Paul Lukas

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Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas - 1950.jpg
Lukas in 1950
Born
Pál Lukács

(1894-05-26)26 May 1894
Died15 August 1971(1971-08-15) (aged 77)
Tangier, Morocco
Resting placeCementerio de Benalmádena, Andalusia, Spain
OccupationActor
Years active1916–1970
Spouses
Gizella "Daisy" Benes
(m. 1927;died 1962)
Annette M. Driesens
(m. 1963)

Paul Lukas (born Pál Lukács; 26 May 1894 – 15 August 1971) was a Hungarian actor. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor, and the first Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, for his performance in the film Watch on the Rhine (1943), reprising the role he created on the Broadway stage.

Contents

Biography

Lukas was born Pál Lukács in Budapest into a Hungarian-Jewish family, [1] [2] the son of Adolf Munkácsi and Mária Schneckendorf. He was later adopted by Mária (née Zilahy) and János Lukács, an advertising executive. [3] [4]

Lukas made his stage debut in Budapest in 1916, and his film debut in 1917. At first, he played elegant, smooth womanizers, but increasingly, he became typecast as a villain. He had a successful stage and film career in Hungary, Germany, and Austria, where he worked with Max Reinhardt. He arrived in Hollywood in 1927, and became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1937. In 1935, he built a home near the new Racquet Club of Palm Springs, California. [5]

Paul Lukas starring as Kurt Mueller in the original Broadway production of Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine (1941) Lukas-Watch-on-the-Rhine-1941.jpg
Paul Lukas starring as Kurt Mueller in the original Broadway production of Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine (1941)

Lukas was busy in the 1930s, appearing in such films as the melodrama Rockabye , the crime caper Grumpy , Alfred Hitchcock's The Lady Vanishes , the comedy Ladies in Love , and the drama Dodsworth . He followed William Powell and Basil Rathbone, portraying the series detective Philo Vance, a cosmopolitan New Yorker, once in The Casino Murder Case (1935).

His major film success came in Watch on the Rhine (1943), where he played a man working against the Nazis, a role he originated in the Broadway premiere of the play of the same name in 1941. [6] His portrayal of Kurt Mueller, a German émigré with an American wife, played by Bette Davis, was universally lauded by critics. Brooks Atkinson of the New York Times, wrote: "As the enemy of fascism, Mr. Lukas' haggard, loving, resourceful determination becomes heroic by virtue of his sincerity and his superior abilities as an actor." [7] He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the role. He also received the New York Film Critics Award for his performance. [7]

In 1943, Lukas guest-starred as the lead character in an episode of the radio program Suspense , "Mr. Markham, Antique Dealer", [8] as well as the character of a blind composer in the episode "A World of Darkness". [9] On 2 April 1944, he starred in "The Steadfast Heart" on Silver Theater . [10] In the 1940s, Lukas was a charter member of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, a conservative lobbying group opposed to possible Communist influence in Hollywood.

Lukas also starred as Professor Aronnax in Walt Disney's film version of Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954).

Lukas' film career continued into the 1960s, with nine films, including Fun in Acapulco with Elvis Presley in 1963 and Lord Jim with Peter O'Toole in 1965. His final film, The Challenge , was released in 1970.

The remainder of his career moved from Hollywood to the stage, and to television. His only singing role was as Cosmo Constantine in the original 1950 Broadway stage version of Irving Berlin's Call Me Madam , opposite Ethel Merman for over 600 performances (although he is heard singing a song in the 1933 film Little Women ). [11]

Lukas died 15 August 1971, in Tangier, Morocco, [12] reportedly while searching for a place to spend his retirement years. He is buried in Spain.

Recognition

Lukas was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6821 Hollywood Boulevard, on February 8, 1960. [13]

Filmography

YearTitleRoleNotes
1920 Boccaccio Boccaccio
1922 Samson and Delilah Ettore Ricco, tenor
1923 The Unknown Tomorrow
1928 Three Sinners Count Dietrich WallentinLost film
Manhattan Cocktail Boris RenovLost film
The Woman from Moscow VladimirIncomplete film
Loves of an Actress Doctor DurandeLost film
Two Lovers Don Ramon de LineaIncomplete film
Hot News James ClaytonLost film
Night Watch Captain Corlaix
The Shopworn Angel BaileyIncomplete film
1929 The Wolf of Wall Street David TylerLost film
Illusion Count Fortuny
Half Way to Heaven Nick Pogli
1930 Behind the Make-Up Boris
Slightly Scarlet Malatroff
Young Eagles Von Baden
The Benson Murder Case Adolph Mohler
The Devil's Holiday Dr Reynolds
Grumpy Berci
Anybody's Woman Gustave Saxon
The Right to Love Eric
1931 City Streets Big Fellow Mashal
Unfaithful Colin Graham
Working Girls Doctor Joseph Von Schrader
Women Love Once Julien Fields
The Beloved Bachelor Michael Morda
Strictly Dishonorable Gus
The Vice Squad Stephen Lucarno
1932 No One Man Dr Karl Bemis
Tomorrow and Tomorrow Doctor Nicholas Faber
Thunder Below Ken
Downstairs Albert, the Baron's Butler
A Passport to Hell Lt. Kurt Kurtoff
Rockabye Antonie de Sola
1933 Grand Slam Peter Stanislavsky
The Kiss Before the Mirror Walter Bernsdorf
Sing Sinner Sing Phil Carida
Secret of the Blue Room Captain Walter Brink
Captured! Colonel Carl Ehrlich
Little Women Professor Bhaer
By Candlelight Josef
1934 The Countess of Monte Cristo Rumowski
Glamour Victor Banki
I Give My Love Paul Vadja
Gift of Gab The Corpse
Father Brown, Detective Flambeau
The Fountain Rupert von Narwitz
Affairs of a Gentleman Victor Gresham
1935 The Casino Murder Case Philo Vance
Age of Indiscretion Robert Lenhart
The Three Musketeers Athos
I Found Stella Parish Stephan Norman
1936 Dodsworth Arnold Iselin
Ladies in Love John Barta
1937 Brief Ecstasy Professor Paul Bernardy
The Mutiny of the Elsinore Jack Pethurst
Espionage Anton Kronsky
Dinner at the Ritz Baron Philip de Beaufort
1938 The Lady Vanishes Dr Hartz
1939 Confessions of a Nazi Spy Dr. Kassell
Captain Fury Francois Dupre
1940 Strange Cargo Hessler
The Chinese Bungalow Yuan Sing
The Ghost Breakers Parada
A Window in London ZoltiniReleased as Lady in Distress in the US
1941 The Monster and the Girl W. S. Bruhl
They Dare Not Love Baron von Helsing
1943 Hostages Rheinhardt
Watch on the Rhine Kurt MullerWon Academy Award for Best Actor
1944 Uncertain Glory Inspector Marcel Bonet
Address Unknown Martin Schulz
Experiment Perilous Nick Bederaux
1946 Deadline at Dawn Gus Hoffman
Temptation Sir Meyer Isaacson
1947 Whispering City Albert Frederic
Don't Be a Sucker The RefugeeProduced by the US War Department
1948 Berlin Express Dr Bernhardt
1950 Kim Lama
1954 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Prof. Pierre Aronnax
1958 The Roots of Heaven Saint Denis
1959 Judgment at Nuremberg Ernst Janning
1960 Scent of Mystery Baron Saradin
1962 Tender Is the Night Dr. Dohmler
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Karl von Hartrott
1963 55 Days at Peking Dr. Steinfeldt
Fun in Acapulco Maximillian Dauphin
1965 Lord Jim Stein
1968 Sol Madrid Capo Riccione
1970 The Challenge Dr NagyTV movie

See also

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References

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  2. Central Conference of American Rabbis (1988). "Journal of Reform Judaism". CCAR Journal. Central Conference of American Rabbis. 35. ISSN   0149-712X . Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  3. H.W. Wilson Company (1942). "Current Biography Yearbook". Current Biography Yearbook: Annual Cumulation. H. W. Wilson Company. ISSN   0084-9499 . Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  4. "Marriage entry, Budapest 7th district, 26 March 1918". familysearch.org. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  5. Meeks, Eric G. (2014) [2012]. The Best Guide Ever to Palm Springs Celebrity Homes. Horatio Limburger Oglethorpe. pp. 29–30, 34. ISBN   978-1479328598.
  6. "Watch on the Rhine". IBDB.com. Internet Broadway Database.
  7. 1 2 Bower, Ronald; Unterburger, Amy L. ed. International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers: Actors and Actresses, St. James Press (1997) p. 740
  8. "Internet Archive".
  9. Blackstone Audio "Suspense" Vol.2 issued 2015
  10. "Sunday Highlights". The Nebraska State Journal. 2 April 1944. p. 28. Retrieved 31 March 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  11. None but the Lonely Hearts by Paul Lukas, archived from the original on 14 April 2020, retrieved 4 December 2019
  12. Obituary Variety , August 18, 1971, p. 55.
  13. "Paul Lukas". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 3 October 2015.