Jack Nicholson

Last updated

Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson 2001.jpg
Nicholson in 2001
Born
John Joseph Nicholson

(1937-04-22) April 22, 1937 (age 82)
Residence Los Angeles, California, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
OccupationActor, director, producer, screenwriter
Years active1956–2010
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)
Sandra Knight
(m. 1962;div. 1968)
Partner(s) Anjelica Huston
(1973–1990)
Rebecca Broussard
(1989–1994)
Lara Flynn Boyle
(1999–2000, 2001–2004)
Children5, including Lorraine Nicholson
Awards Full list

John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor and filmmaker who has performed for over sixty years. He is known for playing a wide range of starring or supporting roles, including satirical comedy, romance, and darkly comic portrayals of anti-heroes and villainous characters. In many of his films, he has played the "eternal outsider, the sardonic drifter", someone who rebels against the social structure. [1]

Contents

His most known and celebrated films include the famous road drama Easy Rider (1969); the dramas Five Easy Pieces (1970) and One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975); the comedy-dramas The Last Detail (1973), Terms of Endearment (1983), As Good as It Gets (1997), About Schmidt (2002), and The Bucket List (2007); the neo-noir mystery Chinatown (1974); the horror film The Shining (1980); the biopic Reds (1981); the fantasy comedy The Witches of Eastwick (1987); the superhero film Batman (1989) as the Joker; the legal drama A Few Good Men (1992); the romantic horror film Wolf (1994); the science fiction comedy Mars Attacks! (1996); the comedy Anger Management (2003); the romantic comedy Something's Gotta Give (2003); and the crime drama The Departed (2006). Nicholson has not acted in a film since How Do You Know in 2010, but does not consider himself to be retired. He has also directed three films, including The Two Jakes (1990), the sequel to Chinatown.

<i>Easy Rider</i> 1969 film by Dennis Hopper

Easy Rider is a 1969 American independent road drama film written by Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, and Terry Southern, produced by Fonda, and directed by Hopper. Fonda and Hopper played two bikers who travel through the American Southwest and South carrying the proceeds from a cocaine deal. The success of Easy Rider helped spark the New Hollywood era of filmmaking during the early 1970s.

<i>Five Easy Pieces</i> 1970 film by Bob Rafelson

Five Easy Pieces is a 1970 American drama film written by Carole Eastman and Bob Rafelson, and directed by Rafelson. The film stars Jack Nicholson, with Karen Black, Susan Anspach, Ralph Waite, and Sally Struthers in supporting roles.

<i>One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest</i> (film) 1975 drama film based on the novel by Ken Kesey

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is a 1975 American comedy-drama film directed by Miloš Forman, based on the 1962 novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey and the play version adapted from the novel by Dale Wasserman. The film stars Jack Nicholson as Randle McMurphy, a new patient at a mental institution, and features a supporting cast of Louise Fletcher, Danny DeVito, William Redfield, Will Sampson, Sydney Lassick, Brad Dourif, and Christopher Lloyd in their film debuts.

Nicholson's twelve Academy Award nominations make him the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history. Nicholson has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice – one for the drama One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), and the other for the romantic comedy As Good as It Gets (1997). He also won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the comedy-drama Terms of Endearment (1983). Nicholson is one of three male actors to win three Academy Awards. Nicholson is one of only two actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s; the other is Michael Caine. He has won six Golden Globe Awards and received the Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, at 57, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award.

Academy Award for Best Actor Award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award is traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actress winner.

Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor One of the Academy Awards of Merit

The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role while working within the film industry. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Supporting Actress winner.

Michael Caine British actor and author

Sir Michael Caine, is an English actor, producer and author. He has appeared in more than 130 films in a career spanning 70 years and is considered a British film icon. Known for his cockney accent, Caine was born in South London.

He had a number of very high-profile relationships, most notably with Anjelica Huston and with Rebecca Broussard, and was married to Sandra Knight from 1962 until their divorce in 1968. Nicholson has five children – one with Knight, two with Broussard (including Lorraine Nicholson), and one each with Susan Anspach and Winnie Hollman.

Anjelica Huston American actress

Anjelica Huston is an American actress, director, producer, author, and former fashion model. Huston became the third generation of her family to receive an Academy Award, when she won Best Supporting Actress for her performance in 1985's Prizzi's Honor, joining her father, director John Huston, and grandfather, actor Walter Huston. She received further Academy Award nominations for her performances in Enemies: A Love Story (1989) and The Grifters (1990), for Best Supporting Actress and Best Actress, respectively.

Rebecca Broussard is an American actress and model.

Sandra Knight is an American actress, painter and writer. She is best known for her work as an actor in low-budget films of the 1950s and 1960s, such as Frankenstein's Daughter, The Terror, where she plays an evil spirit, and Tower of London. Knight was married to Jack Nicholson from 1962 until 1968. They are the parents of one child together, Jennifer Nicholson. Knight later married John Stephenson.

Early life

Nicholson was born on April 22, 1937, in Neptune City, New Jersey, [2] [3] [4] the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson (stage name June Nilson). [5] [6] Nicholson's mother was of Irish, English, German, and Welsh descent. She married Italian-American showman Donald Furcillo (stage name Donald Rose) in 1936, before realizing that he was already married. [7] :8 [8] Biographer Patrick McGilligan stated in his book Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King (originally Edgar A. Kirschfeld), [9] June's manager, may have been Nicholson's biological father, rather than Furcillo. Other sources suggest June Nicholson was unsure of who the father was. [5] As June was only seventeen years old and unmarried, her parents [note 1] agreed to raise Nicholson as their own child without revealing his true parentage, and June would act as his sister. [10]

Neptune City, New Jersey Borough in New Jersey, United States

Neptune City is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,869, reflecting a decline of 349 (-6.7%) from the 5,218 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 221 (+4.4%) from the 4,997 counted in the 1990 Census.

Showgirl a performer who highlights their physical attributes through dance and movement

A showgirl is a female dancer or performer in a stage entertainment show intended to showcase the performer's physical attributes, typically by way of revealing clothing, toplessness, or nudity.

In 1974, Time magazine researchers learned, and informed Nicholson, that his "sister", June, was actually his mother, and his other "sister", Lorraine, was really his aunt. [11] By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died (in 1963 and 1970, respectively). On finding out, Nicholson said it was "a pretty dramatic event, but it wasn't what I'd call traumatizing ... I was pretty well psychologically formed". [10]

Nicholson grew up in Neptune City, New Jersey. [7] :7 He was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion. [12] [13] Before starting high school, his family moved to an apartment in Spring Lake, New Jersey. [7] :16 "When Jack was ready for high school, the family moved once more—this time two miles (three kilometers) farther south to old-money Spring Lake, New Jersey's so-called Irish Riviera, where Ethel May set up her beauty parlor in a rambling duplex at 505 Mercer Avenue." [14] "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "Class Clown" by the Class of 1954. He was in detention every day for a whole school year. [4] A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor. In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine. [7]

Military service

In 1957, Nicholson joined the California Air National Guard, [15] a move he sometimes characterized as an effort to "dodge the draft"; [16] the Korean War-era's Military Selective Service Act was still in force, and draftees were required to perform up to two years of active duty. After completing the Air Force's basic training at Lackland Air Force Base, [16] Nicholson performed weekend drills and two-week annual training as a fire fighter assigned to the unit based at the Van Nuys Airport. [16] During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, Nicholson was called up for several months of extended active duty, [16] and he was discharged at the end of his enlistment in 1962. [17]

Career

Early work

Nicholson as Wilbur Force in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960) Little Shop of Horrors Nicholson.JPG
Nicholson as Wilbur Force in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960)

Nicholson first came to Hollywood in 1954, when he was seventeen, to visit his sister. He took a job as an office worker for animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. They offered him a starting-level job as an animator, but he declined, citing his desire to become an actor. [16]

He trained to be an actor with a group called the Players Ring Theater, after which time he found small parts performing on the stage and in TV soap operas. [1] He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer (1958), playing the title role. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasions, most notably in The Little Shop of Horrors , as masochistic dental patient and undertaker Wilbur Force, and also in The Raven , The Terror where he plays a French officer seduced by an evil ghost, and The St. Valentine's Day Massacre .

Nicholson also frequently worked with director Monte Hellman on low-budget westerns, though two in particular, Ride in the Whirlwind and The Shooting , initially failed to find interest from any US film distributors but gained cult success on the art-house circuit in France and were later sold to television. Nicholson also appeared in two episodes of The Andy Griffith Show .

1960s

With his acting career heading nowhere, Nicholson seemed resigned to a career behind the camera as a writer/director. His first real taste of writing success was the screenplay for the 1967 counterculture film The Trip (directed by Corman), which starred Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper. After first reading the script, Fonda told Nicholson he was totally impressed by the writing and felt it could become a great film. However, he was disappointed with how the film turned out and blamed the editing which turned it into a "predictable" film and said so publicly. "I was livid", he recalls. [18] Nicholson also co-wrote, with Bob Rafelson, the movie Head , which starred The Monkees. He also arranged the movie's soundtrack.

After a spot opened up in Fonda and Hopper's Easy Rider (1969), it led to his first big acting break. Nicholson played alcoholic lawyer George Hanson, for which he received his first Oscar nomination. The film cost only $400,000 to make, and became a blockbuster, grossing $40 million. [19] Biographer John Parker states that Nicholson's interpretation of his role placed him in the company of earlier "anti-hero" actors, such as James Cagney and Humphrey Bogart, while promoting him into an "overnight number-one hero of the counter-culture movement".[ attribution needed ] [19]

The part was a lucky break for Nicholson—the role had been written for the actor Rip Torn, who withdrew from the project after an argument with Hopper. [20] In interviews, Nicholson later acknowledged the importance of being cast in Easy Rider: "All I could see in the early films, before Easy Rider, was this desperate young actor trying to vault out of the screen and create a movie career." [21]

Nicholson was cast by Stanley Kubrick, who was impressed with his role in Easy Rider, in the part of Napoleon in a film about his life, and although production on the film commenced, the project fizzled out, partly due to a change in ownership at MGM, and other issues. [22]

1970s

Nicholson in 1976 Jack Nicholson - 1976.jpg
Nicholson in 1976

Nicholson starred in Five Easy Pieces alongside Karen Black in 1970 in what became his persona-defining role. Nicholson and Black were nominated for Academy Awards for their performances. Nicholson played Bobby Dupea, an oil rig worker, and Black was his waitress girlfriend. During an interview about the film, Black noted that Nicholson's character in the film was very subdued, and was very different from Nicholson's real-life personality. She says that the now-famous restaurant scene was partly improvised by Nicholson, and was out of character for Bobby, who wouldn't have cared enough to argue with a waitress. [23] "I think that Jack really has very little in common with Bobby. I think Bobby has given up looking for love. But Jack hasn't, he's very interested in love, in finding out things. Jack is a very curious, alive human being. Always ready for a new idea." [24] :37 Nicholson himself said as much, telling an interviewer, "I like listening to everybody. This to me is the elixir of life." [25]

Black later admitted that she had a crush on Nicholson from the time they met, although they only dated briefly. "He was very beautiful. He just looked right at you ... I liked him a lot ... He really sort of wanted to date me but I didn't think of him that way because I was going with Peter Kastner ... Then I went to do Easy Rider, but didn't see him because we didn't have any scenes together ... At the premiere, I saw him out in the lobby afterward and I started crying ... He didn't understand that, but what it was was that I really loved him a lot, and I didn't know it until I saw him again, because it all welled up." [24] :36

Within a month after the film's release that September, the movie became a blockbuster, making Nicholson a leading man and the "new American anti-hero", according to McDougal. [7] :130 Critics began speculating whether he might become another Marlon Brando or James Dean. His career and income skyrocketed. He said, "I have much sought after. Your name becomes a brand image like a product. You become Campbell's soup, with thirty-one different varieties of roles you can play." [7] :130 He told his new agent, Sandy Bresler, to find him unusual roles so he could stretch his acting skill: "I like to play people that haven't existed yet, a 'cusp character'", he said:

I have that creative yearning. Much in the way Chagall flies figures into the air: once it becomes part of the conventional wisdom, it doesn't seem particularly adventurous or weird or wild. [7] :130

There is James Cagney, Spencer Tracy, Humphrey Bogart, and Henry Fonda. After that, who is there but Jack Nicholson?

Mike Nichols, director [26]

Also in 1970, he appeared in the movie adaptation of On a Clear Day You Can See Forever , although most of his performance was left on the cutting room floor. His agent turned down a starring role in Deliverance when the film's producer and director, John Boorman, refused to pay what Nicholson's agent wanted. [7] :130

Nicholson starred in Carnal Knowledge in 1971, a comedy-drama directed by Mike Nichols, which co-starred Art Garfunkel, Ann-Margret, and Candice Bergen. He was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. As a director, Mike Nichols was limited in the actors who he felt could handle the role, saying, "There is James Cagney, Spencer Tracy, Humphrey Bogart, and Henry Fonda. After that, who is there but Jack Nicholson?" [26] During the filming, Nicholson struck up what became a lifelong friendship with co-star Garfunkel. When he visited Los Angeles, Garfunkel would stay at Nicholson's home in a room Nicholson jokingly called "the Arthur Garfunkel Suite". [7] :127

Other Nicholson roles included Hal Ashby's The Last Detail (1973), with Randy Quaid, for which Nicholson won for Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival, and he was nominated for his third Oscar and a Golden Globe. Television journalist David Gilmour writes that one of his favorite Nicholson scenes from all his films was in this one when Nicholson slaps his gun on the bar yelling he was the Shore Patrol. [27] [28] Critic Roger Ebert called it a very good movie, but credited Nicholson's acting as the main reason: "He creates a character so complete and so complex that we stop thinking about the movie and just watch to see what he'll do next." [29]

In 1974, Nicholson starred in Roman Polanski's noir thriller Chinatown , and was again nominated for Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Jake Gittes, a private detective. The film co-starred Faye Dunaway and John Huston, and included a cameo role with Polanski. Roger Ebert described Nicholson's portrayal as sharp-edged, menacing, and aggressive, a character who knew "how to go over the top", as he did in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. It is that edge that kept Chinatown from becoming a typical genre crime film. [30] Ebert also notes the importance of the role for Nicholson's career, seeing it as a major transition from the exploitation films of the previous decade. "As Jake Gittes, he stepped into Bogart's shoes", says Ebert. "As a man attractive to audiences because he suggests both comfort and danger ... From Gittes forward, Nicholson created the persona of a man who had seen it all and was still capable of being wickedly amused." [31]

Nicholson had been friends with the director Roman Polanski long before the murder of Polanski's wife, Sharon Tate, at the hands of the Manson Family, and supported him in the days following the deaths. [7] :109–110 [32] After Tate's death, Nicholson began sleeping with a hammer under his pillow, [7] and took breaks from work to attend the Manson trial. [16]

In 1977, three years after Chinatown, Polanski was arrested at Nicholson's home for the sexual assault of 13-year-old Samantha Geimer, who was modeling for Polanski during a magazine photo shoot around the pool. At the time of the incident, Nicholson was out of town making a film, but his steady girlfriend, actress Anjelica Huston, had dropped by unannounced to pick up some items. She heard Polanski in the other room say, "We'll be right out." [33] Polanski then came out with Geimer, and he introduced her to Huston, and they chatted about Nicholson's two large dogs, which were sitting nearby. Huston recalled Geimer was wearing platform heels and appeared quite tall. [33] After a few minutes of talking, Polanski had packed up his camera gear, and Huston saw them drive off in his car. Huston told police the next day, after Polanski was arrested, that she "had witnessed nothing untoward" and never saw them together in the other room. [33]

Geimer learned afterward that Huston herself wasn't supposed to be at Nicholson's house that day, since they had recently broken up, but stopped over to pick up some belongings. Geimer described Nicholson's house as "definitely" a guy's house, with lots of wood and shelves crowded with photos and mementos. [34]

One of Nicholson's greatest successes came in 1975, with his role as Randle P. McMurphy in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest . The movie was an adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel, and was directed by Miloš Forman and co-produced by Michael Douglas. Nicholson plays an anti-authoritarian patient at a mental hospital where he becomes an inspiring leader for the other patients. Playing one of the patients was Danny DeVito in an early role. Nicholson learned afterward that DeVito grew up in the same area of New Jersey, and they knew many of the same people. [35] The film swept the Academy Awards with nine nominations, and won the top five, including Nicholson's first for Best Actor.

The role seemed perfect for Nicholson, with biographer Ken Burke noting that his "smartass demeanor balances his genuine concern for the treatment of his fellow patients with his independent spirit too free to exist in a repressive social structure". [36] [37] Forman allowed Nicholson to improvise throughout the film, including most of the group therapy sequences. [16] :273 Reviewer Marie Brenner notes that his bravura performance "transcends the screen" and continually inspires the other actors by lightening their mental illnesses with his comic dialogue. She describes his performance:

Nicholson is everywhere; his energy propels the ward of loonies and makes of them an ensemble, a chorus of people caught in a bummer with nowhere else to go, but still fighting for some frail sense of themselves. ... There are scenes in Cuckoo's Nest that are as intimate—and in their language, twice as rough—as the best moments in The Godfather ... [and] far above the general run of Hollywood performances. [38]

Also in 1975, Nicholson starred in Michelangelo Antonioni's The Passenger (1975), which co-starred Maria Schneider. Nicholson plays the role of a journalist, David Locke, who during an assignment in North Africa decides to quit being a journalist and simply disappear by taking on a new hidden identity. Unfortunately, the dead person whose identity he takes on turns out to have been a weapons smuggler on the run. Antonioni's unusual plot included convincing dialogue and fine acting, states film critic Seymour Chatman. [39] It was shot in Algeria, Spain, Germany, and England.

The film received good reviews and revived Antonioni's reputation as one of cinema's great directors. [39] He says he wanted the film to have more of a "spy feeling [and] be more political". [39] Nicholson began shooting the film from an unfinished script, notes Judith Crist, [40] yet upon its completion he thought so highly of the film that he bought the world rights and recorded a reminiscence of working with Antonioni. [39] Critic and screenwriter Penelope Gilliatt provides an overview of Nicholson's role:

The Passenger is an unidealized portrait of a drained man whose one remaining stimulus is to push his luck. Again and again, in the movie, we watch him court danger. It interests him to walk the edge of risk. He does it with passivity as if he were taking part in an expressionless game of double-dare with life. Jack Nicholson's performance is a wonder of insight. How to animate a personality that is barely there. [16] :443

He continued to take more unusual roles. He took a small role in The Last Tycoon , opposite Robert De Niro. He took a less sympathetic role in Arthur Penn's western The Missouri Breaks (1976), specifically to work with Marlon Brando. Nicholson was especially inspired by Brando's acting ability, recalling that in his youth, as an assistant manager at a theater, he watched On the Waterfront about forty times. [41] "I'm part of the first generation that idolized Marlon Brando", he said. [42]

Marlon Brando influenced me strongly. Today, it's hard for people who weren't there to realize the impact that Brando had on an audience. ... He's always been the patron saint of actors. [26]

Nicholson has observed that while both De Niro and Brando were noted for their skill as method actors, he himself has seldom been described as a method actor, a fact which he sees as an accomplishment: "I'm still fooling them", he told Sean Penn during a phone conversation. "I consider it an accomplishment because there's probably no one who understands Method acting better academically than I do—or actually uses it more in his work. But it's funny, nobody really sees that. It's perception versus reality, I guess." [25]

1980s

His work is always interesting, clearly conceived, and has the X-factor, magic. Jack is particularly suited for roles which require intelligence. He is an intelligent and literate man, and these are almost impossible to act. In The Shining you believe he's a writer, failed or otherwise.

—Stanley Kubrick [43]

Although he garnered no Academy Award for Stanley Kubrick's adaptation of Stephen King's The Shining (1980), it remains one of his more significant roles. He was Kubrick's first choice to play the lead role, although the book's author, Stephen King, wanted the part played by more of an "everyman". However, Kubrick as a director won the argument, and described Nicholson's acting quality as being "on a par with the greatest stars of the past, like Spencer Tracy and Jimmy Cagney". [43]

On the set, Nicholson always appeared in character, and if Kubrick felt confident that he knew his lines well enough, he encouraged him to improvise and go beyond the script. [43] :434 For example, Nicholson improvised his now famous "Here's Johnny!" line, [43] :433 along with the scene in which he's sitting at the typewriter and unleashes his anger upon his wife after she discovers he has gone insane when she looks at his writing ("all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy" typed endlessly). [43] :445 There were also extensive takes of scenes, due to Kubrick's perfectionism. Nicholson shot a scene with the ghostly bartender thirty-six times. [44] Nicholson states that "Stanley's demanding. He'll do a scene fifty times, and you have to be good to do that." [45] :38

In 1982, he starred as an immigration enforcement agent in The Border , directed by Tony Richardson. It co-starred Warren Oates, who played a corrupt border official. [46] Richardson wanted Nicholson to play his role less expressively than he had in his earlier roles. "Less is more", he told him, and wanted him to wear reflecting sunglasses to portray what patrolmen wore. [16] :318 Richardson recalled that Nicholson worked hard on the set:

He's what the Thirties and Forties stars were like. He can come on the set and deliver, without any fuss, without taking a long time walking around getting into it. "What do you want? Okay." And he just does it straight off. And then if you want him to do it another way on the next take, he can adapt to that too. [16] :318

Nicholson won his second Oscar, an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, for his role of retired astronaut Garrett Breedlove in Terms of Endearment (1983), directed by James L. Brooks. It starred Shirley MacLaine and Debra Winger. McGilligan claims it was one of Nicholson's most complex and unforgettable characters. He and MacLaine played many of their scenes in different ways, constantly testing and making adjustments. Their scenes together gave the film its "buoyant edge", states McGilligan, and describes Nicholson's acting as "Jack floating like a butterfly". [16] :330

Nicholson continued to work prolifically in the 1980s, starring in such films as The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981), Reds (1981), where Nicholson portrays the writer Eugene O'Neill with a quiet intensity, Prizzi's Honor (1985), Heartburn (film) (1986), The Witches of Eastwick (1987), Broadcast News (1987), and Ironweed (1987). Three Oscar nominations also followed (Reds, Prizzi's Honor, and Ironweed). [47] [48] [49] John Huston, who directed Prizzi's Honor, said of Nicholson's acting, "He just illuminates the book. He impressed me in one scene after another; the movie is composed largely of first takes with him." [50]

In the 1989 Batman movie, Nicholson played the psychotic murderer and villain, the Joker. The film was an international smash hit, and a lucrative percentage deal earned him a percentage of the box office gross estimated at $60  million to $90  million. [51] Nicholson said that he was "particularly proud" of his performance as the Joker: "I considered it a piece of pop art", he said. [25]

1990s

For his role as hot-headed Col. Nathan R. Jessup in A Few Good Men (1992), a movie about a murder in a U.S. Marine Corps unit, Nicholson received yet another Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. [52] [53] One review describes his performance as "spellbinding", adding that he portrayed "the essence of the quintessential military mindset". [54] Critic David Thomson notes that Nicholson's character "blazed and roared". [55]

The film's director, Rob Reiner, recalls how Nicholson's level of acting experience affected the other actors during rehearsals: "I had the luck of having Jack Nicholson there. He knows what he's doing, and he comes to play, every time out, full-out performance! And what it says to a lot of the other actors is, 'Oooooh, I better get on my game here because this guy's coming to play! So I can't hold back; I've got to come up to him.' He sets the tone." [56]

In 1996, Nicholson collaborated once more with Batman director Tim Burton on Mars Attacks! , pulling double duty as two contrasting characters, President James Dale and Las Vegas property developer Art Land. At first, studio executives at Warner Bros. disliked the idea of killing off Nicholson's character, so Burton created two characters and killed them both off.[ citation needed ]

Not all of Nicholson's performances have been well received. He was nominated for Razzie Awards as worst actor for Man Trouble (1992) and Hoffa (1992). However, Nicholson's performance in Hoffa also earned him a Golden Globe nomination. [57] [58] While David Thomson states that the film was terribly neglected, since Nicholson portrayed one of his best screen characters, someone who is "snarly, dumb, smart, noble, rascally—all the parts of 'Jack'" [55]

Nicholson went on to win his next Academy Award for Best Actor in the romantic comedy, As Good as It Gets (1997), his third film directed by James L. Brooks. He played Melvin Udall, a "wickedly funny", [59] mean-spirited, obsessive-compulsive novelist. "I'm a studio Method actor", he said. "So I was prone to give some kind of clinical presentation of the disorder." [60] His Oscar was matched with the Academy Award for Best Actress for Helen Hunt, who played a Manhattan wisecracking, single-mother waitress drawn into a love/hate friendship with Udall, a frequent diner in the restaurant. The film was a tremendous box office success, grossing $314 million, which made it Nicholson's second-best-grossing film of his career, after Batman. [26]

Nicholson admits he initially didn't like playing the role of a middle-aged man alongside much younger Hunt, seeing it as a movie cliché. "But Helen disarmed that at the first meeting", he says, "and I stopped thinking about it." They got along well during the filming, with Hunt saying that he "treated me like a queen", and they connected immediately: "It wasn't even what we said", she adds. "It was just some frequency we both could tune into that was very, very compatible." [59]

Critic Jack Mathews of Newsday described Nicholson as being "in rare form", adding that "it's one of those performances that make you aware how much fun the actor is having". [59] Author and screenwriter Andrew Horton describes their on-screen relationship as being like "fire and ice, oil and water— seemingly complete opposites". [61] Nonetheless, Hunt was Nicholson's perfect counterpart and delivered "a simply stunning performance", wrote critic Louise Keller. [62]

In 2001, Nicholson was the first actor to receive the Stanislavsky Award at the 23rd Moscow International Film Festival for "conquering the heights of acting and faithfulness". [63]

2000s

Nicholson in 2008 Jack Nicholson.0920.jpg
Nicholson in 2008

In About Schmidt (2002), Nicholson portrayed a retired Omaha, Nebraska, actuary who questions his own life following his wife's death. His quietly restrained performance earned him an Academy Award Nomination for Best Actor. In Anger Management (2003), he played an aggressive therapist assigned to help an over pacifist man (Adam Sandler). In 2003, Nicholson also starred in Something's Gotta Give , as an aging playboy who falls for the mother (Diane Keaton) of his young girlfriend. In late 2006, Nicholson marked his return to the dark side as Frank Costello, a nefarious Boston Irish Mob boss, based on Whitey Bulger who was still on the run at that time, presiding over Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio in Martin Scorsese's Oscar-winning film The Departed , a remake of Andrew Lau's Infernal Affairs . The role earned Nicholson worldwide critical praise, along with various award wins and nominations, including a Golden Globe nomination for best supporting actor.

In 2007, Nicholson co-starred with Morgan Freeman in Rob Reiner's The Bucket List . [64] Nicholson and Freeman portrayed dying men who fulfill their list of goals. In researching the role, Nicholson visited a Los Angeles hospital to see how cancer patients coped with their illnesses.

2010s

Nicholson's next film role saw him reunite with James L. Brooks, director of Terms of Endearment , Broadcast News , and As Good as It Gets , for a supporting role as Paul Rudd's character's father in the 2010 film How Do You Know .

It has been widely reported in subsequent years that Nicholson has retired from acting because of memory loss, [65] but in a September 2013 Vanity Fair article, Nicholson clarified that he did not consider himself retired, merely that he was now less driven to "be out there any more". [66]

On February 15, 2015, Nicholson made a special appearance as a presenter on SNL 40 , the 40th anniversary special of Saturday Night Live . [67] After the death of boxer Muhammad Ali on June 3, 2016, Nicholson appeared on HBO's The Fight Game with Jim Lampley for an exclusive interview about his friendship with Ali. [68]

In February 2017, it was reported that Nicholson would be starring in an English-language remake of Toni Erdmann opposite Kristen Wiig, his first feature film role since How Do You Know. [69] On August 20, 2018, Nicholson dropped out of the project. [70]

Personal life

Relationships and children

Nicholson is the Hollywood celebrity who is almost like a character in some ongoing novel of our times. He is also the most beloved of stars—not even his huge wealth, his reckless aging, and the public disasters of his private life can detract from this ... For he is still a touchstone, someone we value for the way he helps us see ourselves.

David Thomson, a film critic. [55]

Children of Jack Nicholson
  • By Sandra Knight
    • Jennifer (born 1963)
  • By Susan Anspach
    • Caleb (born 1970)
  • By Winnie Hollman
    • Honey (born 1981)
  • By Rebecca Broussard
    • Lorraine (born 1990)
    • Raymond (born 1992)

Nicholson's only marriage was to Sandra Knight from June 17, 1962, to August 8, 1968; they had been separated for two years prior to the divorce. They had one daughter together, Jennifer (born September 16, 1963).

Actress Susan Anspach contended that her son, Caleb Goddard (born September 26, 1970), was fathered by Nicholson. In 1984, Nicholson stated that he was not convinced he is Caleb's father; [71] however, in 1996, Caleb stated that Nicholson had acknowledged him as his son. [72] At some point between 1988 and 1994, Nicholson provided financial assistance to put Caleb through college, [73] and Anspach's New York Times obituary referred to Caleb as "her son, whose father is Jack Nicholson". [74]

Between April 1973 and January 1990, Nicholson had an on-again, off-again relationship with actress Anjelica Huston that included periods of overlap with other women, including Danish model Winnie Hollman, by whom he fathered a daughter, Honey Hollman (born 1981). [75]

From 1989 to 1994, Nicholson had a relationship with actress Rebecca Broussard. They had two children together: daughter Lorraine (born April 16, 1990), and son Raymond (born February 20, 1992). [75] [76]

For over a year, from 1999 to 2000, Nicholson dated actress Lara Flynn Boyle; they later reunited, before splitting permanently in 2004. [77]

Nicholson has stated that children "give your life a resonance that it can't have without them ... As a father, I'm there all the time. I give unconditional love." [25] However, he has also lamented that he "didn't see enough of my eldest daughter because I was trying to make a career". [78]

Assault charge

In a criminal complaint filed on February 8, 1994, Robert Blank stated that Nicholson, then 56, approached Blank's Mercedes-Benz while he was stopped at a red light in North Hollywood. After accusing the other man of cutting him off in traffic, Nicholson used a golf club to bash the roof and windshield of Blank's car. A witness confirmed Blank's account of the incident, and misdemeanor charges of assault and vandalism were filed against Nicholson. Charges were dropped after Nicholson apologized to Blank, and the two reached an undisclosed settlement, which included a reported $500,000 check from Nicholson. [79]

Celebrity friendships

Nicholson lived next door to Marlon Brando for a number of years on Mulholland Drive in Beverly Hills. Warren Beatty also lived nearby, earning the road the nickname "Bad Boy Drive". After Brando's death in 2004, Nicholson purchased his bungalow for $6.1  million, with the purpose of having it demolished. Nicholson stated that it was done out of respect to Brando's legacy, as it had become too expensive to renovate the "derelict" building which was plagued by mold. [80]

Nicholson's friendship with author-journalist Hunter S. Thompson is described in Thompson's autobiography Kingdom of Fear . [81] Following Thompson's death in 2005, Nicholson and fellow actors Johnny Depp, John Cusack, and Sean Penn attended the private memorial service in Colorado. [82]

Nicholson was also a close friend of Robert Evans, the producer of Chinatown , and after Evans lost Woodland, his home, as the result of a 1980s drug bust, Nicholson and other friends of the producer purchased Woodland to give it back to Evans. [83]

Hobbies

Nicholson is a fan of the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Lakers. He has been a Laker season ticket holder since 1970, and has held courtside season tickets for the past 25 years next to the opponent's benches both at The Forum and Staples Center, missing very few games. In a few instances, Nicholson has engaged in arguments with game officials and opposing players, and even walked onto the court. [84] He was almost ejected from a Lakers playoff game in May 2003 after he yelled at the game's referee. [85]

Nicholson is a collector of 20th-century and contemporary art, including the work of Henri Matisse, Tamara de Lempicka, [86] Andy Warhol and Jack Vettriano. [87] In 1995, artist Ed Ruscha was quoted saying that Nicholson has "one of the best collections out here". [88]

Political views

Nicholson described himself as a "life-long Irish Democrat". [89] Although he is personally against abortion, he is pro-choice. He has said, "I'm pro-choice but against abortion because I'm an illegitimate child myself, and it would be hypocritical to take any other position. I'd be dead. I wouldn't exist." He has also said that he has "nothing but total admiration, gratitude, and respect for the strength of the women who made the decision they made in my individual case". [90]

Religious views

During a 1992 Vanity Fair interview, Nicholson stated, "I don't believe in God now. I can still work up an envy for someone who has faith. I can see how that could be a deeply soothing experience." [91]

Honors

Nicholson (right) and Dennis Hopper at the 62nd Academy Awards, 1990 DennisHopperJackNicholson.jpg
Nicholson (right) and Dennis Hopper at the 62nd Academy Awards, 1990

In May 2008, then-California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and First Lady Maria Shriver announced that Nicholson would be inducted into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts. The induction ceremony took place on December 15, 2008, where he was inducted alongside 11 other Californians. [92] [93]

In 2010, Nicholson was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame. [94]

In 2011, Nicholson received an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from Brown University at its 243rd commencement. At the ceremony, Ruth Simmons, Brown University's president, called him, "the most skilled actor of our lifetime". [95]

Awards and nominations

With 12 Academy Award nominations (eight for Best Actor and four for Best Supporting Actor), Nicholson is the most nominated male actor in Academy Awards history. Only Nicholson (1960s–2000s), Michael Caine (1960s–2000s), Meryl Streep (1970s–2010s), Paul Newman (1950s–1960s, 1980s–2000s), Katharine Hepburn (1930s–1960s, 1980s), and Laurence Olivier (1930s–1970s) have been nominated for an acting (lead or supporting) Academy Award in five different decades.

With three Oscar wins, he also ties with Walter Brennan, Daniel Day-Lewis, Ingrid Bergman, and Meryl Streep for the second-most Oscar wins in acting categories. Only Katharine Hepburn, with four Oscars, won more.

In 2013, Nicholson co-presented the Academy Award for Best Picture with First Lady Michelle Obama. This ceremony marked the eighth time he has presented the Academy Award for Best Picture (1972, 1977, 1978, 1990, 1993, 2006, 2007, and 2013). Nicholson is an active and voting member of the Academy.

Filmography

Nicholson's acting career spans over sixty years. He has won three Academy Awards, and with twelve nominations, he is the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history.

Among his most notable films are Easy Rider (1969), Five Easy Pieces (1970), The Last Detail (1973), Chinatown (1974), The Passenger (1975), One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), The Shining (1980), Terms of Endearment (1983), Prizzi's Honor (1985), Batman (1989), A Few Good Men (1992), As Good as It Gets (1997), About Schmidt (2002), and The Departed (2006).

See also

Notes

  1. John Joseph Nicholson (a department store window dresser in Manasquan, New Jersey) and Ethel May (née Rhoads, a hairdresser, beautician and amateur artist in Manasquan)

Related Research Articles

Marlon Brando American actor, film director, and activist

Marlon Brando Jr. was an American actor and film director. With a career spanning 60 years, he is well-regarded for his cultural influence on 20th-century film. Brando's Academy Award-winning performances include that of Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront (1954) and Don Vito Corleone in The Godfather (1972). Brando was an activist for many causes, notably the civil rights movement and various Native American movements. He is credited with helping to popularize the Stanislavski system of acting, having studied with Stella Adler in the 1940s. He is often regarded as one of the first actors to bring Method Acting to mainstream audiences.

Peter Falk American actor

Peter Michael Falk was an American actor, known for his role as Lieutenant Columbo in the long-running television series Columbo (1968–2003), for which he won four Primetime Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award (1973). He first starred as Columbo in two 90-minute TV pilots; the first with Gene Barry in 1968 and the second with Lee Grant in 1971. The show then aired as part of The NBC Mystery Movie series from 1971 to 1978, and again on ABC from 1989 to 2003.

Roman Polanski French-Polish film director, producer, writer, and actor

Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański is a French-Polish film director, producer, writer, and actor. Since 1978, he has been a fugitive from the U.S. criminal justice system, having fled the country while awaiting sentencing in his sexual abuse case, in which he pleaded guilty to statutory rape.

Stanley Kubrick American filmmaker

Stanley Kubrick was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He is frequently cited as one of the most influential filmmakers in cinematic history. His films, which are mostly adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres, and are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, and evocative use of music.

Al Pacino American actor

Alfredo James Pacino, known professionally as Al Pacino, is an American actor and filmmaker who has had a career spanning more than five decades. He has received numerous accolades and honors both competitive and honorary, among them an Academy Award, two Tony Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, a British Academy Film Award, four Golden Globe Awards, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award and the National Medal of Arts. He is one of few performers to have won a competitive Oscar, an Emmy and a Tony Award for acting, dubbed the "Triple Crown of Acting".

Elia Kazan Greek-American film and theatre director, film and theatrical producer, screenwriter, novelist

Elia Kazan was a Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New York Times as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history".

John Huston American film director, screenwriter and actor

John Marcellus Huston was an American film director, screenwriter, and actor. Huston was a citizen of the United States by birth but renounced U.S. citizenship to become an Irish citizen and resident. He returned to the United States, where he lived the rest of his life. He wrote the screenplays for most of the 37 feature films he directed, many of which are today considered classics: The Maltese Falcon (1941), The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948), The Asphalt Jungle (1950), The African Queen (1951), The Misfits (1961), Fat City (1972), and The Man Who Would Be King (1975). During his 46-year career, Huston received 15 Oscar nominations, winning twice, and directed both his father, Walter Huston, and daughter, Anjelica Huston, to Oscar wins.

<i>Chinatown</i> (1974 film) 1974 American neo-noir film by Roman Polański

Chinatown is a 1974 American neo-noir mystery film, directed by Roman Polanski from a screenplay by Robert Towne, starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway. The film was inspired by the California Water Wars, a series of disputes over southern California water at the beginning of the 20th century, by which Los Angeles interests secured water rights in the Owens Valley. The Robert Evans production, a Paramount Pictures release, was the director's last film in the United States and features many elements of film noir, particularly a multi-layered story that is part mystery and part psychological drama.

Harvey Keitel American actor

Harvey Keitel is an American actor and producer. He has starred in films such as Mean Streets (1973), Taxi Driver (1976), The Duellists (1977), Bugsy (1991), Thelma & Louise (1991), Reservoir Dogs (1992), Sister Act (1992), The Piano (1993), Pulp Fiction (1994), From Dusk till Dawn (1996), Cop Land (1997), Red Dragon (2002), The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014), and Isle of Dogs (2018).

<i>Prizzis Honor</i> 1985 film by John Huston

Prizzi's Honor is a 1985 American comedy-drama film directed by John Huston. It stars Jack Nicholson and Kathleen Turner, with Robert Loggia and, in an Academy Award-winning performance, the director's daughter Anjelica Huston.

Martin Landau American actor and acting coach

Martin James Landau was an American actor, acting coach, producer, and editorial cartoonist. His career began in the 1950s, with early film appearances including a supporting role in Alfred Hitchcock's North by Northwest (1959). He played regular roles in the television series Mission: Impossible and Space: 1999.

<i>The Shining</i> (miniseries) 1997 American television miniseries

The Shining is a three-part horror television miniseries. Directed by Mick Garris from King's teleplay, the series was first aired in 1997.

<i>The King of Marvin Gardens</i> 1972 film by Bob Rafelson

The King of Marvin Gardens is a 1972 American drama film. It stars Jack Nicholson, Bruce Dern, Ellen Burstyn and Scatman Crothers. It is one of several collaborations between Nicholson and director Bob Rafelson. The majority of the film is set in a wintry Atlantic City, New Jersey, with cinematography by László Kovács.

<i>Fat City</i> (film)

Fat City is a 1972 American neo-noir boxing drama directed by John Huston. The picture stars Stacy Keach, Jeff Bridges, and Susan Tyrrell.

<i>Ironweed</i> (film) 1987 film by Héctor Babenco

Ironweed is a 1987 American drama film directed by Héctor Babenco. It is based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name by William Kennedy, who also wrote the screenplay. It stars Jack Nicholson and Meryl Streep, with Carroll Baker, Michael O'Keefe, Diane Venora, Fred Gwynne, Nathan Lane and Tom Waits in supporting roles. The story concerns the relationship of a homeless couple: Francis, an alcoholic, and Helen, a terminally ill woman during the years following the Great Depression. Major portions of the film were shot on location in Albany, New York, including Jay Street at Lark Street, Albany Rural Cemetery and the Miss Albany Diner on North Broadway.

<i>The Treasure of the Sierra Madre</i> (film) 1948 American film directed by John Huston

The Treasure of the Sierra Madre is a 1948 American dramatic adventurous neo-western written and directed by John Huston. It is an adaptation of B. Traven's 1927 novel of the same name, set in the 1920s, in which, driven by their desperate economic plight, two young men, Fred C. Dobbs and Bob Curtin, join old-timer Howard in Mexico to prospect for gold.

<i>Drive, He Said</i> 1971 film by Jack Nicholson

Drive, He Said is a 1971 American motion picture released by Columbia Pictures. It is one of the lesser-known works in the influential group of "New Hollywood" films of the late 1960s and early 1970s made by independent production house Raybert Productions and its successor, BBS Productions. Based upon the 1964 novel of the same title by Jeremy Larner, the film, which stars William Tepper, is notable as the directorial debut of Jack Nicholson following his breakthrough as an actor in Easy Rider (1969) and Five Easy Pieces (1970).

Roman Polanski sexual abuse case

In March 1977, film director Roman Polanski was arrested and charged in Los Angeles with five offenses against Samantha Geimer, a 13-year-old girl – rape by use of drugs, perversion, sodomy, lewd and lascivious act upon a child under 14, and furnishing a controlled substance to a minor. At his arraignment, Polanski pleaded not guilty to all charges but later accepted a plea bargain whose terms included dismissal of the five initial charges in exchange for a guilty plea to the lesser charge of engaging in unlawful sexual intercourse.

References

  1. 1 2 Katz, Ephraim. The Film Encyclopedia, HarperCollins (2012) pp. 1079–1080
  2. "Jack Nicholson". Familysearch.org.
  3. "Jack Nicholson Biography Film Actor (1937–)". Biography.com. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
  4. 1 2 Davies, Hunter (February 23, 1993). "INTERVIEW / Great film, Jack, now let's talk about you: Jack Nicholson". The Independent. London.
  5. 1 2 Marx, Arthur (Summer 1995). "On His Own Terms". Cigar Aficionado . Archived from the original on March 31, 2010.
  6. Douglas, Edward (2004). Jack: The Great Seducer – The Life and Many Loves of Jack Nicholson. New York: Harper Collins. p. 14. ISBN   0-06-052047-7.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 McDougal, Dennis (October 2007). Five Easy Decades: How Jack Nicholson Became the Biggest Movie Star in Modern Times. Wiley. ISBN   0-471-72246-4.
  8. Berliner, Eve. Marriage certificate of June Nilson and Donald Furcillo. Young Jack Nicholson: Auspicious Beginnings. Evesmag.com. 2001.
  9. McDougal, Dennis (October 2007). Five Easy Decades: How Jack Nicholson Became the Biggest Movie Star in Modern Times. Wiley. pp. 8, 278. ISBN   0-471-72246-4.
  10. 1 2 Jack Nicholson Biography, Biography.com
  11. Collins, Nancy. The Great Seducer: Jack Nicholson. Rolling Stone, March 29, 1984,
  12. "The Religious Affiliation of Jack Nicholson". Adherents.com. August 23, 2009.
  13. "'I Wasn't Inhibited by Anything'". Parade . December 4, 2007. Archived from the original on March 1, 2008. Retrieved February 16, 2007.
  14. Nicholson, Jack. "No Getting Away From NJ: Hollywood legend Jack Nicholson attempts to elucidate the definitive quality of New Jersey", New Jersey Monthly , November 15, 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2011. "I grew up on the Shore ... in Neptune, Neptune City, Manasquan, and Spring Lake. Graduated from Manasquan [High School]. No offense to Atlantic City, but, where we grew up, we called it 'The Shore'."
  15. Cumming, Calum (2014). Jack Nicholson. Bloomington, IN: Author House. p. 18. ISBN   978-1-4918-9225-1.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 McGilligan, Patrick (1996). Jack's Life: A Biography of Jack Nicholson. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 126, 219. ISBN   0-393-31378-6.
  17. Jack Nicholson, p. 18.
  18. Linderman, Lawrence. "Playboy Interview with Peter Fonda", Playboy magazine, September 1970
  19. 1 2 Parker, John. Michael Douglas: Acting on Instinct, Hachette Book Group (2011) e-book
  20. Hill, Lee. A Grand Guy: The Life and Art of Terry Southern. Bloomsbury, 2001.
  21. "Easy rider: The Jack Nicholson interview". Irish Independent. February 27, 2008.
  22. Duncan 2003, p. 122.
  23. "Hold the Chicken – Five Easy Pieces", fair use video clip
  24. 1 2 Crane, Robert. Jack Nicholson: The Early Years, Univ. Press of Kentucky (2012)
  25. 1 2 3 4 D'Agostino, Ryan. Esquire the Meaning of Life: Wisdom, Humor, and Damn Good Advice from 64 Extraordinary Lives, Sterling Publishing (2009) pp. 97–99
  26. 1 2 3 4 Eliot, Marc. Nicholson: A Biography, Random House (2013) Title page
  27. Gilmour, David. The Film Club: A Memoir, Hachette Book Group (2008) e-book
  28. Shore Patrol scene in The Last Detail, fair use clip
  29. Ebert, Roger. Roger Ebert's Four Star Reviews—1967–2007, Andrews McMeel Publishing (2007) p. 405
  30. Ebert, Roger. The Great Movies, Volume 1, Broadway Books (2002) p. 106
  31. Ebert, Roger. 27 Movies from the Dark Side: Ebert's Essentials, Andrews McMeel Publishing (2012) e-book
  32. Dunne, Dominick (April 2001). "Murder Most Unforgettable". Vanity Fair.
  33. 1 2 3 Huston, Anjelica. Watch Me, Simon and Schuster (2014) e-book
  34. Geimer, Samantha. The Girl: A Life in the Shadow of Roman Polanski, Simon and Schuster (2013) p. 79
  35. Danny DeVito speaks at the 22nd AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute To Jack Nicholson. 1994.
  36. Burke, Ken. Ed. The Guide to United States Popular Culture, Bowling Green State Univ. Press (2001) p. 578
  37. "You're not Crazy!" – a scene in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, fair use clip
  38. Brenner, Marie. Texas Monthly, January 1976, p. 32
  39. 1 2 3 4 Chatman, Seymour; Duncan, Paul. Michelangelo Antonioni: The Investigation, Taschen (2004) p. 134
  40. Crist, Judith. "The Plot Slickens", New York Magazine', April 14, 1975 p. 76
  41. Wild, David. "Rolling Stone Interview with Jack Nicholson", Rolling Stone, May 3, 2007, p. 110
  42. Nicholson, Jack. "Remembering Marlon", Rolling Stone, August 19, 2004
  43. 1 2 3 4 5 LoBrutto, Vincent. Stanley Kubrick: A Biography, Da Capo Press (1997) p. 420
  44. Webster, Patrick (2010). Love and Death in Kubrick: A Critical Study of the Films. McFarland. p. 221. ISBN   978-0-7864-5916-2.
  45. Ciment, Michel. Kubrick: The Definitive Edition, Faber and Faber, Inc. (1980; 1999)
  46. Trailer: The Border, fair use clip
  47. "The 54th Academy Awards: 1982". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  48. "The 58th Academy Awards: 1986". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  49. "The 60th Academy Awards: 1988". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  50. Grobel, Lawrence. "Playboy Interview with John Huston", Playboy magazine, September 1985
  51. Matt Carey (November 8, 2013). "You don't know Jack (Nicholson)". CNN. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  52. "The 65th Academy Awards: 1993". Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  53. "You Can't Handle the Truth! – A Few Good Men", fair use clip
  54. Bleiler, David, Ed. TLA Video & DVD Guide, St. Martin's Griffin (2003) p. 206
  55. 1 2 3 Thomson, David. The New Biographical Dictionary of Film, Alfred A. Knopf (2002) pp. 634–635
  56. Kagan, Jeremy. Directors Close Up, Scarecrow Press (2006) p. 148
  57. "Razzie nominations 1992". Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  58. "Golden Globe actor reference". Archived from the original on March 12, 2013.
  59. 1 2 3 Bona, Damien. Inside Oscar 2, Random House (2002) e-book
  60. Schruers, Fred. "Rolling Stone Interview with Jack Nicholson", Rolling Stone, March 19, 1998 pp. 38–40
  61. Horton, Andrew. Laughing Out Loud: Writing the Comedy-centered Screenplay, Univ. of California Press (2000) p. 64
  62. AS GOOD AS IT GETS reviews, Urban Cinefile, August 13, 2015
  63. "23rd Moscow International Film Festival (2001)". MIFF. Archived from the original on March 28, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
  64. "He Saved My Life", a scene in The Bucket List, fair use clip
  65. "Jack Nicholson 'retires from acting due to memory loss'". The Guardian. September 5, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  66. "Jack Nicholson–Retirement Clarification: The Actor Is Retiring from Hitting on Women, Not Acting". Vanity Fair. September 16, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  67. "Politics – SNL 40th Anniversary Special", Saturday Night Live
  68. "HBO's Jim Lampley captures essence of Muhammad Ali in 'The Fight Game' closing". Los Angeles Times.
  69. Kroll, Justin. "Jack Nicholson, Kristen Wiig to Star in "Toni Erdmann" Remake (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  70. Barfield, Charles (August 15, 2018). "Jack Nicholson Drops Out Of 'Toni Erdmann' As American Remake Sees Behind-The-Scenes Changes". The Playlist. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  71. "Jack Nicholson Interview". Rolling Stone : 18. March 29, 1984. I yearn for honesty in life. I'd tell anybody any living thing about me.
  72. "The House That Jack Owns". PEOPLE.com.
  73. Abcarian, Robin. "Never a Borrower or a Lender Be—Especially in Hollywood", Los Angeles Times . May 29, 1996. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  74. Gates, Anita. "Susan Anspach, 75, Dies; Daring Actress in Maverick Films", The New York Times . April 5, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  75. 1 2 "The women Jack Nicholson loved and lost: In pictures", The Telegraph, U.K., January 13, 2015
  76. "Jack Nicholson, Daughter Lorraine Nicholson Make Rare Public Appearance Together", US Weekly, December 16, 2014
  77. "Lara Flynn Boyle: Once Too Thin Has Emerged And Looks Unrecognizable". The Inquisitr. October 17, 2013.
  78. "Jack Nicholson: I'm "Uncomfortable" With "Sex Legend" Rumors". November 6, 2012.
  79. "The religion of Jack Nicholson, actor". www.adherents.com.
  80. Harlow, John (August 6, 2006). "Jack Nicholson to demolish his friend Brando's house". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
  81. Heigl, Alex. "The Five Most Gonzo Stories About Hunter S. Thompson". Nerve. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  82. Bane, Vickie (March 9, 2005). "Jack Nicholson Draws Hunter S. Thompson". People.
  83. "The Kid Stays in the Picture". reelingreviews.com.
  84. "Nicholson gets court rage". BBC News. May 11, 2003.
  85. "Jack Nicholson yells at referee". Archived from the original on February 16, 2013.
  86. "New Angle on a Symbol of Art Deco: Painting: Tamara de Lempicka's portraits of the '20s and '30s leisure class are finding revived interest". Los Angeles Times.
  87. Braid, Mary (July 23, 1999). "Jack Nicholson loves him. The public adores him. His erotic art has made him millions and his posters outsell Van Gogh and Star Wars. So why is Jack Vettriano so bitter?". The Independent. London. Retrieved February 22, 2009.
  88. Bob Colacello (April 1995), The Art of the Deal Vanity Fair .
  89. "Jack Nicholson goes public with his politics". Today.com. December 20, 2007. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  90. "NAMES IN THE NEWS: Nicholson Split on Abortion". Los Angeles Times.
  91. Smith, Warren Allen. Celebrities in Hell. Fort Lee, NJ: Barricade, 2002. Print. "I don't believe in God now", Nicholson told a 1992 Vanity Fair interviewer. But: "I can still work up an envy for someone who has faith. I can see how that could be a deeply soothing experience."
  92. "Nicholson And Fonda Join California Hall of Fame". December 3, 2008.
  93. "The California Museum's California Hall of Fame Fact Sheet". California Museum.
  94. Alloway, Kristen (May 3, 2010). "Jack Nicholson, Susan Sarandon are among 15 inducted into N.J. Hall of Fame". NJ.com. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  95. "Some Wisdom from Jack... and Binder!" BlogDailyHerald. June 3, 2011.

Bibliography

Preceded by
Cesar Romero
Joker Actor
1989
Succeeded by
Heath Ledger