form an alliance to dismantle organized crime in Gotham City, but are menaced by an anarchistic mastermind known as the Joker (Ledger), who seeks to undermine Batman's influence and throw the city into anarchy.

Rachel Dawes The Dark Knight Trilogy character

Rachel Dawes is a fictional character who first appeared in Christopher Nolan's 2005 feature film Batman Begins. She was portrayed in that film by Katie Holmes, with Emma Lockhart as a younger version of the character in early scenes. Holmes also voiced the character in the video game adaptation. Maggie Gyllenhaal replaced Holmes in the 2008 sequel The Dark Knight after Holmes chose not to reprise the role. Gyllenhaal also appeared as Dawes on the viral marketing website I Believe in Harvey Dent, giving Harvey Dent her endorsement in the District Attorney election.

The fictional superhero Batman, who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics, has appeared in various films since his inception. Created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger, the character first starred in two serial films in the 1940s: Batman and Batman and Robin. The character also appeared in the 1966 film Batman, which was a feature film adaptation of the 1960s Batman TV series starring Adam West and Burt Ward, who also starred in the film. Toward the end of the 1980s, the Warner Bros. studio began producing a series of feature films starring Batman, beginning with the 1989 film Batman, directed by Tim Burton and starring Michael Keaton. Burton and Keaton returned for the 1992 sequel Batman Returns, and in 1995, Joel Schumacher directed Batman Forever with Val Kilmer as Batman. Schumacher also directed the 1997 sequel Batman & Robin, which starred George Clooney. Batman Forever and Batman & Robin were poorly received by both critics and fans, leading to the cancellation of Batman Unchained.

<i>Batman: Gotham Knight</i> Japanese animated superhero anthology film about Batman

Batman: Gotham Knight is a 2008 animated superhero anthology film based on the DC Comics superhero of the same name, and is a loose continuation of Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins. The film consists of six segments produced by Japanese animation studios Studio 4°C, Madhouse, Bee Train and Production I.G in association with DC Comics and Warner Bros. Animation. Set before the events of The Dark Knight, the segments in the film depict Batman battling against the mob of Gotham City, as well as other villains. Although stated to take place within The Dark Knight trilogy, the producers have acknowledged that the plot from the anthology is not necessarily integral to the main story told within the films. The shorts are written by Josh Olson, David S. Goyer, Brian Azzarello, Greg Rucka, Jordan Goldberg and Alan Burnett. Although all based on Japanese anime art style, each segment has its own writing and artistic style just as the works from the DC Universe and with the same style as The Animatrix, although some segments are connected, giving it the nickname, "The Batimatrix". All six segments of the anthology film star Kevin Conroy, reprising his voice role as Batman from the DC Animated Universe.

<i>Batman: The Cult</i>

Batman: The Cult is a four-issue comic book miniseries. It was published by DC Comics in their Prestige Format and released in 1988. It was written by Jim Starlin, illustrated by Bernie Wrightson, colored by Bill Wray and edited by Denny O'Neil.

<i>The Dark Knight: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack</i> 2008 soundtrack album by Hans Zimmer and James Newton Howard

The Dark Knight: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the soundtrack album to the 2008 film of the same name, which is a sequel to Christopher Nolan's 2005 film Batman Begins. The soundtrack was released on July 15, 2008, in three editions: CD, limited edition CD digipak, and digital download. The 2-CD Special Edition was released on December 9, 2008, along with the DVD. A limited edition 180-gram vinyl LP was released on August 12, 2008. The soundtrack was composed by Batman Begins collaborators Hans Zimmer and James Newton Howard and recorded in April 2008.

<i>The Dark Knight Rises</i> 2012 film by Christopher Nolan

The Dark Knight Rises is a 2012 superhero film directed by Christopher Nolan, who co-wrote the screenplay with his brother Jonathan Nolan, and the story with David S. Goyer. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, it is the final installment in Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy, and the sequel to The Dark Knight (2008). Christian Bale stars as Bruce Wayne / Batman, alongside Michael Caine, Gary Oldman, Anne Hathaway, Tom Hardy, Marion Cotillard, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, and Morgan Freeman. Eight years after the events of The Dark Knight, the revolutionary Bane forces Bruce Wayne to resume his role as Batman and save Gotham City from nuclear destruction.

<i>The Dark Knight Rises</i> (soundtrack) 2012 soundtrack album by Hans Zimmer

The Dark Knight Rises: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the soundtrack to the film of the same name, the sequel to Christopher Nolan's 2008 film The Dark Knight. The soundtrack was released on July 17, 2012. The CD edition of the album contains an exclusive code to unlock three bonus tracks, titled "Bombers Over Ibiza ", "No Stone Unturned", and "Risen from Darkness". Two additional bonus tracks, "The Shadows Betray You" and "The End", are digital-download exclusive tracks. The soundtrack was officially released online for streaming purposes on July 10, 2012.

Warner Bros. Museum, also known as the Warner Bros. Studio Tour Archive, is the only studio museum in the movie industry in Burbank, California and is dedicated to Warner Bros. Opened in 1996, the 7,000 sq. foot museum brings together costumes, props, animation cells and letters collected from the history of Warner Bros. film-making and television programs.

Bruce Wayne (<i>Gotham</i>) Fictional character on Gotham

Bruce Wayne, alternately known by his vigilante name The Dark Knight, is a fictional character appearing in the Warner Bros. TV/DC Comics series Gotham, based on the character of the same name who is the secret identity of DC Comics superhero Batman, created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane. Gotham portrays Bruce's teenage years and transition into adapting his Batman personality in later years. The series marks the second time Batman was adapted for live-action television after the 1960s Batman series, though the lead character in Gotham is James Gordon. Bruce is portrayed by David Mazouz while Mikhail Mudrik had an uncredited role as the adult Bruce in the series finale.

Bruce Wayne (<i>Dark Knight</i> trilogy) Protagonist of the Dark Knight trilogy of films

Bruce Wayne, also known by his vigilante persona Batman, is a fictional character who is the main protagonist in Christopher Nolan's Dark Knight trilogy of superhero films, based on the DC Comics character of the same name, created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane. Portrayed by Christian Bale, this version of Batman is arguably explored more in-depth compared to that of the previous film series by Tim Burton and Joel Schumacher, as the Dark Knight film series provides a full arc for the character and was intended by Nolan to be more realistic than previous portrayals.

<i>Batman: Death in the Family</i> American animated short film

Batman: Death in the Family is a 2020 American animated interactive short film based on the storyline of the same name. It is a follow-up to Batman: Under the Red Hood and was released on Blu-ray and DVD on October 13, 2020.

References

  1. "Batman Begins". British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on January 10, 2021. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Film: Batman Begins". Lumiere . Retrieved March 15, 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Batman Begins (2005)". Box Office Mojo . Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  4. Moore, Trent (January 14, 2013). "Nolan explains how Batman Begins wasn't meant to set up a sequel". SyFy . Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  5. 1 2 3 Greenberg, James (May 8, 2005). "Rescuing Batman". Los Angeles Times. p. E-10. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  6. 1 2 Dunkley, Cathy; Bing, Jonathan (September 7, 2003). "Inside Move: New dynamic for WB duo". Variety. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  7. 1 2 3 Smith, Adam (July 2005). "The Original American Psycho". Empire. pp. 74–80, 82, 84, 87.
  8. Perez, Rodrigo (November 29, 2012). "Christopher Nolan Says Heath Ledger Initially Didn't Want To Be In Superhero Movies: 6 Things Learned From The FSLC Talk". indiewire.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2016. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  9. Silverman, Stephen M. (September 3, 2003). "Jake Gyllenhaal: The New Batman?". People.com. Time. Archived from the original on June 28, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
  10. Poland, David (December 2010). "DP/30: The Fighter, actor Amy Adams". Interview @15:55 minutes. Movie City News. Archived from the original on January 10, 2021. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  11. Pearlman, Cindy (November 19, 2004). "A crash but no tickets for Bale's Batmobile in Chicago". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 19, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Batman Begins Production Notes – The Batsuit & Gadgetry". Warner Bros. Archived from the original on October 28, 2006. Retrieved November 6, 2006.
  13. "Official: Christian Bale is Batman!" (Press release). Warner Bros. September 11, 2003. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Journey Begins: Creative Concepts [DVD, 2005]
  15. Steinberg, Don (November 25, 2011). "Hollywood's New Kick". The Wall Street Journal (online). Copyright ©2017 Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  16. "Kung Fu Masters and Celebrity Students". Gamer Guide to Kung Fu (Online). © 2015 ‐ 2017 Mark Media Corp. June 24, 2015. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  17. Goldsmith, Brian (April 6, 2012). "50 Celebrities Who Train a Form of Martial Arts". Bleacher Report (online). © 2017 Bleacher Report. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  18. "THE ULTIMATE LIST: CELEBRITY BLACK BELTS & MARTIAL ARTISTS". martialartsactionmovies.com. Martial Arts Action Movies ©. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  19. LaSalle, Mick (June 14, 2005). "The caped crusader has come back. He's brawnier, but he still has brains". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on February 19, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
  20. "Alfred the Butler". Empire. July 2005. p. 79.
  21. Ryan, Tom (July 14, 2005). "In defence of big, expensive films". The Age. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2007.
  22. 1 2 Vago, Mike (September 23, 2013). "Watch Christian Bale audition for the role of Batman". The A.V. Club . Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  23. "Exclusive: Guy Pearce Webchat". Empire. December 5, 2006. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
  24. 1 2 "'Batman Begins' press conference, part two". Time Out – New York. June 16, 2005. Archived from the original on September 9, 2011. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  25. Adler, Shawn (March 4, 2008). "Chris Cooper On His 'Batman Begins' Near Miss". MTV. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  26. Thompson, Anne (July 6, 2008). "Dark Knight Review: Nolan Talks Sequel Inflation". Variety. Archived from the original on July 10, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  27. McClean, Craig (June 23, 2007). "More Mr Nice Guy". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  28. Fleming, Michael; Dunkley, Cathy (December 10, 2003). "'Batman' bags a baddie". Variety. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  29. Smith, Adam (July 2005). "The Scarecrow" . Empire. p. 77.
  30. Fleming, Michael (January 27, 2003). "'Batman' captures director Nolan". Variety. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  31. Brodesser, Claude; Dunkley, Cathy (March 26, 2003). "Inside Move: WB jump starts Batmobile". Variety. Archived from the original on October 6, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  32. Graser, Marc; Dunkley, Cathy (February 8, 2004). "The bat and the beautiful". Variety. Archived from the original on April 8, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  33. 1 2 3 DiDio, Dan (Vice President of DC Comics), Goyer, David S. (co-writer), Levitz, Paul (President – DC Comics), Nolan, Christopher (director), Schreck, Bob (Batman Editor – DC Comics) (2006). Genesis of the Bat (DVD featurette).
  34. Nolan, Christopher; Goyer, David S. (2007). Absolute Batman: The Long Halloween . p.  §Introduction. ISBN   978-1-4012-1282-7.
  35. Vineyard, Jennifer (December 17, 2004). "'Batman Begins' Scribe: 'We're Telling A Story That Has Never Been Told'". VH1. Archived from the original on August 30, 2006. Retrieved December 13, 2006.
  36. Stax (September 24, 2004). "The Influences of Batman Begins". IGN. Retrieved December 13, 2006.
  37. Boucher, Geoff (October 29, 2008). "Christopher Nolan says his Batman doesn't play well with others". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 30, 2008.
  38. 1 2 3 Batman Begins: Path to Discovery [DVD, 2005]
  39. "'Batman Begins' goes to the source". The Kansas City Star. June 25, 2004.
  40. 1 2 3 4 Kalindjian, Claudia (2005). Batman Begins: The Official Movie Guide. Time Warner International. pp.  144–45. ISBN   1-932273-44-1.
  41. "Airship hangar is home to Batman". BBC News. February 20, 2004. Archived from the original on December 30, 2008. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
  42. 1 2 3 4 Gotham City Rises [DVD, 2005]
  43. Kasriel, Alex (June 16, 2005). "From leafy suburbs to silver screen". Edgware & Mill Hill Times. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  44. "35 East Wacker Drive". Emporis. Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  45. 1 2 3 Graydon, Danny (July 2005). "A Little Knight Music". Empire. p. 87.
  46. D., Spence (June 10, 2005). "Batman Vs. Hans Zimmer & James Newton Howard Part 1". IGN. Retrieved December 1, 2006.
  47. 1 2 D., Spence (June 13, 2005). "Batman Vs. Hans Zimmer and James Newton Howard Part 2". IGN. Retrieved December 1, 2006.
  48. Jankiewicz, Pat (August 2005). "Dark Knight Resurrected". Starlog (337). pp.  53–57.
  49. Otto, Jeff (June 5, 2006). "Interview: Christopher Nolan". IGN. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2006.
  50. 1 2 3 4 Brain, Marshall. "How the Batmobile Works". HowStuffWorks. Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  51. Gould, KFOrigin. "Keysi Fighting Method Origin".
  52. Gould, KF (July 20, 2013). "Keysi: The Martial Art Of Christopher Nolan's 'The Dark Knight' Movies". Bloodyelbow.com. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  53. 1 2 Saving Gotham City [DVD, 2005]
  54. 1 2 3 Gray, Brandon (June 20, 2005). "'Batman Begins' in the Shadows". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  55. Gray, Brandon (June 27, 2005). "'Batman' Sweeps 'Bewitched,' Swats Bug". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
  56. 1 2 "Batman movies at the Box Office". Box Office Mojo. IMDB.
  57. "2005 Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 17, 2007. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  58. "Batman Begins (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on January 15, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  59. "Batman Begins reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
  60. Berardinelli, James. "Batman Begins". ReelViews. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
  61. "Batman Begins – Film Review". Total Film . Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  62. Turan, Kenneth (June 14, 2005). "Los Angeles Times reviews Batman Begins". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 4, 2007.
  63. Denby, David (June 5, 2005). "Aiming Low". The New Yorker. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
  64. Wilmington, Michael. "Movie review: 'Batman Begins'". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  65. Bray, Greg (October 18, 2006). "Interview: DENNY O'NEIL". Batman On Film. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
  66. Jones, J.R. "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad City?". Chicago Reader . Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  67. Ebert, Roger (June 13, 2005). "Batman Begins". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on December 8, 2019. Retrieved August 27, 2007.
  68. Clark, Mike (June 13, 2005). "Batman role fits Bale, but 'Begins' wears thin". USA Today. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
  69. Smith, Kyle (March 10, 2007). "Kyle Smith review of Batman Begins". KyleSmithOnline. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2007.
  70. Zacharek, Stephanie (June 15, 2005). "Salon reviews Batman Begins". Salon.com. Retrieved September 9, 2007.
  71. Ramey, Bill (April 13, 2008). "Tim Burton Talks Batman". Batman on Film. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
  72. Latchem, John (August 16, 2005). "Batman Begins' Swoops Onto DVD Oct. 18". hive4media.com . Archived from the original on October 14, 2005. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  73. Chaney, Jen (October 18, 2005). "'Batman': A Decent, If Not Heroic, DVD". The Washington Post . Archived from the original on October 8, 2018. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
  74. "About the DVD". Warner Bros. Archived from the original on September 22, 2005. Retrieved December 13, 2006.
  75. "Top renters: week ended October 30, 2005". Video Business. November 7, 2005.
  76. "'Begins' has 2nd a win under its utility belt". The Hollywood Reporter . November 3, 2005.
  77. McClintock, Pamela (August 13, 2006). "WB mulls 'Superman' redux". Variety. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  78. Ault, Susanne. "Batman flies to HD DVD". Video Business. Archived from the original on October 14, 2009. Retrieved April 4, 2008.
  79. "Batman Begins (Limited Edition Gift Set)" . Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  80. Bartz, Amanda (July 24, 2008). "Batman Begins DVD Sells More and More". MarketWatch. Archived from the original on July 28, 2008. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  81. Nolan, Christopher (December 19, 2017), Batman Begins Ultra HD, WarnerBrothers, retrieved May 11, 2018
  82. O'Neil, Dennis (2005). Batman Begins. New York, New York: Del Rey Books. ISBN   0-345-47946-7.
  83. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 10, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  84. Rosenfeld, Laura (July 19, 2019). "5 Ways 'Batman Begins' Changed Hollywood Forever". Tech Times. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  85. Rothman, Michael (June 16, 2019). "'Batman Begins': 5 Ways the Movie Changed Hollywood". ABC News. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  86. Hayes, Britt (July 8, 2016). "A Brief History of Movies Compared to Chris Nolan's Batman". ScreenCrush. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  87. "Exclusive: Christopher Nolan Talks 'Batman Begins' 10th Anniversary". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
  88. "The 100 Greatest Movies Of The 21st Century: 100 - 91". Empire. January 8, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  89. Stolworthy, Jacob (June 17, 2020). "Batman Begins at 15: How Christopher Nolan's superhero film changed the fate of James Bond". The Independent. UK. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  90. Shawn, Adler (August 14, 2008). "'He-Man' Movie Will Go Realistic: 'We're Not Talking About Putting Nipples On The Trapjaw Suit'". MTV. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  91. Rogers, Adam (May 1, 2012). "Kevin Feige Tells How Marvel Whips Up Its Cinematic Super Sauce". Wired. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  92. Smith, Kyle (July 19, 2019). "How Batman Begins Changed the Movies". National Review. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  93. Vespe, Eric (July 28, 2007). "Quint goes one on one with Jon Favreau about IRON MAN at Comic-Con!!!". Ain't It Cool News. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
  94. "Edward Norton talks Incredible Hulk". Total Film . March 7, 2008. Archived from the original on February 23, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  95. McGinty Nichol, Joseph (May 22, 2008). "Terminator Salvation Official Blog". Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2008.
  96. Lussier, Germain (October 18, 2013). "Director Alan Taylor Cites 'Batman Begins' as Inspiration for 'Terminator' Reboot". Slashfilm. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  97. Clayton, Neuman (September 1, 2008). "Masters of SciFi – Star Trek and Lost Producer Damon Lindelof on Entertaining the Masses". AMC. Archived from the original on December 29, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  98. "Star Trek Producer: Sequel's Gonna Get All Dark Knight on Us". Archived from the original on January 10, 2021. Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  99. Lyall, Sarah (January 25, 2009). "Is That You, Sherlock?". The New York Times . Archived from the original on November 26, 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  100. Sanchez, Robert (January 8, 2008). "IESB Exclusive Interview: A Chat with G.I. Joe Producer Lorenzo di Bonaventura!". IESB. Archived from the original on February 9, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2008.
  101. Carroll, Larry (April 29, 2008). "Hugh Jackman Looks Towards 'Batman Begins' For 'Wolverine' Inspiration, Talks Sequels". MTV. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  102. Leader, Michael (May 26, 2011). "Matthew Vaughn interview: X-Men: First Class, Thor, Hollywood, James Bond, Take That and more". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
  103. Lussier, Germain (April 14, 2011). "Collider Visits The Set of RISE OF THE PLANET OF THE APES; Plus Video Blog". Collider. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
  104. Rich, Katey (May 1, 2012). "The Ten Biggest Things We Learned on the Skyfall Set". Cinemablend. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  105. Wright, Benjamin (June 27, 2012). "Alex Kurtzman Wants To Do For 'Van Helsing' What Christopher Nolan Did For Batman". The Playlist. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
  106. Schaefer, Sandy (2012). "'Godzilla' Director Gareth Edwards Promises a 'Grounded' and 'Realistic' Reboot". Screenrant.com. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
  107. McFarland, Kevin (October 31, 2013). "Mark Wahlberg will produce the origin story of a young Julius Caesar". A.V. Club. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
  108. "Is The Amazing Spider-Man the Next Batman Begins or Merely the Next Superman Returns?". Huff Post Entertainment. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  109. Cook, Dave (August 31, 2012). "God of War movie 'is an origin story like Batman Begins'". VG247.com. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  110. Ingolfland, Jason (May 31, 2019). "How Suicide Squad's Ayer Cut Was Partially Inspired By Christopher Nolan". Cinemablend. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  111. Wampler, Scott (July 6, 2016). "Bryan Cranston Compares The POWER RANGERS Movie To Chris Nolan's BATMAN Trilogy". Birth.Movies.Death. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  112. Orange, B. Alan (March 22, 2017). "Netflix's Death Note Trailer Brings the Iconic Manga to Life". Movieweb. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
  113. "'Wonder Woman' DP Matthew Jensen: A Student of the Origin Story". Film School Rejects. November 8, 2017. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  114. Chand, Neerjaj (May 28, 2020). "Logan Director Talks The Dark Knight Influence on Wolverine and Subverting the Genre". MovieWeb. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
  115. Pulliam-Moore, Charles (March 22, 2017). "Dark Phoenix's Simon Kinberg Took Inspiration From Nolan's Batman to Bring the X-Men Down to Earth". Gizmodo. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  116. Lussier, Germain (March 4, 2011). "Producers Want A Christopher Nolan-Like Take For 'Blade Runner' Prequel/Sequel, Would Love To Have Nolan Direct". slashfilm.com. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  117. Bone, Christian (August 21, 2019). "Joker Director Compares The Movie To The Dark Knight". wegotthiscovered.com. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  118. Thompson, Simon (August 21, 2019). "How Batman Movies Influenced the Design of Birds of Prey". Variety. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  119. 1 2 Fingeroth, Danny (June 15, 2005). "Batman Begins: Redefining the Dark Knight". Animation World Network . Retrieved April 23, 2010.
  120. Fisher, Mark (2006). "Gothic Oedipus: subjectivity and Capitalism in Christopher Nolan's Batman Begins". Department of English at the University of Florida. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
  121. 1 2 3 Orndorf, Brian (June 14, 2005). "Thrilling 'Batman Begins' Rebuilds Franchise". OhmyNews. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2008.