Terms of Endearment

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Terms of Endearment
Terms of Endearment, 1983 film.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by James L. Brooks
Screenplay byJames L. Brooks
Based onTerms of Endearment
by Larry McMurtry
Produced byJames L. Brooks
Starring
Cinematography Andrzej Bartkowiak
Edited by Richard Marks
Music by Michael Gore
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release dates
  • November 23, 1983 (1983-11-23)(US: limited)
  • December 9, 1983 (1983-12-09)(US: wide)
Running time
132 minutes [1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$8 million
Box office$165 million [2]

Terms of Endearment is a 1983 American family comedy-drama film directed, written, and produced by James L. Brooks, adapted from Larry McMurtry's 1975 novel of the same name. It stars Debra Winger, Shirley MacLaine, Jack Nicholson, Danny DeVito, Jeff Daniels, and John Lithgow. The film covers 30 years of the relationship between Aurora Greenway (MacLaine) and her daughter Emma (Winger).

Contents

Terms of Endearment was theatrically released in limited theatres on November 23, 1983 and to a wider release on December 9 by Paramount Pictures. The film received critical acclaim and was a major commercial success, grossing $165 million at the box office, becoming the second-highest-grossing film of 1983. The film received a leading eleven nominations at the 56th Academy Awards, and won five (more than any other film nominated that year): Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actress (for MacLaine), Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Supporting Actor (for Nicholson). A sequel, The Evening Star , was released in 1996.

Plot

Widowed Aurora Greenway keeps several suitors at arm's length in River Oaks, Houston, focusing instead on her close, but controlling, relationship with daughter Emma. Anxious to escape her mother, Emma marries callow young college professor Flap Horton over her mother's objections, moves away, and has three children. Despite their frequent spats and difficulty getting along with each other, Emma and Aurora have very close ties and keep in touch by telephone.

Emma and Flap soon run into financial and marital difficulties. Emma has trouble managing the children and household, and she and Flap both have affairs. Emma relies increasingly on her mother for emotional support. Meanwhile, the lonely Aurora overcomes her repression and begins a whirlwind romance with her next-door neighbor, retired astronaut Garrett Breedlove.

The Horton family moves from Houston to Des Moines and eventually to Nebraska, apparently for Flap's college teaching career, but mostly so he can be near his girlfriend. Emma is diagnosed with cancer, which becomes terminal. Aurora stays by Emma's side through her treatment and hospitalization, even while dealing with her own pain after Garrett suddenly ends their relationship. The dying Emma shows her love for her mother by entrusting her children to Aurora's care. After Emma's death, Garrett reappears in the family's life and begins to bond with Emma's young children.

Cast

Production

Brooks wrote the supporting role of Garrett Breedlove for Burt Reynolds, who turned down the role because of a verbal commitment he had made to appear in Stroker Ace . "There are no awards in Hollywood for being an idiot", Reynolds later said of the decision. [3] Harrison Ford and Paul Newman also turned down the role. [4] [5]

The exterior shots of Aurora Greenway's home were filmed at 3060 Locke Lane, Houston, Texas. The exterior shots of locations intended to be in Des Moines, Iowa and Kearney, Nebraska were instead filmed in Lincoln, Nebraska. Many scenes were filmed on, or near, the campus of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. [6] While filming in Lincoln, the state capital, Winger met then-governor of Nebraska Bob Kerrey; the two wound up dating for two years. [7]

MacLaine and Winger reportedly did not get along with each other during production. [8] [9] [10] [11] MacLaine confirmed in an interview that "it was a very tough shoot ... Chaotic...(Jim) likes working with tension on the set." [12]

On working with Nicholson, MacLaine said, "Working with Jack Nicholson was crazy", [13] but that his spontaneity may have contributed to her performance. [14] She also said,

We're like old smoothies working together. You know the old smoothies they used to show whenever you went to the Ice Follies. They would have this elderly man and woman – who at that time were 40 – and they had a little bit too much weight around the waist and were moving a little slower. But they danced so elegantly and so in synch with each other that the audience just laid back and sort of sighed. That's the way it is working with Jack. We both know what the other is going to do. And we don't socialize, or anything. It's an amazing chemistry – a wonderful, wonderful feeling. [11]

MacLaine also confirmed in an interview with USA Today that Nicholson improvised when he put his hand down her dress in the beach scene. [15]

Reception

Box office

Terms of Endearment was commercially successful. On its opening weekend, it grossed $3.4 million, ranking number two at the US box office, until its second weekend, when it grossed $3.1 million, ranking number one at the box office. Three weekends later, it arrived number one again, with $9,000,000, having wide release. For four weekends, it remained number one at the box office, until slipping to number two on its tenth weekend. On the film's 11th weekend, it arrived number one (for the sixth and final time), grossing $3,000,000. For the last weekends of the film, it later dwindled downward. [16] The film grossed $108,423,489 in the United States and Canada and $165 million worldwide. [17] [2]

Critical reception

Terms of Endearment received critical acclaim at the time of its release. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an 81% approval rating based on 106 reviews, with a weighted average of 7.8/10. The site's consensus reads: "A classic tearjerker, Terms of Endearment isn't shy about reaching for the heartstrings – but is so well-acted and smartly scripted that it's almost impossible to resist." [18] Metacritic reports a score of 79/100 based on reviews from ten critics, indicating "Generally favorable reviews". [19]

Roger Ebert gave the film a four-out-of-four star rating, calling it "a wonderful film" and stating, "There isn't a thing that I would change, and I was exhilarated by the freedom it gives itself to move from the high comedy of Nicholson's best moments to the acting of Debra Winger in the closing scenes." [20] Gene Siskel, who gave the film a highly enthusiastic review, correctly predicted upon its release that it would go on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1983.

In his movie guide, Leonard Maltin awarded the film a rare four-star rating, calling it a "Wonderful mix of humor and heartache", and concluded the film was "Consistently offbeat and unpredictable, with exceptional performances by all three stars". [21]

Awards and nominations

As of July 2022, Nicholson is one of the few supporting actors to ever sweep "The Big Four" critics awards ( LA , NBR , NY , NSFC ) for his performance of Garrett Breedlove.

AwardCategoryNominee(s)Result
Academy Awards [22] [23] Best Picture James L. Brooks Won
Best Director Won
Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium Won
Best Actress Shirley MacLaine Won
Debra Winger Nominated
Best Supporting Actor John Lithgow Nominated
Jack Nicholson Won
Best Art Direction Art Direction: Polly Platt and Harold Michelson;
Set Decoration: Tom Pedigo and Anthony Mondell
Nominated
Best Film Editing Richard Marks Nominated
Best Original Score Michael Gore Nominated
Best Sound James R. Alexander, Rick Kline, Donald O. Mitchell and Kevin O'Connell Nominated
Boston Society of Film Critics Awards Best Film Won
Best Supporting Actor Jack NicholsonWon
British Academy Film Awards Best Actress in a Leading Role Shirley MacLaineNominated
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Film Nominated
Best Foreign Actress Shirley MacLaineWon
Debra WingerNominated
Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures James L. BrooksWon
Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture – Drama Won
Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama Shirley MacLaineWon
Debra WingerNominated
Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Jack NicholsonWon
Best Director – Motion Picture James L. BrooksNominated
Best Screenplay – Motion Picture Won
Japan Academy Film Prize Outstanding Foreign Language Film Nominated
Kansas City Film Critics Circle AwardsBest FilmWon [lower-alpha 1]
Best Supporting ActorJack NicholsonWon
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Film Won
Best Director James L. BrooksWon
Best Actress Shirley MacLaineWon
Best Supporting Actor John LithgowRunner-up
Jack NicholsonWon
Best Screenplay James L. BrooksWon
National Board of Review Awards Best Film Won [lower-alpha 2]
Top Ten Films Won
Best Director James L. BrooksWon
Best Actress Shirley MacLaineWon
Best Supporting Actor Jack NicholsonWon
National Society of Film Critics Awards Best Actress Shirley MacLaine3rd Place
Debra WingerWon
Best Supporting Actor Jack NicholsonWon
Best Screenplay James L. BrooksNominated
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Film Won
Best Actress Shirley MacLaineWon
Debra WingerRunner-up
Best Supporting Actor John LithgowNominated
Jack NicholsonWon
Best Screenplay James L. BrooksNominated
Online Film & Television Association AwardsHall of Fame – Motion PictureInducted
Writers Guild of America Awards Best Comedy – Adapted from Another Medium James L. BrooksWon

American Film Institute (nominations):

Sequel

A sequel to the film, The Evening Star (1996), in which MacLaine and Nicholson reprised their roles, was a critical and commercial failure.

Notes

  1. Tied with Tender Mercies .
  2. Tied with Betrayal .

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