David Cronenberg

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David Cronenberg

David Cronenberg 2012-03-08.jpg
Cronenberg at the 2012 Genie Awards
Born
David Paul Cronenberg

(1943-03-15) March 15, 1943 (age 76)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
ResidenceToronto, Ontario, Canada
NationalityCanadian
Alma mater University of Toronto
Occupation
  • Director
  • screenwriter
  • actor
Years active1966–present
Spouse(s)
  • Margaret Hindson
    (m. 1970;div. 1977)
  • Carolyn Zeifman
    (m. 1979;died 2017)
Children3, including Brandon Cronenberg

David Paul Cronenberg CC OOnt FRSC (born March 15, 1943) is a Canadian filmmaker, writer, and actor. [1] He is one of the principal originators of what is commonly known as the body horror genre, with his films exploring visceral bodily transformation, infection, technology, and the intertwining of the psychological with the physical. In the first third of his career, he explored these themes mostly through horror and science fiction films such as Scanners (1981) and Videodrome (1983), although his work has since expanded beyond these genres.

Order of Canada Canadian national order

The Order of Canada is a Canadian national order and the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders, decorations, and medals of Canada. It comes second only to membership in the Order of Merit, which is the personal gift of Canada's monarch.

Order of Ontario order

The Order of Ontario is the most prestigious official honour in the Canadian province of Ontario. Instituted in 1986 by Lieutenant Governor Lincoln Alexander, on the advice of the Cabinet under Premier David Peterson, the civilian order is administered by the Lieutenant Governor-in-Council and is intended to honour current or former Ontario residents for conspicuous achievements in any field.

Fellowship of the Royal Society of Canada (FRSC) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of Canada judges to have "made remarkable contributions in the arts, the humanities and the sciences, as well as in Canadian public life".

Contents

Cronenberg's films have polarized critics and audiences alike; he has earned critical acclaim and has sparked controversy for his depictions of gore and violence. [2] [3] The Village Voice called him "the most audacious and challenging narrative director in the English-speaking world". [4] His films have won numerous awards, including, for Crash , the Special Jury Prize at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, a unique award that is distinct from the Jury Prize as it is not given annually, but only at the request of the official jury, who in this case gave the award "for originality, for daring and for audacity". [5]

<i>The Village Voice</i> American weekly newspaper

The Village Voice was an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly. Founded in 1955 by Dan Wolf, Ed Fancher, John Wilcock, and Norman Mailer, the Voice began as a platform for the creative community of New York City. It is still kept alive online.

<i>Crash</i> (1996 film) 1996 film by David Cronenberg

Crash is a 1996 Canadian-British psychological thriller film written and directed by David Cronenberg based on J. G. Ballard's 1973 novel of the same name. It tells the story of a group of people who take sexual pleasure from car crashes. The film stars James Spader, Deborah Kara Unger, Elias Koteas, Holly Hunter, and Rosanna Arquette.

Jury Prize (Cannes Film Festival) the third most prestigious prize at the annual Cannes film festival

The Jury Prize is an award presented at the Cannes Film Festival, chosen by the Jury from the "official section" of movies at the festival. According to film critic Dave Kehr, the award is "intended to recognize an original work that embodies the spirit of inquiry."

Early life

Born in Toronto, Ontario, Cronenberg is the son of Esther (née Sumberg), a musician, and Milton Cronenberg, a writer and editor. [6] He was raised in a "middle-class progressive Jewish family". [7] [8] His father was born in Baltimore, Maryland, and his mother was born in Toronto; all of his grandparents were from Lithuania. [9]

Toronto Provincial capital city in Ontario, Canada

Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA), of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. The city is the anchor of the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration of 9,245,438 people surrounding the western end of Lake Ontario. Toronto is an international centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world.

Ontario Province of Canada

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada. Located in Central Canada, it is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto, which is also Ontario's provincial capital.

He began writing as a child and wrote constantly. He attended high school at Harbord Collegiate Institute and North Toronto Collegiate Institute. A keen interest in science, especially botany and lepidopterology, led him to enter the Honours Science program at the University of Toronto in 1963, but he switched to Honours English Language and Literature later in his first year.

Harbord Collegiate Institute

Harbord Collegiate Institute is a public secondary school located in downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The school is located in the Palmerston-Little Italy-Annex neighbourhood, situated on the north side of Harbord Street, between Euclid Avenue and Manning Street. From the 1920s to the 1950s, about 90% of the student body was Jewish, while today the student body largely consists of students of East Asian and Portuguese descent.

North Toronto Collegiate Institute

North Toronto Collegiate Institute is a non-semestered, public high school institution with over 1,200 students located in North Toronto area of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The school is operated and governed by the Toronto District School Board. From its founding until 1998, it was overseen by the Toronto Board of Education.

Botany science of plant life

Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek word βοτάνη (botanē) meaning "pasture", "grass", or "fodder"; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν (boskein), "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress. Nowadays, botanists study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants, and approximately 20,000 are bryophytes.

Cronenberg's fascination with the film Winter Kept Us Warm (1966), by classmate David Secter, sparked his interest in film. He began frequenting film camera rental houses, learning the art of filmmaking, and made two 16mm films (Transfer and From the Drain). Inspired by the New York underground film scene, he founded the Toronto Film Co-op with Iain Ewing and Ivan Reitman. After taking a year off to travel in Europe, he returned to Canada in 1967 and graduated from University College at the top of his class. [10]

<i>Winter Kept Us Warm</i> 1965 film by David Secter

Winter Kept Us Warm is a Canadian romantic drama film, released in 1965. The title comes from the fifth line of T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land.

David Secter is a Canadian film director. He is best known for the 1965 film Winter Kept Us Warm, the first English Canadian film ever screened at the Cannes Film Festival. Widely considered a key milestone in the development of Canadian film, Winter Kept Us Warm was a gay themed independent film written, directed and funded entirely by Secter, who is gay, while he was a student at the University of Toronto.

16 mm film film gauge

16 mm film is a historically popular and economical gauge of film. 16 mm refers to the width of the film; other common film gauges include 8 and 35 mm. It is generally used for non-theatrical film-making, or for low-budget motion pictures. It also existed as a popular amateur or home movie-making format for several decades, alongside 8 mm film and later Super 8 film. Eastman Kodak released the first 16 mm "outfit" in 1923, consisting of a camera, projector, tripod, screen and splicer, for $335. RCA-Victor introduced a 16 mm sound movie projector in 1932, and developed an optical sound-on-film 16 mm camera, released in 1935.

Career

After two short sketch films and two short art-house features (the black-and-white Stereo and the colour Crimes of the Future ) Cronenberg went into partnership with Ivan Reitman. The Canadian government provided financing for his films throughout the 1970s. He alternated his signature "body horror" films such as Shivers with projects reflecting his interest in car racing and bike gangs ( Fast Company ). Rabid provided pornographic actress Marilyn Chambers with work in a different genre. (Cronenberg's first choice for the role had been a then little-known Sissy Spacek). Rabid was a breakthrough with international distributors, and his next two horror features gained stronger support.

Black and white monochrome form in visual arts

Black-and-white images combine black and white in a continuous spectrum, producing a range of shades of gray.

<i>Stereo</i> (1969 film) 1969 film by David Cronenberg

Stereo is a 1969 Canadian film directed, written, produced, shot, and edited by David Cronenberg in his feature film debut. It stars Ronald Mlodzik, who also appears in Cronenberg's Crimes of the Future, Shivers and Rabid. It was Cronenberg's first feature-length effort, following his two short films, Transfer and From the Drain. It is a brief feature film, with a running time of a little over one hour.

<i>Crimes of the Future</i> 1970 film by David Cronenberg

Crimes of the Future is a 1970 Canadian science fiction film written, shot, edited, and directed by David Cronenberg.

Cronenberg's films follow a definite progression: a movement from the social world to the inner life. In his early films, scientists modify human bodies, which results in the breakdown of social order (e.g. Shivers, Rabid). In his middle period, the chaos wrought by the scientist is more personal, (e.g. The Brood , Scanners , Videodrome ). In the later middle period, the scientist himself is altered by his experiment (e.g. his remake of The Fly ). This trajectory culminates in Dead Ringers in which a twin pair of gynecologists spiral into codependency and drug addiction. His later films tend more to the psychological, often contrasting subjective and objective realities ( eXistenZ , M. Butterfly , Spider ).[ citation needed ]

Cronenberg has cited William S. Burroughs and Vladimir Nabokov as influences. [11] Perhaps the best example of a film that straddles the line between his works of personal chaos and psychological confusion is Cronenberg's 1991 "adaptation" of Naked Lunch (1959), his literary hero William S. Burroughs' most controversial book. The novel was considered "unfilmable", and Cronenberg acknowledged that a straight translation into film would "cost 400 million dollars and be banned in every country in the world". Instead—much like in his earlier film, Videodrome—he consistently blurred the lines between what appeared to be reality and what appeared to be hallucinations brought on by the main character's drug addiction. Some of the book's "moments" (as well as incidents loosely based upon Burroughs' life) are presented in this manner within the film. Cronenberg stated that while writing the screenplay for Naked Lunch (1991), he felt a moment of synergy with Burroughs' writing style. He felt the connection between his screenwriting style and Burroughs' prose style was so strong, that he jokingly remarked that should Burroughs pass on, "I'll just write his next book."[ citation needed ]

Cronenberg has said that his films should be seen "from the point of view of the disease", and that in Shivers, for example, he identifies with the characters after they become infected with the anarchic parasites. Disease and disaster, in Cronenberg's work, are less problems to be overcome than agents of personal transformation. Of his characters' transformations, Cronenberg said, "But because of our necessity to impose our own structure of perception on things we look on ourselves as being relatively stable. But, in fact, when I look at a person I see this maelstrom of organic, chemical and electron chaos; volatility and instability, shimmering; and the ability to change and transform and transmute." [12] Similarly, in Crash (1996), people who have been injured in car crashes attempt to view their ordeal as "a fertilizing rather than a destructive event". In 2005, Cronenberg publicly disagreed with Paul Haggis' choice of the same name for the latter's Oscar-winning film Crash (2004), arguing that it was "very disrespectful" to the "important and seminal" J.G. Ballard novel on which Cronenberg's film was based. [13]

Aside from The Dead Zone (1983) and The Fly (1986), Cronenberg has not generally worked within the world of big-budget, mainstream Hollywood filmmaking, although he has had occasional near misses. At one stage he was considered by George Lucas as a possible director for Return of the Jedi (1983) but was passed over. Cronenberg also worked for nearly a year on a version of Total Recall (1990), but experienced "creative differences" with producers Dino De Laurentiis and Ronald Shusett; a different version of the film was eventually made by Paul Verhoeven. A fan of Philip K. Dick's, author of "We Can Remember it For You Wholesale", the short story upon which the film was based, Cronenberg related in the biography/overview of his work, ''Cronenberg on Cronenberg'' (1992) that his dissatisfaction with what he envisioned the film to be and what it ended up being pained him so greatly that for a time, he suffered a migraine just thinking about it, akin to a needle piercing his eye. [14]

In the late 1990s, Cronenberg was announced as director of a sequel to another Verhoeven film, Basic Instinct (1992), but this also fell through. His thriller A History of Violence (2005) is one of his highest budgeted and most accessible to date. He has said that the decision to direct it was influenced by his having had to defer some of his salary on the low-budgeted Spider (2002), but it was one of his most critically acclaimed films to date, along with Eastern Promises (2007), a film about the struggle of one man to gain power in the Russian Mafia.

Cronenberg at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival Director DAVID CRONENBERG of the film 'Spider' during the Toronto International Film Festival.jpg
Cronenberg at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival

Cronenberg has collaborated with composer Howard Shore on all of his films since The Brood (1979), (see List of noted film director and composer collaborations) with the exception of The Dead Zone (1983), which was scored by Michael Kamen. Other regular collaborators include actor Robert Silverman, art director Carol Spier, sound editor Bryan Day, film editor Ronald Sanders, his sister, costume designer Denise Cronenberg, and, from 1979 until 1988, cinematographer Mark Irwin. In 2008, Cronenberg directed Howard Shore's first opera, The Fly .

Since Dead Ringers (1988), Cronenberg has worked with cinematographer Peter Suschitzky on each of his films (see List of film director and cinematographer collaborations). Suschitzky was the director of photography for The Empire Strikes Back (1980), and Cronenberg remarked that Suschitzky's work in that film "was the only one of those movies that actually looked good", [15] which was a motivating factor to work with him on Dead Ringers.

Although Mr. Cronenberg worked with a number of Hollywood stars, he remains a staunchly Canadian filmmaker, with nearly all of his films (including major studio vehicles The Dead Zone and The Fly) having been filmed in his home province Ontario. Notable exceptions include M. Butterfly (1993), most of which was shot in China, Spider, and Eastern Promises (2007), which were both filmed primarily in England, and A Dangerous Method (2011), which was filmed in Germany and Austria. Rabid and Shivers were shot in and around Montreal. Most of his films have been at least partially financed by Telefilm Canada, and Cronenberg, a vocal supporter of government-backed film projects, has said: "Every country needs [a system of government grants] in order to have a national cinema in the face of Hollywood". [16]

Cronenberg has also appeared as an actor in other directors' films. Most of his roles are cameo appearances, as in the films Into the Night (1985), Blood and Donuts (1995), To Die For (1995), and Jason X (2002) and the television series Alias , but on occasion he has played major roles, as in Nightbreed (1990) and Last Night (1998). He has not played major roles in any of his own films, but he did put in a brief appearance as a gynecologist in The Fly; he can also be glimpsed among the sex-crazed hordes in Shivers; he can be heard as an unseen car-pound attendant in Crash; his hands can be glimpsed in eXistenZ (1999); and he appeared as a stand-in for James Woods in Videodrome for shots in which Woods' character wore a helmet that covered his head.

In 2008, Cronenberg realized two extra-cinematographic projects: the exhibition Chromosomes at the Rome Film Fest, and the opera The Fly at the LaOpera in Los Angeles and Theatre Châtelet in Paris. In July 2010, Cronenberg completed production on A Dangerous Method (2011), an adaptation of Christopher Hampton's play The Talking Cure, starring Keira Knightley, Michael Fassbender, and frequent collaborator Viggo Mortensen. The film was produced by independent British producer Jeremy Thomas. [17] [18]

In 2012, his film Cosmopolis competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. [19] [20]

In the October 2011 edition of Rue Morgue , Cronenberg stated that he has written a companion piece to his 1986 remake of The Fly, which he would like to direct if given the chance. He has stated that it is not a traditional sequel, but rather a "parallel story".[ citation needed ]

For a time it appeared that, as Eastern Promises producer Paul Webster told Screen International, a sequel is in the works that would reunite the key team of Cronenberg, Steven Knight, and Viggo Mortensen. The film was to be made by Webster's new production company Shoebox Films in collaboration with Focus Features, and shot in early 2013. [21] However, in 2012, Cronenberg commented that the Eastern Promises sequel had fallen through due to budget disagreement with Focus Features. [22]

Filming for Cronenberg's next film, a satire drama entitled Maps to the Stars (2014)—with Julianne Moore, Mia Wasikowska, John Cusack, and Robert Pattinson [23] [24] —began on July 8, 2013 in Toronto, Ontario and Los Angeles. [25] [26] This was the first time Cronenberg filmed in the United States.

In a September 2013 interview, Cronenberg stated that he is not concerned about posthumous representations of his film work: "It wouldn't disturb me to think that my work would just sink beneath the waves without trace and that would be it. So what? It doesn't bother me." In the same interview, Cronenberg revealed that it depends on the "time of day" as to whether or not he is afraid of death. [27]

On June 26, 2014, Cronenberg's short film The Nest was published on YouTube. The film was commissioned for "David Cronenberg - The Exhibition" at EYE Film Institute in Amsterdam and was available on YouTube for the duration of the exhibition, until September 14, 2014. [28]

In a May 2016 interview, Viggo Mortensen revealed that Cronenberg is considering retiring due to difficulty financing his film projects. [29]

Fiction

In 2014, Cronenberg published his first novel, Consumed . [30]

Personal life

He married his first wife, Margaret Hindson, in 1972: their seven-year marriage ended in 1979 amidst personal and professional differences. They had one daughter, Cassandra Cronenberg.

He was married to film editor Carolyn Zeifman until her death in 2017. [31] The couple met on the set of Rabid while she was working as a production assistant. [31] They have two children, Caitlin and Brandon. [32] In the book Cronenberg on Cronenberg (1992), he revealed that The Brood was inspired by events that occurred during the unraveling of his first marriage, which caused both Cronenberg and his daughter Cassandra a great deal of turmoil. The character Nola Carveth, mother of the brood, is based on Cassandra's mother. Cronenberg said that he found the shooting of the climactic scene, in which Nola was strangled by her husband, to be "very satisfying". [33]

Cronenberg lives in Toronto. [1]

Cronenberg describes himself as an atheist. [34] [35] His atheism was further explained in a September 2013 interview:

"Anytime I've tried to imagine squeezing myself into the box of any particular religion, I find it claustrophobic and oppressive. I think atheism is an acceptance of what is real." [27]

In the same interview, Cronenberg revealed that film director Martin Scorsese admitted to him that he was intrigued by Cronenberg's early work but was subsequently "terrified" to meet him in person. Cronenberg responded to Scorsese: "You're the guy who made Taxi Driver and you're afraid to meet me?" [27]

Filmography

YearFilm
Director Writer Producer Notes
1969 Stereo YesYesYes Directorial Debut
1970 Crimes of the Future YesYesYes
1975 Shivers YesYesNo
1977 Rabid YesYesNo
1979 Fast Company YesYesNoCo-written with Alan Treen, Phil Savath, Courtney Smith
The Brood YesYesNo
1981 Scanners YesYesNo
1983 Videodrome YesYesNo
The Dead Zone YesNoNo
1986 The Fly YesYesNoCo-written with Charles Edward Pogue
1988 Dead Ringers YesYesYesCo-written with Norman Snider
1991 Naked Lunch YesYesNo
1993 M. Butterfly YesNoNo
1996 Crash YesYesYes
1998 I'm Losing You NoNoExecutive
1999 eXistenZ YesYesYes
2002 Spider YesNoYes
2005 A History of Violence YesNoNo
2007 Eastern Promises YesNoNo
2011 A Dangerous Method YesNoNo
2012 Cosmopolis YesYesYes
2014 Maps to the Stars YesNoNo

Short films

YearFilm
Director Writer Producer Notes
1966 Transfer YesYesYesAlso editor and cinematographer
1967 From the Drain YesYesNo
2000 Camera YesYesNo
2007 To Each His Own Cinema
(Chacun son cinéma)
YesNoNosegment: At the Suicide of the Last Jew
in the World in the Last Cinema in the World
2013The Nest [36] YesNoNo

Acting roles

YearTitle
RoleNote
1975 Shivers Infected Crowd MemberUncredited
1983 Videodrome [37] Max Renn (Helmet Scenes)
1985 Into the Night Ed's supervisor in the boardroom
1986 The Fly Gynecologist in the dream sequence
1988 Dead Ringers ObstetricianUncredited
1990 Nightbreed Dr. Philip K. Decker
1994 Trial by Jury Director
BoozecanStan Coleburn
Henry & Verlin Doc Fisher
1995 To Die For Man at the LakeCameo
Blood and Donuts Crime Boss
1996 The Stupids Postal supervisorCameo
Extreme Measures Hospital Lawyer
1997 The Newsroom HimselfEpisode "Meltdown: Part 1"
1998 Last Night Duncan
The Grace of God Psychiatrist
1999 Resurrection Father Rousell
2002 Jason X Dr. WimmerRecorded oratorio
2003 Alias Dr. BrezzelEpisodes "Remnants" and "Conscious"
2010 Barney's Version O'Malley Director #2Cameo
2013 Rewind Benjamin RourkeTV movie
2017 Pig Goat Banana Cricket Dr. CronenbirdEpisode "The Goofy Turkey Zone"
Alias Grace Reverend Verringer4 episodes
Television spots
Television series
Commercials

Recurring collaborators

Collaborator Stereo
(1969)
Crimes of the Future
(1970)
Shivers
(1975)
Rabid
(1977)
Fast Company
(1979)
The Brood
(1979)
Scanners
(1981)
Videodrome
(1983)
The Dead Zone
(1983)
The Fly
(1986)
Dead Ringers
(1988)
Naked Lunch
(1991)
M. Butterfly
(1993)
Crash
(1996)
eXistenZ
(1999)
Spider
(2002)
A History of Violence
(2005)
Eastern Promises
(2007)
A Dangerous Method
(2011)
Cosmopolis
(2012)
Maps to the Stars
(2014)
Total
Nicholas Campbell Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg4
Leslie Carlson Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg3
Vincent Cassel Black x.svgBlack x.svg2
Sarah Gadon Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg3
Ian Holm Black x.svgBlack x.svg2
Jeremy Irons Black x.svgBlack x.svg2
Stephen Lack Black x.svgBlack x.svg2
Peter MacNeill Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg3
Ronald MlodzikBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg4
Viggo Mortensen Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg3
Robert Pattinson Black x.svgBlack x.svg2
Howard Shore Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg15
Joe Silver Black x.svgBlack x.svg2
Mark Irwin Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg6
Peter Suschitzky Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg11
Robert A. Silverman Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg5
Denise Cronenberg Black x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svgBlack x.svg8

Awards and recognition

Cronenberg has appeared on various "Greatest Director" lists. In 2004, Science Fiction magazine Strange Horizons named him the second greatest director in the history of the genre, ahead of better known directors such as Steven Spielberg, James Cameron, Jean-Luc Godard, and Ridley Scott. [38] In the same year, The Guardian listed him 9th on their list of "The world's 40 best directors". [39] In 2007, Total Film named him as the 17th greatest director of all-time. [40] Film professor Charles Derry, in his overview of the horror genre Dark Dreams, called the director one of the most important in his field, and that "no discussion of contemporary horror film can conclude without reference to the films of David Cronenberg." [41]

Cronenberg received the Special Jury Prize at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival for Crash . [42] In 1999, he was inducted onto Canada's Walk of Fame, [43] awarded the Silver Bear Award at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival. [44] and that November received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts. [45]

In 2002, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada, and was promoted to Companion of the Order of Canada (the order's highest rank) in 2014. [46] In 2006 he was awarded the Cannes Film Festival's lifetime achievement award, the Carrosse d'Or. [47] Also in 2006, Cronenberg was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the senior national body of distinguished Canadian scientists and scholars. [48] In 2009 Cronenberg received the Légion d'honneur from the government of France. [49] The following year Cronenberg was named an honorary patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin.[ citation needed ] In 2012, he received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal. [50]

The opening of the "David Cronenberg: Evolution" Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) exhibition occurred on October 30, 2013. Held at the TIFF Bell Lightbox venue, the exhibition paid tribute to the director's entire filmmaking career and the festival's promotional material referred to Cronenberg as "one of Canada's most prolific and iconic filmmakers". The exhibition was shown internationally following the conclusion of the TIFF showing on January 19, 2014. [27] [51]

In 2014, he was made a Member of the Order of Ontario in recognition for being "Canada's most celebrated internationally acclaimed filmmaker". [52]

In April 2018, it was announced that Cronenberg would receive the honorary Golden Lion at the 75th Venice International Film Festival. [53]

Cannes Film Festival

YearNominated workCategoryResult
1996 Crash Jury Prize Won
Palme d'Or Nominated
2002 Spider Nominated
2005 A History of Violence Nominated
2006Golden CoachNominated
2012 Cosmopolis Palme d'OrNominated
2014 Maps to the Stars Nominated

Academy of Canadian Cinema & Television

Best Picture

YearNominated workResult
1988 Dead Ringers Won
1996 Crash Nominated
1999 eXistenZ Nominated

Best Director

YearNominated workResult
1981 Scanners Nominated
1983 Videodrome Won
1988 Dead Ringers Won
1991 Naked Lunch Won
1996 Crash Won
2002 Spider Won
2007 Eastern Promises Nominated
2011 A Dangerous Method Nominated
2014 Maps to the Stars Nominated

Best Screenplay

YearNominated workResult
1981 Scanners Nominated
1983 Videodrome Nominated
1988 Dead Ringers Won
1991 Naked Lunch Won
1996 Crash Won
2012 Cosmopolis Nominated

Saturn Awards

YearNominated workCategoryResult
1983 The Dead Zone Best Director Nominated
1986 The Fly Nominated
1988 Dead Ringers Best Horror Film Nominated
Best Writing Nominated
1999 eXistenZ Best Science Fiction Film Nominated

Writings

Related Research Articles

<i>Existenz</i> 1999 SciFi film directed by David Cronenberg

Existenz is a 1999 Canadian-British-French science fiction horror film produced, written and directed by David Cronenberg. It stars Jennifer Jason Leigh and Jude Law.

Telefilm Canada is a Crown corporation reporting to Canada's federal government through the Minister of Canadian Heritage. Headquartered in Montreal, Telefilm provides services to the Canadian audiovisual industry with four regional offices in Vancouver, British Columbia; Toronto, Ontario; Montreal, Quebec; and Halifax, Nova Scotia. The primary mandate of the corporation is to finance and promote Canadian productions through its various funds and programs.

<i>Rabid</i> (1977 film) 1977 David Cronenberg film

Rabid is a 1977 Canadian-American body horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg. It features Marilyn Chambers in the lead role, supported by Frank Moore, Joe Silver and Howard Ryshpan.

<i>Videodrome</i> 1983 film by David Cronenberg

Videodrome is a 1983 Canadian science fiction body horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg and starring James Woods, Sonja Smits, and Deborah Harry. Set in Toronto during the early 1980s, it follows the CEO of a small UHF television station who stumbles upon a broadcast signal featuring extreme violence and torture. The layers of deception and mind-control conspiracy unfold as he uncovers the signal's source, and loses touch with reality in a series of increasingly bizarre and violent organic hallucinations.

<i>Dead Ringers</i> (film) 1988 film by David Cronenberg

Dead Ringers is a 1988 Canadian-American psychological body horror film starring Jeremy Irons in a dual role as identical twin gynecologists. David Cronenberg directed and co-wrote the screenplay with Norman Snider. Their script was based on the lives of Stewart and Cyril Marcus and on the novel Twins by Bari Wood and Jack Geasland, a "highly fictionalized" version of the Marcus' story.

<i>Spider</i> (2002 film) 2002 Canadian/British psychological thriller film directed by David Cronenberg

Spider is a 2002 Canadian-British psychological drama film produced and directed by David Cronenberg and based on the novel of the same name by Patrick McGrath, who also wrote the screenplay.

<i>Shivers</i> (film) 1975 film by David Cronenberg

Shivers is a 1975 Canadian science fiction body horror film written and directed by David Cronenberg and starring Paul Hampton, Lynn Lowry and Barbara Steele. The original shooting title was Orgy of the Blood Parasites. The film was released on October 10, 1975 and received largely negative reviews from Canadian and U.S.-based critics.

Denise Cronenberg is a costume designer born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. She is the sister of Canadian film director David Cronenberg and the mother of Aaron Woodley, also a filmmaker. She has done works for films such as Dawn of the Dead and The Incredible Hulk.

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James Isaac was an American film director and visual effects supervisor.

<i>Cosmopolis</i> (film) 2012 Canadian-French-Italian-Portuguese drama film by David Cronenberg

Cosmopolis is a 2012 drama-thriller film written, produced, and directed by David Cronenberg and starring Robert Pattinson in the lead with Paul Giamatti, Samantha Morton, Sarah Gadon, Mathieu Amalric, Juliette Binoche, Jay Baruchel and Kevin Durand. It is based on the novel of the same name by Don DeLillo. On 25 May 2012, the film premiered in competition for the Palme d'Or at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival, drawing mixed early critical reactions. The film was released in Canada on 8 June 2012, and began a limited release in the United States on 17 August 2012 by eOne Films. It is Cronenberg's first foray into script writing since 1999's eXistenZ.

Jen and Sylvia Soska Canadian film director

Jen Soska and Sylvia Soska, also known as The Soska Sisters or The Twisted Twins, are Canadian twin sisters who work together as film directors, producers and screenwriters. They are known for directing often violent and visceral horror movies such as Dead Hooker in a Trunk, See No Evil 2 and American Mary.

<i>Antiviral</i> (film) 2012 film

Antiviral is a 2012 Canadian-French science fiction horror film directed by Brandon Cronenberg. The film competed in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. Cronenberg re-edited the film after the festival to make it tighter, trimming nearly six minutes out of the film. The revised film was first shown at the 2012 Toronto International Film Festival, and was a co-winner, alongside Jason Buxton's Blackbird, of the festival's Best Canadian First Feature Film award.

Brandon Cronenberg is a Canadian writer and film director. He is the son of acclaimed director David Cronenberg. He studied film at Ryerson University in Toronto, Canada. He initially considered himself to be a "book nerd" growing up, who was interested in becoming a writer, painter or musician. He came to realize that film contained all those elements and attended film school.

<i>Maps to the Stars</i> 2014 film by David Cronenberg

Maps to the Stars is a 2014 internationally co-produced satirical drama film directed by David Cronenberg, and starring Julianne Moore, Mia Wasikowska, John Cusack, Robert Pattinson, Olivia Williams, Sarah Gadon, and Evan Bird. The screenplay was written by Bruce Wagner, who had written a novel entitled Dead Stars based on the Maps to the Stars script, after initial plans for making the film with Cronenberg fell through.

1983 Toronto International Film Festival 1983 film festival edition

The 8th Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) took place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada between September 9 and September 17, 1983. This year, the festival introduced Contemporary World Cinema programme. The festival also shone light on Paul Verhoevens work. The festival also hold a retrospective in honor of David Cronenberg, first time for a Toronto-reared director. The censor board insisted that the censored version of Cronenberg's film The Brood, approved in 1979 be used.

<i>Rabid</i> (2019 film) Upcoming horror film by Jen and Sylvia Soska

Rabid is a 2019 Canadian horror film directed and co-written by Jen and Sylvia Soska and starring Laura Vandervoort, Ben Hollingsworth, and Phil Brooks. It is a remake of the 1977 film of the same name directed by David Cronenberg.

References

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Further reading