Jackie Cooper

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Jackie Cooper
Jackie Cooper 1956.JPG
Cooper in 1956
John Cooper Jr.

(1922-09-15)September 15, 1922
DiedMay 3, 2011(2011-05-03) (aged 88)
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Years active1928-1990
June Horne
(m. 1944;div. 1949)

(m. 1950;div. 1951)

Barbara Rae Kraus
(m. 1954;died 2009)

John Cooper Jr. (September 15, 1922 – May 3, 2011) was an American actor, television director, producer, and executive, known universally as Jackie Cooper. He was a child actor who made the transition to an adult career. Cooper was the first child actor to receive an Oscar nomination. [1] Aged nine, he remains the youngest performer ever nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor, an honor that he received for the film Skippy (1931). [2] For nearly 50 years, Cooper remained the youngest Oscar nominee in any category.


Early life

John Cooper Jr. [3] was born in Los Angeles, California. Cooper's father, John Cooper, left the family when Jackie was two years old. [4] [5] [6] His mother, Mabel Leonard Bigelow (née Polito), was a stage pianist. [7] Cooper's maternal uncle, Jack Leonard, was a screenwriter and his maternal aunt, Julie Leonard, was an actress married to director Norman Taurog. Cooper's stepfather was C.J. Bigelow, a studio production manager. [4] His mother was Italian American (her family's surname was changed from "Polito" to "Leonard"); Cooper was told by his family that his father was Jewish. The two never reunited after he had left the family. [4] [8] [9]

Start of acting career

Cooper, then a member of Our Gang, flirts with schoolteacher Miss Crabtree in School's Out (1930) Jackiecooper.JPEG
Cooper, then a member of Our Gang , flirts with schoolteacher Miss Crabtree in School's Out (1930)
Cooper, Edward Brophy, and Wallace Beery in The Champ (1931) The Champ (1931) trailer 1.jpg
Cooper, Edward Brophy, and Wallace Beery in The Champ (1931)
Cooper as he appeared in the film Broadway to Hollywood (1933) Jackie Cooper in Broadway to Hollywood trailer.jpg
Cooper as he appeared in the film Broadway to Hollywood (1933)
Cooper and Wallace Beery in Treasure Island" (1934) Poster - Treasure Island (1934) 02.jpg
Cooper and Wallace Beery in Treasure Island" (1934)

Cooper first appeared in films as an extra with his grandmother, who took him to her auditions hoping it would help her get extra work. At age three, Jackie appeared in Lloyd Hamilton comedies under the name of "Leonard".

Cooper graduated to bit parts in feature films such as Fox Movietone Follies of 1929 and Sunny Side Up . His director in those films, David Butler, recommended Cooper to director Leo McCarey, who arranged an audition for the Our Gang comedy series produced by Hal Roach. In 1929, Cooper signed a three-year contract after joining the series in the short Boxing Gloves . He initially was to be a supporting character in the series, but by early 1930 his success in transitioning to sound films enabled him to become one of Our Gang 's major characters. He was the main character in the episodes The First Seven Years and When the Wind Blows . His most notable Our Gang shorts explore his crush on Miss Crabtree, the schoolteacher played by June Marlowe. His Our Gang shorts included Teacher's Pet , School's Out , and Love Business . [4]

While under contract to Hal Roach Studios, in 1931 Cooper was loaned to Paramount to star in Skippy, directed by his uncle, Norman Taurog. At age nine, Cooper was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor, the youngest actor to be nominated for an Oscar in that category. Although Paramount paid Roach $25,000 for Cooper's services, Roach paid Cooper a standard salary of $50 per week. [4]

Our Gang producer Hal Roach sold Jackie's contract to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1931. Cooper acted with Wallace Beery in The Champ (1931—Beery's Oscar-winning role); a wittily comedic romp titled The Bowery (1933) with George Raft, Fay Wray and Pert Kelton; Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island (1934) with Lionel Barrymore, Lewis Stone and Nigel Bruce; and a father-son circus story about a one-armed animal trainer titled O'Shaughnessy's Boy (1935). In his autobiography, Cooper wrote that Beery was a disappointment and accused Beery of upstaging him and attempting to undermine his performances out of jealousy. [4]

Cooper played the title role in the first two Henry Aldrich films, What a Life (1939) and Life with Henry (1941).

Adult years

Cooper in the trailer for Gallant Sons (1940). Jackie Cooper in Gallant Sons trailer.jpg
Cooper in the trailer for Gallant Sons (1940).

Cooper served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, remaining in the reserves until 1982, retiring at the rank of captain and receiving the Legion of Merit. [10] He starred in two television sitcoms, NBC's The People's Choice with Patricia Breslin and CBS's Hennesey with Abby Dalton. In 1954, he guest-starred on the NBC legal drama Justice . He appeared on ABC's The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom , guest-starred with Tennessee Ernie Ford on NBC's The Ford Show as America's Uranium King, and as Charles A. Steen in "I Found 60 Million Dollars" on the Armstrong Circle Theatre . [11]

Cooper and Abby Dalton in Hennesey (1960) Jackie Cooper Abby Dalton Hennessey 1960.JPG
Cooper and Abby Dalton in Hennesey (1960)
The handprints of Jackie Cooper in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park. Jackie Cooper (handprints in cement).jpg
The handprints of Jackie Cooper in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park.

In 1950, Cooper was cast in a production of Mr. Roberts in Boston, Massachusetts in the role of Ensign Pulver. From 1964 to 1969, Cooper was vice president of program development at Columbia Pictures Screen Gems TV division. He was responsible for packaging series such as Bewitched and selling them to the networks. In 1964, Cooper appeared in Rod Serling's The Twilight Zone episode "Caesar and Me", and in 1968 a made-for-television film Shadow on the Land. [11]

Cooper left Columbia in 1969. He appeared in the fourth season of Hawaii Five-O in an episode called The Burning Ice . Cooper appeared in Candidate for Crime starring Peter Falk as Columbo in 1973, and in the 1975 ABC series Mobile One, a Jack Webb/Mark VII Limited production. He guest-starred in a 1978 two-part episode of The Rockford Files: The House on Willis Avenue . Cooper's work as director on episodes of M*A*S*H and The White Shadow earned him Emmy awards. [12]

In the 1970s and 1980s, Cooper appeared as Daily Planet editor Perry White in the Superman film series, a role he got after Keenan Wynn, who was originally cast as White, became unavailable after suffering a heart attack. [13]

Cooper's final film role was as Ace Morgan in the 1987 film Surrender , starring Sally Field, Michael Caine, and Steve Guttenberg. [11]

Personal life

Cooper in 1989 Jackie Cooper (1989).jpg
Cooper in 1989

Cooper served in the United States Navy during World War II and remained active in the Naval Reserve for the next several decades, reaching the rank of captain. [6] He was married to June Horne from 1944 until 1949, with whom he had a son, John "Jack" Cooper, III, who was born in 1946. June was the daughter of director James W. Horne and actress Cleo Ridgely. Cooper was married to Hildy Parks from 1950 until 1951, and to Barbara Rae Kraus from 1954 until her death in 2009. Cooper and Kraus had three children, Russell, born in 1956, Julie, born in 1957, and Cristina, born in 1959. Julie and Cristina died in 1997 and 2009, respectively. [7]

Cooper participated in several automobile racing events, including the record-breaking class D cars at the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. He drove in several SCCA road racing competitions. Cooper was named the honorary starter for the 1976 Winston 500 at the Alabama International Motor Speedway, which is now known as Talladega Superspeedway, in Talladega, Alabama. [14]

Cooper's autobiography, Please Don't Shoot My Dog, was published in 1982. The title refers to an incident during the filming of Skippy, when Norman Taurog, who was the director, needed Cooper to cry a number of times on camera. To accomplish that, Taurog used various tricks intended to upset Cooper. For example, one time Taurog ordered a security guard to go backstage and pretend to shoot Cooper's dog. The stunt resulted in genuine tears; Cooper afterwards discovered his dog was in fact fine. Later that same day, his mother came to the set, and showed Cooper a better way for an actor to experience emotions in the scene–by studying the script, and empathizing with the character he was portraying. [4]

Cooper announced his retirement in 1989, although he continued directing episodes of the syndicated series Superboy . He began spending more time training and racing horses at Hollywood Park and outside San Diego during the Del Mar racing season. Cooper lived in Beverly Hills from 1955 until his death.

For his contributions to the motion picture industry, Cooper was honored with a Hollywood Walk of Fame star located at 1507 Vine Street. [15]


Cooper died on May 3, 2011, of natural causes, in Santa Monica, California. He was survived by his two sons. He outlived both his daughters and wife, Barbara Rae Kraus. [7] [16] He was interred at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia, in honor of his naval service. [6]


1929 Fox Movietone Follies of 1929 Little BoyUncredited
1929 Sunny Side Up Jerry McGinnisUncredited
1931 Skippy SkippyNominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
1931 Young Donovan's Kid Midge Murray
1931 The Champ Dink Purcell
1931 Sooky Skippy
1932 When a Feller Needs a Friend Edward Haverford 'Eddie' Randall
1932 Divorce in the Family Terry Parker
1933 Broadway to Hollywood Ted Hackett Jr.
1933 The Bowery Swipes McGurk
1933 Lone Cowboy Scooter O'Neal
1934 Treasure Island Jim Hawkins
1934 Peck's Bad Boy Bill Peck
1935 Dinky Dinky Daniels
1935 O'Shaughnessy's Boy Joseph 'Stubby' O'Shaughnessy
1936 Tough Guy Frederick Martindale 'Freddie' Vincent, III
1936 The Devil Is a Sissy 'Buck' Murphy
1937 Boy of the Streets Chuck Brennan
1938 White Banners Peter Trimble
1938 That Certain Age Kenneth 'Ken' Warren
1938 Gangster's Boy Larry Kelly
1938 Newsboys' Home Rifle Edwards
1939 Scouts to the Rescue Bruce Scott
1939 The Spirit of Culver Tom Allen
1939 Streets of New York James Michael 'Jimmy' Keenan
1939 Two Bright Boys Rory O'Donnell
1939 What a Life Henry Aldrich
1939 The Big Guy Jimmy Hutchins
1940 Seventeen William Sylvanus Baxter
1940 The Return of Frank James Clem
1940 Life with Henry Henry Aldrich
1940 Gallant Sons Byron 'By' Newbold
1941 Ziegfeld Girl Jerry Regan
1941 Her First Beau Chuck Harris
1941 Glamour Boy Tiny Barlow
1942 Syncopation Johnny Schumacher
1942 Men of Texas Robert Houston Scott
1942 The Navy Comes Through Joe 'Babe' Duttson
1943 Where Are Your Children? Danny Cheston
1947 Stork Bites Man Ernest (Ernie) C. Brown
1947 Kilroy Was Here John J. Kilroy
1948 French Leave Skitch Kilroy
1959 Hennesey Lt. Charles 'Chick' Hennesey, MDTelevision Series 1959 to 1962
1961 Everything's Ducky Lt. J.S. Parmell
1964Calhoun: County AgentEverett CalhounTelevision film
1968Shadow on the LandLt. Col. Andy DavisTelevision film
1971 The Love Machine Danton Miller
1971 Maybe I'll Come Home in the Spring Ed MillerTelevision film
1972 The Astronaut Kurt AndersonTelevision film
1972 Stand Up and Be Counted DoctorUncredited, Also director
1973 Columbo , ('Candidate for Crime', episode)Nelson HaywardTelevision series
1973The F.B.I.(S9E3)Harlan SladeTelevision series
1973Of Men and WomenTedTelevision film
1974 Chosen Survivors Raymond Couzins
1974The Day the Earth MovedSteve BarkerTelevision film
1974 Kojak Frank MulvaneyTelevision
1975 Journey into Fear Eric Hurst
1978 Having Babies III Director
1978 Perfect Gentlemen Director
1978 Superman Perry White
1978 Rainbow Director
1979Sex and the Single ParentDirector
1980 White Mama Director
1980 Superman II Perry White
1980Rodeo GirlDirector
1981Leave 'em LaughingDirector
1982Rosie: The Rosemary Clooney StoryDirector
1983 Superman III Perry White
1984 The Night They Saved Christmas Director
1985 Izzy & Moe Director
1986 Murder, She Wrote Carl Schulman / Neil Fletcher
1987 Magnum, P.I. Director
1987The LadiesDirector
1987 Superman IV: The Quest for Peace Perry White
1987 Surrender Ace Morgan(final film role)

See also

Related Research Articles

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  9. Invention of the Teenager
  10. TogetherWeServed
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  14. "Lists honorary race officials". Gadsden Times (Alabama). April 26, 1976. p. 11. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
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  17. "Last Rites for a Dead Priest". IMDb . January 23, 1974.

Further reading