Golden Lion

Last updated
Golden Lion (Leone d'Oro)
Golden Lion size.jpg
Location Venice
Country Italy
Presented by Venice Film Festival
First awarded1949
Currently held by Nomadland (2020)
Website http://www.labiennale.org/   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The Golden Lion (Italian : Leone d'Oro) is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most prestigious and distinguished prizes. [1] In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; this is an honorary award for people who have made an important contribution to cinema.

Contents

The prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark (the winged lion which had appeared on the flag of the Republic of Venice). [2] In 1954, the prize was permanently named Golden Lion. Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cup) for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film.

History

Golden Lion prize trophy Golden Lion (prize).jpg
Golden Lion prize trophy

The prize was first awarded in 1949. Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia(Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. No Golden Lions were awarded between 1969 and 1979. According to the Biennale's official website, this hiatus was a result of the 1968 Lion being awarded to the radically experimental Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos ; the website says that the awards "still had a statute dating back to the fascist era and could not side-step the general political climate. Sixty-eight produced a dramatic fracture with the past". [3] Fourteen French films have been awarded the Golden Lion, more than that of any other nation. However, there is considerable geographical diversity in the winners. Seven American filmmakers have won the Golden Lion, with awards for John Cassavetes and Robert Altman (both times the awards were shared with other winners who tied), as well as Ang Lee ( Brokeback Mountain was the first winning US film not to tie), Darren Aronofsky, Sofia Coppola, Todd Phillips, and Chloé Zhao.

Although prior to 1980, only three of 21 winners were of non-European origin, since the 1980s, the Golden Lion has been presented to a number of Asian filmmakers, particularly in comparison to the Cannes Film Festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, which has only been awarded to five Asian filmmakers since 1980. The Golden Lion, by contrast, has been awarded to ten Asians during the same time period, with two of these filmmakers winning it twice. Ang Lee won the Golden Lion twice within three years during the 2000s, once for an American film and once for a Chinese-language film. Zhang Yimou has also won twice. Other Asians to win the Golden Lion since 1980 include Jia Zhangke, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Trần Anh Hùng, Takeshi Kitano, Kim Ki-duk, Jafar Panahi, Mira Nair, and Lav Diaz. Russian filmmakers have also won the Golden Lion several times, including since the end of the USSR.

Still, to date 33 of the 54 winners were European men (including Soviet/Russian winners). Since 1949, only five women have ever won the Golden Lion for directing: Margarethe von Trotta, Agnès Varda, Mira Nair, Sofia Coppola, and Chloé Zhao.

In 2019, Joker became the first movie based on original comic book characters to win the prize. [4]

Golden Lion

The following films received the Golden Lions or the major awards of the Venice Film Festival: [5]

YearFilmOriginal titleDirectorCountry
1940s
1946: Awarded as "Best Feature Film"
1946 The Southerner Jean Renoir Flag of the United States.svg United States
1947–1948: Awarded as "Grand International Prize of Venice"
1947 The Strike Siréna Karel Steklý Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
1948 Hamlet # Laurence Olivier Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
1949–1953: Awarded as "Golden Lion of Saint Mark"
1949 Manon Henri-Georges Clouzot Flag of France.svg France
1950s
1950 Justice Is Done Justice est faite André Cayatte Flag of France.svg France
1951 Rashomon 羅生門 / Rashōmon Akira Kurosawa Flag of Japan.svg Japan
1952 Forbidden Games Jeux interdits René Clément Flag of France.svg France
1953 No award because the jury was unable to decide the winner. The prize was declared void. [6] [7]
1954–present: Awarded as "Golden Lion"
1954 Romeo and Juliet Renato Castellani Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Flag of Italy.svg Italy
1955 Ordet Carl Theodor Dreyer Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark
1956 No award because there was a tie between The Burmese Harp (ビルマの竪琴 Biruma no tategoto) by Kon Ichikawa (Japan) and Calle Mayor by Juan Antonio Bardem (Spain) and the international jury was unable to decide the winner. The prize was declared void. [8]
1957 Aparajito অপরাজিত / Ôporajito Satyajit Ray Flag of India.svg India
1958 Rickshaw Man 無法松の一生 / Muhōmatsu no isshō Hiroshi Inagaki Flag of Japan.svg Japan
1959 General Della Rovere (ex aequo)Il generale della Rovere Roberto Rossellini Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Flag of France.svg France
The Great War (ex aequo)La grande guerra Mario Monicelli
1960s
1960 Tomorrow Is My Turn Le Passage du Rhin André Cayatte Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Italy.svg Italy
1961 Last Year at Marienbad L'année dernière à Marienbad Alain Resnais
1962 Family Diary (ex aequo)Cronaca familiare Valerio Zurlini Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Ivan's Childhood (ex aequo)Ива́ново де́тство / Ivanovo detstvo Andrei Tarkovsky Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
1963 Hands over the City Le mani sulla città Francesco Rosi Flag of Italy.svg Italy
1964 Red Desert Il deserto rosso Michelangelo Antonioni
1965 Sandra of a Thousand Delights Vaghe stelle dell'Orsa ... Luchino Visconti
1966 The Battle of Algiers La battaglia di Algeri Gillo Pontecorvo Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria
1967 Belle de Jour Luis Buñuel Flag of France.svg France
1968 Artists Under the Big Top: Perplexed Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos Alexander Kluge Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
1969 No award because this edition of the festival was not competitive. [9]
1970s
1970 No award because this edition of the festival was not competitive. [10]
1971 No award because this edition of the festival was not competitive. [10]
1972 No awards because this edition of the festival was not competitive. [10]
1973The festival was not organized. [11]
1974
1975
1976
The festival was not organized. During these years, a cinema section within the Biennale was organized with "proposals for new films", tributes, retrospectives, and conventions, including some screenings. [10]
1977The festival was not organized. There was an event integrated into the Biennale project on "cultural dissent" focused on cinema in Eastern Europe. [10]
1978The festival was not organized. [10]
1979 No award because this edition of the festival was not competitive. [12]
1980s
1980 Atlantic City (ex aequo) Louis Malle Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada
Flag of France.svg France
Gloria (ex aequo) John Cassavetes Flag of the United States.svg United States
1981 Marianne and Juliane Die Bleierne Zeit Margarethe von Trotta Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
1982 The State of Things Der Stand der Dinge Wim Wenders
1983 First Name: Carmen Prénom Carmen Jean-Luc Godard Flag of France.svg France
1984 A Year of the Quiet Sun Rok spokojnego słońca Krzysztof Zanussi Flag of Poland.svg Poland
1985 Vagabond Sans toit ni loi Agnès Varda Flag of France.svg France
1986 The Green Ray Le Rayon vert Éric Rohmer
1987 Au revoir les enfants Louis Malle Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany
1988 The Legend of the Holy Drinker La leggenda del santo bevitore Ermanno Olmi Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Flag of France.svg France
1989 A City of Sadness 悲情城市 / Bēiqíng chéngshì Hou Hsiao-hsien Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan
1990s
1990 Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead Tom Stoppard Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Flag of the United States.svg United States
1991 Close to Eden У́рга — территория любви / Urga — territoriya lyobvi Nikita Mikhalkov Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
1992 The Story of Qiu Ju 秋菊打官司 / Qiū Jú dǎ guānsi Zhang Yimou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
1993 Short Cuts (ex aequo) Robert Altman Flag of the United States.svg United States
Three Colours: Blue (ex aequo)Trois couleurs: Bleu Krzysztof Kieślowski Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
1994 Before the Rain (ex aequo)Пред дождот / Pred doždot Milčo Mančevski Flag of Macedonia (1992-1995).svg FYR Macedonia
Vive L'Amour (ex aequo)愛情萬歲 / Àiqíng wànsuì Tsai Ming-liang Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan
1995 Cyclo Xích lô Anh Hung Tran Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam
Flag of France.svg France
1996 Michael Collins Neil Jordan Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Flag of the United States.svg United States
1997 Fireworks はなび / Hana-bi Takeshi Kitano Flag of Japan.svg Japan
1998 The Way We Laughed Così ridevano Gianni Amelio Flag of Italy.svg Italy
1999 Not One Less 一個都不能少 / Yīgè dōu bùnéng shǎo Zhang Yimou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
2000s
2000 The Circle دایره / Dayereh Jafar Panahi Flag of Iran.svg Iran
2001 Monsoon Wedding मानसून वैडिंग / Maanasoon Vaiding Mira Nair Flag of India.svg India
2002 The Magdalene Sisters Peter Mullan Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
2003 The Return Возвращение / Vozvrashcheniye Andrey Zvyagintsev Flag of Russia.svg Russia
2004 Vera Drake Mike Leigh Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
2005 Brokeback Mountain Ang Lee Flag of the United States.svg United States
2006 Still Life 三峡好人 / Sānxiá hǎorén Jia Zhangke Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
2007 Lust, Caution 色,戒 / Sè, Jiè Ang Lee Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Flag of the United States.svg United States
2008 The Wrestler Darren Aronofsky Flag of the United States.svg United States
2009 Lebanon לבנון Samuel Maoz Flag of Israel.svg Israel
2010s
2010 Somewhere § Sofia Coppola Flag of the United States.svg United States
2011 Faust § Faust Alexander Sokurov Flag of Russia.svg Russia
2012 Pietà 피에타 / Pieta Kim Ki-duk Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea
2013 Sacro GRA Gianfranco Rosi Flag of Italy.svg Italy
2014 A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence En duva satt på en gren och funderade på tillvaron Roy Andersson Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
2015 From Afar Desde allá Lorenzo Vigas Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela
2016 The Woman Who Left Ang Babaeng Humayo Lav Diaz Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines
2017 The Shape of Water # Guillermo del Toro Flag of the United States.svg United States
2018 Roma Alfonso Cuarón Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
2019 Joker Todd Phillips Flag of the United States.svg United States
2020s
2020 Nomadland Chloé Zhao Flag of the United States.svg United States
Notes
§ Denotes unanimous win
# Denotes winner of the Academy Award for Best Picture. There have been only two winners of both the Golden Lion and the Oscar for the Best Picture: Hamlet (1948) and The Shape of Water (2017).

Golden Lion Honorary Award

YearWinner(s)
1969 Luis Buñuel [13]
1970 Orson Welles
1971 Ingmar Bergman, Marcel Carné and John Ford
1972 Charlie Chaplin, Anatoli Golovnya and Billy Wilder
1982 Alessandro Blasetti, Luis Buñuel, Frank Capra, George Cukor, Jean-Luc Godard, Sergei Yutkevich, Alexander Kluge, Akira Kurosawa, Michael Powell, Satyajit Ray, King Vidor and Cesare Zavattini
1983 Michelangelo Antonioni
1985 Manoel de Oliveira, John Huston and Federico Fellini
1986 Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani
1987 Luigi Comencini and Joseph L. Mankiewicz
1988 Joris Ivens
1989 Robert Bresson
1990 Marcello Mastroianni and Miklós Jancsó
1991 Mario Monicelli and Gian Maria Volonté
1992 Jeanne Moreau, Francis Ford Coppola and Paolo Villaggio
1993 Steven Spielberg, Robert De Niro, Roman Polanski and Claudia Cardinale
1994 Al Pacino, Suso Cecchi d'Amico and Ken Loach
1995 Woody Allen, Monica Vitti, Martin Scorsese, Alberto Sordi, Ennio Morricone, Giuseppe De Santis, Goffredo Lombardo and Alain Resnais
1996 Robert Altman, Vittorio Gassman, Dustin Hoffman and Michèle Morgan
1997 Gérard Depardieu, Stanley Kubrick and Alida Valli
1998 Warren Beatty, Sophia Loren and Andrzej Wajda
1999 Jerry Lewis
2000 Clint Eastwood
2001 Éric Rohmer
2002 Dino Risi
2003 Dino De Laurentiis and Omar Sharif
2004 Stanley Donen and Manoel de Oliveira
2005 Hayao Miyazaki and Stefania Sandrelli
2006 David Lynch
2007 Tim Burton and Bernardo Bertolucci (for the last 75 years of the history of cinema)
2008 Ermanno Olmi
2009 John Lasseter, Brad Bird, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton and Lee Unkrich
2010 John Woo
2011 Marco Bellocchio
2012 Francesco Rosi
2013 William Friedkin
2014 Thelma Schoonmaker and Frederick Wiseman
2015 Bertrand Tavernier
2016 Jean-Paul Belmondo and Jerzy Skolimowski
2017 Jane Fonda and Robert Redford
2018 David Cronenberg and Vanessa Redgrave
2019 Julie Andrews and Pedro Almodóvar
2020 Ann Hui and Tilda Swinton [14]

Multiple winners

See also

Related Research Articles

Venice Film Festival Annual film festival held in Venice, Italy

The Venice Film Festival or Venice International Film Festival is the world's oldest film festival and one of the "Big Three" film festivals, alongside the Cannes Film Festival and the Berlin International Film Festival. The Big Three are internationally acclaimed for giving creators the artistic freedom to express themselves through film. In 1951, FIAPF formally accredited the festival.

Venice Biennale international arts exhibition

The Venice Biennale refers to an arts organization based in Venice and the name of the original and principal biennial exhibition the organization presents. The organization changed its name to the Biennale Foundation in 2009, while the exhibition is now called the Art Biennale to distinguish it from the organization and other exhibitions the Foundation organizes.

62nd Venice International Film Festival 2005 film festival

The 62nd annual Venice International Film Festival opened on 31 August 2005 with Tsui Hark's Seven Swords and closed on 10 September 2005 with a screening of Peter Ho-sun Chan's musical Perhaps Love. The lineups were announced by the festival director Marco Müller on 28 July 2005 in Rome. The digital films can compete in all categories for the first time of the festival history.

Venice Biennale of Architecture also known as Mostra di Architettura di Venezia – in its original language, Italian – is an International exhibition held every other year on even years in Venice, Italy, in which architecture from nations around the world is presented. It is the architecture section under the overall Venice Biennale and was officially established in 1980, even though architecture had been a part of the Venice Art Biennale since 1968.

64th Venice International Film Festival

The 64th annual Venice International Film Festival, held in Venice, Italy, opened on 29 August 2007, with Joe Wright's Atonement and closed 8 September 2007. Host of the event was Italian actress Ambra Angiolini. The Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement Award was presented to American director Tim Burton. Once again all the films running the contest were shown for the first time as world premieres in keeping with the festival tradition since the Second World War.

The Silver Lion refers to a number of awards presented at the Venice Film Festival. The prize is awarded irregularly and has gone through several changes of purpose. Until 1995, the award was infrequently given to a number of films as second prize for those nominated for the Golden Lion. At various times, the Silver Lion has also been awarded for debut films, short films, and direction.

Volpi Cup for Best Actress

The Volpi Cup for Best Actress is an award presented by the Venice Film Festival. It is given by the festival jury in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance from the films in the competition slate. It is named in honor of Count Giuseppe Volpi di Misurata, the founder of the festival. The 1st ceremony was held in 1932, when Helen Hayes received the Volpi Cup for the title role in The Sin of Madelon Claudet (1931)—this was the only time that the award was chosen by public voting. From 1942 to 1945, the festival was suspended because of World War II. The student protests in May 1968 opened a period of institutional changes, with no prizes were awarded from 1969 to 1979.

65th Venice International Film Festival

The 65th annual Venice International Film Festival, held in Venice, Italy, was opened on 27 August 2008 by Burn After Reading, and closed on 6 September 2008. International competition jury, led by Wim Wenders, awarded Leone d'Oro to The Wrestler, directed by Darren Aronofsky.

66th Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 66th annual Venice International Film Festival, held in Venice, Italy, was held from 2 to 12 September 2009, with Maria Grazia Cucinotta serving as the festival's hostess. The opening film of the festival was Baarìa by Giuseppe Tornatore and the closing film was Chengdu, I Love You by Fruit Chan and Cui Jian. The international competition jury, chaired by Ang Lee, awarded the Golden Lion to Lebanon by Samuel Maoz.

69th Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 69th annual Venice International Film Festival, organized by Venice Biennale, took place at Venice Lido from 29 August to 8 September 2012. The festival opened with the Indian director Mira Nair's The Reluctant Fundamentalist, and closed with the Out of Competition film The Man Who Laughs, directed by Jean-Pierre Ameris. Terrence Malick's film To the Wonder was met with both boos and cheers from critics at its premiere.

70th Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 70th annual Venice International Film Festival took place in Venice, Italy from 28 August to 7 September 2013. American film director William Friedkin was presented with a lifetime achievement award. Italian film director Bernardo Bertolucci was the President of the Jury. He was previously the President of the Jury at the 40th edition in 1983. Gravity, directed by Alfonso Cuarón, was the opening film of the festival. Italian actress Eva Riccobono hosted the opening and closing nights of the festival.

The 14th annual Venice International Film Festival was held from 20 August to 4 September 1953. The Golden Lion of Saint Mark was not awarded this year. The jury, having examined the films in competition and noting the considerable average high level of the motion pictures presented, found that no work prevailed in terms of absolute value. In accordance with article 20 of the 1953 regulation, the jury requested the president of the festival the authorization not to award the Grand Prix, which was finally granted. Instead, the jury decided to award the Silver Lion to six films.

The 30th annual Venice International Film Festival was held from 23 August to 5 September 1969. There was no jury because from 1969 to 1979 the festival was not competitive.

The 17th annual Venice International Film Festival was held from 28 August to 9 September 1956. No Golden Lion was given because there was a tie between The Burmese Harp (Japan) and Calle Mayor (Spain). The international jury was unable to decide the winner and the award was declared void.

71st Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 71st annual Venice International Film Festival took place in Venice, Italy between 27 August to 6 September 2014. The festival opened with Alejandro G. Iñárritu's film Birdman, and closed with Ann Hui's drama film The Golden Era. Italian actress Luisa Ranieri hosted the opening and closing nights of the festival. The Swedish film A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence, directed by Roy Andersson, won the Golden Lion, and Joshua Oppenheimer's The Look of Silence won the Grand Jury Prize.

72nd Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 72nd annual Venice International Film Festival took place from 2 to 12 September 2015. Alfonso Cuarón served as the President of the Jury for the main competition. A restored version of Federico Fellini's film Amarcord was shown at the festival. The Venezuelan film From Afar by Lorenzo Vigas won the Golden Lion award.

73rd Venice International Film Festival 2016 film festival

The 73rd annual Venice International Film Festival was held from 31 August to 10 September 2016. English director Sam Mendes was the President of the Jury for the main competition. The opening night film was Damien Chazelle's musical La La Land. The Golden Lion was awarded to Lav Diaz's film The Woman Who Left.

74th Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 74th annual Venice International Film Festival was held from 30 August to 9 September 2017. The jury president was announced as the actress Annette Bening on 5 July 2017. Downsizing, directed by Alexander Payne, was selected to open the festival. The Golden Lion, the highest prize given by the festival, was awarded to The Shape of Water, directed by Guillermo del Toro.

76th Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 76th annual Venice International Film Festival was held from 28 August to 7 September 2019. Film director Lucrecia Martel was appointed as the President of the Jury. The Truth, directed by Hirokazu Kore-eda, was selected to open the festival. The Golden Lion was awarded to Joker, directed by Todd Phillips.

77th Venice International Film Festival Film festival

The 77th annual Venice International Film Festival was held from 2 to 12 September 2020, albeit in a "more restrained format" due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Australian actress Cate Blanchett was appointed as the President of the Jury. The Ties, directed by Daniele Luchetti, was selected as the opening film, the first Italian film in 11 years to open the festival. The Golden Lion was awarded to Nomadland, directed by Chloé Zhao.

References

  1. "25 Must-See Films That Won the Venice Film Festival". IndieWire. 2018. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  2. "Biennale Cinema History of the Venice Film Festival: The Forties and Fifties". La Biennale di Venezia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
  3. "Biennale Cinema History of the Venice Film Festival: The Sixties and Seventies". La Biennale di Venezia. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
  4. Donaldson, Kayleigh (September 11, 2019). "Joker's Insane Venice Film Festival Win Explained". Screen Rant . Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  5. "Golden Lions and major awards of the Venice Film Festival". labiennale.org. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  6. "14. Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica di Venezia". La Biennale di Venezia (in Italian). Archivio Storico delle Arti Contemporanee. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  7. Zacharek, Stephanie (September 5, 2013). "Venice update: Kelly Reichardt's Night Moves, James Franco's Child of God, and more". LA Weekly . Retrieved April 5, 2020.
  8. Roos, Fred (Spring 1957). "Venice Film Festival, 1956" (PDF). The Quarterly of Film Radio and Television. University of California Press. 11 (3): 249. doi:10.2307/1209744 . Retrieved April 5, 2020. The report began with a few sentences of praise for each of the 14 films[ sic ], and then selected the Japanese Harp of Burma and the Spanish Calle Mayor as being particularly outstanding. Since the jury was unable to decide which of these two films was the superior, it had decided not to award a grand prix "St. Mark Golden Lion" this year.
  9. "30. Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica di Venezia". La Biennale di Venezia (in Italian). Archivio Storico delle Arti Contemporanee. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Venice Film Festival History 1932-2019: The 70s". La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  11. "The Post-war period: 1948 - 1973". La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  12. "Venice Film Fete in Quest of Glamour". The New York Times . August 28, 1979. Retrieved April 24, 2020. Carlo Lizzani, leftist director and the festival's new president, has not so far managed to restore the “Golden Lion” awards presented at Venice until 1968
  13. "The awards of the Venice Film Festival". La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
  14. Vivarelli, Nick (2020-07-20). "Venice Film Festival to Honor Tilda Swinton, Ann Hui With Golden Lions for Career Achievement". Variety. Retrieved 2020-07-23.