Paul Lukas

Last updated
Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas - 1950.jpg
Lukas in 1950
Born
Pál Lukács

(1894-05-26)May 26, 1894
DiedAugust 15, 1971(1971-08-15) (aged 77)
Tangier, Morocco
Resting placeCementerio de Benalmádena, Andalusia, Spain
OccupationActor
Years active1916–70
Spouse(s)Gizella "Daisy" Benes (1927–1962; her death)
Annette M. Driesens (1963–1971; his death)

Paul Lukas (born Pál Lukács; May 26, 1894 – August 15, 1971) was a Hungarian actor. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor, and the first Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama for his performance in the film Watch on the Rhine (1943), reprising the role he created on the Broadway stage.

Contents

Biography

Lukas was born Pál Lukács in Budapest into a Jewish family, [1] [2] the son of Adolf Munkácsi and Mária Schneckendorf. He was later adopted by Mária (née Zilahy) and János Lukács, an advertising executive. [3] [4]

Lukas made his stage debut in Budapest in 1916 and his film debut in 1917. At first, he played elegant, smooth womanizers, but increasingly he became typecast as a villain. He had a successful stage and film career in Hungary, Germany, and Austria, where he worked with Max Reinhardt. He arrived in Hollywood in 1927 and became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1937. In 1935 he built a home near the new Racquet Club of Palm Springs, California. [5]

Paul Lukas starring as Kurt Mueller in the original Broadway production of Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine (1941) Lukas-Watch-on-the-Rhine-1941.jpg
Paul Lukas starring as Kurt Mueller in the original Broadway production of Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine (1941)

He was busy in the 1930s, appearing in such films as the melodrama Rockabye , the crime caper Grumpy , Alfred Hitchcock's The Lady Vanishes , the comedy Ladies in Love , and the drama Dodsworth . He followed William Powell and Basil Rathbone portraying the series detective Philo Vance, a cosmopolitan New Yorker, once in The Casino Murder Case (1935).

His major film success came in Watch on the Rhine (1943), where he played a man working against the Nazis, a role he originated in the Broadway premiere of the play of the same name in 1941. [6] His portrayal of Kurt Mueller, a German émigré with an American wife, played by Bette Davis, was universally lauded by critics. Brooks Atkinson of the New York Times, wrote, "As the enemy of fascism, Mr. Lukas' haggard, loving, resourceful determination becomes heroic by virtue of his sincerity and his superior abilities as an actor." [7] He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the role. He also received the New York Film Critics Award for his performance. [7]

In 1943, he guest starred as the eponymous character in an episode of the radio program Suspense , "Mr. Markham, Antique Dealer", [8] as well as the character of a blind composer in the episode "A World of Darkness". [9] On April 2, 1944, he starred in "The Steadfast Heart" on Silver Theater . [10] In the 1940s, Lukas was a charter member of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, a conservative lobbying group opposed to possible Communist influence in Hollywood.

Lukas also starred as Professor Aronnax in Walt Disney's film version of Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954).

Lukas' film career continued into the 1960s with nine films, including Fun in Acapulco with Elvis Presley in 1963 and Lord Jim with Peter O'Toole in 1965. His final film, The Challenge , was released in 1970.

The remainder of his career moved from Hollywood to the stage to television. His only singing role was as Cosmo Constantine in the original 1950 Broadway stage version of Irving Berlin's Call Me Madam , opposite Ethel Merman for over 600 performances (although he is heard singing a song in the 1933 film Little Women , displaying a pleasant voice). [11]

Lukas died August 15, 1971, in Tangier, Morocco, [12] reportedly while searching for a place to spend his retirement years. He is buried in Spain.

Recognition

Lukas was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6821 Hollywood Boulevard on February 8, 1960. [13]

Filmography

YearTitleRoleNotes
1920 Boccaccio Boccaccio
1922 Samson and Delilah Ettore Ricco, tenor
1923 The Unknown Tomorrow
1928 Three Sinners Count Dietrich WallentinLost film
Manhattan Cocktail Boris RenovLost film
The Woman from Moscow VladimirIncomplete film
Loves of an Actress Doctor DurandeLost film
Two Lovers Don Ramon de LineaIncomplete film
Hot News James ClaytonLost film
Night Watch Captain Corlaix
The Shopworn Angel BaileyIncomplete film
1929 The Wolf of Wall Street David Tyler
Illusion Count Fortuny
Half Way to Heaven Nick Pogli
1930 Behind the Make-Up Boris
Slightly Scarlet Malatroff
Young Eagles Von Baden
The Benson Murder Case Adolph Mohler
The Devil's Holiday Dr Reynolds
Grumpy Berci
Anybody's Woman Gustave Saxon
The Right to Love Eric
1931 City Streets Big Fellow Mashal
Unfaithful Colin Graham
Working Girls Doctor Joseph Von Schrader
Women Love Once Julien Fields
The Beloved Bachelor Michael Morda
Strictly Dishonorable Gus
The Vice Squad Stephen Lucarno
1932 No One Man Dr Karl Bemis
Tomorrow and Tomorrow Doctor Nicholas Faber
Thunder Below Ken
Downstairs Albert, the Baron's Butler
A Passport to Hell Lt. Kurt Kurtoff
Rockabye Antonie de Sola
1933 Grand Slam Peter Stanislavsky
The Kiss Before the Mirror Walter Bernsdorf
Sing Sinner Sing Phil Carida
Secret of the Blue Room Captain Walter Brink
Captured! Colonel Carl Ehrlich
Little Women Professor Bhaer
By Candlelight Josef
1934 The Countess of Monte Criso Rumowski
Glamour Victor Banki
I Give My Love Paul Vadja
Gift of Gab The Corpse
Father Brown, Detective Flambeau
The Fountain Rupert von Narwitz
Affairs of a Gentleman Victor Gresham
1935 The Casino Murder Case Philo Vance
Age of Indiscretion Robert Lenhart
The Three Musketeers Athos
I Found Stella Parish Stephan Norman
1936 Dodsworth Arnold Iselin
Ladies in Love John Barta
1937 Brief Ecstasy Professor Paul Bernardy
The Mutiny of the Elsinore Jack Pethurst
Espionage Anton Kronsky
Dinner at the Ritz Baron Philip de Beaufort
1938 The Lady Vanishes Dr Hartz
1939 Confessions of a Nazi Spy Dr. Kassell
Captain Fury Francois Dupre
1940 Strange Cargo Hessler
The Chinese Bungalow Yuan Sing
The Ghost Breakers Parada
A Window in London ZoltiniReleased as Lady in Distress in the US
1941 The Monster and the Girl W. S. Bruhl
They Dare Not Love Baron von Helsing
1943 Hostages Rheinhardt
Watch on the Rhine Kurt MullerWon Academy Award for Best Actor
1944 Uncertain Glory Inspector Marcel Bonet
Address Unknown Martin Schulz
Experiment Perilous Nick Bederaux
1946 Deadline at Dawn Gus Hoffman
Temptation Sir Meyer Isaacson
1947 Whispering City Albert Frederic
Don't Be a Sucker The RefugeeProduced by the US War Department
1948 Berlin Express Dr Bernhardt
1950 Kim Lama
1954 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Prof. Pierre Aronnax
1958 The Roots of Heaven Saint Denis
1959 Judgment at Nuremberg Ernst Janning
1960 Scent of Mystery Baron Saradin
1962 Tender Is the Night Dr. Dohmler
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Karl von Hartrott
1963 55 Days at Peking Dr. Steinfeldt
Fun in Acapulco Maximillian Dauphin
1965 Lord Jim Stein
1968 Sol Madrid Capo Riccione
1970 The Challenge Dr NagyTV movie, (final film role)

See also

Related Research Articles

Joseph Cotten American actor

Joseph Cheshire Cotten Jr. was an American film, stage, radio and television actor. Cotten achieved prominence on Broadway, starring in the original stage productions of The Philadelphia Story and Sabrina Fair.

Paul Muni Austrian-born American stage and film actor

Paul Muni was an Austro-Hungarian-born American stage and film actor who grew up in Chicago. Muni was a five-time Academy Award nominee, with one win. He started his acting career in the Yiddish theater. During the 1930s, he was considered one of the most prestigious actors at the Warner Bros. studio, and was given the rare privilege of choosing which parts he wanted.

Jack Albertson American actor and comedian

Harold Albertson, known professionally as Jack Albertson, was an American actor, comedian, dancer, and singer who also performed in vaudeville. Albertson was a Tony, Oscar, and Emmy winning actor. For his performance as John Cleary in the 1964 play The Subject Was Roses and its 1968 film adaptation, he won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play, and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. His other notable roles include Grandpa Joe in Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971), Manny Rosen in The Poseidon Adventure (1972), and Ed Brown in the television sitcom Chico and the Man (1974–78), for which he won an Emmy. For his contributions to the television industry, Albertson was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1977 at 6253 Hollywood Boulevard.

<i>Watch on the Rhine</i> 1943 film by Hal Mohr, Herman Shumlin

Watch on the Rhine is a 1943 American drama film directed by Herman Shumlin and starring Bette Davis and Paul Lukas. The screenplay by Dashiell Hammett is based on the 1941 play Watch on the Rhine by Lillian Hellman. Watch on the Rhine was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture and Paul Lukas won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as Kurt Muller, a German-born anti-fascist in this film.

Agnes Moorehead American actress (1900–1974)

Agnes Robertson Moorehead was an American actress. In a career spanning four decades, her credits included work in radio, stage, film, and television. Moorehead was the recipient of such accolades as a Primetime Emmy Award and two Golden Globe Awards, in addition to nominations for four Academy Awards. She is best known for her role as Endora on the television series Bewitched, but she also had notable roles in films, including Citizen Kane, Dark Passage, All That Heaven Allows, and Show Boat. She is also known for the radioplay Sorry, Wrong Number (1943) and its several subsequent re-recordings for Suspense. Moorehead garnered four nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, for her performances in: The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), Mrs. Parkington (1944), Johnny Belinda (1948), and Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964).

Lloyd Bridges American film, stage and television actor

Lloyd Vernet Bridges Jr. was an American film, stage and television actor who starred in a number of television series and appeared in more than 150 feature films. He was the father of four children, including the actors Beau Bridges and Jeff Bridges. He started his career as a contract performer for Columbia Pictures, appearing in films such as Sahara (1943), A Walk in the Sun (1945), Little Big Horn (1951) and High Noon (1952). On television, he starred in Sea Hunt 1958 to 1961. By the end of his career, he had re-invented himself and demonstrated a comedic talent in such parody films as Airplane! (1980), Hot Shots! (1991), and Jane Austen's Mafia! (1998). Among other honors, Bridges was a two-time Emmy Award nominee. He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on February 1, 1994.

Betty Field American actress

Betty Field was an American film and stage actress.

Paul Henreid Austrian-American actor and film director (1908–1992)

Paul Henreid was an Austrian-British-American actor, director, producer, and writer. He is best remembered for two film roles: Victor Laszlo in Casablanca and Jerry Durrance in Now, Voyager, both released between 1942 and 1943.

Red Buttons American comedian and actor

Red Buttons was an American actor and comedian. He won an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his supporting role in the 1957 film Sayonara. He was nominated for awards for his acting work in films such as They Shoot Horses, Don't They?, Harlow, and Pete's Dragon. Buttons played a lead role, that of Private John Steele, in the 1962 international ensemble cast film, The Longest Day.

Cleavon Little American actor

Cleavon Jake Little was an American stage, film, and television actor. He began his career in the late 1960s on the stage. In 1970, he starred in the Broadway production of Purlie, for which he earned both a Drama Desk Award and a Tony Award. His first leading television role was that of the irreverent Dr. Jerry Noland on the ABC sitcom Temperatures Rising (1972–1974). While starring in the sitcom, Little appeared in what has become his signature performance, portraying Sheriff Bart in the 1974 Mel Brooks comedy film Blazing Saddles.

Ben Gazzara American actor (1930-2012)

Biagio Anthony "Ben" Gazzara was an American actor and director of film, stage, and television. He received numerous accolades, including a Primetime Emmy Award and a Drama Desk Award, in addition to nominations for three Golden Globe Awards and three Tony Awards.

J. Carrol Naish American actor (1896-1973)

Joseph Patrick Carrol Naish was an American actor. He appeared in over 200 credits during the Golden Age of Hollywood.

Leonard Frey was an American actor. He is best remembered for his performance in the 1971 film Fiddler on the Roof, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.

Lilli Palmer

Lilli Palmer was a German actress and writer. After beginning her career in British films in the 1930s, she would later transition to major Hollywood productions, earning a Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance in But Not for Me (1959).

George Coulouris British actor

George Alexander Coulouris was an English film and stage actor.

Lucile Watson Canadian actress

Lucile Watson was a Canadian actress, long based in the United States. She was "famous for her roles of formidable dowagers."

Helmut Dantine Austrian actor

Helmut Dantine was an Austrian-American actor who often played Nazis in thriller films of the 1940s. His best-known performances are perhaps the German pilot in Mrs. Miniver and the desperate refugee in Casablanca, who tries gambling to obtain travel visa money for himself and his wife. As his acting career waned, he turned to producing.

The 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, were held late on January 20, 1944 at the 20th Century Fox studios in Los Angeles, California.

Eve McVeagh American actress

Eva Elizabeth "Eve" McVeagh was an American actress of film, television, stage, and radio. Her career spanned 52 years from her first stage role through her last stage appearance. Her roles included leading and supporting parts as well as smaller character roles in which she proved a gifted character actress.

References

  1. Brode, D. (2009). Multiculturalism and the Mouse: Race and Sex in Disney Entertainment. University of Texas Press. p. 103. ISBN   978-0292783300 . Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  2. Central Conference of American Rabbis (1988). "Journal of Reform Judaism". Ccar Journal (New York: 1991). Central Conference of American Rabbis. 35. ISSN   0149-712X . Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  3. H.W. Wilson Company (1942). "Current Biography Yearbook". Current Biography Yearbook : Annual Cumulation. H. W. Wilson Company. ISSN   0084-9499 . Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  4. "Marriage entry, Budapest 7th district, 26 March 1918". familysearch.org. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  5. Meeks, Eric G. (2014) [2012]. The Best Guide Ever to Palm Springs Celebrity Homes. Horatio Limburger Oglethorpe. pp. 29–30, 34. ISBN   978-1479328598.
  6. Watch on the Rhine at the Internet Broadway Database
  7. 1 2 Bower, Ronald; Unterburger, Amy L. ed. International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers: Actors and Actresses, St. James Press (1997) p. 740
  8. "Internet Archive".
  9. Blackstone Audio 'Suspense' Vol.2 issued 2015
  10. "Sunday Highlights". The Nebraska State Journal. April 2, 1944. p. 28. Retrieved 31 March 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  11. None But The Lonely hearts by Paul Lukas , retrieved 2019-12-04
  12. Obituary Variety , August 18, 1971, p. 55.
  13. "Paul Lukas". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved 3 October 2015.